गोवर्धन पूजा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

govardhan pooja
govardhan pooja
any nam ann koot
anuyayi hindoo, bharatiy
prarambh shrikrishn ke avatar ke bad dvapar yug se prarambh huee.
tithi kartik shukl paksh pratipada
dharmik manyata bhagavan shrikrishn ne aj hi ke din indr ka manamardan kar giriraj poojan kiya tha.
ann koot is din chaval, bajara, kadhi, sabut moong, chauda tatha sabhi sabjiyan ek jagah milakar jo bhoj banaya jata hai, use ann koot kahate hain.
any janakari is din mandiron men annakoot kiya jata hai. saynkal gobar ke govardhan banakar pooja ki jati hai. braj men govardhan pooja ka vishesh ayojan hota hai.

govardhan pooja athava ann koot (angrezi: Govardhan Puja OR Annakut) hinduon ka ek pramukh tyohar hai. yah krishi evn dhan snbndhi parv kartik pratipada ko padata hai, jo dipavali ke doosare din saynkal braj men govardhan pooja ka vishesh ayojan hota hai. bhagavan shrikrishn ne aj hi ke din indr ka manamardan kar giriraj poojan kiya tha. is din mandiron men annakoot kiya jata hai. saynkal gobar ke govardhan banakar pooja ki jati hai.

dharmik manyata

vedon men is din varun, indr, agni adi devataon ki pooja ka vidhan hai. isi din bali pooja, govardhan pooja, margapali adi hote hain. is din gay-bail adi pashuon ko snan karakar, phool mala, dhoop, chndan adi se unaka poojan kiya jata hai. gayon ko mithaee khilakar unaki arati utari jati hai. yah brajavasiyon ka mukhy tyohar hai. annakoot ya govardhan pooja bhagavan krishn ke avatar ke bad dvapar yug se prarambh huee. us samay log indr bhagavan ki pooja karate the tatha chhappan prakar ke bhojan banakar tarah-tarah ke pakavan v mithaiyon ka bhog lagaya jata tha. ye pakavan tatha mithaiyan itani matra men hoti thin ki unaka poora pahad hi ban jata tha.

ann koot

ann koot ek prakar se samoohik bhoj ka ayojan hai jisamen poora parivar aur vnsh ek jagah banaee gee rasoee se bhojan karata hai. is din chaval, bajara, kadhi, sabut moong, chauda tatha sabhi sabjiyan ek jagah milakar banaee jati hain. mndiron men bhi annakoot banakar prasad ke roop men banta jata hai.

poojan vidhi

  • is din prat: gay ke gobar se govardhan banaya jata hai. anek sthanon par isake manushyakar banakar pushpon, lataon adi se sajaya jata hai. sham ko govardhan ki pooja ki jati hai. pooja men dhoop, dip, naivedy, jal, phal, phool, khil, batashe adi ka prayog kiya jata hai.
  • govardhan men onga (apamarg) anivary roop se rakha jata hai.
  • pooja ke bad govardhanaji ke sat parikramaen unaki jay bolate hue lagaee jati hain. parikrama ke samay ek vyakti hath men jal ka lota v any khil (jau) lekar chalate hain. jal ke lote vala vyakti pani ki dhara girata hua tatha any jau bote hue parikrama poori karate hain.
  • govardhanaji gobar se lete hue purush ke roop men banae jate hain. inaki nabhi ke sthan par ek katori ya mitti ka dipak rakh diya jata hai. phir isamen doodh, dahi, gngajal, shahad, batashe adi pooja karate samay dal die jate hain aur bad men ise prasad ke roop men bant dete hain.
  • annakoot men chndr-darshan ashubh mana jata hai. yadi pratipada men dvitiya ho to annakoot amavasya ko manaya jata hai.
  • is din prat:tel malakar snan karana chahie.
  • is din pooja ka samay kahin prat:kal hai to kahin dopahar aur kahin par sandhya samay govardhan pooja ki jati hai.
  • is din sandhya ke samay daityaraj bali ka poojan bhi kiya jata hai.
  • govardhan giri bhagavan ke roop men mane jate hain aur is din unaki pooja apane ghar men karane se dhan, dhany, sntan aur goras ki vriddhi hoti hai. aj ka din tin utsavon ka sngam hota hai.
  • is din dastakar aur kal-karakhanon men kary karane vale karigar bhagavan vishvakarma ki pooja bhi karate hain. is din sabhi kal-karakhane to poornat: bnd rahate hi hain, ghar par kutir udyog chalane vale karigar bhi kam nahin karate. bhagavan vishvakarma aur mashinon evn upakaranon ka dopahar ke samay poojan kiya jata hai.

