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maharshi atri vaidik mantradrashta rrishi haian. sampoorn rrigved das mandaloan mean pravibhakt hai. pratyek mandal ke mantroan ke rrishi alag-alag haian. unamean se rrigved ke pancham mandal ke drashta maharshi atri haian. isiliye yah mandal 'atrey mandal' kahalata hai. is mandal mean 87 sookt haian. jinamean maharshi atri dvara vishesh roop se agni, indr, maroot, vishvedev tatha savita adi devoan ki mahaniy stutiyaan grathit haian. indr tatha agnidevata ke mahaniy karmoan ka varnan hai. atri brahma ke putr the jo unake netroan se utpann hue the. ye som ke pita the jo inake netr se avirbhoot hue the. inhoanne kardam ki putri anusooya se vivah kiya tha. in donoan ke putr dattatrey the. inhoanne alark, prahlad adi ko anvikshaki ki shiksha di thi. bhishm jab shar-shaiyya par p de the, us samay ye unase milane gaye the. parikshit jab prayopavesh ka abhyas kar rahe the, to ye unhean dekhane gaye the. putrotpatti ke lie inhoanne rriksh parvat par patni ke sath tap kiya tha. inhoanne trimoortiyoan ki prarthana ki thi jinase tridevoan ke ashan roop mean datt (vishnu) durvasa (shiv) aur som (brahma) utpann hue the. inhoanne do bar prithu ko gho de churakar bhagate hue indr ko dikhaya tha tatha hatya karane ko kaha tha. ye vaivasvat yug ke muni the. mantrakar ke roop mean inhoanne uttanapad ko apane putr ke roop mean grahan kiya tha. inake brahmavadini nam ki kanya thi. parashuram jab dhyanavasthit roop mean the us samay ye unake pas gaye the. inhoanne shraddh dvara pitaroan ki aradhana ki thi aur som ki rajakshma rog se mukt kiya tha. brahma ke dvara srishti ki rachana ke lie niyukt kiye jane par inhoanne 'anuttam' tak kiya tha jab ki shiv inase mile the. som ke rajasooy yajn mean inhoanne hota ka kary kiya tha. tripur ke vinash ke lie inhoanne shiv ki aradhana ki thi. banavas ke samay ram atri ke ashram bhi gaye the

vaidik mantradrashta

puranoan mean inake avirbhav ka tatha udatt charitr ka b da hi sundar varnan hua hai. vahaan ke varnan ke anusar maharshi atri brahma ji ke manas-putr haian aur unake chakshu bhag se inaka pradurbhav hua.[1] saptarshiyoan mean maharshi atri ka pariganan hai. sath hi inhean 'prajapati' bhi kaha gaya hai. maharshi atri ki patni anusooya ji haian, jo kardam prajapati aur devahooti ki putri haian. devi anusooya pativrataoan ki adarshabhoota aur mahanh divyatej se sampann haian. maharshi atri jahaan jnan, tapasya, sadachar, bhakti evan mantrashakti ke moortiman svaroop haian; vahian devi anusooya pativrata dharm evan shil ki moortimati vigrah haian. bhagavan shri ram apane bhakt maharshi atri evan devi anusooya ki bhakti ko saphal karane svayan unake ashram par padhare. mata anusooya ne devi sita ko pativrat ka upadesh diya. unhoanne apane pativrat ke bal par shaivya brahmani ke mrit pati ko jivit karaya tatha badhit soory ko udit karakar sansar ka kalyan kiya. devi anusooya ka nam hi b de mahattv ka hai. anusooya nam hai paradosh-darshan ka –gunoan mean bhi dosh-buddhi ka aur jo in vikaroan se rahit ho, vahi 'anusooya' hai. isi prakar maharshi atri bhi 'a+tri' haian arthath ve tinoan gunoan (sattv, rajas, tamas)- se atit hai- gunatit haian. is prakar maharshi atri-dampati evan vidh apane namanuroop jivan yapan karate hue sadachar parayan ho chitrakoot ke tapovan mean raha karate the. atri patni anusooya ke tapobal se hi bhagirathi ganga ki ek pavitr dhara chitrakoot mean pravisht huee aur 'mandakini' nam se prasiddh huee. [2]

