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raja shantanu

  • bharatavnsh men shantanu namak bade pratapi raja the.
  • ek bar hastinapur ke maharaj pratip gnga ke kinare tapasya kar rahe the. unake roop-saundary se mohit ho kar devi gnga unaki dahini jangh par akar baith geen. maharaj yah dekh kar ashchary men pad gaye tab gnga ne kaha, 'he rajanh! main jahnu rishi ki putri gnga hoon aur apase vivah karane ki abhilasha le kar apake pas aee hoon.' is par maharaj pratip bole, 'gnge! tum meri dahini jangh par baithi ho. patni ko to vamangi hona chahiye, dahini jangh to putr ka pratik hai atah main tumhen apane putravadhoo ke roop men svikar karata hoon.' yah sun kar gnga vahan se chali geen.

gnga se vivah

ab maharaj pratip ne putr prapti ke liye ghor tap karana arambh kar diya. unake tap ke phalasvaroop unhen putr ki prapti huee jisaka nam unhonne shantanu rakha. shantanu ke yuva hone par use gnga ke sath vivah karane ka adesh de maharaj pratip svarg chale gaye. pita ke adesh ka palan karane ke liye shantanu ne gnga ke pas jakar unase vivah karane ke liye nivedan kiya. gnga bolin, “rajanh! main apake sath vivah to kar sakati hoon kintu apako vachan dena hoga ki ap mere kisi bhi kary men hastakshep nahin karenge.” shantanu ne gnga ke kahe anusar vachan de kar unase vivah kar liya. gnga ke garbh se maharaj shantanu ke ath putr huye jinamen se sat ko gnga ne gnga nadi men le ja kar baha diya aur apane diye huye vachan men bndhe hone ke karan maharaj shantanu kuchh bol n sake. jab gnga ka athavan putr hua aur vah use bhi nadi men bahane ke liye le jane lagi to raja shantanu se raha n gaya aur ve bole, “gnge! tumane mere sat putron ko nadi men baha diya kintu apani pratigya ke anusar mainne kuchh n kaha. ab tum mere is athaven putr ko bhi bahane ja rahi ho. main tumase prarthana karata hoon ki kripa karake ise nadi men mat bahao.” yah sun kar gnga ne kaha, “rajanh! apane apani pratigya bhng kar di hai isaliye ab main apake pas nahin rah sakati.” itana kah kar gnga apane putr ke sath antardhan ho geen. tatpashchath maharaj shantanu ne chhattis varsh brahmachary vrat dharan kar ke vyatit kar diye. phir ek din unhonne gnga ke kinare ja kar gnga se kaha, “gnge! aj meri ichchha us balak ko dekhane ki ho rahi hai jise tum apane sath le gee thin.” gnga ek sundar stri ke roop men us balak ke sath prakat ho geen aur bolin, “rajanh! yah apaka putr hai tatha isaka nam devavrat hai, ise grahan karo. yah parakrami hone ke sath vidvan bhi hoga. astr vidya men yah parashuram ke saman hoga.” maharaj shantanu apane putr devavrat ko pakar atyant prasann huye aur use apane sath hastinapur lakar yuvaraj ghoshit kar diya.

bhishm pratigya

ek din maharaj shantanu yamuna ke tat par ghoom rahe the ki unhen nadi men nav chalate huye ek sundar kanya drishtigat huee. usake ang ang se sugandh nikal rahi thi. maharaj ne us kanya se poochha, “he devi! tum kaun ho?” kanya ne bataya, “maharaj! mera nam satyavati hai aur main nishad kanya hoon.” maharaj usake roop yauvan par rijh kar tatkal usake pita ke pas pahunche aur satyavati ke sath apane vivah ka prastav kiya. is par dhinvar (nishad) bola, “rajanh! mujhe apani kanya ka apake sath vivah karane men koee apatti nahin hai parantu apako meri kanya ke garbh se utpann putr ko hi apane rajy ka uttaradhikari banana hoga.” nishad ke in vachanon ko sun kar maharaj shantanu chupachap hastinapur laut aye.

satyavati ke viyog men maharaj shantanu vyakul rahane lage. unaka sharir durbal hone laga. maharaj ki is dasha ko dekh kar devavrat ko badi chinta huee. jab unhen mantriyon ke dvara pita ki is prakar ki dasha hone ka karan gyat hua to ve tatkal samast mantriyon ke sath nishad ke ghar ja pahunche aur unhonne nishad se kaha, “he nishad! ap saharsh apani putri satyavati ka vivah mere pita shantanu ke sath kar den. main apako vachan deta hoon ki apaki putri ke garbh se jo balak janm lega vahi rajy ka uttaradhikari hoga. kalantar men meri koee santan apaki putri ke santan ka adhikar chhin n paye is karan se main pratigya karata hoon ki main ajanm avivahit rahoonga.” unaki is pratigya ko sun kar nishad ne hath jod kar kaha, “he devavrat! apaki yah pratigya abhootapoorv hai.” itana kah kar nishad ne tatkal apani putri satyavati ko devavrat tatha unake mantriyon ke sath hastinapur bhej diya.

devavrat ne apani mata satyavati ko lakar apane pita shantanu ko saunp diya. pita ne prasann hokar putr se kaha, “vats! toone pitribhakti ke vashibhoot hokar aisi pratigya ki hai jaisi ki n aj tak kisi ne kiya hai aur n bhavishy men karega. main tujhe varadan deta hoon ki teri mrityu teri ichchha se hi hogi. teri is prakar ki pratigya karane ke karan too bhishm kahalayega aur teri pratigya bhishm pratigya ke nam se sadaiv prakhyat rahegi.”

satyavati ke chitrangad aur vichitraviry namak do putr huye. jab chitrangad aur vichitraviry chhote hi the tabhi shantanu ka svargavas ho gaya tha isaliye unaka palan poshan bhishm ne kiya. bhishm ne chitrangad ke bade hone par use rajagaddi par bitha diya kintu kuchh samay bad hi vah gandharvon se yuddh karate huye mara gaya. bhishm ne usake bhaee vichitraviry ko rajy saunpane ke bad bhishm ko vichitraviry ke vivah ki chinta huee. usi samay kashiraj ki tin kanyaon, amba, ambika aur ambalika ka svaynvar hone vala tha. bhishm ne vahan jakar akele hi sabhi rajaon ko hara diya aur tinon kanyaon ka haran karake hastinapur le aye. badi kanya amba ne bhishm ko bataya ki vah raja shalv ko prem karati hai. yah sun kar bhishm ne use raja shalv ke pas bhijavaya aur ambika aur ambalika ka vivah vichitraviry ke sath karava diya.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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