मंगोलिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mngoliya ka dhvaj

gobi maroobhoomi ke simavarti mngoliya men rahane vali ashvarohini mngol jati ne poorv men chin ke bade bhoobhag par rajy kiya tha. unhonne bijing (Beijing) (peking) ko rajadhani banaya tha. pashchim ki or badhakar kashyap sagar tak, jise 'turkistan' kahate hain, par unhonne adhipaty sthapit kiya. bharat ke atirikt prachin kal ke do bade samrajyon ka yah samay tha. yoorop aur bhoomadhy sagar ke deshon ka roman samrajy tatha poorvottar men mngol samrajy. ye donon samrajy atynt kroor the.

mugal samrajy

kalantar men kashyap sagar se gobi maroosthal ka kshetr islam pnthavalnbi ban gaya. pashchimi mngol jati aur bhi khoonkhar ho gayi. mngol ko hi ko arabi men 'mugal' kahate hain. isi mngol-turkistan se chngej khan aur taimoor lng jaise kroor v adharmi lutere bharat ko lootane aye the. unhin men se ek saradar ka putr tha babar, jise bharat men mugal samrajy ka janak kaha jata hai.

bharatiy snskriti ka prabhav

rashtriy vishvavidyalay, mngoliya

prachin saiberiya aur usase juda mngoliya kabhi bharatiy snskriti ka prabhav-kshetr tha, jahan donon hath jodakar abhivadan karane ki padghati thi, yahan dharmik krity evn pooja gngajal ke bina snpann nahin hoti thi. inake viharon men snskrit tatha any bhashaon ke anek prachin grnth aur pratimaen milati hain aur unake lok-kavy men ramayan ki kathaen. 'baikal' jhil ke charon or vidya ke anek kendr the, jahan devi sarasvati ke anupam chitr evn bhavy pratimaen thin.

chin ki sabhyata

chin ki sabhyata any prachin sabhyataon se apekshakrit nee hai. bharat se chin jane ke do durgam marg the. ek pashchim men kashmir tatha gilagit ki ghati se oonche parvat parakar aur doosara poorv men brahmadesh ke uttar se hokar. bich men himalay hai, jisaki chotiyan sada him se dhaki rahati hain. ek any tisara marg bhi tha gandhar tatha kunbha nadi ke darron se hote hue uttar ki or madhy eshiya men sarvatr hindoo rajy the. isi raste se bharatiy snskriti ka prachar madhy eshiya men hua. bauddh pracharakon ne bhi isi marg ko apanaya. isake atirikt dakshin-poorv se hokar ek chautha sagar marg bhi tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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