नल

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chitr:Disamb2.jpg nal ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthoan ke lie dekhean:- nal (bahuvikalpi)

[[chitr:Nal-and-Damyanti.jpg|thumb|250|nal ka apane poorv roop mean prakat hokar damayanti se milana]] raja nal
nishadh desh mean virasen ke putr nal nam ke ek raja ho chuke haian. ve b de gunavanh, param sundar, satyavadi, jitendriy, sabake priy, vedajn evan brahmanabhakt the. unaki sena bahut b di thi.. ve svayan astravidya mean bahut nipun the. ve vir, yoddha, udar aur prabal parakrami bhi the. unhean jua khelane ka bhi kuchh-kuchh shauq tha.

damayanti se anurag

nishadh desh se vidarbh mean janane vale bhi damayanti ke samane raja nal ke roop, gun aur pavitr charitr ka varnan karate. isase donoan ke hriday mean parasparik anurag aankurit ho gaya. ek din raja nal ne apane mahal ke udyan mean kuchh hansoan ko dekha. unhoanne ek hans ko pak d liya. hans ne kaha - ‘ap mujhe chho d dijiye to ham log damayanti ke pas jakar apake gunoan ka aisa varnan kareange ki vah apako avashy-avashy var legi.’ nal ne hans ko chho d diya. ve sab u dakar vidarbh desh mean gaye.

damayanti ka anurag

damayanti hans ke muanh se raja nal ki kirti sunakar unase prem karane lagi. usaki asakti itani badh gayi ki vah rat-din unaka hi dhyan karati rahati. sharir dhoomil aur dubala ho gaya. vah din-si dikhane lagi. sakhiyoan ne damayanti ke hriday ka bhav ta dakar vidarbharaj se nivedan kiya ki ‘apaki putri asvasth ho gayi hai.’ raja bhim ne apani putri ke sambandh mean b da vichar kiya. ant mean vah is nirnay par pahuancha ki meri putri vivahayogy ho gayi hai, isaliye isaka svayanvar kar dena chahiye. unhoanne sab rajaoan ko svayanvar ka nimantran-patr bhej diya aur soochit kar diya ki rajaoan ko damayanti ke svayanvar mean padharakar labh uthana chahiye aur mera manorath poorn karana chahiye. desh-desh ke narapati hathi, gho de aur rathoan ki dhvani se prithvi ko mukharit karate hue saj-dhajakar vidarbh desh mean pahuanchane lage. bhim ne sabake svagat satkar ki samuchit vyavastha ki.[1]

svayanvar

nishadh desh ke raja nal ne bhi is svayanvar ke liye prasthan kiya. udhar devalok se raja indr, varun, agni tatha yam - devata bhi ‘damayanti’ ko prapt karane ke liye chal diye. devataoan ko bhali-bhaanti vidit tha ki damayanti, raja ‘nal’ ko chahati hai. svayanvar ke lie ate samay marg mean soory ke saman kirtivan ati-sundar raja ‘nal’ ke tej ko dekhakar devatagan ashcharyachakit rah gaye. madhy-marg mean hi ve raja nal ke pas gaye aur bole ki rajan! suna hai apaki satyavritti ki pataka akash mean laharati hai. kya is svayanvar mean ap hamari sahayata ke liye hamara doot banana svikar kareange? raja nal ne devataoan ka agrah svikar kar liya.

nal ki pariksha

devataoan ne raja ki pariksha lete hue kaha ki he rajanh! ap hamare doot ke roop mean damayanti se jakar kahie ki ham log usase vivah karana chahate haian. atah ham mean se vah kisi ko bhi apana pati chun le. raja nal ne namrata - poorvak kaha ki he devalok vasiyo! ap log jis uddeshy se damayanti ke pas ja rahe haian, usi uddeshy se maian bhi usake pas ja raha hooan atah vahaan mera, apaka doot banakar jana uchit nahian hai. devatagan kahane lage ki he rajanh! ap pahale hi hamara doot banana svikar kar chuke haian. atah ab ap apani maryada ko tajakar apana vachan asaty na karean. raja nal ko devataoan ka agrah svikar karana p da. sath hi sath indr ne raja nal ko varadan diya ki damayanti-svayanvar mean pravisht hote samay apako dvarapal adi bhi n dekh sakeange, isase ap sahaj hi rajamahal mean pravesh kar jayeange.

