काली मिट्टी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kali mitti ko 'regad mitti' ya 'kali kapas mitti' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. kali mitti ek paripakv mitti hai jo mukhyatah dakshini prayadvipiy pathar ke lava kshetr men payi jati hai. isaka nirman chattanon ke do varg dakkan traip evn lauhamay nis aur shist se hua hai. ye mitti bharat ke kachhari bhagon men mukhy roop se paee jati hai.

prapti sthan

5 lakh varg kimi kshetr me phaili yah mitti 100 se 250 uttari akshansh 730 se 800 poorvi deshantar ke bich paee jati hai. yah mitti gujarat evn maharashtr rajyon ke adhikansh kshetr, madhy pradesh ke pashchimi kshetr, udisa ke dakshini kshetr, karnatak rajy ke uttari zilon, andhr pradesh ke dakshini kshetr, karnatak rajy ke uttari zilon, andhr pradesh ke dakshini evn samudratatiy kshetr, tamilanadu ke salem, ramanathapuram, koyambatoor tatha tiranalavaili, rajasthan ke boondi tatha tonk adi zilon men 5.5 lakh varg kimi kshetr par vistrit hai.

nirman

yah mitti dakan trep shailon ke vikhandan se nirmit hai. sadharanatah yah mitti mrittikamay, lasalasi tatha aparagamy hoti hai. isaka rng kala tatha kanon ki banavat ghani hoti hai. isamen naitrojan, phasphoras evn jivanshon ki kam matra payi jati hai, jabaki choona, potash, maignishiyam, elyoomina evn loha paryapt matra men mile rahate hain.

krishi ke lie anukool

uchch sthalon par milane vali kali mitti nichale bhagon ki kali mitti ki apeksha kam upajaoo hoti hai. nimn bhag vali gahari kali mitti men gehoon, kapas, jvar, bajara adi ki krishi ki jati hai. kapas ki kheti ke lie sarvadhik upayukt hone ke karan ise 'kapas ki kali mitti' athava kapasi mrida bhi kaha jata hai. is mitti ki jaladharan kshamata adhik hai. yahi karan hai ki yah mitti shushk krishi ke lie anukool hai.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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