लुंबिनी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

abhilikhit abhay mudra men buddh

shaky ganarajy ki rajadhani kapilavastu ke nikat uttar pradesh ke 'kakaraha' namak gram se 14 mil aur nepal-bharat sima se kuchh door par nepal ke andar ruminodeee namak gram hi lumbanigram hai, jo gautam buddh ke janm sthan ke roop men jagat prasiddh hai. nautanavan steshan se yah sthan das mil door hai. buddh ki mata mayadevi kapilavastu se koliyaganarajy ki rajadhani devadah jate samay lumbanigram men ek shalavriksh ke niche thahari thin[1], usi samay buddh ka janm hua tha.

itihas

buddh ka janm 563 ee. poo. ke as-pas kapilavastu ke shaky kshatriy kul men hua tha. rumminadeee kapilavastu se lagabhag 15 kilomitar poorv men hai. rumminadeee se prapt abhilekh se gyat hota hai ki samrat ashok apane rajyabhishek ke bis varsh bad yahan aya tha. usane yahan archana ki kyonki yah shakyamuni ki pavan janm sthali hai. usane rumminadeee men ek badi divar banavayi aur ek prastar stambh sthapit karaya. is abhilekh men yah bhi ullekh hai ki usane lumbini ganv ke dharmik kar maph kar diye aur malagujari ke roop men athavan hissa tay kar diya.

lumbini ka varnan chini yatri phahiyan aur yuvanachvang ne bhi kiya hai. phahiyan ke anusar kapilavastu se 50 li [2] poorv men lumbini van yuvanachvang ne is sthan par us stoop ko dekha tha, jise ashok ne banavaya tha. sambhavatah hoonon ke akramanon ke pashchath yah sthan gumanami ke andhere gart men sama gaya. daau. phooharar ne 1866 ee. men is sthan ko khoj nikala. tab se is sthan ko bauddh jagat men poojaniy sthal ke roop men manyata mili.

grnthon men ullekh

pali granthon men buddh ke janmasthan ke taur par lumbani ke do ullekh milate hain, pahala nalak sutt men samahit ek varnanatmak kavita men aur doosara kathavastu men. lekin janm ke arambhik vivaran snskrit granthon, mahavastu aur lalitavistar[3] men hain, donon ko hi pahali ya dasari shatabdi se pahale ka nahin mana ja sakata. ek abhilekh ki khoj se is bat ka pata chalata hai ki is sthan par tisari shatabdi ee. poo. men bharat ke maury samrat ashok ae the aur unhonne ise buddh ka janmasthan mana, lekin isase yah sambhavana banati hai ki yah dantakatha tisari shatabdi ee. poo. se hi prachalit thi. jis sthan par buddh ka janm hua tha, vahan par bad men maury samrat ashok ne ek prastarastambh ka nirman karavaya. stambh ke pas hi ek sarovar hai jisamen bauddh kathaon ke anusar navajat shishu ko devataon ne snan karavaya tha. yah sthan anek shatiyon tak vanyapashuon se bhare hue ghane jngalon ke bich chhipa pada raha. 19vin shati men is sthan ka pata chala aur yahan sthit ashok sh‍tamh‍bh ke nimn abhilekh se hi isaka lumbani se abhigyan nishchit ho saka-

'devann piyen piyadashina lajina visativasabhisiten atan agach mahiyate hidabudhejate sakyamuniti silavigadabhi chakalapit silath-bhech usapapite-hid bhagavn jateti lummanigame ubalike kate athabhagie ch'

arthath devananmapriy priyadarshi raja (ashok) ne rajyabhishek ke bisaven varsh yahan par akar buddh ki pooja ki.

buddh ka janm sthan, lunbini

yahan shakyamuni ka janm hua tha, atah usane yahan shilabhitt banavaee aur shila stambh sthapit kiya. kyonki bhagavan buddh ka lumbani gram men janm hua tha, isalie is gram ko bali-kar se rahit kar diya gaya aur us par bhoomikar ka keval ashtam bhag (shashthansh ke bajae) niyat kiya gaya. is stambh k shirsh par pahale ek ashv-moorti pratishthit thi jo ab nasht ho gee hai. stambh par anek varsh poorv bijali ke girane se niche se oopar ki or ek darar pad gee hai.

yuvanachvang ki yatra

chini paryatak yuvanachvang ne bharat bhraman ke dauran[4] men lumbani ki yatri ki thi. usane yahan ka varnan is prakar kiya hai-

'is udyan men sundar tadang hai, jahan par shaky snan karate the. isamen 400 pag ki doori par ek prachin sal ka ped hai. jisake niche bhagavan buddh avattirn hue the. poorv ki or ashok ka stoop tha. is sthan par do nagon ne kumar siddharth ko garm aur thnde pani se snan karavaya tha. isake dakshin men ek stoop hai, jahan par indr ne navajat shishu ko snan karavaya tha. isake pas hi svarg ke un char rajaon ke stoop hain jinhonne shishu ki dekhabhal ki thi. is stoopon ke pas ek shila-stoop tha, jise ashok ne banavaya tha. isake shirsh par ek ashv ki moorti nirmit thi.'

stoopon ke ab koee chihn nahin milate. ashvaghosh ne [5]lumbani van men buddh ke janm ka ullekh kiya hai.[6]) buddhacharit 1,8 men is van ka punah ullekh kiya gaya hai-[7]yah sthan, jo nepal ki rashtriy sima ke bhitar hai, ek bar phir se bauddh tirthasthal ke roop men vikasit kiya ja raha hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • aitihasik sthanavali se pej snkhya 819-820 | vijayendr kumar mathur | vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog | manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar
  • bharat gyanakosh se pej snkhya 163 | indu ramachndani | britenika
  1. devadah men maya ka pitrigrih tha
  2. lagabhag 14 kilomitar
  3. adhyay sat
  4. 630-645 ee.
  5. buddhacharit 1,6
  6. yah moolashlok vilupt ho gaya
  7. 'tasminh vane shrimatirajapatni prasootikaln samavekshamana, shayyan vitanopahitan prapade nari sahasrai rabhinndyamana.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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