nal ka doot kartavy

tatpashchath raja nal, damayanti ke bhavan mean pahuanch gaye. damayanti tatha usaki sakhiyaan param-sundar yuva-purush ko apane samip aya dekhakar ashchary-chakit rah gayian. vo apani sudh-budh hi kho baithian. raja nal ne damayanti se apana parichay dekar kaha ki he devi! maian indr, varun, yam aur agni-devata ka doot banakar apake pas aya hooan. ye devatagan apase vivah karana chahate haian, atah ap inamean se kisi ko bhi apana ‘var’ chun sakati haian. damayanti ne raja nal ka parichay pakar kaha ki he narendr! maian to pahale hi apane man mean apako apana ‘var’ man chuki hooan. maianne apake charanoan mean apana sarvasv samarpit kar diya hai. atah kripaya ab ap apani is tuchchh dasi ko, apane charanoan mean sthan dijiye. yadi ap mujhe svikar nahian kareange to maian vish khakar ya ag mean jalakar athava jal mean doobakar ya phir phaansi lagakar apane pran tyag dooangi. raja nal ne b di sachchaee se ‘doot’ ke kartavy ka palan kiya. vo apane kartavy par adig rahe. yadyapi ve svayan damayanti ko chahate the, phir bhi unhoanne devaganoan ke aishvary, prabhav adi ka varnan karake damayanti ko samajhane ka poorn prayatn kiya. lekin damayanti svarg ke aishvary tatha marichika se tanik bhi prabhavit nahian huee. raja nal ne kaha, he devi! devataoan ko chho dakar apaka mujh manushy ko chahana, kadapi uchit v tark-sangat nahian hai. atah ap apana man unhian mean lagao. devataoan ko krodhit karane se manushy ki mrityu bhi ho jati hai. atah apako meri bat man leni chahie. yah sunakar damayanti dar gayi aur usake netroan se ashrudhara pravahit hone lagi. damayanti kahane lagi, he rajanh! maian devataoan ko natamastak hokar, man mean apako hi apana pati manati hooan. ab koee doosara upay sochane yogy nahian raha. phir bhi raja nal ne damayanti ko svayanvar mean devataoan ko hi apana var chunane ka paramarsh diya tatha vahaan se vida li. lautakar devataoan ko raja nal ne samast vrittaant kah sunaya.

damayanti dvara varan

svayanvar ki sabha prarambh hone par charoan devata raja nal ke saman apana ‘roop’ dharan karake, rajan ke pas baith ge. jab damayanti varamala lekar svayanvar-sabha mean ayi tatha usane raja nal ke saman paanch purushoan ko padasin dekha to vah ‘nal’ ko n pahachan saki aur atyant soch mean p d gee. use b da duahkh hua. ant mean usane is samasya ke samadhan ke liye devataoan ki sharan mean jane ka nishchay kiya. damayanti kahane lagi, he param-poojy devaganoan! apako vidit hi hai ki maian pahale hi man tatha vani se raja nal ko apana pati-parameshvar svikar kar chuki hooan. raja nal ki prapti ke liye maian chirakal se tap tatha vrat bhi kar rahi hooan. atah he bhagavanh! yadi maian pativrata hooan to mere saty ke pratap se devalok ke devatagan mujhe mere raja nal ke darshan kara dean tatha aishvaryashali devatagan bhi apane apako prakat karean, jisase maian narapati nal ko pahachan sakooan. pativrata ka tiraskar karane ka sahas to devataoan ko bhi nahian hota. damayanti ki is prarthana se prasann hokar devataoan ne use ‘devata’ tatha ‘manushy’ mean bhed karane ki shakti pradan kar di. usane dekha ki paanch mean se char purushoan ke sharir par n to pasina hai, n dhool hai tatha unake sharir ki ‘chhaya’ prithvi par nahian p d rahi hai aur ve prithvi ko sparsh bhi nahian kar rahe haian v unaki mala ke ‘pushp’ tanik bhi nahian kuanbhala rahe haian. damayanti ne sabhi devataoan ko pahachanakar unhean pranam kiya. paanchave ‘purush’ ko jisake sharir par kuchh dhool p di thi, kuchh pasina a gaya tha v usake sharir ki chhaya bhi prithvi par p d rahi thi tatha vah bhoomi ko sparsh bhi kar raha tha aur usaki mala ke pushp kuchh kuanbhala gaye the, damayanti ne pahachan liya ki ye hi raja nal haian. usane turant unake kanth mean jayamala dal di. is prakar apani dridh-nishtha tatha pativrata ke prabhav se, damayanti ne pati roop mean raja nal ko hi prapt kiya.[2]

