श्रावणी पूर्णिमा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shravani poornima
shravan poornima
vivaran 'shravan poornima' ko chndrama shravan nakshatr men gochararat hota hai. isaliye poornimant mas ka nam shravan rakha gaya hai aur yah poornima shravan poornima kahalati hai.
anuyayi hindoo
tithi shravan shukl poornima
vishesh bhagavan vishnu, bhagavan shiv sahit devi-devataon, kuladevataon ki pooja kar hath par potali ka rakshasootr bndhavana chahiye.
snbndhit lekh shravan, savan ke somavar, rakshabandhan
any janakari hindoo dharm granthon men shravani karm ka vishesh mahattv batalaya gaya hai. shravani poornima ke din 'ygyopavit' ke poojan tatha upanayan snskar ka bhi vidhan hai.

shravani poornima ka hindoo dharm men bada hi mahattv hai. yah shravan mas ki poornima hai, jisamen brahman varg apani karm shuddhi ke lie upakram karate hain. grnthon men is din kie ge tap aur dan ka mahattv ullekhit hai. is din 'rakshabndhan' ka pavitr tyauhar manaya jata hai. isake sath hi shravani upakram, shravan shukl poornima ko arambh hota hai. hindoo dharm granthon men shravani karm ka vishesh mahattv batalaya gaya hai. shravani poornima ke din 'ygyopavit' ke poojan tatha upanayan snskar ka bhi vidhan hai.

namakaran

hindoo pnchang ke anusar chndravarsh ke pratyek mah ka namakaran us mahine ki poornima ko chndrama ki sthiti ke adhar par hua hai. jyotishashastr men 27 nakshatr mane jate hain. sabhi nakshatr chndrama ki patni mane jate hain. inhin men ek hai shravan. manyata hai ki shravan poornima ko chndrama shravan nakshatr men gochararat hota hai. isaliye poornimant mas ka nam shravan rakha gaya hai aur yah poornima shravan poornima kahalati hai.

mahattv

hindoo dharm men savan mah ki poornima bahut hi pavitr v shubh din mana jata hai. savan poornima ki tithi dharmik drishti ke sath hi sath vyavaharik roop se bhi bahut hi mahatv rakhati hai. is mah ko bhagavan shiv ki pooja upasana ka mahina mana jata hai. savan men har din bhagavan shiv ki vishesh pooja karane ka vidhan hai. is prakar ki gee pooja se bhagavan shiv shighr hi prasann hote hain aur apane bhakton ki sabhi manokamanaon ko poorn karate hain. is mah ki poornima tithi is mas ka antim din mana jata hai. at: is din shiv pooja v jal abhishek se poore mah ki shiv bhakti ka puny prapt hota hai. prachin kal men aj ke din brahman apane yajamanon ko raksha ka dhaga arthat rakhi bandhate the aur sadhu-snt ek hi jagah par char mas ruk kar adhyayan-manan aur pathan-pathan prarambh karate the. rishi-muni aur sadhu-snnyasi tapovanon se akar ganvon v nagaron ke samip rahane lagate the aur ek hi sthan par char mas tak rahakar janata men dharm ka prachar (chaturmas) karate the. is prakriya ko "shravani upakram" kaha jata hai.

shravan poornima ke din chndrama apani poorn kalaon ke sath hota hai, at: is din pooja-upasana karane se chndradosh se mukti milati hai. shravani poornima ka din dan, puny ke lie mahattvapoorn hai. isilie is din snan ke bad gay adi ko chara khilana, chitiyon, machhaliyon adi ko dana khilana chahie. is din godan ka bahut mahattv grnthon men batalaya gaya hai. shravani parv ke din janeoo pahanane vala har dharmavalnbi man, vachan aur karm ki pavitrata ka snkalp lekar janeoo badalate hain. is din brahmanon ko yathashakti dan dena aur bhojan karaya jata hai. is din bhagavan vishnu aur lakshmi ki pooja ka vidhan hai. vishnu-lakshmi ke darshan se sukh, dhan aur samriddhi ki prapti hoti hai. is pavan din par bhagavan shiv, vishnu, mahalakshmiv hanuman ko rakshasootr arpit karana chahie.

