कार्तिक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kartik
bhagavanh vishnu
vivaran kartik hindoo pnchang ke anusar varsh ka athavan mah hai. yah samast tirthon tatha dharmik krityon se bhi pavitr mana jata hai.
angrezi aktoobar-navambar
hijari mah zilahijj - muharram
vrat evn tyohar karava chauth, akshay navami, ahoee ashtami, dipavali, govardhan pooja, yam dvitiya (bhaiya dooj), devotthan ekadashi, gopashtami
pichhala ashvin
agala margashirsh
vishesh kartik mas men vrinda yani tulasi ki pooja ka kafi mahattv hai. bhagavan vishnu tulasi ke hriday men shaligram ke roop men nivas karate hain. svasthy ko samarpit is mas men tulasi pooja v tulasi dal ka prasad grahan karane se shreshth svasthy prapt hota hai.
any janakari kartik mas men samast tyagane yogy vastuon men mans vishesh roop se tyajy hai. shridatt ke 'samayapradip' [1] tatha krityaratnakar [2] men uddhrit mahabharat ke anusar kartik mas men mansabhakshan, vishesh roop se shukl paksh men, tyag dene se isaka puny shat varsh tak ke tapon ke barabar ho jata hai.
adyatan‎

kartik hindoo pnchang ke anusar varsh ka athavan mah hai. yah mah bada hi pavitr mana jata hai. yah samast tirthon tatha dharmik krityon se bhi pavitratar hai. isaka mahatmy skand puran [3], narad puran[4], padm puran[5] men bhi milata hai. bharatiy snskriti men samay ki ganana ki paddhati chndrama ki gati par adharit hai, jabaki pashchaty deshon men yahi paddhati saur ki gati se prabhavit hai. choonki chndrama prithvi ke sabase nikat sthit ek akashiy pind hai, isalie hamare poorvajon ne ise samay ki ganana ka sabase sookshm sadhan man kar isaki gati par adharit barah mason ki rachana ki. shastron men kaha gaya hai ki kartik mas men manushy ki sabhi avashyakataon, jaise- uttam svasthy, parivarik unnati, dev kripa adi ka adhyatmik samadhan badi asani se ho jata hai.

kartik mas ko damodar mas bhi kaha jata hai. dekhen damodar mas

moksh ka dvar

kartik mas ko manushy ke moksh ka dvar bhi kaha gaya hai. 'mumuksh' arthath kisi asha se eeshvar ki aradhana karane vale manushy ki akankshaen jab eeshvariy kripa se poorn ho jati hain aur unaka kshay bhi nahin hota to manushy ko sadgati prapt hoti hai. yahi moksh ki vastavik avastha hai. kartik mas men eeshvariy aradhana se sabhi kuchh prapt karane ki vyapak snbhavanaen hoti hain. is mas men svasthy ki prapti hetu bhagavan dhanvntari ki aradhana ka pravadhan aur yam ko sntusht kar poorn ayu prapt kar lene ki adhyatmik vyavastha hai. vahin doosari or amavasya ko devi lakshmi ko prasann kar sampannata ko prapt karane ka marg bhi hai. sath hi isi mas ki ekadashi ko vigat char mah se soye dev bhi jagrit ho jate hain aur sabhi poorv aradhanaon ka shashvat phal pradan karate hain.

shastron men varnan milata hai ki kartik men bhagavan shrihari ki aradhana v unaka mngal gan karane se ve char mah ki yog nidra se jagate hain. choonki bhagavan vishnu manushy ke lie sarv kalyanakari dev hain, isilie unake jagate hi sabhi samasyaon ke samadhan ka marg khul jata hai. is mas men pratyek ghar ki shakti arthath lakshmi svaroopa mahilaen yadi bhagavan ka dip jala kar stuti karati hain to kartik mas men poore parivar ki unnati aur sanmajasy ka dvar khulata hai. sabhi ko khud ki aur apane sambandhi parijanon se sambandhit avashyakataen aur akankshaen hoti hain. eeshvariy aradhana men sakam aradhana ka bhi apana ek alag mahattv hai. eeshvar ke jagane ke thik pahale dhanvntari ka avataran divas dhanateras, yam ko samarpit yam dip dan, krishn vijay ki pratik narak chaudas aur lakshmi poojan ka din dipavali manaya jata hai.

adhyatmik mahattv

kartik poornima ka adhyatmik mahattv hai. is din bhagavan vishnu ka matsyavatar hua tha. spasht hai ki jal men vicharan kar rahe matsy ki bhanti manushy ko lachilepan aur viparit se viparit paristhiti men svayn ko vichalit n hone ki prerana dene ke lie hi bhagavan shrihari ne yah roop dharan kiya tha. kartik mas ki poornima ko hi bhagavan shiv ne tripur namak rakshas ka vadh kiya tha aur 'tripurari' kahalae. mahadev dvara tripur ka vadh snket hai ki manushy ko tin doshon- kam, krodh v lobh [6] ka nash karane ke lie hamesha prayas karate rahana chahie. kartik mas ke lagabhag bis din manushy ko dev aradhana dvara svayn ko pusht karane ke lie prerit karate hain.

mas ke pnchakarm

kartik mas men dev aradhana hetu panch acharanon ke palan ka bahut mahattv bataya gaya hai. in acharanon ke palan se bhagavan vishnu prasann hote hain aur jivan men vastavik pragati ki snbhavanaen prabal hoti hain.

