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माघबिहू  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maghabihoo
bihoo nrity
any nam bhogasi bihoo, bhogali bihoo
anuyayi hindoo dharmavalambi
uddeshy asam rajy men jab fasal kat jane ke bad kisanon ke aram ka samay hota hai. tab maghabihoo par mukhy roop se bhoj dene ki pratha hai.
tithi 14 janavari ya 15 janavari
dharmik manyata hindoo dharm
snbndhit lekh bihoo, makar snkranti, lohadi, pongal
any janakari bihoo varsh men tin bar manaya jata hai.

maghabihoo (angrezi: Magh Bihu) bharat ke asam rajy men ek prasiddh utsav hai. makar snkranti ke din janavari ke madhy men maghabihoo manaya jata hai. is avasar par prachur matra men huee fasal kisan ko anandit karati hai. yah tyauhar jade men tab manaya jata hai, jab fasal kat jane ke bad kisanon ke aram ka samay hota hai. maghabihoo par mukhy roop se bhoj dene ki pratha hai. is karan ise "bhogasi bihoo" athava "bhog–upabhog ka bihoo" bhi kahate hain. inhen bhi dekhen: bihoo evn bihoo nrity

bihoo varsh men tin bar

maghabihoo varsh men tin bar manaya jata hai-

  1. rngali bihoo ya bohag bihoo- phasal bubaee ki shurooat ka pratik hai aur isase ne varsh ka bhi shubharnbh hota hai.
  2. bhogali bihoo ya magh bihoo- magh mahine men phasal kataee ka th‍yohar hai.
  3. kati bihoo ya kangali bihoo- sharad ritu ka ek mela hai.

bhoj ayojan

bihoo utsav ke dauran vahan ke log apani khushi ka izahar karane ke lie lokanrity bhi karate hain. striyan chivada, chaval ki tikiya, tarah–tarah ke laru (laddoo) tatha karaee arthath tarah–tarah ke bhune hue anaj ka mishran taiyar karati hain. ye sab chizen dopahar ke samay gud aur dahi ke sath khaee jati hain. sabhi log ratribhoj karate hain. chhavani ke pas hi char bans lagakar us par pual evn lakadi se oonche gumbad ka nirman karate hain jise 'meji' kahate hain. uruka ke doosare din subah snan karake meji jalakar magh bihoo ka shubharnbh kiya jata hai. ganv ke sabhi log is meji ke charon or ekatr hokar bhagavan se mngal ki kamana karate hain. apani manokamana poori karane ke lie log vibhinn vastuen bhi meji men bhent chadhate hain. meji ki adhajali lakadiy़on aur bhasm ko kheton men chhidaka jata hai. manyata ke anusar aisa karane se zamin ki urvara shakti badhati hai. mitron tatha sage sambandhiyon ko amntrit kar adar diya jata hai. svabhavik hai ki svadisht bhojan hi is parv ka abhinn ang hota hai. is avasar par samudayik bhoj ek saptah tak chalate hain. sath hi manornjan ke lie any karyakram jaise pashu yuddh ityadi bhi ayojit kie jate hain. mahotsav ke ek abhinn ang ke roop men alav bhi jalae jate hain.

bihoo parnpara

asam sirph ek pradesh ka nam nahin, prakritik saundary, prem, vibhinn snskritiyon ityadi ki jhalak ka pratik hai. asam ki dher sari snskritiyon men se bihoo ek aisi parnpara hai jo yahan ka gaurav hai. asam men manae jane vale bihoo mukhyatah tin prakar ke hote hain-

baisakh bihoo ya bohag bihoo

asamiya kailendar baisakh mahine se shuroo hota hai jo angrezi kailendar ke aprail mahine ke madhy men shuroo hota hai aur yah bihoo sat din tak alag-alag riti-rivaj ke sath manaya jata hai. baisakh mahine ka snkranti se bohag bihoo shuroo hota hai. isamen pratham din ko gay bihoo kaha jata hai. is din log subah apani-apani gayon ko nadi men le jakar nahalate hain. gayon ko nahalane ke lie rat men hi bhigo kar rakhi gee kalee dal aur kachchi haldi ka istemal kiya jata hai. usake bad vahin par unhen lauki, baingan adi khilaya jata hai. mana jata hai ki aisa karane se sal bhar gaen kushalapoorvak rahati hain. sham ke samay jahan gay rakhi jati hain, vahan gay ko nee rassi se bandha jata hai aur nana tarah ke aushadhi vale ped-paudhe jala kar machchhar-makkhi bhagae jate hain. is din log din men chaval nahin khate, keval dahi chivada hi khate hain.