vrat v pooja vidhi

shravan mas ki poornima par vaise to vibhinn kshetron men vibhinn parvon ke anusar pooja vidhiyan bhi bhinn hoti hain. lekin choonki is din rakshasootr bandhane ya bndhavane ki parnpara hai to usake liye lal ya pile reshami vastr men sarason, akshat, rakhakar use lal dhage (mauli ya kachcha soot ho to behatar) men bandhakar pani se sinchakar tanbe ke bartan men rakhen. bhagavan vishnu, bhagavan shiv sahit devi-devataon, kuladevataon ki pooja kar brahman se apane hath par potali ka rakshasootr bndhavana chahiye. tatpashchat brahman devata ko bhojan karavakar dan-dakshina dekar unhen sntusht karana chahiye. sath hi is din vedon ka adhyayan karane ki parnpara bhi hai. is poornima ko dev, rishi, pitar adi ke liye tarpan bhi karana chahiye. is din snanadi ke pashchat gay ko chara dalana, chintiyon, machhaliyon ko bhi ata, dana dalana shubh mana jata hai. manyata hai ki vidhi vidhan se yadi poornima vrat ka palan kiya jaye to varsh bhar vaidik karm n karane ki bhool bhi maph ho jati hai. manyata yah bhi hai ki varsh bhar ke vraton ke saman phal shravani poornima ke vrat se milata hai.

rakshabndhan

bhaee aur bahan ke pavitr rishte ka parv 'rakshabndhan' ka tyauhar bhi shravan mas ki poornima ke din manaya jata hai. ise 'savani' ya 'saloono' bhi kahate hain. rakshabndhan, 'rakhi' ya 'rakshasootr' ka roop hai. rakhi samanyatah bahanen apane bhaiyon ki kalaee par bandhati hain. unaki arati utarati hain tatha isake badale men bhaee apani bahan ko raksha ka vachan deta hai aur upahar svaroop use bhent bhi deta hai. isake atirikt brahmanon, guruon aur parivar men chhoti ladakiyon dvara snbndhiyon ko jaise putri dvara pita ko bhi rakshasootr ya rakhi bandhi jati hai. is din yajurvedi dvijon ka upakarm hota hai, utsarjan, snan-vidhi, rishi-tarpanadi karake navin ygyopavit dharan kiya jata hai. vrittivan brahman apane yajamanon ko ygyopavit tatha rakhi dekar dakshina lete hain.

krishi

bharat ek krishi pradhan desh hai. shravan poornima a jane par krishak apani agali fasal ke lie ashaen snjota hai, kshatriy bhi apani vijay yatra se virat hote hain aur vaishy bhi apane vyapar se aram pate hain. isalie jab sadhu-snnyasi varsha ke karan apani tapobhoomi tyagakar nagar ke samip chaumasa bitane ate hain to sabhi shraddhalu jan unake upadesh sunakar apane samay ka sadupayog karate hain.

amaranath yatra ka samapan

puranon ke anusar guru poornima ke pavan avasar par amaranath ki pavitr chhadi yatra ka shubharnbh hota hai aur yah yatra shravan poornima ko snpann hoti hai. kanvadiyon dvara shravan poornima ke din hi shivaling par jal chadhaya jata hai aur unaki kanvad yatra snpann hoti hai. is din bhagavan shiv ka poojan hota hai. pavitropana ke tahat rooee ki battiyan pnchagavy men dubakar bhagavan shiv ko arpit ki jati hain.

shravani upakram

shravani upakram shravan shukl poornima ko arambh hota tha. shravani ke pratham din adhyayan ka shri ganesh hota tha. shravani karm ka vishesh mahattv hai. is din ygyopavit ke poojan ka bhi vidhan hai. isi din upanayan snskar karake vidyarthiyon ko vedon ka adhyayan evn gyanarjan karane ke lie gurukulon men bheja jata tha. is din brahmanon ko kisi nadi, talab ke tat par jakar shastron men kathit vidhan se shravani karm karana chahie. pnchagavy ka pan karake sharir ko shuddh karake havan karana 'upakram' hai. isake bad jal ke samane soory ki prashnsa karake aroondhati sahit sapt rishiyon ki archana karake dahi v sattoo ki ahuti deni chahie. ise 'utsarjan' kahate hain.

kajari poornima

'kajari poornima' ka parv bhi shravan poornima ke din hi padata hai. yah parv visheshat: madhy pradesh, chhattisagadh aur uttar pradesh ke kuchh jagahon men manaya jata hai. shravan amavasya ke naunve din se is utsav ki taiyariyan arnbh ho jati hain. 'kajari navami' ke din mahilaen ped ke patton ke patron men mitti bhar kar lati hain, jisamen jau boya jata hai. kajari poornima ke din mahilaen in jau patron ko sir par rakhakar pas ke kisi talab ya nadi men visarjit karane ke lie le jati hain. is navami ki pooja karake striyan kajari boti hai. git gati hain tatha katha kahati hain. mahilaen is din vrat rakhakar apane putr ki lnbi ayu aur usake sukh ki kamana karati hain.

any rajyon men

shravan poornima ko bharat ke vibhinn kshetron men anek namon se jana jata hai aur usake anusar parv roop men manaya jata hai, jaise- uttar bharat men 'rakshabndhan' ke parv roop men, dakshin bharat men 'narayali poornima' v 'avani avittam', madhy bharat men 'kajari poonam' tatha gujarat men 'pavitropana' ke roop men manaya jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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