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namaz padhati mahila

islam dharm men namaz ki haisiat samoohik hai aur is karan masjid men samooh ke sath namaz padhana sabase uttam dharm hai, yadyapi ghar par akele bhi padhi ja sakati hai. snsar bhar ke musalaman namazen arabi bhasha men padhate hain, azan arabi bhasha men di jati hai tatha khutaba bhi arabi bhasha men padhate hain, jisaka anuvad kabhi-kabhi sthaniy bhasha men kar diya jata hai. isase gyat hota hai ki musalamanon ki dharmik bhasha arabi hai aur is sahabhasha ke karan snsar ke sab musalamanon ke madhy ek vishesh prakar ka snbndh sthapit hai.

namaz (salath prarthana)—pratyek musalaman ka nity karm hai jisaka n karane vala papabhogi hota hai. kaha hai—

salath aur madhy salath ke lie savadhan raho. namratapoorvak parameshvar ke lie khade ho. yadi khatare men ho to paidal ya savar hi (use poora kar lo) punah jab shant ho.....to prabhu ko smaran karo.[1]

'namaz ka sthan islam men vahi hai jo hindoo dharm men sndhya ya brahm–ygy ka. yadyapi quran men 'pnchagana' ya panch vaqt ki namaz ka varnan kahin par bhi nahin aya hai. vah ek prakar se sarvamany hai. pnchagana namaz hai—

  1. 'salatulphaz' (pratah prarthana) yah ushakal hi men karana padati hai.
  2. 'salatu–jjohan' (madhyahnottar tritiy pahararambhik prarthana)—yah dopahar ke bad tisare pahar ke prarambh men hoti hai.
  3. 'salatulh–asr. (madhyahnottar chaturth pahararambhik prarthana)—yah chauthe pahar ke arambh men hoti hai.
  4. 'malatulh—magrib' (sandhy prarthana)—yah sooryasth ke bad turant hoti hai.
  5. 'salatulh—isha' (ratri prathamayam prarthana)—ratri men pahale pahar ke ant men hoti hai.

inake atirikt adhik shraddhalu purush, 'salatullail' (nishiy prarthana) aur 'salatujjuha'. (diva prathamayam prarthana) bhi karate hain jo kramashah rat ke chauthe pahar ke arambh tatha pahar bhar din chadhe ki jati hai. namaz ke lie khada hone se pahale nimn kram se 'vajoo' (ang–shuddhi) karani chahie-

  1. donon kalaee dhona
  2. datavan ya keval jal se mukh dhona
  3. pani se nak ka bhitari bhag dhona
  4. chehara dhona
  5. kohani tak hath dhona
  6. donon bhige hath milakar tarjani, madhyama aur anamika se sir pochhana.
  7. gulph paryant pair dhona, pahale dahina, phir bayan.

jal n milane par athava bimar hone par shuddh sookhi mitti hath men lagakar sir, mukh aur karaprishth par phira dena chahie. ise arabi men 'tayassumh' kahate hain. shuddhi ke vishay men quran is prakar se kahata hai- "he vishvasiyon (musalamanon) ! jab tak jo kuchh tum kahate ho, use nahin samajhate, tum nashe men ho ya yatra men n hone par bhi ashuddh ho, tab tak namaz men n jao, jab tak ki tum snan n kar lo."

namaz ke prakar

namaz ke do prakar hain, jinhen farz (vaiyaktik) aur sunnat (samoohik) kahate hain. 'ilam' (namaz padhane vale aguva) ke pichhe padhe jane vale bhag ko 'sunnat' aur akele padhe jane vale bhag ko 'farz' kahate hain. samooh ke sath 'namaz' padhane men jo kisi karan asamarth hain, usake lie 'sunnat' bhi 'farz' ho jati hai. pratyek namaz kuchh 'raqat' par nirbhar hai. jitana jap karake ek bar bhoomi men sir rakh naman kiya jata hai, use 'raqat' kahate hain.

  1. savere ki namaz men do 'raqat' samoohik aur do vaiyaktik hain.
  2. ek baje ki namaz apekshakrit kuchh lambi hoti hai. isase pahile char ya do 'raqat' vaiyaktik, madhy men char 'raqat' samoohik aur ant men do 'raqat' vaiyaktik japane padate hain. shukravar ke din ki badi saptahik namaz isi samay padati hai. kintu isamen char 'raqat' samoohik ke sthan par do hi padhana padata hai. baqi do sthan par 'imam' ka 'khutva' ya upadesh hota hai, jise sab log savadhan ho sunate hain.
  3. char baje ki namaz men char 'raqat' padhi jati hain.
  4. sham ki namaz men char 'raqat' vaiyaktik padhane ke anantar do 'raqat' samoohik padhana padata hai.
  5. nau baje rat ko namaz men char 'eqat' vaiyaktitk punah do 'eqat' samoohik, pichhe phir 'chatr' namak tin–tin 'raqat' vaiyaktik padhi jati hain.
  6. nishiy–prarthana men ath 'raqat' vaiyaktik hoti hai.

eed ki namaz- jo ki varsh men ek bar hi padhi jati hai—men do 'raqat' samoohik hoti hai, phir upadesh hota hai. "nissandeh 'salath' (namaz) kukarm aur nirlajjata se rokati hai, eeshvar ka smaran sarvashreshth hai." [2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 3:32:3-4
  2. (29:5:1)

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

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