कर्ण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg karn ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- karn (bahuvikalpi)


snkshipt parichay
karn
karn ka kalpanik chitr
any nam radhey, vasushen, vaikartan[1]
vnsh-gotr chndravnsh
kul yadukul
pita soory
mata kunti
dharm pita pandu
palak pita adhirath
palak mata radha
janm vivaran durvasa rishi ke varadan se kunti ne soory ka ahvan karake kaumary men hi karn ko putr svaroop prapt kiya aur lok laj bhay se nadi men baha diya. hastinapur ke sarathi adhirath aur usaki patni radha ne pala. isalie karn ko radhey bhi kahate hain.
samay-kal mahabharat kal
parijan kunti ke any putr yudhishthir, bhim, arjun, nakul aur sahadev, radha ke any putr shon
guru parashuram
vivah karn ke do vivah hue jinamen se ek ka nam vrishali hai aur doosare nam par matabhed hai jo is prakar hai supriya, padmavati, punnuruvi
sntan vrishali se putr vrishasen, sushen, vrishaket aur supriya se putr chitrasen, susharma, prasen, bhanusen
vidya parngat kushal dhanurdhari, maharathi, indr amoghastr
mahajanapad ang
shasan-rajy ang
sndarbh grnth mahabharat, mrityunjay (shivaji savnt), rashmirathi (ramadhari sinh dinakar)
prasiddh ghatanaen karn danavir ke roop men prasiddh the. unhonne apane kavach-kundal dan men diye aur antim samay men sone ka dant bhi de diya tha.
mrityu mahabharat yuddh men arjun dvara vadh
snbndhit lekh mahabharat

karn mahabharat ke prasiddh yoddha, arjun ke pratidvndi aur yuddh ke antim dinon men kauravon ki sena ke senapati karn kunti ke kumari avastha men utpann hue the. kunti ki seva se prasann durvasa rishi ne use ek mntr diya tha jisase vah kisi ka bhi ahvan karake use apane pas bula sakati thi. utsukata vash kunti ne soory ka ahvan kiya aur usake sahavas se karn garbh men a gaya. lokalaj se shishu ko usane ek pitari men rakhakar nadi men baha diya. vah pitari soot adhirath aur usaki patni radha ko mili aur unhonne putravat balak ka lalan-palan kiya. isi karan karn ko 'soot-putr aur 'radhey' bhi kaha gaya hai. inake atirikt karn ko 'vasushen' tatha 'vaikartan' nam se bhi jana jata hai.

janm katha

yaduvnshi raja shoorasen ki poshit kanya kunti jab sayani huee to pita ne use ghar aye huye mahatmaon ke seva men laga diya. pita ke atithigrih men jitane bhi sadhu-mahatma, rishi-muni adi ate, kunti unaki seva man laga kar kiya karati thi. ek bar vahan durvasa rishi a pahunche. kunti ne unaki bhi man laga kar seva ki. kunti ki seva se prasann ho kar durvasa rishi ne kaha, 'putri! main tumhari seva se atyant prasann hua hoon atah tujhe ek aisa mantr deta hoon jisake prayog se too jis devata ka smaran karegi vah tatkal tere samaksh prakat ho kar teri manokamana poorn karega.' is prakar durvasa rishi kunti ko mantr pradan kar ke chale gaye. aisa mana jata hai ki karnada nadi ka nam karn ke nam par rakha gaya tha.

mantr ki satyata

kunti ko varadan dete sooryadev

ek din kunti ne us mantr ki satyata ki janch karane ke liye ekant sthan par baith kar us mantr ka jap karate huye sooryadev ka smaran kiya. usi kshan sooryadev vahan prakat ho kar bole, 'devi! mujhe batao ki tum mujhase kis vastu ki abhilasha karati ho. main tumhari abhilasha avashy poorn karoonga.' is par kunti ne kaha,'he dev! mujhe apase kisi bhi prakar ki abhilasha nahin hai. mainne mantr ki satyata parakhane ke liye jap kiya hai.' kunti ke in vachanon ko sun kar sooryadev bole,'he kunti! mera ana vyarth nahin ja sakata. main tumhen ek atyant parakrami tatha danashil putr deta hoon.' itana kah kar sooryadev antardhan ho gaye. kunti ne lajjavash yah bat kisi se nahin kah saki. samay ane par usake garbh se kavach-kundal dharan kiye huye putr utpann hua. kunti ne use mnjoosha men rakh kar ratri bela men gnga men baha diya. vah balak bahata hua us sthan par pahuncha jahan par dhritarashtr ka sarathi adhirath apane ashv ko gnga nadi men jal pila raha tha. usaki drishti kavach-kundaladhari shishu par padi. adhirath niahsantan tha, usane balak ko apane gale se laga liya aur ghar lakar usaka apane putr ke saman palan kiya. us balak ke kan bahut hi sundar the isaliye usaka nam karn rakha gaya. is soot dampati ne hi karn ka palan-poshan kiya tha isi se karn ke lie 'sootaputr' tatha 'radhey' namon ka bhi prayog milata hai. karn ko shastr vidya ki shiksha dronachary ne hi di thi kintu karn ki utpatti ke sambandh men sandigdh hokar unhonne inhen brahmastr ka prayog nahin sikhaya. at: karn parashuram ke pas gaye aur apane ko brahman batakar shastr vidya sikhane lage. ek din parashuram ko kisi prakar yah gyat ho gaya ki yah brahman nahin hai. isalie unhonne karn ko shap diya ki jis samay tumhen is vidya ki avashyakata hogi us samay tum ise bhool jaonge.

