चैत्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chaitr
durga devi
vivaran 'chaitr' hindoo pnchang ka pratham mas hai. yah phalgun ke bad aur vaishakh se pahale ata hai.
angrezi march-apral
hijari mah jamadi-ul-avval - jamadi-ul-akhir
vrat evn tyohar chaitr navaratr, ganagaur, kamada ekadashi, durgashtami, ramanavami, papamochani ekadashi
jaynti evn mele mahavir jaynti, hanuman jaynti, matsy jayanti
pichhala phalgun
agala vaishakh
vishesh is mah men jammoo-kashmir men 'navareh', pnjab men vaishakhi, maharashtr men 'gudipadava', sindhi men chetichnd, keral men 'vishu', asam men 'rongali bihoo' adi utsav manaye jate hain.
any janakari hindoo navavarsh ke chaitr mas se hi shuroo hone ke pichhe pauranik manyata hai ki bhagavan brahmadev ne chaitr shukl pratipada se hi srishti ki rachana shuroo ki thi taki srishti nirntar prakash ki or badhe.

chaitr hindoo pnchang ka pratham mas hai. phalgun aur chaitr mas vasnt ritu ke mane ge hain. phalgun varsh ka antim mas hai aur chaitr pahala mas. amavasya ke pashchath chandrama jab mesh rashi aur ashvini nakshatr men prakat hokar pratidin ek-ek kala badhata hua 15 ven din chitra nakshatr men poornata ko prapt karata hai, tab vah mas 'chitra' nakshatr ke karan 'chaitr' kahalata hai. hindoo navavarsh ke chaitr mas se hi shuroo hone ke pichhe pauranik manyata hai ki bhagavan brahmadev ne chaitr shukl pratipada se hi srishti ki rachana shuroo ki thi. taki srishti nirntar prakash ki or badhe. ise snvatsar kahate hain jisaka arth hai aisa visheshakar jisamen barah mah hote hain. puran anusar isi din bhagavan vishnu ne dashavatar men se pahala matsy avatar lekar pralayakal men athah jalarashi men se manu ki nauka ka surakshit sthan par pahunchaya tha. pralayakal samapt hone par manu se hi nee srishti ki shuruat huee.