gobardhan pooja ki katha

ek bar ek maharshi ne rishiyon se kaha ki kartik shukl paksh pratipada ko govardhan v annakoot ki pooja karani chahie. tab rishiyon ne maharshi se poochha-' annakoot kya hai? govardhan kaun hain? inaki pooja kyon tatha kaise karani chahie? isaka kya phal hota hai? is sabaka vidhan vistar se kahakar kritarth karen.'
maharshi bole- 'ek samay ki bat hai- bhagavan shrikrishn apane sakha aur gop-gvalon ke sath gay charate hue govardhan parvat ki taraee men pahunche. vahan pahunchakar unhonne dekha ki hazaron gopiyan 56 (chhappan) prakar ke bhojan rakhakar bade utsah se nach-gakar utsav mana rahi thin. poore braj men bhi tarah-tarah ke mishthann tatha pakavan banae ja rahe the. shrikrishn ne is utsav ka prayojan poochha to gopiyan boli-'aj to ghar-ghar men yah utsav ho raha hoga, kyonki aj vritrasur ko marane vale meghadevata, devaraj indr ka poojan hoga. yadi ve prasann ho jaen to braj men varsha hoti hai, ann paida hota hai, brajavasiyon ka bharan-poshan hota hai, gayon ka chara milata hai tatha jivikoparjan ki samasya hal hoti hai.

yah sunakar shrikrishn ne kaha- 'yadi devata pratyaksh akar bhog lagaen, tab to tumhen yah utsav v pooja zaroor karani chahie.' gopiyon ne yah sunakar kaha- 'koti-koti devataon ke raja devaraj indr ki is prakar ninda nahin karani chahie. yah to indroj namak ygy hai. isi ke prabhav se ativrishti tatha anavrishti nahin hoti.'

shrikrishn bole- 'indr men kya shakti hai, jo pani barasa kar hamari sahayata karega? usase adhik shaktishali to hamara yah govardhan parvat hai. isi ke karan varsha hoti hai. at: hamen indr se bhi balavan govardhan ki pooja karani chahie.' is prakar bhagavan shrikrishn ke vak-jal men phnsakar braj men indr ke sthan par govardhan ki pooja ki taiyariyan shuroo ho geen. sabhi gop-gval apane-apane gharon se sumadhur, mishthann pakavan lakar govardhan ki talahati men shrikrishn dvara bataee vidhi se govardhan pooja karane lage.
govardhan pooja

udhar shrikrishn ne apane adhidaivik roop se parvat men pravesh karake brajavasiyon dvara lae ge sabhi padarthon ko kha liya tatha un sabako ashirvad diya. sabhi brajavasi apane ygy ko saphal janakar bade prasann hue. narad muni indroj ygy dekhane ki ichchha se vahan ae. govardhan ki pooja dekhakar unhonne brajavasiyon se poochha to unhonne bataya- 'shrikrishn ke adesh se is varsh indr mahotsav ke sthan par govardhan pooja ki ja rahi hai.' yah sunate hi narad ulte panv indralok pahunche tatha udas tatha khinn hokar bole-'he rajan! tum mahalon men sukh ki nind so rahe ho, udhar gokul ke nivasi gopon ne idroj bnd karake ap se balavan govardhan ki pooja shuroo kar di hai. aj se ygyon adi men usaka bhag to ho hi gaya. yah bhi ho sakata hai ki kisi din shrikrishn ki prerana se ve tumhare rajy par akraman karake indrasan par bhi adhikar kar len.'

narad to apana kam karake chale ge. ab indr krodh men lal-pile ho ge. aisa lagata tha, jaise unake tan-badan men agni ne pravesh kar liya ho. indr ne isamen apani manahani samajhakar, adhir hokar meghon ko agya di- 'gokul men jakar pralayakalik moosaladhar varsha se poora gokul tahas-nahas kar den, vahan pralay ka sa drishy utpann kar den.' parvatakar pralaynkari megh brajabhoomi par jakar moosaladhar barasane lage. kuchh hi palon men aisa drishy utpann ho gaya ki sabhi bal-gval bhayabhit ho uthe. bhayanak varsha dekhakar brajamndal ghabara gaya. sabhi brajavasi shrikrishn ki sharan men jakar bole- 'bhagavan! indr hamari nagari ko dubana chahata hai, ap hamari raksha kijie.'

gop-gopiyon ki karun pukar sunakar shrikrishn bole- 'tum sab gooon sahit govardhan parvat ki sharan men chalo. vahi sab ki raksha karenge.' kuchh hi der men sabhi gop-gval pashudhan sahit govardhan ki talahati men pahunch ge. tab shrikrishn ne govardhan ko apani kanishtha anguli par uthakar chhata sa tan diya aur sabhi gop-gval apane pashuon sahit usake niche a ge. sat din tak gop-gopikaon ne usi ki chhaya men rahakar ativrishti se apana bachav kiya. sudarshan chakr ke prabhav se brajavasiyon par ek boond bhi jal nahin pada. isase indr ko bada ashchary hua. yah chamatkar dekhakar aur brahmaji dvara shrikrishn avatar ki bat janakar indr ko apani bhool par pashchatap hua. vah svayn braj ge aur bhagavan krishn ke charanon men girakar apani moorkhata par kshamayachana karane lage. sataven din shrikrishn ne govardhan ko niche rakha aur brajavasiyon se kaha- 'ab tum prativarsh govardhan pooja kar annakoot ka parv manaya karo.' tabhi se yah utsav (parv) annakoot ke nam se manaya jane laga.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah