माघ पूर्णिमा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

magh poornima
magh men kumbh snan
vivaran 'magh poornima' hindoo dharm men dharmik drishti se bahut hi pavitr mani gee hai. is din kie ge ygy, tap tatha dan ka vishesh mahattv hota hai.
any nam maghi poornima, battis poornima
tithi magh mah ki poornima
dharmik manyata is din sngam ki ret par snan-dhyan karane se manokamanaen poorn to hoti hi hain, sath hi moksh ki prapti bhi hoti hai.
vishesh magh mah ke bare men kahate hain ki in dinon devata prithvi par ate hain. prayag men snan-dan adi karate hain. devata manushy roop dharan karake bhajan-satsng adi karate hain.
dev poojan is bhagavan satyanarayan ji ki katha ki jati hai. bhagavan vishnu ki pooja men kele ke patte v phal, pnchamrit, supari, pan, til, moli, roli, kumakum, doorva ka upayog kiya jata hai.
snbndhit lekh magh snan, magh mela, kumbh mela, kalpavas
any janakari hindoo dharm ki manyataon ke anusar mahakunbh men magh poornima ka snan isalie bhi ati mahatvapoorn mana jata hai, kyonki is tithi par chndrama apane poorn yauvan par hota hai.

magh poornima ya maghi poornima ka hindoo dharm men bada hi dharmik mahattv bataya gaya hai. vaise to har poornima ka apana alag-alag mahatmy hota hai, lekin magh poornima ki bat sabase alag hai. is din sngam (prayag) ki ret par snan-dhyan karane se manokamanaen poorn to hoti hi hain, sath hi moksh ki prapti bhi hoti hai. magha nakshatr ke nam par 'magh poornima' ki utpatti hoti hai. magh mah men devata pitaragan sadrish hote hain. pitriganon ki shreshthata ki avadharana aur shreshthata sarvavidit hai. pitaron ke lie tarpan bhi hazaron sal se chala a raha hai.[1] is din svarn, til, kambal, pustaken, pnchang, kapas ke vastr aur annadi dan karane se sukrity milata hai.

dharmik manyata

magh mah ke bare men kahate hain ki in dinon devata prithvi par ate hain. prayag men snan-dan adi karate hain. soory makar rashi men a jata hai. devata manushy roop dharan karake bhajan-satsng adi karate hain. magh poornima ke din sabhi devi-devata antim bar snan karake apane lokon ko prasthan karate hain. natijatan isi din se sngam tat par gnga, yamuna evn sarasvati ki jalarashiyon ka star kam hone lagata hai. manyata hai ki is din anekon tirth, nadi-samudr adi men pratah snan, soory arghy, jap-tap, dan adi se sabhi daihik, daivik evn bhautik tapon se mukti mil jati hai. shastr kahate hain ki yadi magh poornima ke din pushy nakshatr ho to is din ka puny akshun ho jata hai.[2]

pauranik prasng

shastron men ek prasng hai ki "bharat ne kaushalya se kaha ki 'yadi ram ko van bheje jane men unaki kinchitamatr bhi sammati rahi ho to vaishakh, kartik aur magh poornima ke snan sukh se vo vnchit rahen. unhen nimn gati prapt ho.' yah sunate hi kaushalya ne bharat ko gale se laga liya." is tathy se hi in akshun punyadayak parv ka labh uthane ka mahattv pata chalata hai.[2]

snkshipt katha

magh mah ki poornima ko 'battis poornima' bhi kahate hain. putr aur saubhagy ko prapt karane ke lie madhyahn men shivopasana ki jati hai.

ek pauranik katha ke anusar- "kantika nagari men dhaneshvar namak ek brahman rahata tha. vah ni:sntan tha. bahut upay kiya, lekin usaki patni roopamati se koee sntan nahin huee. brahman dan adi mangane bhi jata tha. ek vyakti ne brahman dnpatti ko dan dene se isalie mana kar diya ki vah ni:sntan dnpatti ko dan nahin karata hai. lekin usane us ni:sntan dnpatti ko ek salah di ki chndrika devi ki ve aradhana karen. isake pashchath brahman dnpatti ne man kali ki ghanaghor aradhana ki. 16 din upavas karane ke pashchath man kali prakat hueen. man bolin ki "tumako sntan ki prapti avashy hogi. apani shakti ke anusar ate se bana dip jalaon aur usamen ek-ek dip ki vriddhi karate rahana. yah kark poornima ke din tak 22 dipon ko jalane ki ho jani chahie." devi ke kathananusar brahman ne am ke vriksh se ek am tod kar poojan hetu apani patni ko de diya. patni isake bad garbhavati ho gayi. devi ke ashirvad se devadas nam ka putr paida hua. devadas padhane ke lie kashi gaya, usaka mama bhi sath gaya. raste men ghatana huee. prapnchavash use vivah karana pada. devadas ne jabaki saph-saph bata diya tha ki vah alpayu hai, lekin vidhi ke chakr ke chalate use majabooran vivah karana pada. udhar, kashi men ek rat use dabochane ke lie kal aya, lekin vrat ke pratap se devadas jivit ho gaya.[1]