vishesh bindu

  • chaitr shukl pratipada tithi se hi sat yug ka prarnbh mana jata hai. yah tithi hamen satayug ki or badhऩe ki prerana deti hai.
  • sat yug ka arth hai ham karm karen aur kartavy ke marg par age badhe.
  • is mas ke samany krityon ka vivaran krityaratnakar, [1]; nirnayasindhu, [2]men milata hai.
  • shukl pratipada kalpadi tithi hai.
  • is din se prarambh kar char mas tak jaladan karana chahie.
  • shukl tritiyon ko uma, shiv tatha agni ka poojan hona chahie.
  • shukl tritiya manvadi tithi hai. usi din matsyajayanti manani chahie.
  • chaturthi ko ganeshaji ka ladduon se poojan hona chahie.
  • pnchami ko lakshmi poojan tatha nagon ke poojan ka vidhan hai.
  • shashthi ke lie svami kartikey ki pooja ki jati hai.
  • saptami ko damanak paudhe se sooryapoojan ki vidhi hai.
  • ashtami ko bhavani kuchh mahattvapoorn vraton ka anyatr bhi pariganan kiya gaya hai. yatra hoti hai. is din brahmaputr nadi men snan ka mahattv hai.
  • navami ko bhadrakali ki pooja hoti hai.
  • dashami ko damanak paudhe se dharmaraj ki pooja ka vidhan hai.
  • shukl ekadashi ko krishn bhagavan ka dolotsav tatha damanak se rishiyon ka poojan hota hai. mahilaen krishnapatni rukmini ka poojan karati hain tatha sandhya kal men sabhi dishaon men pnchagavy phenkati hain.
  • dvadashi ko damanakotsav manaya jata hai.
  • trayodashi ko kamadev ki pooja champa ke pushpon tatha chandan ke lap se ki jati hai.
  • chaturdashi ko nrisinhadolotsav manaya jata hai. damanak paudhe se ekavir, bhairav tatha shiv ki pooja ki jati hai.
  • poornima ko manvadi, hanumajjayanti tatha vaishakh snanarambh kiya jata hai.
  • chaitr mas ki poornima ko 'chaite poonam' bhi kaha jata hai, isi din bhagavan shri krishn ne braj men utsav rachaya tha, jise maharas ke nam se jana jata hai,yah maharas kartik poornima ko shuroo hokar chaitr ki poornima ko samapt hua tha.
  • chaitr mas ki poornima ke din stri purush bal vriddh sabhi pavitr nadiyon men snan karane ke apane ko pavitr karate hain,is din gharon men lakshmi-narayan ko prasann karane ke liye vrat kiya jata hai aur satyanarayan ki katha suni jati hai.
  • chaitr shukl poornima ko hanuman ji ka janmadivas manaya jata hai, vaise vayu puranadi ke anusar kartik ki chaudas ke din hanuman jayanti adhik prachalit hai, is din hanuman ji ko saza kar unaki pooja archana evn arati karen,bhog lagakar sabako prasad dena chahiye.
  • puran ke anusar, chaitr shukl ki pratipada tarikh se hi srishti ka arnbh hua hai. kahate hain ki isi din se bharat men samay ki ganana shuroo huee hai. doosari or, jyotish vidya men grah, ritu, mas, tithi evn paksh adi ki ganana bhi chaitr pratipada se hi ki jati hai.
  • chaitr shukl paksh ki pratipada basnt ritu men ati hai.
  • shakt snpraday ke anusar, basntik navaratr ka arnbh bhi isi din se hota hai.
  • smriti kaustubh ke anusar, revati nakshatr men chaitr shukl pratipada ke din hi bhagavan vishnu ne matsy roop men avatar liya tha.
  • eeran men is tithi ko 'nauroj' yani 'naya varsh' manaya jata hai.
  • yah din jammoo-kashmir men 'navareh', pnjab men vaishakhi, maharashtr men 'gudipadava', sindhi men chetichnd, keral men 'vishu', asam men 'rongali bihoo' adi ke roop men manaya jata hai.
  • andhr men yah parv 'ugadinam' se manaya jata hai. ugadika arth hota hai yug ka prarnbh, athava brahma ki srishti rachana ka pahala din.
  • vikram snvat ki chaitr shukl ki pahali tithi se n keval navaratri men durga vrat-poojan ka arnbh hota hai, balki raja ramachndr ka rajyabhishek, yudhishthir ka rajyabhishek, sikh parnpara ke dvitiy guru angad dev ka janm, ary samaj ki sthapana, mahanh neta daau. keshav baliram ka janm bhi isi din hua tha.
  • chaitr mah ke krishn paksh ki ekadashi ko papamochini ekadashi kahate hain.
  • chaitr mah ke shukl paksh ki ekadashi ko kamada ekadashi kahate hain.
  • shit ritu ki shuruat ashvin mas se hoti hai, so ashvin mas ki dashami ko 'harela' manaya jata hai. grishm ritu ki shuruat chaitr mas se hoti hai, so chaitr mas ki navami ko harela manaya jata hai. isi prakar se varsha ritu ki shuruat shravan (savan) mah se hoti hai, isaliye shravan men harela manaya jata hai.

navavarsh arnbh

  • ne sal ka arnbh hamen soory poojan se karake karana chahie.
  • soory ko pratyaksh dev mana gaya hai.
  • soory se hamen oorja milati hai.
  • ham soory ki tarah oorjavan hai.
  • is din soory uday se pahale jagakar nityakarmon se nivritt ho, ubatan lagakar snan karen.
  • ne vastr pahanen aur soory ke darshan karen.
  • soory ko ardhy den aur poojan kar ne sal ke lie prarthana karen.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. krityaratnakar 83-144
  2. nirnayasindhu 81-90

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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