पंजदेह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pnjadeh bharat ke padosi desh afaganistan ki sima par sthit ek ganv tatha zila. yah marv nagar se 100 mil (lagabhag 160 ki.mi.) ki doori par dakshin men sthit hai. itihas men pnjadeh apane samarik mahattv ke karan kafi prasiddh tha. ek samay aisa bhi aya, jab is jagah ko lekar roos tatha inglaind amane-samane a ge aur unamen yuddh ki bhi sambhavana prabal ho gee. yadi ye yuddh hota to nishchit roop se do shaktiyon ke bich afaganistan hi yuddh ka maidan ban jata aur use bahut nukasan uthana padata, kintu afaganistan ke amir abdurrahaman ki buddhimani se yuddh tal gaya.

inglaind-roos yuddh ki ashnka

1884 ee. men roosiyon ne marv par adhikar kar liya, jo afaganistan ki sima se 150 mil (lagabhag 240 ki.mi.) ki doori par sthit hai. kuchh angrez sainik adhikari tatha rajanitigy jhoothamooth pnjadeh ko bahut adhik samarik mahattv pradan kar rahe the. at: marv par roos ka adhikar ho jane se inglaind men bhari khalabali mach gee. 1885 ee. men roosi afagan sima ki or aur adhik age badhe aur unhonne march, 1885 ee. men afaganon ko pnjadeh se nikal diya. isase inglaind men bechaini aur badh gee. angrezon ko afaganistan par roosi hamale ka bhay hone laga. at: unhonne afaganistan ke mitr tatha rakshak hone ka natak karake, kintu vastav men afaganistan n hokar bharat ki disha men age badhane se rokane ke lie, roosiyon ki is karavaee par gahari narajagi prakat ki aur is bat ki ashnka ki jane lagi ki pnjadeh ke prashn ko lekar inglaind aur roos men ladaee chhid jayegi.

abdurrahaman ki buddhimata

amir abdurrahaman ki buddhimata se yah ladaee tal gee. usane dooradarshita se yah samajh liya tha ki yadi pnjadeh ke prashn par inglaind aur roos ke bich ladaee huee to afaganistan yuddhabhoomi ban jayega aur vah is vipatti ko door rakhana chahata tha. usane ghoshana ki ki yah nishchit nahin hai ki pnjadeh vastav men afaganistan ka hissa hai aur yadi pnjadeh aur afaganistan ke bich julphikar darre par usaka adhikar man liya jaye to use sntosh ho jayega. amir abdurrahaman ke is samajhautaparak ravaiye se british sarakar ko apana ravaiya badalana pada.

sima kamishan

inglaind aur roos ka snyukt sima kamishan niyukt kiya gaya. usane jis sima rekha ki sipharish ki, use 1887 ee. men svikar kar liya gaya. is sima rekha ke anusar pnjadeh par roosiyon ka adhikar aur julphikar darre par afaganistan ka adhikar man liya gaya. is sipharish ke anusar pamir ki disha men roosiyon ke badhav par koee rok tok nahin lagayi gee..[1]


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  1. bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak: sachchidanand bhattachary |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 229 |

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