मदरसा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

madarasa

madarasa ek arabi shabd hai aur jisaka arth hai 'vidyalay'. turki medrese, islam men uchch shiksha ka ek snsthan hai. madarasa 20vin shatabdi tak quran ki shikshaon par kendrat pathyakram ke sath ek adhyatmavadi gurukul v qanoon ke vidyalay ke roop men maujood raha.

pathyakram

islami adhyatmavad v qanoon ke alava, arabi vyakaran v sahity, ganit, tarkashastr aur kabhi-kabhi prakritik vigyan bhi madarason men padhae jate the. adhyapan niahshulk tha v bhojan, avas upalabdh karane ke alava chikitsakiy dekhabhal bhi ki jati thi. shikshan samanyatah angan men hota tha v isamen mukhyatah pathy-pustakon v shikshak ke upadeshon ko knthasth karana hota tha. shikshak apane vidyarthiyon ko praman-patr jari karata tha, jisamen usake shabdon ko doharane ki anumati hoti thi. shahazade v amir parivar bhavanon ke nirman aur vidyarthiyon v shikshakon ko vritti dene ke lie dan men dhan dete the. 12vin shatabdi ke ant tak damishk, bagadad, mosal v adhikansh any muslim shaharon men madarase phalaphool rahe the.

bharat men madarase

bharat men madarase dilli saltanat kal men 12vin shatabdi men shuroo hue honge, lekin adhik prasiddh madarase mugal kal ke ant men ubhare. vidvanh shah vali allah ke pita shah abdurrahim ne 17vin shatabdi ke ant ke dilli men sarvapratham aupacharik snsthanon men se ek madarasa-e rahimiya sthapit kiya. lakhanoo men mulla nizamuddin sihalavi, jinhonne madarasa-e firngi mahal ki sthapana 18vin shatabdi ke prarnbh men ki thi, ne upamahadvip ke kee madarason men padhae jane vale pathyakram daras 4-nizami ka sootrapat kiya. 1867 men devabnd, uttar pradesh men muhammad abid husain v any ne madarasa-e darool uloom ki sthapana ki. ise islami adhyatmavad ke vishv ke sarvashreshth vidyalayon men se ek mana jata hai. in vidyalayon ke poorv chhatron ne samooche dakshin eshiya men kee chhote madarason ki sthapana ki hai aur unake pathyakramon ka misr tak ke vidyalayon par prabhav raha hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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