duryodhan se mitrata

karn aur duryodhan prarambh se hi mitr the. karn ne duryodhan ke lie saphalatapoorvak ashvamedh ygy bhi kiya tha. jis samay draupadi ke svaynvar ke lie rajagan drupad ke yahan ekatr hue the. duryodhan ne karn ko isake upayukt siddh karane ke lie kaling desh ka adhipati banaya tha. drupad ke yahan arjun ke poorv karn ne matsyavedh kiya tha parantu draupadi ne karn ke sath vivah karana asvikar kar diya. phalat: karn ne apane ko vishesh roop se apamanit samajha.

karn aur usaka parivar

karn ki patni ka padmavati tatha putron ka vrishaketu, vrishasen adi namollekh milata hai. karn aur arjun balyakal se hi paraspar pratidvandvi the. sootaputr hone ke karan arjun karn ko hey samajhate the. unhen yah gyat nahin tha ki karn unake bade bhaee hain. bhishm bhi karn ko isi karan adhirath kahate the. karn ne panchon pandavon ka vadh karane ka snkalp kiya tha par mata kunti ke kahane par unhonne apane vadh ki pratigya arjun tak hi simit kar di thi.


karn ki danavirata ke bhi anek sandarbh milate hain. unaki danashilata ki khyati sunakar indr unake pas kundal aur kavach mangane gaye the. karn ne apane pita soory ke dvara indr ki pravnchana ka rahasy janate hue bhi unako kundal aur kavach de diye. indr ne usake badale men ek bar prayog ke lie apani amogh shakti de di thi. usase kisi ka vadh avashyambhavi tha. karn us shakti ka prayog arjun par karana chahate the kintu duryodhan ke nirdesh par unhonne usaka prayog bhim ke putr ghatotkach par kiya tha. apane antim samay men pitamah bhishm ne karn ko unake janm ka rahasy batate hue mahabharat ke yuddh men pandavon ka sath dene ko kaha tha kintu karn ne isaka pratirodh karake apani satyanishtha ka parichay diya. bhishm ke anantar karn kaurav sena ke senapati niyukt hue the. ant men tin din tak yuddh snchalan ke uparant arjun ne unaka vadh kar diya. karn ke charitr men adarshon ka darshan unaki danavirata evn yuddhavirata ke yugapat prasngon men kiya ja sakata hai.

mahabharat ka yuddh

mahabharat ka yuddh nishh‍chit ho jane par kunti vyakul ho uthin. vah nahin chahati thin ki karn ka pandavon ke sath yuddh ho. ve karn ko samajhane ke lie karn ke pas gayin. kunti ko dekhakar karn unake samman men uth khade huye aur bole,'ap pahali bar aee hain atah ap is 'radhey' ka pranam svikar karen.' karn ki baton ko sun kunti ka hriday vyathit ho gaya aur unhonne kaha,'putr! tum 'radhey' nahin 'kauntey' ho. main hi tumhari man hoon kintu lokachar ke bhay se mainne tumhen tyag diya tha. tum pandavon ke jyeshth bhrata ho. isaliye is yuddh men tumhen kauravon ke sath nahin varanh apane bhaiyon ke sath rahana chahiye. main nahin chahati ki bhaiyon men paraspar yuddh ho. main chahati hoon ki tum pandavon ke paksh men raho. jyeshth bhrata hone ke karan pandavon ke rajy ke tum adhikari ho. meri ichchha hai ki yuddh jitakar tum raja bano.'
karn ne jabav diya,'he mata! apane mujhe tyag tha, kshatriyon ke uttam kul men janm lekar bhi main sootaputr kahalata hoon. kshatriy hokar bhi sootaputr kahalane ke karan dronachary ne mera guru banana svikar nahin kiya. yuvaraj duryodhan hi mere sachche mitr hain. main unake upakar ko bhool kar kritaghn nahin ban sakata. kintu apaka mere pas ana vyarth nahin jayega kyonki aj tak karn ke pas se khali hath kabhi koee nahin gaya hai. main apako vachan deta hoon ki main arjun ke sivay apake kisi putr par astr shastr ka prayog nahin karoonga. mera aur arjun ka yuddh avashyambhavi hai aur us yuddh men ham donon men se ek ki mrityu nishh‍chit hai. meri pratigya hai ki ap panch putron ki hi mata bani rahengi.'karn ki bat sunakar tatha unhen ashirvad dekar kunti vyathit hriday lekar laut aeen.