kalpavas ki poornata

kalpavas ke dauran rahane ka sthan

'magh poornima' kalpavas ki poornata ka parv hai. ek mah ki tapasya is tithi ko samapt ho jati hai. kalpavasi apane gharon ko laut jate hain. svabhavik hai ki snkalp ki snpoorti ka sntosh evn parijanon se milane ki utsukata unake hriday ke utsah ka snchar hai. isiliye yah snan parv annd aur utsah ka parv ban jata hai.

inhen bhi dekhen: kalpavas evn kumbh mela

magh snan ki mahima

sngam men magh poornima ka snan ek pramukh snan hai. is din sooryoday se poorv jal men bhagavan ka tej rahata hai, jo pap ka shaman karata hai. 'nirnayasindhu' men kaha gaya hai ki magh mas ke dauran manushy ko kam se kam ek bar pavitr nadi men snan karana chahie. bhale poore mah snan ke yog n ban saken, lekin magh poornima ke snan se svargalok ka uttaradhikari bana ja sakata hai. is bat ka udaharan is shlok se milata hai-

masaparyant snanasambhave tu trayahamekahn va snayath‌.

arthath "jo log lnbe samay tak svargalok ka annd lena chahate hain, unhen magh mas men soory ke makar rashi men sthit hone par avashy tirth snan karana chahie."

hindoo dharm ki manyataon ke anusar mahakunbh men magh poornima ka snan isalie bhi ati mahatvapoorn mana jata hai, kyonki is tithi par chndrama apane poorn yauvan par hota hai. sadhu-snton ka kahana hai ki poornima par chndrama ki kiranen poori laukikata ke sath prithvi par padati hain. snan ke bad manav sharir par un kiranon ke padane se shanti ki anubhooti hoti hai aur isilie poornima ka snan mahatvapoorn hai. magh snan vaigyanik drishtikon se bhi mahatvapoorn hai. magh men thnd khatm hone ki or rahati hai tatha isake sath hi shishir ki shuruat hoti hai. ritu ke badalav ka svasthy par pratikool asar nahin pade, isalie pratidin subah snan karane se sharir ko majabooti milati hai.

'brahmavaivartapuran' men ullekh hai ki maghi poornima par bhagavan vishnu gngajal men nivas karate hain, at: is pavan samay gngajal ka sparshamatr bhi svarg ki prapti deta hai. isi prakar puranon men manyata hai ki bhagavan vishnu vrat, upavas, dan se bhi utane prasann nahin hote, jitana adhik prasann magh snan karane se hote hain. mahabharat men ek jagah is bat ka ullekh karate hue kaha gaya hai ki in dinon men anek tirthon ka samagam hota hai. vahin 'padmapuran' men kaha gaya hai ki any mas men jap, tap aur dan se bhagavan vishnu utane prasann nahin hote, jitane ki ve magh mas men snan karane se hote hain. yahi vajah hai ki prachin grnthon men narayan ko pane ka asan rasta magh poornima ke puny snan ko bataya gaya hai. bhrigu rishi ke sujhav par vyaghramukh vale vidyadhar aur gautam rishi dvara abhishapt indr bhi magh snan ke satv dvara hi shrap se mukt hue the. 'padmapuran' ke anusar magh-snan se manushy ke sharir men sthit upatap jalakar bhasm ho jate hain.[3]

inhen bhi dekhen: magh snan evn magh mela

ygy, tap tatha dan ka mahattv

is din kie ge ygy, tap tatha dan ka vishesh mahattv hota hai. bhagavan vishnu ki pooja ki jati hai. bhojan, vastr, gud, kapas, ghi, laddu, phal, ann adi ka dan karana punyadayak mana jata hai. magh poornima men prat:kal sooryoday se poorv kisi pavitr nadi ya ghar par hi snan karake bhagavan madhusoodan ki pooja karani chahie. magh mas men kale tilon se havan aur pitaron ka tarpan karana chahie. til ke dan ka is mah men vishesh mahattv mana gaya hai.

purann brahm vaivartn yo dadyanmagharmasi ch,
paurnamasyan shubhadine brahmaloke mahiyate.