  • pahale baisakh men adami ka bihoo shuroo hota hai. us din bhi sabhi log kachchi haldi se nahakar ne kapade pahan kar pooja-path karake dahi chivada evn nana tarah ke petha-ladadoo ityadi khate hain. isi din se asamiya logon ka naya sal arnbh mana jata hai. isi dauran sat din ke andar 101 tarah ke hari pattiyon vala sag khane ki bhi riti hai.
  • is bihoo ka doosara mahatv hai ki usi samay dharati par barish ki pahali boonden padati hain aur prithvi ne roop se sajati hai. jiv-jntu evn pakshi bhi nee zindagi shuroo karate hain. nee phasal ane ki har tarah taiyari hoti hai. is bihoo ke avasar par snkranti ke din se bihoo nach nachate hain. isamen 20-25 ki mndali hoti hai jisamen yuvak evn yuvatiyan sath-sath dhol, pepa, gagana, tal, bansuri ityadi ke sath apane parnparik paridhan men ek sath bihoo karate hain.
  • bihoo aj kal bahut dinon tak jagah-jagah par manaya jata hai. bihoo ke dauran hi yuvak evn yuvatiyan apane manapasnd jivan sathi ko chunate hain aur apani zindagi ne sire se shuroo karate hain isalie asam men baisakh mahine men zyadatar vivah snpann hote hain. bihoo ke samay men ganv men vibhinn tarah ke khel-tamashon ka ayojan kiya jata hai.
  • isake sath-sath kheti men pahali bar ke lie hal bhi jota jata hai. bihoo nrity ke lie jo dhol vyavahar kiya jata hai usaka bhi ek mahatv hai. kaha jata hai ki dhol ki avaj se akash men badal a jate hain aur barish shuroo ho jati hai jisake karan kheti achchhi hoti hai.[1]

kati bihoo ya kngali bihoo

dhan asam ki pradhan phasal hai isalie dhan lagane ke bad jab dhan ki phasal men ann lagana shuroo hota hai us samay ne tarah ke kide dhan ki phasal ko nasht kar dete hain. isase bachane ke lie kartik mahine ki snkranti ke din men shuroo hota hai kati bihoo. is bihoo ko kati isalie kaha gaya hai ki us samay phasal hari-bhari nahin hoti hai isalie is bihoo ko kati bihoo matalab kngali bihoo kaha jata hai. snkranti ke din men angan men tulasi ka paudha lagaya jata hai aur isamen prasad chadha kar diya jalaya jata hai aur bhagavan se prarthana ki jati hai ki kheti thik se ho.[1]

magh bihoo ya bhogali bihoo

magh mahine ki snkranti ke pahale din se magh bihoo arthat bhogali bihoo manaya jata hai. is bihoo ka nam bhogali isalie rakha gaya hai ki is dauran khan-pan dhoomadham se hota hai, kyonki til, chaval, nariyal, ganna ityadi phasal us samay bharapoor hoti hai aur usi se tarah-tarah ki khady samagri banaee jati hai aur khilaee jati hai. is samay krishi karm se jude hue logon ko bhi aram milata hai aur ve rishtedaron ke ghar jate hain. snkranti ke pahale din ko urooka bola jata hai aur usi rat ko ganv ke log milakar kheti ki jamin par khar ke meji banakar vibhinn prakar ke vynjanon ke sath bhoj karate hain. usamen kalaee ki dal khana zaroori hota hai. isi rat ag jalakar log rat bhar jagate rahate hain aur subah soory ugane se pahale nadi, talab ya kisi kund men snan karate hain. snan ke bad khar se bane hue meji ko jala kar tap lene ka rivaj hai. usake bad nana tarah ke petha, dahi, chivada khakar din bitate hain. isi din poore bharat men makar snkranti, lohadi, pongal ityadi tyohar manaya jata hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 asam ki bihoo parnpara (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 14 janavari, 2013.

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