रामनवमी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ramanavami
ram
anuyayi hindoo, bharatiy
uddeshy ramanavami ko ram ke janh‍madin ki sh‍mriti men manaya jata hai.
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi chaitr shukl paksh ki navami
utsav ramanavami ke vrat ke din mndir men athava makan par dhvaja, pataka, toran aur bndanavar adi se sajane ka vishesh vidhi-vidhan hai. vrat ke din kalash sthapana aur ram ji ke parivar ki pooja karani chahie, aur bhagavan shri ram ka dinabhar bhajan, smaran, stotrapath, dan, puny, havan, pitrishradv aur utsav kiya jana chahie.
dharmik manyata treta yug men chaitr shukl navami ke din raghukul shiromani maharaj dasharath evn maharani kaushalya ke yahan akhil brahmand nayak ram ne putr ke roop men janm liya tha.

ramanavami ek aisa parv hai, jis par chaitr mas ke shukl paksh ki pratipada ko prativarsh naye vikram snvatsar ka prarnbh hota hai aur usake ath din bad hi chaitr shukl paksh ki navami ko ek parv ram janmotsav ka, jise 'ramanavami' ke nam se jana jata hai, samast desh men manaya jata hai. is desh ki ram aur krishn do aisi mahimashali vibhootiyan rahi hain, jinaka amit prabhav samooche bharat ke janamanas par sadiyon se anavarat chala a raha hai.[1]

ramanavami, bhagavan ram ki sh‍mriti ko samarpit hai. ram sadachar ke pratik hain, aur inhen "maryada purushotam" kaha jata hai. ramanavami ko ram ke janh‍madin ki sh‍mriti men manaya jata hai. ram ko bhagavan vishnu ka avatar mana jata hai, jo prithvi par ajey ravan (manushh‍y roop men asur raja) se yuddh ladane ke lie ae. ram rajh‍y (ram ka shasan) shanti v samriddhi ki avadhi ka paryayavachi ban gaya hai. ramanavami ke din, shraddhalu badi snkhh‍ya men unake janh‍moth‍sav ko manane ke lie ram ji ki moortiyon ko palane men jhulate hain. is mahanh raja ki kavh‍y tulasi ramayan men ram ki kahani ka varnan hai.

maryada purushottam

bhagavan vishnu ne ram roop men asuron ka snhar karane ke lie prithvi par avatar liya aur jivan men maryada ka palan karate hue maryada purushottam kahalae. aj bhi maryada purushottam ram ka janmotsav to dhoomadham se manaya jata hai par unake adarshon ko jivan men nahin utara jata. ayodhya ke rajakumar hote hue bhi bhagavan ram apane pita ke vachanon ko poora karane ke lie snpoorn vaibhav ko tyag 14 varsh ke lie van chale ge aur aj dekhen to vaibhav ki lalasa men hi putr apane mata-pita ka kal ban raha hai.

ram ka janm

purushotam bhagavan ram ka janm chaitr mas ki shukl paksh ki navami ko punarvasu nakshatr tatha kark lagn men kaushalya ki kokh se hua tha. yah din bharatiy jivan men puny parv mana jata hain. is din sarayoo nadi men snan karake log puny labh kamate hain.

agastyasnhita ke anusar

mngal bhavan amngal hari,
dॄvahusu dasharath ajir bihari॥

agastyasnhita ke anusar chaitr shukl paksh ki navami, ke din punarvasu nakshatr, karkalagh‍n men jab soory anyany panch grahon ki shubh drishti ke sath mesh rashi par virajaman the, tabhi sakshath‌ bhagavanh shriram ka mata kaushalya ke garbh se janm hua.

dharmik drishti se chaitr shukl navami ka vishesh mahatv hai. treta yug men chaitr shukl navami ke din raghukul shiromani maharaj dasharath evn maharani kaushalya ke yahan akhil brahmand nayak akhilesh ne putr ke roop men janm liya tha. ram ka janm din ke barah baje hua tha, jaise hi saundary niketan, shnkh, chakr, gada, padm dharan ki‌e hu‌e chaturbhujadhari shriram prakat hu‌e to mata kaushalya unhen dekhakar vismit ho g‌een. ram ke saundary v tej ko dekhakar unake netr tript nahin ho rahe the. devalok bhi avadh ke samane shriram ke janmotsav ko dekhakar phika lag raha tha. janmotsav men devata, rishi, kinnar, charan sabhi shamil hokar annd utha rahe the. ham prativarsh chaitr shukl navami ko ram janmotsav manate hain aur ramamay hokar kirtan, bhajan, katha adi men ram jate hain. ramanavami ke din hi gosvami tulasidas ne ramacharitamanas ki rachana ka shriganesh kiya tha.

