पौष  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

paush
mahabharat yuddh men shar shaiya par bhishm pitamah
vivaran paush vikram snvat ka dasavan mahina ya hindoo pnchang ke anusar sal ke dasaven mahine ko paush ka mahina kaha jata hai. is mas men hemnt ritu hone se thnd adhik hoti hai.
angrezi disambar-janavari
hijari mah safar - rabiul avval
vrat evn tyohar saphala ekadashi, sujanm dvadashi, martand saptami
pichhala margashirsh
agala magh
any janakari khar mas ke andar arjun ne bhishm pitamah ko dharm yuddh men banon ki shaiya se vedh diya tha. saikadon banon se viddh ho jane ke bavajood bhi bhishm pitamah ne apane pran nahin tyage. pran nahin tyagane ka mool karan yahi tha ki agar vah is khar mas men pran tyag karate hain to unaka agala janm nark ki or jaega.

paush vikram snvat ka dasavan mahina ya hindoo pnchang ke anusar sal ke dasaven mahine ko paush ka mahina kaha jata hai. is mas men hemnt ritu hone se thnd adhik hoti hai. dharm grnthon ke anusar is mas men bhag nam soory ki upasana karana chahie.

pauranik manyata

aisi manyata hai ki paush mas men bhagavan bhaskar gyarah hajar rashmiyon ke sath tapakar sardi se rahat dete hain. inaka varn rakt ke saman hai. shastron men aishvary, dharm, yash, shri, gyan aur vairagy ko hi bhag kaha gaya hai aur inase yukt ko hi bhagavan mana gaya hai. yahi karan hai ki paush mas ka bhag namak soory sakshat parabrahm ka hi svaroop mana gaya hai. paush mas men soory ko ardhy dene tatha usake nimitt vrat karane ka bhi vishesh mahatv dharmashastron men ullekhit hai.  adity puran ke anusar paush mah ke har ravivar ko tanbe ke bartan men shuddh jal, lal chndan aur lal rng ke phool dalakar soory ko ardhy dena chahie tatha vishnave nam: mntr ka jap karana chahie. is mas ke prati ravivar ko vrat rakhakar soory ko til-chaval ki khichadi ka bhog lagane se manushy tejasvi banata hai.[1]

vibhinn bhrantiyan evn adhyatmik oorja

paush mas ko lekar logon men anek bhrantiyan hain. is mas men mangalik karyo ka vidhan n hone se log man lete hain ki yah atynt nikrisht mas hai. log manate hain ki yah shubh kamon men nesht (kharab) phal deta hai, jabaki aisa nahin hai. rishi-muniyon ne paush mas ko sansarik karyo ke lie nishiddh sirph isalie kiya tha, taki log is mas men in karyo se avakash lekar adhyatmik tarike se atmonnati kar saken aur apani oorja ko sakriy kar saken.

  • paush mas men adhikanshat: soory dhanu rashi men rahata hai. jyotish shastr men dhanu rashi ka svami brihaspati ko mana gaya hai. manyata hai ki devataon ke gurudev brihaspati unake paramarshadata hone ke sath-sath manushyon ko bhi dharm-satkarm ka gyan dete hain.
  • rishiyon ne saur dhanu mas ko khar mas ka nam isalie diya taki log isamen sansarik kamon shadi, grih pravesh adi se mukt rahakar is mas ka upayog apane adhyatmik labh ke lie kar sake. apane lie to insan sab kuchh karata hai, lekin parahit ke lie bhi vah kam kare. atmonnati ke lie satsng, tirthatan, svadhyay, grnthon ka adhyayan aur zarooratamndon ki seva kar sake.
  • devaguru brihaspati ki rashi dhanu men atma karak soory ki sthiti jap-tap, pooja-path, dhyan-yogabhyas ke lie preranadayak hoti hai. ham is avadhi men adhyatmik sadhana karake chnchal man par vijay prapt kar sakate hain.
  • dharmagrnthon ke anusar, is kalakhnd men prakritik oorja indriy-nigrah men sahayak hoti hai. chitt sansarik vairagy ki or sahaj hi unmukh ho uthata hai. vairagy ke lie svang rachane ki avashyakata nahin. vairagi banane ka dhong karana hi mithyachar hai.
  • gita men bhagavan shrikrishn ek shlok men kahate hain ki jo purush karmendriyon ko hath se rokakar indriyon ke bhogon ka man se chintan karata rahata hai, vah mithyachari hai. vastut: vairagy ka tatpary snsar ko chhodakar sir mudana ya jogiya kapade pahanana nahin hai, balki vairagy ka vastavik abhipray snsar men rahakar grihasth jivan ke kartavy ka palan karate hue dushkarmo aur pakhnd se virakti hai. vairagy snyam ki shakti se poshit hota hai, lekin aj samaj men atm snyam ka abhav dikh raha hai. man par vivek ka ankush hone par hi vyakti snyami ho sakata hai. dhanu mas men ham adhyatmik oorja ko apane men utar sakate hain.
  • roj ki daud-bhag bhari zindagi men hamari oorja ka ksharan hota rahata hai. yah janate hue bhi ham sansarik bhogon ke akarshan se bach nahin pate. paush mas hamen snyami banakar adhyatmik oorja ke snchay ka suavasar pradan karata hai. aise upayogi kalakhnd ko khar mas kahakar isaki upeksha karana uchit nahin hai.
  • soory ke tej aur devaguru ki divyata se snpann paush mas adhyatmik roop se samriddhi dayak hai.[2]

