सुन्ना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sunna ek arabi bhasha ka shabd hai, jisaka samanyat: arth hai- 'prathagat vyavahar'. yah muslim samuday ke paramparik samajik aur qanooni rivajon aur vyavahar ka sngrah hai. poorv-islami arab men 'sunna' se ashay adivasi poorvajon dvara sthapit paramparaon se tha, jinhen manak roop men svikar kiya gaya tha aur jinaka poore samuday dvara palan kiya gaya tha.

mat bhinnata

prarambh men muslim is bat par tatkal ekamat nahin the, ki unaka sunna kya ho. kuchh log madina ka anusaran karate the, to kuchh paigambar muhammad ke sathiyon ke acharan ka, jabaki irak, siriya aur hejaz (arab) men athavin sadi men prachalit kshetriy maton ne sunna ki tulana ek adarsh vyavastha se karane ka prayatn kiya, jo anshat: unake apane kshetron men paramparik thi aur anshat: un misalon par adharit thi, jo unhonne svayn vikasit ki thin. in vividh sroton ko, jinhonne vividh samudayik vyavaharon ko janm diya, antim roop se athavin sadi ke uttarardh men qanoon ke vidvan ashh-shafiee (767-820) ne samekit kiya. unhonne paigambar muhammad ke sunna ko, jo pratyakshadarshiyon ki baton, kriyakalapon aur anumodanon men surakshit the aur hadis ke nam se jane jate the, manak aur qanooni roop diya. yah quran ke bad sabase mahattvapoorn snhita hai.

prayog

jab muslim vidvanon ne vibhinn saiddhantik, qanooni aur rajanitik maton ke samarthakon dvara hadis ke sampoorn punarnirman ko dekhate hue 'ilm al-hadis', vyaktigat prathaon ki pramanikata ko parakhane ki kasauti ka vikas kiya, tab sunna ki adhikarik taqat aur bhi prabhavi huee. sunna ka isake bad tafasir, qurani vyakhyaon men path ke arth ko poorn karane ke lie aur islami vidhishastr fiqh men un nyayik nirnayon ke adhar ke roop men istemal kiya gaya, jinaki charcha quran men nahin ki gee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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