अल्लाह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

arabi bhasha men allah

allah (arabi: الله, alh‌ ilah) shabd ka mool arabi bhasha ka alh‌ ilah hai. urdoo aur farasi men allah ko khuda bhi kaha jata hai. kuchh logon ka vichar hai ki isaka mool aramaeek ka ilaha hai. islam se panch shatabdi pahale ki sapha ki imaraton par yah shabd hallah ke roop men khuda hua tha. chhah shatabdi pahale ki eesaiyon ki imaraton par bhi yah shabd khuda hua milata hai.[1]

islam se pahale bhi arab men log is shabd se parichit the. makka ki mootiyon men ek allah ki bhi thi. yah moorti kuresh kabile ko vishesh many thi. moortiyon men isaki pratishtha sabase adhik thi aur srishtikary isi se snbndhit mana jata tha. parntu arabon ka drishtikon isake snbndh men nishchit nahin tha aur isaki shaktiyon tatha karyon ka unhen spasht gyan n tha.[1]

islam ke uday ke anntar isake arth men bada parivartan hua. quran ke jis ansh ka sabase pahale ilaham hua usamen allah ke gun srishti karana tatha shiksha dena batae ge hain. quran men allah ke aur bhi bahut se gun varnit hain, jaise daya, nyay, poshan, shasan adi. islam ne sabase adhik bal allah ki ekata par diya hai arthath‌ usake kamon tatha gunon men koee usaka sajhidar nahin hai. yah islam ka maulik siddhant hai, jise svikar kie bina koee musalaman nahin ho sakata.[1]

eeshvar ko ‘quran’ ne srishti ka karta, dharta, harta mana hai, jaisa ki usake nimn uddharanon se maloom hoga -

  • “vah (eeshvar) jisane bhoomi men jo kuchh hai (sabako) tumhare lie banaya.“[2]
  • “usane sachamuch bhoomi aur akash banaya. manushy ka kshudr viry – bindu se banaya. usane pashu banae, jinase garm vastr pate tatha aur bhi anek prakar ke labh uthate ho, evn unhen khate ho.“[3]
  • “vah tumhara eeshvar chizon ka banane vala hai. usake sivay koee bhi poojy nahin hai.“[4]
  • “eeshvar sab chizon ka srashta tatha adhikari hai.“[5]
  • “nissandeh eeshvar bhoomi aur akash ko dharan kie hue hai ki vah nasht n ho jae.“[6]
  • “jo parameshvar marata aur jilata hai.“[7]
  • eeshvar bada hi dayalu hai, vah aparadhon ko kshama kar deta hai -
“nissandeh tera eeshvar manushyon ke lie unake aparadhon ka kshama karane vala hai.“[8]
  • astikon par hi nahin, farishton par bhi—
“is bat men (he muhammad !) tera kuchh nahin, chah vah (eeshvar) un (qafiron) ko kshama kare ya un par vipad dale, yadi vah atyachari hai.“[9]
  • eeshvar saty hai -
“parameshvar saty hai.“[10]
  • eeshvar ka nyayakari hona is prakar se kaha gaya hai -
“qayamat ke din ham thik taulenge, kisi jiv par kuchh bhi anyay nahin kiya jaega. chahe vah ek sarason ke barabar hi kyon n ho, kintu hamare pas men poora hisab rahega.“[11]
  • nimn vaky ke anek eeshvariy gun batalae ge hain -
“parameshvar jisake sivay koee bhi eeshvar nahin hai - jivan aur sath hai. use nind ya aungh nahin ati. jo kuchh bhi bhoomi aur prakash men hai, vah usi ke lie hi hai. jo ki usaki agya ke bina usake pas sifarish kare? vah janata hai, jo kuchh unake age ya pichh hai, vah koee bat usase chhipa nahin sakate, sivay isake ki jise vah chahe vishal bhoomi aur prakash ki kursi, jisaki raksha use nahin thakati vah uttam aur mahanh hai.“[12]
  • parameshvar mata - pita - stri - putradi rahit hai -
“n vah kisi se paida hua hai, n usase koee paida hai.“[13]
  • eeshvar men marg men kharch karane ka varnan is prakar hai -
“kaun hai jo ki eeshvar ko achchha karz de, vah use kee guna badhaega.“[14]
“nissandeh data stri–purushon ne parameshvar ko achchha karz diya hai, unaka vah duguna hoga, aur unake lie (isaka) achchha badala hai.“[15]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 “khand 1”, hindi vishvakosh, 1973 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: nagari pracharini sabha varanasi, 270.
  2. quran 2:4:9
  3. quran 16:1:2-5
  4. quran 4:7:2
  5. quran 39:6:10
  6. quran 35:5:4
  7. quran 53:3:12
  8. quran 13:1:6
  9. quran 3:13:8
  10. quran 31:3:11
  11. quran 21:4:6
  12. quran 2:34:2
  13. quran 112:1:3
  14. quran 2:32:3) (quran 57:2:1
  15. quran 57:2:8

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah