कज़ाकिस्तान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kazakistan kshetraphal ke adhar par vishv ka nauvan sabase bada desh hai. yah yooreshiya men sthit hai. soviyat prashasan ke dauran yahan kee mahatvapoorn pariyojanaen snpann hueen, jisamen kee raauketon ke prakshepan se lekar krushchev ka varzin bhoomi pariyojana shamil hain. desh ki adhikansh bhoomi stepi ghas ke maidan, jngal tatha pahadi kshetron se dhaki hai.

kshetraphal tatha nivasi

kazakistan men ganatntr ki sthapana san 1920 men huee tatha san 1936 men yah soviyat sngh ka ek ang ban gaya. is ganatntr ka kshetraphal lagabhag 27,15,100 varg kilomitar hai. lagabhag 30 pratishat janasnkhya kazakon ki hai. bahut dinon tak yahan ke nivasi pashupalan ka kary karate the tatha apane pashuon ke jhund ko sath lie yayavar ke roop men ghoomate tatha khemon men raha karate the.[1]

bhaugolik snrachana

yah rajy pashchim men volga ke nichale bhag se lekar poorv men sikyang ki sima tak tatha uttar men trans saiberiyan relave se lekar dakshin men tiyenashan parvat tak, ek brihat vrikshahin maidan ke roop men phela hua hai. yahan ki jalavayu shushk aur vanaspati ghas hai.

krishi

yahan ki mukhy nadiyan sar dariya, eetish, yural, ili tath ishim hain. krishi yogy bhoomi is rajy ke keval uttari, pashchimi tatha dakshini bhagon men hai. uttari bhag ke kali mitti vale kshetr men ann, dakshini kshetr men kapas tatha any audyogik fasalen aur tiyenashan parvat ki talahati men phal utpann kie jate hain. is rajy ki krishi men nimnalikhit fasalen mukhy hain-

  1. gehoon
  2. jvar
  3. chukandar
  4. tnbakoo
  5. kapas
  6. dhan

yahan ke pashudhan men bhed, lnbi sing vali gay, ghoda tatha oont ullekhaniy hain.

khanij sampada

kazakistan khanij snpatti ki drishti se susnpann hai. tanba, sisa, jasta, nikil, kromait, mainganiz tatha aintimoni paryapt matra men upalabdh hain. enba men khanij tel tatha karaganda men koyale ki apar rashi hai.

vikas

soviyat sngh men sammilit hone par kazakistan ke ghas ke maidan men anek khanon, nagaron tatha karakhanon ka vikas hua. anek relamarg bhi banae ge, jinaka is kshetr ke arthik vikas men bahut bada hath hai. dvitiy vishvayuddh se poorv ke 15 varshon men 5,030 kilomitar lnbe relamargon ka nirman hua. khady snbndhi udyog bahut vikasit hue, jaise- chini, makkhan, ata tatha mans udyog aur phal, sabji, machhali ityadi ko dabbon men niryatarth bharane ka udyog. tnbakoo tatha chamade ke udyog bhi ullekhaniy hain. rajy ka sabase bada audyogik nagar balkash hai. atmaata is rajy ki rajadhani tatha mukhy sanskritik kendr hai. aktoobar, 1917 ki kranti ke bad rajy men kee naharen tatha bandh banae ge aur marubhoomi ka kuchh bhag krishi yogy bhoomi men parinat ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kazakistan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 13 faravari, 2014.

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