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soviyat sngh ka dhvaj

soviyat sngh (angrezi: Soviet Union), jisaka aupacharik nam 'soviyat samajavadi ganatntron ka sngh' tha, yah yooreshiya ke ek bade bhoo-bhag par vistrit desh tha, jo 1922 se 1991 tak astitv men raha. yah apani sthapana se 1990 tak samyavadi parti dvara shasit tha. snvaidhanik roop se soviyat sngh 15 svashasit ganatntron ka sngh tha, lekin vastav men poore desh ke prashasan aur arthavyavastha par kendriy sarakar ka kada niyntran tha. 'roosi soviyat snghiy samajavadi ganatntr' is desh ka sabase bada ganatntr aur rajanaitik, sanskritik aur arthik kendr tha. isalie poore desh ka gahara roosikaran hua. yahi karan tha ki videsh men bhi soviyat sngh ko aksar galati se 'roos' bula diya jata tha.

sthapana

soviyat sngh ki sthapana ki prakriya 1917 ki roosi kranti ke sath shuroo huee, jisamen roosi samrajy ke 'zar' arthat 'samrat' ko satta se hata diya gaya. vladimir lenin ke netritv men bolshevik parti ne satta par qabza kar liya; lekin shighr hi vah bolshevik-virodhi shvet morche ke sath grihayuddh men phns gee. bolshevikon ki lal sena ne grih yuddh ke dauran aise bhi kee rajyon par qabza kar liya, jinhonen tsar ke patan ka fayada uthakar roos se svatntrata ghoshit kar di thi. disambar, 1922 men bolshevikon ki poorn jit huee aur unhonne roos, yukren, belaroos aur kaaukas kshetr ko milakar soviyat sngh ki sthapana ka ailan kar diya.

tithivar ghatanakram

roos ke soviyat sngh banane se lekar tootane tak ka qarib 75 sal ka safar uthal-puthal se bharapoor raha. ek-ek din ek badi ghatana jaisa bita. kuchh din itihas men nimn prakar darj hain[1]-

  1. aprail, 1917 - lenin aur any krantikari jarmani se roos laute.
  2. aktoobar, 1917 - bolshevikon ne aleksandr kerenski ki satta ko palata aur maausko par adhikar kar liya
  3. 1918-20 - bolshevikon aur virodhiyon men grih yuddh prarambh hua.
  4. 1920 - polaind se yuddh.
  5. 1921 - polaind se shanti sndhi, nee arthik niti, baajar arthavyavastha ki vapasi, sthirata ka mahaul.
  6. 1922 - roos, belaroos aur transakaaukeshas (1936 se jaaurjiya, armeniya, ajarabejan) ilakon ka milan. soviyat sngh ki sthapana.
  7. 1922 - jarmani ne soviyat sngh ko manyata di.
  8. 1924 - soviyat sngh men prolitairiet tanashahi ke tahat naya snvidhan lagoo. lenin ki maut. joseph stalin ne satta snbhali.
  9. 1933 - amerika ne soviyat sngh ko manyata di.
  10. 1934 - soviyat sngh lig aauf neshns men shamil hua.
  11. agast, 1939 - doosare vishvayuddh ki shuruat.
  12. joon, 1941 - jarmani ne soviyat sngh par hamala kiya
  13. 1943 - stalinagrad ki ladaee men jarmani ki har.
  14. 1945 - soviyat sainikon ne barlin par kabja kiya. yalta aur potsadaim sammelanon ke jarie jarmani ka bntavara. japan ke atmasamarpan ke sath doosare vishvayuddh ki samapti.[1]
  15. 1948-49 - barlin nakebndi. pashchimi senaon aur soviyat senaon men tanatani.
  16. 1949 - soviyat sngh ne paramanu bam banaya. chin ki kamyunist sarakar ko manyata di.
  17. 1950-53 - koriyaee yuddh. soviyat sngh aur pashchim ke snbndhon men tanav.
  18. march, 1953 - stalin ka nidhan. nikita khrushchev kamyunist parti ki kendriy samiti ke pratham sachiv bane.
  19. 1953 - soviyat sngh ne apana pahala haidrojan bam banaya.
  20. 1955 - varasaau ki sndhi.
  21. 1956 - soviyat sena ne hngari ke vidroh ko kuchalane men madad ki.
  22. 1957 - pahala antariksh yan spootanik dharati ki kaksha men pahuncha. chin ki pashchim se badhati najadikiyon ne donon kamyunist deshon men dooriyan paida kin.
  23. 1960 - soviyat sngh ne amerika ka jasoosi jahaZ yoo2 giraya.
  24. 1961 - yoori gagarin antariksh men jane vale pahale insan bane.
  25. 1962 - kyooba men soviyat misail pahunchi.
  26. 1963 - soviyat sngh ne amerika aur briten ke sath paramanu sndhi ki| amerika aur soviyat sngh men haaut lain sthapit.
  27. 1964 - khrushchev ki jagah liyonid brejanev ne snbhali.
  28. 1969 - soviyat aur chini senaon ka sima par vivad.
  29. 1977 - ne snvidhan ke tahat brejanev rashtrapati chune ge.
  30. 1982 - brejanev ka nidhan, kejibi pramukh yoori andropov ne snbhali kursi.
  31. 1982]] - andropov ka nidhan, konsatantin cheranenko ne snbhali satta.
  32. 1985 - mikhail gorbachev kamyoonist parti ke mahasachiv bane, khulepan aur punarnirman ki niti ki shuruat ki.
  33. 1986 - cheranobil paramanu hadasa, ukren aur belaroos ke bade ilake prabhavit.
  34. 1987 - soviyat sngh aur amerika men madhyam doori ki paramanu misailon ko nasht karane par samajhauta.
  35. 1988 - gorbachev rashtrapati bane, kamyunist parti ke sammelan men niji kshetr ke lie daravaje kholane par sahamati.
  36. 1989 - soviyat senaen afaganistan se lautin.
  37. 1990 - kamyunist parti men ek parti ki satta khatm karane par matadan, yeltasin ne soviyat kamyunist parti chhodi.
  38. agast, 1991 - rakshamntri dimitri yajov, uparashtrapati genadi yanayev aur kejibi pramukh ne rashtrapati gorbachev ko hirasat men liya| tin din bad ye sabhi giraphtar.
  39. yeltasin ne soviyat roos kamyunist parti par pratibndh lagaya| ukren ko svatntr rashtr ke roop men manyata di, usake bad kee any deshon ne khud ko svatntr ghoshit kiya.[1]
  40. sitnbar, 1991 - kangres aauf pipals dipyootij ne soviyat sngh ke vighatan ke lie vot dala.
  41. 8 disnbar, 1991 - roos, ukren aur belaroos ke netaon ne kaaumanavelth aauf indipendent stet banaya.
  42. 25 disnbar, 1991 - gorbachev ne pad se istipha diya. amerika ne svatntr soviyat rashtron ko manyata di.
  43. 26 disnbar, 1991 - roosi sarakar ne soviyat sngh ke daphtaron ko snbhala.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 soviyat sngh- janm se mrityu tak (hindi) didabalyoo. abhigaman tithi: 08 march, 2015.

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