शबबरात  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shababarat
namaz padhati mahila
any nam lailatul barat
anuyayi muslim
uddeshy apane nate-rishtedaron ko jannat (svarg) nasib ho isalie is rat unaki nijat (gunahon se mafi ya moksh) ke lie allah se guzarish ki jati hai.
tithi 'shaban' ki 14 tarikh ya 15 tarikh
utsav log ratabhar jagakar namaz padhate hain aur quran ki ayaten padhakar apane azizon ko bakhshate hain. is din poorvajon ke nam se fatiha karakar garibon ko khana khilane ka bhi chalan hai taki zarooratamndon ke dil se nikali huee dua se marane valon ke gunah maf ho saken.
snbndhit lekh eed-ul-fitar, eed ul zuha
shabdarth shababarat arabi ke do shabdon ke mel se bana hai, shab arthat ratri aur barat arthat nijat.
any janakari namaz, tilavat-e-quran, qabristan ki ziyarat aur haisiyat ke mutabik khairat karana is rat ke aham kam hain.

shababarat (angrezi: Shababarat) islamik kailendar men muslimon ke athaven mah shaban ki chaudahavin ya pndrahavin rat ko kaha jata hai. yani vah rat, jab apane un nate-rishtedaron ki rooh ke sukoon ke lie dua mangi jati hai, jo is duniya men nahin hai. kahate hain ki is rat ko farishte sabako bhojan bantate hain. ayu ka hisab lagate hain. is din dua mangate hain aur nyaz karate hain. rat men atishabaji bhi chhodate hain.[1]

shababarat arabi ke do shabdon ke mel se bana hai, shab arthat ratri aur barat arthat nijat. shababarat ka doosara nam 'lailatul barat' bhi hai, jisaka arth bhi magafirat yani gunahon se mafi aur nijat ki rat hai.[2] ise islam ke pravartak hazarat muhammad ne rahamat ki rat batalaya hai. shababarat ki rat ko srishtikarta ane vale ek sal ke lie har adami ke vaste ayu, asabab, yash-kirti se lekar sab kuchh tay karata hai. is rat srishtikarta se jo jitana mangata hai, utana pata hai.

apane nate-rishtedaron ko jannat (svarg) nasib ho isalie is rat unaki nijat (gunahon se mafi ya moksh) ke lie allah se guzarish ki jati hai. is din shiya aur sunni donon samuday qabristan jakar apane-apane poorvajon ki qabron par charagan (roshani) karate hain aur phool-malaen chadhate hain. mana jata hai ki mrit log apane parijanon se yah asha karate hain ki ve unake lie allah ki pak kitab quran ki ayaten padhakar bakhshen taki jannat men unake lie jagah ho sake. isi niyat se log ratabhar jagakar namaz padhate hain aur quran ki ayaten padhakar apane azizon ko bakhshate hain. is din poorvajon ke nam se fatiha karakar garibon ko khana khilane ka bhi chalan hai taki zarooratamndon ke dil se nikali huee dua se marane valon ke gunah maf ho saken.

hazarat muhammad ne kaha

hadis bukhari men akhiri paignbar hazarat muhammad sallallaho alaihi vasallam ne apane sahaba se kaha tha ki qabristan jakar dua zaroor padho. yahi tumhari asali jagah hai. yahan sabhi ko marane ke bad ana hi hai. isalie us sthan par jakar apani maut ko zaroor yad karo.[3]

bharat se bahar

arab mulkon se itar bharat, pakistan v bangladesh men rahane vale musalaman shababarat ko lekar do vargo men bnte najar ate hain. dharmik pravritti ke log shababarat ke avasar par masjidon men poori rat ibadat men gujarate hain tatha agale din roza rakhate hain. doosare varg se talluk rakhane vale log shababarat ka matalab chhootane ya mukti ki rat ke sthan par chhodane (atishabazi chhudane ki rat) ki rat batate hue ibadat ki kimati rat ko patakhe chhodane men gujarate hain.[4]

karmon ka lekha-jokha

pichhale sal kie ge karmon ka lekha-jokha taiyar karane aur ane vale sal ki taqadir tay karane vali is rat ko shababarat kaha jata hai. is rat ko poori tarah ibadat men guhzarane ki parnpara hai. namaz, tilavat-e-quran, qabristan ki ziyarat aur haisiyat ke mutabik khairat karana is rat ke aham kam hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pauranik kosh |lekhak: rana prasad sharma |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 563, parishisht 'gh' |
  2. gunahon se nijat ki rat, aj hai 'shababarat' (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) meri khabar.kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 26 julaee, 2010.
  3. shababarat : masjidon men dua ke lie uthe hazaron hath (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) jagaran yahoo.kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 26 julaee, 2010.
  4. shababarat men hote hain gunah maph (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) jagaran yahoo.kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 26 julaee, 2010.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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