'matsy puran' ka kathan hai ki magh mas ki poornima men jo vyakti brahman ko dan karata hai, use brahmalok ki prapti hoti hai. yah tyauhar bahut hin pavitr tyauhar mana jata hain. snan adi se nivrit hokar bhagavan vishnu ki pooja ki jati hai. garibo ko bhojan, vastr, gud, kapas, ghi, laddu, phal, ann adi ka dan karana punyadayak hota hai. magh poornima ko 'maghi poornima' ke nam se bhi snbodhit kiya jata hai. magh shukl paksh ki ashtami 'bhimashtami' ke nam se prasiddh hai. is tithi ko bhishm pitamah ne soory ke uttarayan hone par apane nashvar sharir ka tyag kiya tha. unhin ki pavan smriti men yah parv manaya jata hai. maghi poornima ko ek mas ka kalpavas poorn ho jata hai. is din satyanarayan katha aur dan-puny ko ati phaladayi mana gaya hai. is avasar par gnga men snan karane se pap evn sntap ka nash hota hai tatha man evn atma ko shudvata prapt hoti hai. kisi bhi vyakti dvara is din kiya gaya mahasnan samast rogon ko shant karane vala hai. 'om namah bhagavate vasudevay namah' ka jap karate hue snan v dan karana chahie. is din se hi holi ka danda gada jata hai.

poojan

magh poornima ke avasar par bhagavan satyanarayan ji ki katha ki jati hai. bhagavan vishnu ki pooja men kele ke patte v phal, pnchamrit, supari, pan, til, moli, roli, kumakum, doorva ka upayog kiya jata hai. satyanarayan ki pooja ke lie doodh, shahad, kela, gngajal, tulasi ka patta, meva milakar pnchamrit taiyar kiya jata hai. isake sath hi sath ate ko bhoon kar usamen chini milakar choorame ka prasad banaya jata hai aur is ka bhog lagata hai. satyanarayan ki katha ke bad unaka poojan hota hai. isake bad devi lakshmi, mahadev aur brahma ji ki arati ki jati hai aur charanamrit lekar prasad sabhi ko diya jata hai.[4]

magh mele ka ek drishy

melon ka ayojan

prativarsh magh mah ke samay prayag (ilahabad) men mela lagata hai, jo 'kalpavas' kahalata hai. prayag men is avadhi men kalpavas bitane ki parnpara sadiyon se chali a rahi hai, jisaka samapan maghi poornima ke snan ke sath hota hai. is dauran desh ke sabhi bhagon se ae anek shraddhalu yahan sngam kshetr men snan kar dharm, karm ke kary karate hain. yah kalpavas poore magh mah tak chalata hai, jo magh mah ki poornima ko snpann hota hai. magh poornima ke din shraddhalu snan, dan, pooja-path, ygy adi karate hain. magh poornima ke din snan karane vale par bhagavan vishnu ki asim kripa rahati hai. sukh-saubhagy, dhan-sntan ki prapti hoti hai. magh snan punyashali hota hai.

magh poornima-2015

varsh 2015 men 3 faravari ke din padane vali 'magh poornima' ko durlabh snyog ban raha hai. chhah sal bad phir se magh poornima par pushy nakshatr aur ravi yog ka triveni snyog bana hai. is din lakhon log tirth sthalon par pavitr nadiyon men dubakiyan lagaenge. 'lalita' aur 'ravidas jaynti' bhi hogi aur holi ke ek mah pahale hi holi ka danda gali, chaurahon par gada jaega. jyotishiyon ke anusar 3 faravari, mngalavar ko magh poornima divas parynt rahegi. pushy nakshatr subah 7 se rat 8 baje tak 13 ghnte rahega. mngalakari ravi yog bhi sooryoday se dopahar 12.37 tak hoga. is din 'magh snan' ka samapan hota hai. manyata hai ki is din devata bhi snan ke lie dharati par ate hain. magh pooh‌rnima, pushy nakshatr aur ravi yog ka triveni snyog 6 sal bad ban raha hai. isase pahale yah snyog 2009 men bana tha. magh poornima ke din pushy nakshatr ka ana mngalakari yog hai. pushy nakshatr men chndrama kark rashi men sthit hota hai. is din kie ge kary men saphalata prapt hoti hai.[5]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 puny pradayini magh poornima (hindi) jagaran. abhigaman tithi: 30 janavari, 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 pushy nakshatr ke sath magh poornima ka snyog janie mahatv (hindi) amar ujala.kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 30 janavari, 2015.
  3. janie ki kya hain magh poornima aur magh poornima ka mahatv..??? (hindi) vinayak vastu taims. abhigaman tithi: 30 janavari, 2015.
  4. dan-puny ki magh poornima (hindi) hindumarg. abhigaman tithi: 30 janavari, 2015.
  5. tin faravari magh poornima par ban raha durlabh snyog (hindi) pal-pal indiya. abhigaman tithi: 30 janavari, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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