इमाम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

imam ali ke beton ki upadhi hai.[1] imam shabd ka arabi arth hai neta ya nirdeshak.

  • islami snpradayon ki shabdavali men 'imam' shabd ka prayog vibhinn artho men hota hai -
    • sunni musalaman imam ya 'pesh imam' shabd ka prayog samoohik prarthanaon ke neta ke lie karate hain.
    • sunni qanoon ki pustakon men 'imam' shabd ka prayog 'rajy ke svami' ke lie hua hai.
    • sunni musalaman imam shabd ka prayog apani nyayapaddhati ke mahanh adhishthataon ke lie bhi karate hain. ye pramukh nyayashastri mahanh abbasi khaliphaon ke samay[2] men avatarit hue the, tathapi shishtacharavash imam ki padavi se kabhi kabhi in logon ke bad ke pramukh nyayavettaon ko bhi vibhooshit kar diya jata hai.
  • shiya imam shabd ka prayog apani 12 pavitr imamon ke lie karate hain jinake nam is prakar hain -
  1. hajarat ali
  2. hasan
  3. husain
  4. ali jainul abdin
  5. muhammad bakar
  6. zaphar sadik
  7. moosa kazim
  8. aliraza
  9. muhammad taqi
  10. ali naki
  11. hasan asakari aur
  12. muhammad al mutazar (imam menhadi)
  • in 12 men se antim imam menhadi apane balyakal men hi ek gupha men jakar adrishy ho ge aur shiya tatha sunni donon hi vargo ki manyata hai ki ve vapas aenge.
  • shiya musalaman apane imamon ke tin adhikar manate hain -
  1. ye paingabar ke rajy ke adhikrit uttaradhikari the aur inako is adhikar se anuchit roop se vnchit kar diya gaya,
  2. imamon ne atynt pavitr aur paparahit jivan vyatit kiya, tatha
  3. unako samast jati ko nirdesh dene ka adhikar hai. nirdesh ka yah adhikar mujatahidon ko bhi prapt hai. shiya mujatahid us dharmik adhyapak ko kahate hain jisake pas moolat: kisi imam dvara pradatt pramanapatr ho.
  • shiya musalamanon ke ismaili dal ke log imam ko ek avatar ya eeshvariy vyaktitv ke roop men svikar karate hain. vah quran men pratipadit astha ko to samapt nahin kar sakata, kintu vah quran ke qanoon ko poornat: ya anshik roop se samapt ya parivartit kar sakata hai. is adhikar ke paksh men diya jane vala tark yah hai ki qanoon men desh aur kal ke anusar parivartan avashyak hai aur imam, jo ek 'avatar' hai, is parivartan ko karyanvit karane ke lie ekamatr upayukt vyakti hai. is prakar ismaili log apane imam ko paignbar se bhi adhik mahattvapoorn sthan pradan karate hain. ismaili dharmik shiyaon ke keval pratham chhah imamon ko manate hain. chhathe imam zaphar sadik ne apane putr ismail ko uttaradhikar se vnchit kar diya, kintu ismaili log isako uttaradhikar ke eeshvariy niyamon men avaidhanik hastakshep manate hain.
madhyayug men imam

madhyayug men dharmaparayan musalamanon ne ismailiyon ka atynt nirdayata se vinash kiya. pratyuttar men ismailiyon ne gupt andolan prarnbh kar diya. parinam yah hua ki logon ne ismailiyon ke anek siddhanton ko galat samajha aur vyakt kiya. ismaili imam sarvavidit [3] bhi ho sakata hai, jaise - misr ke fatimi khalifa[4] tatha eeran men alamut ke imam [5], aur aprakat ya guhy [6] bhi. guhy imam ki sthiti keval usake pratinidhi [7] ko gyat hoti hai. yah pratinidhi imam ki or se karyasnchalan karata hai, kintu isako islami snsthaon men parivartan karane ka adhikar nahin hota. ismaili musalamanon ke anek dalon men, jaise - bharat ke daudi aur sulemani bohare, shatabdiyon se keval imam ke pratinidhi [8] hi avatarit hue hain.[9]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pauranik kosh |lekhak: rana prasad sharma |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 562, parishisht 'gh' |
  2. 750 - 842 ee.
  3. alani
  4. 910 - 1171 ee.
  5. 1164 - 1256
  6. makhafi
  7. daee
  8. daee
  9. bernar livis: islamism / ivonof : qalam-e-pir, (pharasi ke mool tatha anuvad sahit, bnbee); d fatimait kalifait.

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