गोवत्स द्वादशी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

govats dvadashi
gay poojan
anuyayi hindoo
uddeshy is din gay tatha unake bachhadon ki seva ki jati hai.
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi kartik krishn paksh dvadashi
dharmik manyata sampoorn din vrat rakhakar ratri men apane ishtadev tatha gaumata ki arati karani chahie.
any janakari is vrat men gay ke doodh se bani khady vastuon ka upayog nahin kiya jata hai.

govats dvadashi kartik mah men krishn paksh ki dvadashi ko manaee jati hai. hindoo manyataon aur dharm grnthon ke anusar ise bada hi mahattvapoorn mana gaya hai. is din gay tatha unake bachhadon ki seva ki jati hai. nityakarm se nivritt hone ke bad gay tatha bachhade़ ki pooja karani chahie. yadi kisi ke yahan gay nahin milati to vah kisi doosare ke ghar ki gay ka poojan kar sakata hai. ghar ke as-pas bhi yadi gay aur bachhada़ nahin mile, to gili mitti se inaki akriti banakar unaki pooja ki ja sakati hai. is vrat men gay ke doodh se bani khady vastuon ka upayog nahin kiya jata hai.

vidhi

sarvapratham vrati ko subah snan adi se nivritt hokar svachchh vastr dharan karana chahie. doodh dene vali gay ko usake bachhade़ sahit snan karana chahie. bad men donon ko naya vastr odha़ya jata hai. unake gale men phoolon ki mala pahanaee jati hai.[1] mathe par chndan ka tilak lagate hain. singon ko bhi madha़ jata hai. ek tanbe ke patr men sugndh, akshat, til, jal tatha phoolon ko milakar nimn mntr ka uchcharan karate hue gau ka prakshalan karana chahie-

kshirodarnavasambhoote surasuranamaskrite.
sarvadevamaye matargrihanarghy namo nam:॥

uparyukt mntr ka tatpary hai ki- "samudr mnthan ke samay kshir sagar se utpann sur tatha asuron dvara namaskar ki gee devasvaroopini mata, apako bar-bar namaskar hai. mere dvara die ge is ardhy ko ap svikar karen."

isake bad gay ko udad ki dal se bane bhojy padarth khilane chahie aur nimn mntr ka uchcharan karate hue prarthana karani chahie-

surabhi tvn jaganmatardevi vishnupade sthita.
sarvadevamaye grasn maya dattamimn gras॥
tat: sarvamaye devi sarvadevairaladkrite.
matarmamabhilashitn saphaln kuru nandini॥

uparyukt shlok ka arth hai ki- "he jagadambe! he svargavasini devi! he sarvadevamayi! ap mere dvara die is ann ko grahan karen. sabhi devaton dvara alnkrit mata nandini ap mera manorath poorn karen.[1]

gay ka poojan karane ke bad 'govats ki katha' sunani chahie. sampoorn din vrat rakhakar ratri men apane ishtadev tatha gaumata ki arati karani chahie. tatpashchath bhojan grahan kiya jata hai.

katha

prachin samay men bharat men suvarnapur namak ek nagar tha. us nagar men devadani raja rajy karata tha. usake pas ek gay aur ek bhains thi. us raja ki do raniyan thin, jinamen se ek ka nam 'sita' aur doosari ka nam 'gita' tha. sita pali huee bhains se bada hi namr vyavahar karati thi aur use apani saheli ke saman pyar karati thi. jabaki gita gay se saheli ke saman aur bachhade़ se putr saman pyar karati thi. ek din bhains ne sita se kaha- "gay, bachhada़ hone par gita rani mujhase eershya karati hai." is par sita ne kaha- "yadi aisi bat hai, tab main sab thik kar loongi." sita usi din gay ke bachhade़ ko katakar gehoon ki rashi men daba deti hai. is ghatana ke bare men kisi ko bhi kuchh pata nahin chalata. jab raja bhojan karane baitha tabhi mans aur rakt ki varsha hone lagi. mahal men charon or rakt tatha mans dikhaee dene laga. raja ki bhojan ki thali men bhi mal-mootr adi ki bas ane lagi. yah sab dekhakar raja ko bahut chinta huee. isi samay akashavani huee- "he raja! teri rani ne gay ke bachhade़ ko katakar gehoon ki rashi men daba diya hai. isi karan yah sab ho raha hai. kal 'govats dvadashi' hai. isalie ap kal bhains ko nagar se bahar nikal dijie aur gay tatha bachhade़ ki pooja karen. ap gay ka doodh tatha kate phalon ka bhojan men tyag karen. isase pap nasht ho jaega aur bachhada़ bhi jinda ho jaega.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 govats dvadashi (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 27 sitambar, 2012.

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