मलंग  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

malng amataur par apani hi dhun men rahane vale mastamaula tabiyat ke insan ko kaha jata hai, kintu malng bhi soofi daraveshon ka ek sampraday hai, jo rahasyavadi hote hain. lamba choga, lohe ke kade aur kamar men jnjir, lambe bal aur badhi huee dadhi aur hath men kamandalanuma bhikshapatr, jise 'kashkol' kaha jata hai, inaki mukhy pahachan hai. sadharanat: malng muslim hote hain. bharat ane ke bad kalndaron aur malngon par nathapnthi prabhav pada aur chimata, kanachhedan aur bhabhoot jaise pratikon ko inhonne bhi apana liya. vaise malng usi fakir ko kaha jata hai, jo kisi sampraday se snbaddh n ho.

prabhav

vah snt ya fakir jisaka sampraday aur parnpara ke star par kahin bhi judav n ho, use laparavah, beparavah, nishchint aur manamauji kaha ja sakata hai. inhen hi mast malng kaha jata hai. malngon ke prabhav men kee hindoo vairagi-virakt bhi malng kahe jane lage the. maharashtr ki snt parnpara men kee snton ke nam ke age malng shabd lagata hai. nathapnthi 'navanath avatar' kahe jane vale prasiddh snt 'matsyendranath' yani 'machchhindranath'[1] ko maharashtravasi 'malngamachchhindr' kahate hain. kalyan ke pas samudr tat par ek qila hai, jise 'malngagadh' kaha jata hai, jahan 'malngamachchhindr' ki samadhi hai. yah jagah hindoo aur muslim donon ki astha ka pramukh kendr hai. snt ekanath aur pndharinath ke sath bhi shraddhalu malng shabd lagate hain. soofiyon ki tarah hi malngon ke sath bhi sngit parnpara judi huee hai. kee kavvaliyon men malng shabd 'murid', 'bhakt' aur 'shishy' ke arth men ata hai.[2]

vyutpatti

hindi-urdoo men malng shabd farasi bhasha ke madhyam se aya. snskrit, avesta, farasi ke kisi sndarbh men is shabd ki thik-thik vyutpatti nahin milati. islam ka soofi roop lagabhag nauvin sadi men akar lene laga tha. chin ka taovadi adhyatm isase sadiyon pahale ka hai. tab tak bauddh dharm ke kee bhikshu bharat se madhy eshiya aur chin ki or ja chuke the. isase spasht hai ki taovadi parnparaon ka gyan bhi barasta sogdiyana hokar eeran ki dharati tak pahunch chuka tha. isalie malng ka chini mool door ki kaudi nahin hai. adhyatmik adan-pradan men vicharon ke sath-sath shabdavali bhi saheji jati hai.

jivan-yapan

bharat men pnjab men kee sthanon par malngon ki daragahen hain. fakiron aur kalndaron ki tarah hi malng bhi moolatah bhikshavritti par hi nirbhar rahate hain. adhikatar malng ekaki hi hote hain aur phakkad ban kar yahan se vahan ghoomate rahate hain. kee malng pahunche hue snton ki daragah par bhi pade rahate hain. malng bhi grihasthashram men rahate hain. ye ve malng hain, jinhonne ajivika ke lie seva snbndhi koee pesha apana liya hai. amataur par vaidyaki isake antargat ati hai. ilaj ke nam par malag jhad-phoonk, tona-totaka, kala-jadoo aur jadi-booti tak par azamaish karate rahate hain. yah kam inake yahan pidhi-dar-pidhi chalata rahata hai. malngon ki alamast jivan shaili hoti hai. ve khoob bhang khate hain, charas pite hain. shaivon ki parnpara men ye dhoonni bhi ramate hain. kuchh vishisht nare bhi inake dvara lagaye jate hain, jaise- "lala hai dile jan nasibe sikndar...". inaki boli men thath se mahadevababa jaise shabd bhi sunane ko mil jate hain. chahe ve muslim hi kyoon n hon.[2]

vibhinn dharanaen

jaaun sheksapiyar ki angrezi-urdoo dikshanari ke anusar malng muhammadiya daravesh hote hain, jo lamba choga pahanate hain aur lambe bal rakhate hain. isi tarah ki bat jaaun plaits ki hindi-urdoo-angrezi dikshanari men bhi hai, bas usamen inake phakkad, ghumakkad, yayavar, aboojh aur beparavah shakhsiyat ka bhi snket hai. mohammad tahir dvara snpadit 'insaiklopidik sarve aauf islamik kalchar' men soofi mat par chin ke taovadi prabhav ki charcha karate hue ahamad anani malng ki vyutpatti khojate hue ise chini mool ka siddh karate hain. unake anusar yah taovadi 'mng-lng' se milakar bana hai. taovadi shabdavali men ek shabd hai- 'mng', jisamen mahattvapoorn ya adaraniy vyakti jaise bhav hain. kintu is shabd men yayavar, ghumakkad, daravesh ka bhav adhik hai. anan isaka samy jipsiyon se baithate hain, jo ghumakkad janajati hai. inaki samanata chamatkari yogiyon, soofiyon, kalndaron se bhi bataee gee hai. lekhak harabart jils ki chini-angrezi dikshanari ke havale se lyiyoo-meng shabd samane late hain. chini bhasha men 'lyiyoo' shabd ka arth hota hai- 'bhramanashil' arthath 'ghumakkad'. isi tarah chini shabd 'lng' ka arth hota hai- 'adaraniy', 'sammanit', 'pramukh' adi. is tarah mng-lng ka arth hota hai, ghumakkad snnyasi ya daravesh.[2]


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. machhindaranath
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 malng (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 25 aprail, 2013.

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