khar mas

bharatiy pnchang paddhati men prativarsh saur paush mas ko khar mas kahate hain. ise mal mas ya kala mahina bhi kaha jata hai. is mahine ka arnbh 16 disambar se hota hai aur thik makar snkranti ko khar mas ki samapti hoti hai. khar mas ke dauran hindoo jagath men koee bhi dharmik krity aur shubhamangalik kary nahin kie jate hain. isake alava yah mahina anek prakar ke ghareloo aur paramparik shubhakaryon ki charchaon ke lie bhi varjit hai. deshachar ke anusar navavivahita kanya bhi khar mas ke andar pati ke sath snsarg nahin kar sakati hai . aur use is poore mahine ke dauran apane mayake men akar rahana padata hai. khar mas men sabhi prakar ke havan, vivah charcha, grih pravesh, bhoomi poojan, dviragaman, ygyopavit, vivah ya any havan karmakand adi tak ka nishedh hai. sirph bhagavat katha ya ramayan katha ka samoohik shravan hi khar mas men kiya jata hai. brahm puran ke anusar khar mas men mrityu ko prapt vyakti nark ka bhagi hota hai. arthath chahe vyakti alpayu ho ya dirghayu agar vah paush ke antargat khar mas yani mal mas ki avadhi men apane pran tyag raha hai to nishchit roop se usaka ihalok aur paralok nark ke dvar ki taraph khulata hai.[3] 

mahattv

hindoo dharm men paush mas ko bahut hi punyadayi mana gaya hai. in dinon men hone vale mausam parivartan tatha jyotishiy yogon ke adhar par agami varsh men hone vali barish ka snbhavit anuman lagaya ja sakata hai, aisa dharmagrnthon men varnit hai. mayoor chitramh ke anusar-

kudvattasutritithishu paushe garbh: prajapate.

tada subhikshamarogyn shravanyan varivarshanamh..

arthath paush mas ke krishn paksh ki trayodashi, chaturdashi aur amavasya ko yadi akashiy garbh ho to subhiksh ka yog banata hai. yah yog shravan ki poornima ko varsha karavata hai.

isi prakar yadi paush mas ki saptami ko adhi rat ke bad varsha ho athava badal garajen to us kshetr men varsha kal men barish nahin hoti, yah maharshi narad ka kathan hai. paush mas ke poorvabhadrapad nakshatr ke din yadi badal dikhaee den, garajen ya barasen, indradhanush ya bijaliyan chamakati dikhaee den to achchhi varsha hoti hai. paush shukl pnchami ko yadi barph gire to barish ke mausam men bahut varsha hoti hai. paush shukl saptami ko revati, ashtami ko ashvini tatha navami ko bharani nakshatr ho aur akash men bijali chamakati dikhaee de to pavas kal men paryapt hoti hai. paush ki ekadashi ko rohini nakshatr men varsha ho to varshakal men achchhi barish hoti hai.

mayoor chitramh ke anusar-

shuklayan yadi saptamyan ghanairachchhaditn nabh:.

tadasthachchhravan masi saptamyan vrishtiroottama:..

isake anusar yadi paush shukl saptami ko badal hon to shravan shukl saptami ko achchhi varsha ka yog banata hai.[4]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. paush mas prarnbh, karen soory ki upasana (hindi) dainik bhaskar. abhigaman tithi: 22 joon, 2013.
  2. paush mas men jagaen adhyatmik oorja (hindi) jagaran daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 22 joon, 2013.
  3. joshi, pn. keval annd. kyon hota hai khar mas? (hindi) navabharat taims. abhigaman tithi: 22 joon, 2013.
  4. paush mas se janen, kaisi hogi agale sal barish (hindi) apaka-akhtar khan "akela". abhigaman tithi: 22 joon, 2013.

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