ग्वांगदुंग  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gvangadung (angrezi: Kwantung) chin ke dakshin-pashchimi bhag men phaila hua samudr tatiy prant hai, jisake uttar men hunan tatha gyangaso, uttar-poorv men phukien, dakshin tatha poorv men dakshini chin sagar aur pashchim men gvangasi prant hain.

bhaugolik sthiti

samipavarti samudratatiy pranton, phukien tatha chegyang ki tarah hi gvangadung prant men bhi parvatiy shreniyan tatha ant:sthit lnbi ghatiyan samudr tat ke samantar sthit hain. inake samantar hone tatha adhikanshat: grenait chattanon se nirmit hone ke karan prant ke antarbhag se tatiy kshetr tak jane ke marg bahut kam tatha kathin hain. inase hokar keval do pramukh nadiyan gujarati hain- poorv men han nadi (han gyang) tatha madhy men shi nadi (shijiyang). han ghati ka aitihasik, bhaugolik, bhashagat tatha any snbndh apekshakrit phukien prant se adhik raha hai. antarbhag men sthit pahadiyan balua patthar ki bani hai. prant ka pramukh kshetr shi nadi tatha usaki sahayak be[1] evn dung[2] nadiyon ki ghatiyon men padata hai. kaintan delta isaka pradhan kendr sthal hai.[3]

krishi utpadan

yah prant ushn katibndhiy kshetr men padata hai. varsh bhar saman roop se ooncha tap evn adhik varsha hone ke karan yahan ek hi khet men dhan ki do tatha phal ya sabji ki ek fasal upajaee jati hai. dhan yahan ki pradhan upaj hai, lekin janasnkhya adhik hone ke karan chaval ka ayat karana padata hai. dhan n keval nadi-ghatiyon men prattyut pahadi dhalon ko sidhinuma kyariyon men katakar ugaya jata hai. any khady fasalon men kaintan ki narngi, nichali dung ghati ke kele tatha svatau delta ka ganna prasiddh hai. vyaparik fasalon men resham ke liye shahatoot, jo pahadi dhalon par ugata hai tatha chay mukhy hai. anukool jalavayu ke karan shahatoot ki chh:, sat fasalen ho jati hain, at: anupatat: yahan sab pranton se resham ki paidavar adhik hoti hai.

uchch parvatiy dhalon tatha ghatiyon ke oopari bhagon men van milate hain, lekin adhikansh van kat jane ke karan mitti ka katav ab adhik bhayavah ho gaya hai. vyaparik lakadiyan nadiyon men bahakar laee jati hain. prant bhar men bans milata hai.

rajanitik evn sanskritik prishthabhoomi

gvangadung prant, visheshat: kaintan kshetr rajanitik evn sanskritik drishti se adhik mahatvapoorn hain. kaintan kshetr ke dvara hi sarvapratham yooropiyanon ka agaman hua. sadiyon tak kaintan chin ka ekamatr pattan raha, jahan se videshon se vyapar kiya ja sakata tha. gvangadung tatha phukien pranton ke raston se uttar tatha madhy chin se chiniyon ka dakshin tatha dakshin-poorv men samavesh hua. videshon se prarnbhik rajanitik, sanskritik evn vyaparik snbndh hone ke karan yahan jagarookata adhik rahi. adhunik chin ke nirmata da. san yat sen ka janm kaintan ke pas hi hua tha. kaintan dakshini chin ka sarvadhik mahatvapoorn pattan tatha is prant ki rajadhani hai. is prant men resham bunana, kasidakari tatha mitti ke baratan banane ke ghareloo udyog dhndhe hote hain.[3]

janasnkhya

yahan ki adhikansh janasnkhya upajaoo nadiyon ki ghatiyon tatha deltaon men sthit hai. kaintan delta yangtsi delta ki tarah hi janasnkul hai. parvatiy bhagon men janasnkhya kam hai. kaintan ke prishth kshetr tatha pashchimi samudr tatiy maidan men adhikanshat: kaintan ke log rahate hain, kintu svatau delta tatha poorvi samudr tatiy maidan ke nivasi 'hoklo' kahalate hain. inaka nikatatam snbndh phukien nivasiyon se hai. antarbhag ke uchchatar kshetron, han, dung tatha be nadiyon ki oopari ghatiyon ke nivasi parvatiy jati ke 'hakk' kahalate hain. inake atirikt myav, yav adi adim jatiyan pashchim men rahati hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Peh
  2. Tung
  3. 3.0 3.1 gvangadung (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 14 pharavari, 2014.

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