danavir karn

mahabharat yuddh men karn ki viragati
Martyrdom Of Karna In Mahabharat

mahabharat ka yuddh chal raha tha. sooryast ke bad sabhi apane-apane shiviron men the. us din arjun karn ko parajit kar ahnkar men choor the. vah apani virata ki dingen hankate hue karn ka tiraskar karane lage. yah dekhakar shrikrishn bole-'parth! karn sooryaputr hai. usake kavach aur kundal dan men prapt karane ke bad hi tum vijay pa sake ho anyatha use parajit karana kisi ke vash men nahin tha. vir hone ke sath hi vah danavir bhi hain. ' karn ki danavirata ki bat sunakar arjun tark dekar usaki upeksha karane laga. shrikrishn arjun ki manodasha samajh ge. ve shant svar men bole-'parth! karn ranakshetr men ghayal pada hai. tum chaho to usaki danavirata ki pariksha le sakate ho.' arjun ne shrikrishn ki bat man li. donon brahman ke roop men usake pas pahunche. ghayal hone ke bad bhi karn ne brahmanon ko pranam kiya aur vahan ane ka uddeshy poochha. shrikrishn bole-'rajan! apaki jay ho. ham yahan bhiksha lene ae hain. kripaya hamari ichchha poorn karen.' karn thoda lajjit hokar bola-'brahman dev! main ranakshetr men ghayal pada hoon. mere sabhi sainik mare ja chuke hain. mrityu meri pratiksha kar rahi hai. is avastha men bhala main apako kya de sakata hoon?'

'rajan! isaka arth yah hua ki ham khali hath hi laut jaen? kintu isase apaki kirti dhoomil ho jaegi. snsar apako dharmavihin raja ke roop men yad rakhega.' yah kahate hue ve lautane lage. tabhi karn bola-'thaharie brahmanadev! mujhe yash-kirti ki ichchha nahin hai, lekin main apane dharm se vimukh hokar marana nahin chahata. isalie main apaki ichchha avashy poorn karoonga.' karn ke do dant sone ke the. unhonne nikat pade patthar se unhen toda aur bole-'brahman dev! mainne sarvada svarn(sone) ka hi dan kiya hai. isalie ap in svarnayukt danton ko svikar karen.' shrikrishn dan asvikar karate hue bole-'rajan! in danton par rakt laga hai aur apane inhen mukh se nikala hai. isalie yah svarn jootha hai. ham jootha svarn svikar nahin karenge.' tab karn ghisatate hue apane dhanush tak ge aur us par ban chadhakar gnga ka smaran kiya. tatpashchath ban bhoomi par mara. bhoomi par ban lagate hi vahan se gnga ki tez jal dhara bah nikali. karn ne usamen danton ko dhoya aur unhen dete hue kaha-'brahmanon! ab yah svarn shuddh hai. kripaya ise grahan karen.' tabhi karn par pushpon ki varsha hone lagi. bhagavan shrikrishn aur arjun apane vastavik svaroop men prakat ho ge. vismit karn bhagavan shrikrishn ki stuti karate hue bola-'bhagavan! apake darshan pakar main dhany ho gaya. mere sabhi pap nasht ho ge prabhu! ap bhakton ka kalyan karane vale hain. mujh par bhi kripa karen.' tab shrikrishn use ashirvad dete hue bole-'karn! jab tak yah soory, chandr, tare aur prithvi rahenge, tumhari danavirata ka gunagan tinon lokon men kiya jaega. snsar men tumhare saman mahanh danavir n to hua hai aur n kabhi hoga. tumhari yah ban gnga yugon-yugon tak tumhare gunagan karati rahegi. ab tum moksh prapt karoge. karn ki danavirata aur dharmaparayanata dekhakar arjun bhi usake samaksh natamastak ho gaya.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. adi parv, adhyay 110, shlok 31

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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