ramanavami ki pooja

hindoo dharm men ramanavami ke din pooja ki jati hai. ramanavami ki pooja ke lie avashh‍yak samagri roli, aipan, chaval, jal, phool, ek ghnti aur ek shnkh hain. pooja ke bad parivar ki sabase chhoti mahila sadash‍y parivar ke sabhi sadash‍yon ko tika lagati hai. ramanavami ki pooja men pahale devataon par jal, roli aur aipan chadhaya jata hai, isake bad moortiyon par mutthi bharake chaval chadhaye jate hain. pooja ke bad a‍rati ki jati hai aur arati ke bad gngajal athava sada jal ekatrit hue sabhi janon par chhidaka jata hai.

ramanavami vrat

ramanavami ke din jo vyakti poore din upavas rakhakar bhagavan shriram ki pooja karata hai, tatha apani arthik sthiti ke anusar dan-puny karata hai, vah anek janmon ke papon ko bhasm karane men samarth hota hai.

vidhi

ramanavami ka vrat mahilaon ke dvara kiya jata hai. is din vrat karane vali mahila ko prat: subah uthana chahie. ghar ki saph-saphaee kar ghar men gngajal chhidak kar shuddh kar lena chahie. isake pashchath snan karake vrat ka snkalp lena chahie. isake bad ek lakadi ke chaukor tukade par satiya banakar ek jal se bhara gilas rakhana chahie aur apani anguli se chandi ka chhalla nikal kar rakhana chahie. ise pratik rup se ganeshaji mana jata hai. vrat katha sunate samay hath men gehoon-bajara adi ke dane lekar kahani sunane ka bhi mahatv kaha gaya hai.[2] ramanavami ke vrat ke din mndir men athava makan par dhvaja, pataka, toran aur bndanavar adi se sajane ka vishesh vidhi-vidhan hai. vrat ke din kalash sthapana aur ram ji ke parivar ki pooja karani chahie, aur bhagavan shri ram ka dinabhar bhajan, smaran, stotrapath, dan, puny, havan, pitrishradv aur utsav kiya jana chahie.

ramanavami vrat katha

ram, sita aur lakshman van men ja rahe the. sita ji aur lakshman ko thaka hua dekhakar ram ji ne thoda rukakar aram karane ka vichar kiya aur ek budhiya ke ghar ge. budhiya soot kat rahi thi. budhiya ne unaki avabhagat ki aur baithaya, snan-dhyan karavakar bhojan karavaya. ram ji ne kaha- budhiya maee, "pahale mera hns moti chugao, to men bhi karoon." budhiya bechari ke pas moti kahan se aven, soot kat kar garib guzara karati thi. atithi ko na kahana bhi vah thik nahin samajhati thi. duvidha men pad gee. at: dil ko mazaboot kar raja ke pas pahunch gee. aur anjali moti dene ke liye vinati karane lagi. raja achambhe men pada ki isake pas khane ko dane nahin hain aur moti udhar mang rahi hai. is sthiti men budhiya se moti vapas prapt hone ka to saval hi nahin uthata. akhir raja ne apane naukaron se kahakar budhiya ko moti dila diye.[2]

budhiya moti lekar ghar aee, hns ko moti chugae aur mehamanon ki avabhagat ki. rat ko aram kar savere ram ji, sita ji aur lakshman ji jane lage. ram ji ne jate hue usake pani rakhane ki jagah par motiyon ka ek ped laga diya. din bitate gaye aur ped bada hua, ped badhane laga, par budhiya ko ku़chh pata nahin chala. moti ke ped se pas-padaus ke log chug-chugakar moti le jane lage.

ek din jab budhiya usake niche baithi soot kat rahi thi. to usaki god men ek moti akar gira. budhiya ko tab gyat hua. usane jaldi se moti bandhe aur apane kapade men bandhakar vah qile ki or le chali़. usane moti ki potali raja ke samane rakh di. itane sare moti dekh raja achambhe men pad gaya. usake poochhane par budhiya ne raja ko sari bat bata di. raja ke man men lalach a gaya. vah budhiya se moti ka ped mangane laga. budhiya ne kaha ki as-pas ke sabhi log le jate hain. ap bhi chahe to le len. mujhe kya karana hai. raja ne turant ped mngavaya aur apane darabar men lagava diya. par ramaji ki marji, motiyon ki jagah kante ho gaye aur ate-ate logon ke kapade un kanton se kharab hone lage. ek din rani ki aidi men ek kanta chubh gaya aur pida karane laga. raja ne ped uthavakar budhiya ke ghar vapas bhijava diya. ped par pahale ki tarah se moti lagane lage. budhiya aram se rahati aur khoob moti bantati.