  1. dip dan - kartik mas ki pahale pndrah dinon ki raten varsh ki sabase kali raton men se hoti hain. lakshmi pati ke jagane ke thik poorv ke in pndrah dinon men pratidin dip ka prajjvalan karane se jivan men nee disha milati hai.
  2. tulasi pooja - kartik mas men vrinda yani tulasi ki pooja ka kafi mahattv hai. bhagavan vishnu tulasi ke hriday men shaligram ke roop men nivas karate hain. svasthy ko samarpit is mas men tulasi pooja v tulasi dal ka prasad grahan karane se shreshth svasthy prapt hota hai.
  3. bhoomi shayan - bhoomi par sone se manushy vilasita men jine ki pravritti se kuchh dinon ke lie mukt hota hai. isase svasthy labh hota hai aur sharirik v manasik vikar bhi door hote hain.
  4. brahm acharan ka palan - brahm acharan ke palan ka arth hai, kisi bhi aise acharan se door rahane ke lie svayn ko prerit karana, jisase eeshvariy akarshan men kami n ae.
  5. dvidalan nishedh - kartik mas men dalon ka sevan nahin karana chahie. is mah men samany halke-phulke bhojan ko uttam bataya gaya hai.

vishesh bindu

  • kartik mas men ek hazar bar yadi gnga nadi men snan karen aur magh mas men sau bar snan karen, vaishakh mas men narmada men karod bar snan karen to un snanon ka jo phal hota hai, vah phal prayag men kumbh ke samay par snan karane se prapt hota hai. sampoorn kartik mas men grih se bahar kisi nadi athava sarovar men snan karana chahie.
  • gayatri mntr ka jap karate hue havishyann keval ek bar grahan karana chahie.
  • vrati is vrat ke acharan se varsh bhar ke samast papon se mukt ho jata hai.[7].
  • kartik mas men samast tyagane yogy vastuon men mans vishesh roop se tyajy hai. shridatt ke 'samayapradip' [8] tatha krityaratnakar [9] men uddhrit mahabharat ke anusar kartik mas men mansabhakshan, vishesh roop se shukl paksh men, tyag dene se isaka puny shat varsh tak ke tapon ke barabar ho jata hai. sath hi yah bhi kaha jata hai ki bharat ke samast mahanh raja, jinamen yayati, ram tatha nal ka nam vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hai, kartik mas men mans bhakshan nahin karate the. isi karan se unako svarg ki prapti huee. narad puran [10] ke anusar kartik mas men mans khane vala chandal ho jata hai. [11]
  • shiv, chandi, soory tatha anyany devon ke mandiron men kartik mas men dip jalane tatha prakash karane ki badi prashnsa ki gayi hai.
  • samast kartik mas men bhagavan keshav ka muni (agasty) pushpon se poojan kiya jana chahie. aisa karane se ashvamedh ygy ka puny prapt hota hai[12].
  • kartik poornima sharad ritu ki antim tithi hai. jo bahut hi pavitr aur punyadayini mani jati hai. is avasar par kee sthanon par mele lagate hain.
  • sonapur men harihar kshetr ka mela tatha gadhamukteshvar, merath, bateshvar, agara, pushkar, ajamer adi ke vishal mele isi parv par lagate hain.
  • brajamandal aur krishnopasana se prabhavit any pradeshon men is samay rasalila hoti hai.
  • is tithi par kisi ko bhi bina snan aur dan ke nahin rahana chahie.
  • snan pavitr sthan evn pavitr nadiyon men karana chahie evn dan apani shakti ke anusar karana chahie. n keval brahman ko apitu nirdhan sambandhiyon, bahin, bahin ke putron, pita ki bahinon ke putron, phoopha adi ko bhi dan dena chahie.
  • pushkar, kurukshetr tatha varanasi ke tirth sthan is kartiki snan aur dan ke lie ati mahattvapoorn hain.
  • kartikey vrat kartik mah ki shashthi ko is vrat ka anushthan kiya jata hai. svami kartikey isake devata hain.[13]

adhunik kal men varsh ganana


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. samayapradip (46
  2. krityaratnakar(pri. 397-399
  3. skand puran ke vaishnav khand ka navam adhyay
  4. narad puran (uttarardh) adhyay 22;
  5. padm puran 4.92
  6. jo vat, pitt aur kaph se utpann hote hain
  7. vishnudharmottar, 81, 1-4; krityakalpataru, 418 dvara adaghrit; hemadri, 2.762
  8. samayapradip (46
  9. krityaratnakar(pri. 397-399
  10. narad puran (uttarardh, 21-58
  11. 'bakapnchak'
  12. tithitattv 147
  13. hemadri, vratakhand, 1.605; vratakalavivek, prishth 24
  14. taittiriy brahman 1|1|2|13; kaushitaki brahman 5|1; shankhayan brahman 19|3; tandy brahman 5|9|7-12 adi).
  15. kalanirnay pri. 61
  16. smritichandrika shraddh, pri. 377
  17. vedangajyotish 1|5
  18. sachau 2, pri. 8-9
  19. kautily, arthashastr 2|6, pri. 63
  20. mahabharat, vanaparv130|14-16
  21. mahabharat. anushasan, 106|17-30
  22. krityaratnakar pri. 452
  23. pustak- dharmashastr ka itihas bhag-4|lekhak- pandurng vaman kane | prishth snkhya- 321

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