jue mean har

raja nal bade pratapi raja the. ve sarvagun sampann, sadachari aur praja palak the. unaki kriti ki gatha har disha mean gaee jati thi. pata nahian ek din kya hua ki raja asavadhani vash shauchadi ke bad bina pavitr hue hi sandhya vandan karane lage. raja jaise hi apane niyamoan ke prati sust hue unaki buddhi mand ho gee. buddhi mand huee to unake nirnay prabhavit hone lagean. ek din ve apane bhaee aur mitr raja pushkar ke sath batoan-batoan mean jua khelanean baith ge. ve harane lage aur harate hi chale ge. harane ke lie apani patni damayanti ke alava kuchh bhi shesh nahian bacha. apani patni damayanti ko bhi daanv par lagane hi vale the ki achchhe vicharoan ne unhean aisa karane se rok liya. unhean yad a gaya ki yah vahian damayanti hai jo unaki dharmapatni haian. jab usake sath vivah hua tha to ashirvad dene ke lie indr adi devataoan ko bhi ana pada tha. lekin jab tak unake man mean achchhe vichar ate, tab tak to ve apana sarvasv kho chuke thean. jue mean sab harane ke bad apana bhara-poora rajapat chhod kar damayanti ke sath mahal se bahar nikal ge. ek galat nirnay ne raja ko barbad kar diya tha. idhar raja pushkar ne apane nagar mean ghoshana kar di thi ki ’jo koee raja nal ya unaki patni damayanti ki kisi bhi prakar madad karega to use phaansi ki saza de di jaegi.‘ isalie raja nal ki chah kar bhi unaki praja ne koee madad nahian ki. tin dinoan tak apane nagar mean bhookhe-pyasean bhatakane ke bad ve jangal ki or chal pade.

ek din raja nal ne kuchh khoobasoorat sunahare pankhoan vali panchhiyoan ka ek jhuand dekha. unhean laga ki ve sabhi sone ke pankhoan vali chidaya haian jinhean pakad kar aur unake pankhoan ko bech kar dhan kamaya ja sakata haian. lekin bina jal ke pakadana sanbhav nahian tha.

lekin lobh mean raja ne phauran apane vastroan ko sharir se utara aur usaka jal bana kar panchhiyoan ki taraph pheanka. ve unako pakad pate isake pahale hi ve jal ke sath asaman mean ud gee. raja nagn avastha mean rah ge. unhean apane oopar kafi sharm a rahi thi. ek pratapi raja ki aisi mati bhrasht huee ki vah nagn ho gaya tha. unake pas tan dhakane ke lie vastr nahian the.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani

  1. nal damayanti (hindi) bharatiy sahity sangrah. abhigaman tithi: 7 mee, 2011.
  2. raja nal v damayanti (hindi) yog granth. abhigaman tithi: 7 mee, 2011.
  3. raja nal ki durdasha (hindi) gauratalab. abhigaman tithi: 7 mee, 2011.

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