vrat ka phal

shri ramanavami ka vrat karane se vyakti ke gyan men vrihddhi hoti hai. usaki dhairy shakti ka vistar hota hai. isake atirikt upavasak ko vichar shakti, buddhi, shraddha, bhakti aur pavitrata ki bhi vrihddhi hoti hai. is vrat ke vishay men kaha jata hai, ki jab is vrat ko nishkam bhav se kiya jata hai. aur ajivan kiya jata hai, to is vrat ke phal sarvadhik prapt hote hain.[2] ramanavami aur janmashtami to ullasapoorvak manate hain par unake karm v sndesh ko nahin apanate. krishn dvara arjun ko diya gaya gita gyan aj sirph ek grnth banakar rah gaya hai. tulasidasaji ne ramacharitamanas men bhagavan ram ke jivan ka varnan karate hue bataya hai ki shriram pratah apane mata-pita ke charan sparsh karate the jabaki aj charan sparsh to door bachche mata-pita ki bat tak nahin manate.[3]

uddeshy

bhagavan shriram ji ne apane jivan ka uddeshy adharm ka nash kar dharm ki sthapana karana bataya par usase unaka ashay yah tha ki am insan shanti ke sath jivan vyatit kar sake aur bhagavan ki bhakti kar sake. unhonne n to kisi prakar ke dharm ka namakaran kiya aur n hi kisi vishesh prakar ki bhakti ka prachar kiya.

bhakti aur gyan

bhakti ka charam shikhar kisi ne prapt kiya hai to unamen sabase bada nam snt kabir aur tulasidasaji ka hai. mira aur soor bhi isi kram men ate hain. valmiki aur vedavyas ko gyaniyon men charam shikhar ke pratik man sakate hain. eeshvar ko prapt karane ke donon marg- bhakti aur gyan hain. bhagavan ko bhakti aur gyan donon hi priy hain. valmiki aur vedavyas ne gyan marg ko chuna to vah samaj ko aisi rachanaen de gaye ki sadiyon tak unaki chamak phiki nahin pad sakati aur kabir, tulasi, soor, aur mira ne bhakti ka sarvochch shikhar chhookar yah dikha diya hai ki is kaliyug men bhi bhagavan bhakti men kitani shakti hai. snt kabir ji ne apani rachanaon men bhakti aur gyan donon ka samavesh is tarah kiya ki vartaman samay men koee aisa kar sakata hai yah sochana bhi kathin hai.

ayodhya ki ramanavami

ramajanm, ramalila, mathura

ramanavami ke roop men hinduon ke aradhy dev bhagavan shriramachandr ka janmadin desh bhar men manaya jata hai, lekin ayodhya men ramanavami bahut dhoomadham se manaee jati hai. ayodhya men is din mela lagata hai. desh ke kone-kone se lakhon shraddhalu is mele men pahunchate hain. prachinakal se hi dharm evn snskriti ki param pavan sthali ke roop men bhagavan shriram ki janmasthali ayodhya vikhyat hai. treta-yugin sooryavnshiy nareshon ki rajadhani rahi ayodhya puratatvik drishti se bhi mahattv rakhati hai. chini yatri phahyan v hvenasang ne bhi apane yatra vrittanton men is nagari ka varnan kiya hai. ramanavami ke din bhagavan ram ke janmotsav ke pavan parv par desh-videsh se lakhon shraddhalu bhaktajan ayodhya ki sarayoo nadi ke tat par prat:kal se hi snan kar mndiron men darshan tatha pooja karate hain. is din jagah-jagah snton ke pravachan, bhajan, kirtan chalate rahate hain. ayodhya ke prasiddh kaushalya bhavan mndir men vishesh ayojan hote hain. ayodhya ke pramukh darshaniy evn aitihasik sthalon men shriram janmabhoomi ke alava kaushalya bhavan, kanak bhavan, kaikeyi bhavan, kop bhavan tatha shriram ke rajyabhishek ka sthan ratn sinhasan darshaniy hain.

parikrama

ayodhya bhinn-bhinn utsavon par ki jane vali pramukh parikramaon ke lie bhi prasiddh hai, jaise chaurasi kosi parikrama, ramanavami ke avasar par chaudah kosi parikrama, akshay navami par panch kosi parikrama, kartik ki ekadashi ke avasar par tatha antargrahi parikrama nity-prati hoti hain tatha ayodhya ke sabhi pramukh mndir evn tirth is parikrama men a jate hain.[4]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ramanavami parv aur hamari sanskritik parampara (hindi) (papiras klab) laiv hindustan. abhigaman tithi: 9 aprail, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 ramanavami (hindi) jyotish blaaug. abhigaman tithi: 9 aprail, 2011.
  3. ramanavami (hindi) (ech ti em) vebaduniya. abhigaman tithi: 9 aprail, 2011.
  4. ramanavami mela (hindi) (ech ti em el) laiv hindustan. abhigaman tithi: 9 aprail, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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