भीष्म जन्म तथा प्रतिज्ञा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhishm ko shantanu ko saunpati huee gnga

ek bar hastinapur ke maharaj pratip gnga ke kinare tapasya kar rahe the. unake roop-saundary se mohit hokar gnga unaki jangh par akar baith geen. gnga ne kaha- "he rajan! main rishi ki putri gnga hoon aur apase vivah karane apake pas aee hoon." is par maharaj pratip bole- "gnge! tum meri dahini jangh par baithi ho. patni ko to vamangi hona chahiye, dahini jangh to putr ka pratik hai, atah main tumhen apani putravadhoo ke roop men svikar karata hoon." yah sun kar gnga vahan se chali geen. ab maharaj pratip ne putr prapti ke liye ghor tap karana arambh kar diya. unake tap ke phalasvaroop unhen putr ki prapti huee, jisaka nam unhonne shantanu rakha.

shantanu ke yuva hone par use gnga ke sath vivah karane ka adesh dekar maharaj pratip svarg chale gaye. pita ke adesh ka palan karane ke liye shantanu ne gnga ke pas jakar unase vivah karane ke liye nivedan kiya. gnga bolin- "rajan! main apake sath vivah to kar sakati hoon, kintu apako vachan dena hoga ki ap mere kisi bhi kary men hastakshep nahin karenge." shantanu ne gnga ke kahe anusar vachan dekar unase vivah kar liya. gnga ke garbh se maharaj shantanu ke ath putr hue, jinamen se sat ko gnga ne gnga nadi men le jakar baha diya aur apane diye huye vachan men bndhe hone ke karan maharaj shantanu kuchh bol n sake. jab gnga ka athavan putr hua aur vah use bhi nadi men bahane ke liye le jane lagi to raja shantanu se raha n gaya aur ve bole- "gnge! tumane mere sat putron ko nadi men baha diya, kintu apani pratigya ke anusar mainne kuchh n kaha. ab tum mere is athaven putr ko bhi bahane ja rahi ho. main tumase prarthana karata hoon ki kripa karake ise nadi men mat bahao."[1]

maharaj shantanu ki bat sunakar gnga ne kaha- "rajan! apane apani pratigya bhng kar di hai, isaliye ab main apake pas nahin rah sakati." itana kah kar gnga apane putr ke sath antardhyan ho geen. tatpashchath maharaj shantanu ne chhattis varsh brahmachary vrat dharan karake vyatit kar diye. phir ek din unhonne gnga ke kinare jakar gnga se kaha- "gnge! aj meri ichchha us balak ko dekhane ki ho rahi hai, jise tum apane sath le gee thin." gnga ek sundar stri ke roop men us balak ke sath prakat ho geen aur bolin- "rajan! yah apaka putr hai tatha isaka nam 'devavrat' hai, ise grahan karo. yah parakrami hone ke sath vidvanh bhi hoga. astr vidya men yah parashuram ke saman hoga." maharaj shantanu apane putr devavrat ko pakar atyant prasann huye aur use apane sath hastinapur lakar yuvaraj ghoshit kar diya.

ek din maharaj shantanu yamuna ke tat par ghoom rahe the ki unhen nadi men nav chalate huye ek sundar kanya drishtigat huee. usake ang-ang se sugandh nikal rahi thi. maharaj ne us kanya se poochha- "he devi! tum kaun ho?" kanya ne bataya- "maharaj! mera nam satyavati hai aur main nishad kanya hoon." shantanu usake roop yauvan par rijh kar tatkal usake pita ke pas pahunche aur satyavati ke sath apane vivah ka prastav kiya. is par nishad bola- "rajan! mujhe apani kanya ka apake sath vivah karane men koee apatti nahin hai, parantu apako meri kanya ke garbh se utpann putr ko hi apane rajy ka uttaradhikari banana hoga.." nishad ke in vachanon ko sunakar maharaj shantanu chupachap hastinapur laut aye. satyavati ke viyog men maharaj shantanu vyakul rahane lage. unaka sharir durbal hone laga. maharaj ki is dasha ko dekhakar devavrat ko badi chinta huee. jab unhen mantriyon ke dvara pita ki is prakar ki dasha hone ka karan gyat hua to ve tatkal samast mantriyon ke sath nishad ke ghar ja pahunche aur unhonne nishad se kaha- "he nishad! ap saharsh apani putri satyavati ka vivah mere pita shantanu ke sath kar den. main apako vachan deta hoon ki apaki putri ke garbh se jo bhi balak janm lega vahi rajy ka uttaradhikari hoga. kalantar men meri koee santan apaki putri ke santan ka adhikar chhin n paye, is karan se main pratigya karata hoon ki main ajanm avivahit rahoonga."[1]

devavrat ki is pratigya ko sunakar nishad ne hath jodakar kaha- "he devavrat! apaki yah pratigya abhootapoorv hai." itana kahakar nishad ne tatkal apani putri satyavati ko devavrat tatha unake mantriyon ke sath hastinapur bhej diya. devavrat ne apani mata satyavati ko lakar apane pita shantanu ko saunp diya. pita ne prasann hokar putr se kaha- "vats! toone pitribhakti ke vashibhoot hokar aisi pratigya ki hai, jaisi ki n aj tak kisi ne ki hai aur n hi bhavishy men karega. main tujhe varadan deta hoon ki teri mrityu teri ichchha se hi hogi. teri is prakar ki pratigya karane ke karan too 'bhishm' kahalayega aur teri pratigya 'bhishm pratigya' ke nam se sadaiv prakhyat rahegi."



pichhe jaen
bhishm janm tatha pratigya
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 mahabharat katha- bhag 1 (hindi) freegita.in. abhigaman tithi: 22 agast, 2015.

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