काबा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kaba
kaba
vivaran kaba sabase pahali masjid hai. islam ke char dharm–skandhon men 'hajz' ya 'kaba' yatra bhi ek hai.
sthan makka (arab), arab
snbndhit lekh madina, muhammad
dharmik manyata haj tirthayatra ke dauran bhi muslimon ko tavaf namak mahattvapoorn dharmik rit poori karane ka nirdesh hai, jisamen kabe ki sat parikramaen ki jati hain.
any janakari puranon men bhi shiv ke dvadash jyotirlingon men makka ke mahadev ka nam ata hai.

kaba (arabi: الكعبة, angrezi: Ka'aba, sahi uchcharan: k'aba) makka, sudi arab men sthit ek ghanakar (kyoob ke akar ki) imarat hai jo islam dharm ka sabase pavitr sthal hai. uchch bhav aur eeshvar ke prati prem namaz (=namash) ki uparyukt prarthanaon men varnit hai, pathak us par svayn vichar kar sakate hain. sandhik namaz ka islam men bada man hai. vastutah vah snghashakti ko badhane vala bhi hai. sahasron eshiya, yoorop aur afrika nivasi musalaman jis samay ek hi svar, ek hi bhasha aur ek bhav se prerit ho eeshvar ke charanarvind men apani bhakti pushpajnli arpan karane ke lie ekatr hote hain, to kaisa anandamay drishy hota hai. us samay ki samanata ka kya kahana. ek hi pnkti men daridr aur badashah donon khade hokar bata dete hain ki eeshvar ke samane sab hi barabar hain. islam ke char dharm–skandhon men 'hajz' ya 'kaba' yatra bhi ek hai. 'kaba' arab ka prachin mandir hai. jo makka shahar men hai. vikram ki pratham shatabdi ke arambh men romak itihas lekhak 'dyaudrash salash' likhata hai—

yahan is desh men ek mandir hai, jo arabon ka atyant poojaniy hai.

itihas

mahatma muhammad ke janm se prayah 600 varsh poorv hi is mandir ki itani khyati thi ki 'siriya, arak' adi pradeshon se sahasron yatri prativarsh darshanarth vahan par jaya karate the. puranon men bhi shiv ke dvadash jyotirlingon men makka ke mahadev ka nam ata hai. h. jru lh–asvadh (=krishn pashan) in sab vicharon ka kendr pratit hota hai. yah kaba divar men laga hua hai. aj bhi us par chumba dena pratyek 'hazi' (makkayatri) ka kartavy hai. yadyapi quran men isaka vidhan nahin, kintu puran ke saman mananiy 'hadis' granthon men use bhoomak nar bhagavan ka dahina hath kaha gaya hai. yahi makkeshvaranath hai. jo kaba ki sabhi moortiyon ke tode jane par bhi svayn jyon ka tyon vidyaman hai. itana hi nahin, balki inaka jadoo musalamanon par bhi chale bina nahin raha aur vah patthar ko bosa dena apana dharmik kartavy samajhate hain, yadyapi any sthanon par moortipooja ke ghor virodhi hain. is pavitr mandir ke vishay men quran men aya hai—

nissandeh pahala ghar makka men sthapit kiya gaya, jo ki dhany hai tatha gyaniyon ke lie upadesh hai.[1]
mahaprabhu ne manushy ke lie pavitr grih 'kaba' banaya.[2]

jis prakar yahan kaba ke lie 'pahala ghar' aur 'pavitr grih' kaha gaya hai, usi prakar makka nagar ke lie bhi ummulakura (gramon ki man) athava pahala shabd aya hai. us samay makka ke mandir men 360 moortiyan thin. arambh men jab 'kidhar mukh karake namaz padhi jae' yah saval mahatma muhammad ke sammukh aya to ekeshvar bhakt mahatma ne sare arab ke shradvaspad kintu moorti poorn makka mandir ko ayogy samajha, amoortipoojak ekeshvar bhakt yahoodiyon ke mukhy sthan 'yorushilamh' mandir ki or mukh karake namaz padhane ki agya apane anuyayiyon ko di. is prakar makka nivas ke ant tak arthath terah varsh isi prakar namaz padhi jati rahi. madina men ane par bhi kitane hi dinon tak 'yorushilamh' ki or mukh karake namaz padhi jati rahi. ant men yahoodiyon ke abhiman-hamare hi kaba ka ashray muhammad ke anuyayi bhi karate hain-ko hatane ke lie quran ke nimn adesh ke anusar pavitr kaba mandir hi musalamanon ka kibla (agrim sthan) hua. ukt vaky yah hai-

"anajan log kahenge, in (musalamanon) ko kya bat thi, jisane ki inhen kibla se pher diya. kah (he muhammad !) eeshvar ke lie poorv–pashchim sab saman hain."[3]
"ham tere mukh ko (he muhammad !) utha dekhate hain. avashy tujhe ham us kibla ki or pherenge, jo tujhe abhisht hai. so jahan tum raho, vahan se apane munh ko pavitr maszid (kaba) ki or pher lo, aur vah log jinako pustak (tauret) di gee (arthath yahoodi) nissandeh janate hain ki unake eeshvar ki or se yahi thik hai."[4]
"yadi too sampoorn praman lave, tab bhi kitab vale (yahoodi) tere kible ke anuyayi n honge, aur n too unake kible ka anuyayi ho."[5]
pratham vaky men 'qibla' badalane par hone vale akshep ka uttar doosare aur tisare men badalane ka vidhan kiya gaya hai. yah 'qibla' ka vidhan bhi vastav men musalamanon ki ekata ke abhipray se kiya gaya hai. vastuv men to—"prabhu ! tere lie aur pachchhim hai. jis or mukh phero, udhar hi prabhu hai. nissandeh paramatma vishal aur gyani hai."[6]
"(manushyon) ko 'hajz' ke lie bula ki tere pas door se paidal aur oonton par chale aven."[7]
"bhagavan ke lie 'hajz' aur umra[8] poora karo, aur yadi (kisi prakar) roke ge, to yathashakti balidan (qurbani) karo. jab tak ki bali thikane par n pahunch jae, sir ki hajamat n banavaen aur jo tumamen se rogi ho ya jisake sir men pida ho, to isake badale upavas karen, ya dan deven, ya balidan karen. jab tum sakushal ho to jo koee hajz ke sath 'umra' chahe yathashakti bali bheje, aur jo n paye to tin din ka upavas hajz ke samay men, aur sat upavas jab laut kar jaye, yah poore das (upavas) un logon ke lie hain, jinake ghar 'kaba' ke pas nahin hai."[9]

avashyak n hone se 'tavaf' (parikrama) 'safa', 'marba' pahadiyon ke bich kakadi phenkate daudana 'see' kahate hain—adi vidhiyan yahan nahin likhi jatin.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. quran 5:13:4
  2. quran 5:13:4
  3. 2:17:1
  4. 2:17:3
  5. 2:17:4
  6. 2:14:3
  7. 20:4:2
  8. niyamit samay men kaba yatra karana aur usake atirikt any samayon men vahi 'umra' hai.
  9. 2:24:8

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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