  • srishti ke prarambh mean jab in dampati ko brahma ji ne srishtivardhan ki ajna di to inhoanne us or unmukh n ho tapasya ka hi ashray liya. inaki tapasya se brahma, vishnu, mahesh ne prasann hokar inhean darshan diya aur dampati ki prarthana par inaka putr banana svikar kiya. atri-dampati ki tapasya aur tridevoan ki prasannata ke phalasvaroop vishnu ke aansh se mahayogi dattatrey, brahma ke aansh se chandrama tatha shankar ke aansh se mahamuni durvasa maharshi atri evan devi anusooya ke putr roop mean avirbhoot hue. [3]
  • vedoan mean uparyukt vrittant yathavat nahian milata hai, kahian-kahian namoan mean antar bhi hai. rrigved[4] - mean 'atri:saankhy:' kaha gaya hai. vedoan mean yah spasht roop se varnan hai ki maharshi atri ko ashvinikumaroan ki kripa prapt thi. ek bar jab ye samadhisth the, tab daityoan ne inhean uthakar shatadvar yantr mean dal diya aur ag lagakar inhean jalane ka prayatn kiya, kiantu atri ko usaka kuchh bhi jnan nahian tha. us samay ashvinikumaroan ne vahaan pahuanchakar inhean bachaya. rrigved ke pratham mandal ke 51vean tatha 112vean sookt mean yah katha ayi hai. rrigved ke dasham mandal mean maharshi atri ke dirgh tapasya ke anushthan ka varnan aya hai aur bataya gaya hai ki yajn tatha tap adi karate-karate jab atri vriddh ho gaye, tab ashvinikumaroan ne inhean navayauvan pradan kiya.[5]
  • rrigved ke pancham mandal mean atri ke vasooyu, saptavadhri namak anek putroan ka vrittant aya hai, jo anek mantroan ke drashta rrishi rahe haian.[6] isi prakar atri ke gotraj atreyagan rrigved ke bahut se mantroan ke drashta haian.
  • rrigved ke pancham 'atrey mandal' ka[7] 'kalyan sookt' rrigvediy 'svasti-sookt' hai, vah maharshi atri ki rritambhara prajna se hi hamean prapt ho saka hai yah sookt 'kalyan-sookt', 'mangal-sookt' tatha 'shrey-sookt' bhi kahalata hai. jo aj bhi pratyek maangalik karyoan, shubh sanskaroan tatha pooja, anushthanoan mean svasti-prapti, kalyan-prapti, abhyuday-prapti, bhagavatkripa-prapti tatha amangal ke vinash ke liye sasvar pathit hota hai. is maangalik sookt mean ashvini, bhag, aditi, poosha, dyava, prithivi, brihaspati, adity, vaishvanar, savita tatha mitra varun aur soory-chandrama adi devataoan se pranimatr ke liye svasti ki prarthana ki gayi hai. isase maharshi atri ke udatt-bhav tatha lok-kalyan ki bhavana ka kianchit sthapana hota hai.
  • isi prakar maharshi atri ne mandal ki poornata mean bhi savita dev se yahi prarthana ki hai ki 'he savita dev! ap hamare sampoorn du:khoan ko-anishtoan ko, shok-kashtoan ko door kar dean aur hamare liye jo hitakar ho, kalyanakari ho, use upalabdh karayean'.[8]
  • is prakar spasht hota hai ki maharshi atri ki bhavana atyant hi kalyanakari thi aur unamean tyag, tapasya, shauch, santosh, aparigrah, anasakti tatha vishv kalyan ki parakashtha vidyaman thi.

ek or jahaan unhoanne vaidik rrichaoan ka darshan kiya, vahian doosari or unhoanne apani praja ko sadachar aur dharmacharanapoorvak ek uttam jivanacharya mean pravritt hone ke liye prerit kiya hai tatha kartavya-kartavy ka nirdesh diya hai. in shikshopadeshoan ko unhoanne apane dvara nirmit atrey dharmashastr mean upanibaddh kiya hai. vahaan inhoanne vedoan ke sooktoan tatha mantroan ki atyant mahima batayi hai. atrismriti ka chhatha adhyay vedamantroan ki mahima mean hi paryavasit hai. vahaan aghamarshan ke mantr, sooryopasthan ka yah 'udu tyan jatavedasan0'[9] mantr, pavamani rrichaean, shatarudriy, go-sookt, ashv-sookt evan indr-sookt adi ka nirdesh kar unaki mahima aur path ka phal bataya gaya hai. isase yah bhi spasht hota hai ki maharshi atri ki ved mantroan par kitani dridh nishtha thi. maharshi atri ka kahana hai ki vaidik mantroan ke adhikarapoorvak jap se sabhi prakar ke pap-kleshoan ka vinash ho jata hai. path karta pavitr ho jata hai, use janmantariy jnan ho jata hai- jati-smarata prapt ho jati hai aur vah jo chahata hai, vah prapt kar leta hai.[10]

  • apani smriti ke antim 9vean adhyay mean maharshi atri ne bahut sundar bat batate hue kaha hai ki yadi vidvesh bhav se vairapoorvak bhi damaghosh ke putr shishupal ki tarah bhagavan ka smaran kiya jay to uddhar hone mean koee sandeh nahian; phir yadi tatparayan hokar anany bhav se bhagavadashray grahan kar liya jay to param kalyan mean kya sandeh?[11]
  • is prakar maharshi atri ne apane dvara drasht mantroan mean, apane dharmasootroan mean athava apane sadacharan se yahi bat batayi hai ki vyakti ko satkarm ka hi anushthan karana chahiye.


tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. akshnoatri:' (shrimadbha. 3.12.24
  2. atripriya nij tap bal ani. surasari dhar nauan mandakini॥ (ramacharitamanas 2.132.5-6
  3. somoabhoodh brahmanoanashen datto vishnostu yogavith. durvasa: shankarasyaansho0॥ (shrimadbhagavat 4.1.33
  4. rrigved(10.143
  5. rrigved10.143.1
  6. rrigved 5.25-26, 5-15
  7. rrigved(52.11-15
  8. vishvani dev savitarduritani para suv. yadh bhadran tann a suv॥ (rrigved 5.82.5
  9. rrigved 1.50.1, samaved 31, atharvaved 13.2.16, yajurved 7.41
  10. etani japtani punanti jantooanjatismaratvan labhate yadichchheth. (atrismriti
  11. vidveshadapi govindan damaghoshatmaj: smaranh. shishupalo gat: svargan kian punastatparayan:॥ (atri0

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