फ़रिश्ता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jis prakar puranon men parameshvar ke bad anek devata bhinn–bhinn kam karane vale mane jate hain, yamaraj mrityu ke adhyaksh, indr vrishti ke adhyaksh ityadi, isi prakar ‘islam’ ne farishton’ ko mana hai. pahale farishton ke sambandh men quran men ae kuchh vaky dene par is par vichar karana achchha hoga, isalie yahan ve vaky udadhrit kie jate hain- “jab hamen (parameshvar) ne farishton ko (adam ke lie) dandavat karane ko kaha, to sabane dandavat ki, kintu iblis ne inkar kar diya, ghamand kiya aur (vah) nastikon men se tha.“[1] “jab hamane farishton ko dandavat karane ko kaha, to iblis ke atirikt sabhi ne kiya. (iblis) bola - kya main use dandavat karoon jo mitti se bana hai.“[2] “jab hamane farishton ko kaha - adam ko dandavat karo to (unhonne) dandavat ki, kintu iblis, jo ki jinnon men se tha - ne n kiya.“[3]

oopar ke vakyon men farishton ka varnan aya hai. bhagavan ne adam (manushy ke adi pita) ko banakar unhen adam ko dandavat karane ko kaha. sabane vaisa kiya, kintu iblis ne n kiya. yah iblis us samay farishton men sabase oopar (devendr) tha. tritiy vaky men jo use ‘jinn’ kaha gaya hai, usase gyat hota hai ki farishte aur jinn ek hi hain ya jinn farishton ke antargat hi koee jati hai. iblis ne yah kah kar adam ko dandavat karane se inkar kiya ki vah mitti se bana hai. atah maloom padata hai ki utpatti kisi aur achchhe padarth se huee hai. anyatr iblis ke vaky hi se maloom ho jata hai ki unaki utpatti agni se huee hai. apane bhakton ki raksha ke lie eeshvar in farishton ko bhejate hain.

farishton se sahayata

‘he eemanavalon! apane oopar eeshvar ki kripa ko smaran karo jab tumhare oopar (shatruon ki) fauj ayi, to hamane in (shatruon ki fauj) par andhi bheji tatha ek (farishton ki) fauj bheji jise tumane nahin dekha.[4] yah ek yuddh ke sambandh men varnan hai, jab ki shatruon ki snkhya musalamanon se kee guna thi. us vaqt eeshvar ka kop andhi ke roop se unake oopar pada aur eeshvar ne musalamanon ki sahayata ke lie farishton ki fauj bheji.

  • yah farishte astikon ke pas ate hain—

“jo kahate hain ki hamara malik parameshvar hai aur (is par) dridh hain, unake oopar farishte utarate hain aur kahate hain—daro nahin, afasos n karo, aur svarg ka shubh sandesh suno, jisake milane ke lie tumhen vachan diya gaya hai.“[5]

  • pratyek manushy ke shubhashubh karmon ke lekhak tatha rakshak farishte hain, jinake vishay men kaha hai—

“nissandeh tumhare oopar rakhavale hain, kiraman katibin. jo kuchh tum karate ho, use (vah) janate hain.“[6] ‘hadas’ aur ‘bhashy’ (tafasir) granthon men ata hai ki pratyek manushy ke donon kandhon par ‘kiraman’ aur ‘katibin’ yah do farishte baithe rahate hain, jisamen se ek usake sare sukarmon ko aur doosara usake sare dushkarmon ko likhata rahata hai.

farishton ke pnkh

  • in farishton ke par bhi hote hain—

“prashnsa parameshvar ke lie hai, jo do, tin, char pnkh vale farishton ko doot banata hai.“[7]

  • kuchh farishton ka nam is vaky men diya gaya hai—

“kah (he muhammad!) nissandeh jisane eeshvar ki agya se tujh par is (quran) ko utara....us ‘jibril’ ka jo shatru hai, jo eeshvar usake rasoolon (dooton, rishiyon) ka, farishton ka, jibril ka, mikal ka shatru hai, nissandeh bhagavan (aise) kafiron (nastikon) ka shatru hai.“[8] oopar ae donon farishton men ‘jibril (jibrail) sab farishton ka saradar hai, ‘mikail’ mrityu ka farishta arthath yamaraj hai. jisaka kam ayu poori hone par sabako marana hai. aise hi ‘hadison’ men aur bhi anek farishton ke nam aur kam batalae ge hain. ‘israphil’ apana narasinha jab bajayenge, tab mahapralay hogi.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. quran 2:4:5) (quran 20:7:1
  2. quran 17:7:1
  3. quran 20:116
  4. 32:2:1
  5. 41:4:5
  6. 82:1:10-12
  7. 35:1:1
  8. 2:12:1,2

snbndhit lekh

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