अत्रि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maharshi atri vaidik mantradrashta rishi hain. sampoorn rigved das mandalon men pravibhakt hai. pratyek mandal ke mantron ke rishi alag-alag hain. unamen se rigved ke pncham mandal ke drashta maharshi atri hain. isiliye yah mandal 'atrey mandal' kahalata hai. is mandal men 87 sookt hain. jinamen maharshi atri dvara vishesh roop se agni, indr, maroot, vishvedev tatha savita adi devon ki mahaniy stutiyan grathit hain. indr tatha agnidevata ke mahaniy karmon ka varnan hai. atri brahma ke putr the jo unake netron se utpann hue the. ye som ke pita the jo inake netr se avirbhoot hue the. inhonne kardam ki putri anusooya se vivah kiya tha. in donon ke putr dattatrey the. inhonne alark, prahlad adi ko anvikshaki ki shiksha di thi. bhishm jab shar-shaiyya par pade the, us samay ye unase milane gaye the. parikshit jab prayopavesh ka abhyas kar rahe the, to ye unhen dekhane gaye the. putrotpatti ke lie inhonne riksh parvat par patni ke sath tap kiya tha. inhonne trimoortiyon ki prarthana ki thi jinase tridevon ke ashn roop men datt (vishnu) durvasa (shiv) aur som (brahma) utpann hue the. inhonne do bar prithu ko ghode churakar bhagate hue indr ko dikhaya tha tatha hatya karane ko kaha tha. ye vaivasvat yug ke muni the. mantrakar ke roop men inhonne uttanapad ko apane putr ke roop men grahan kiya tha. inake brahmavadini nam ki kanya thi. parashuram jab dhyanavasthit roop men the us samay ye unake pas gaye the. inhonne shraddh dvara pitaron ki aradhana ki thi aur som ki rajakshma rog se mukt kiya tha. brahma ke dvara srishti ki rachana ke lie niyukt kiye jane par inhonne 'anuttam' tak kiya tha jab ki shiv inase mile the. som ke rajasooy ygy men inhonne hota ka kary kiya tha. tripur ke vinash ke lie inhonne shiv ki aradhana ki thi. banavas ke samay ram atri ke ashram bhi gaye the

vaidik mantradrashta

puranon men inake avirbhav ka tatha udatt charitr ka bada hi sundar varnan hua hai. vahan ke varnan ke anusar maharshi atri brahma ji ke manas-putr hain aur unake chakshu bhag se inaka pradurbhav hua.[1] saptarshiyon men maharshi atri ka pariganan hai. sath hi inhen 'prajapati' bhi kaha gaya hai. maharshi atri ki patni anusooya ji hain, jo kardam prajapati aur devahooti ki putri hain. devi anusooya pativrataon ki adarshabhoota aur mahanh divyatej se sampann hain. maharshi atri jahan gyan, tapasya, sadachar, bhakti evn mantrashakti ke moortiman svaroop hain; vahin devi anusooya pativrata dharm evn shil ki moortimati vigrah hain. bhagavan shri ram apane bhakt maharshi atri evn devi anusooya ki bhakti ko saphal karane svayn unake ashram par padhare. mata anusooya ne devi sita ko pativrat ka upadesh diya. unhonne apane pativrat ke bal par shaivya brahmani ke mrit pati ko jivit karaya tatha badhit soory ko udit karakar snsar ka kalyan kiya. devi anusooya ka nam hi bade mahattv ka hai. anusooya nam hai paradosh-darshan ka –gunon men bhi dosh-buddhi ka aur jo in vikaron se rahit ho, vahi 'anusooya' hai. isi prakar maharshi atri bhi 'a+tri' hain arthath ve tinon gunon (sattv, rajas, tamas)- se atit hai- gunatit hain. is prakar maharshi atri-dampati evn vidh apane namanuroop jivan yapan karate hue sadachar parayan ho chitrakoot ke tapovan men raha karate the. atri patni anusooya ke tapobal se hi bhagirathi gnga ki ek pavitr dhara chitrakoot men pravisht huee aur 'mndakini' nam se prasiddh huee. [2]

  • srishti ke prarambh men jab in dampati ko brahma ji ne srishtivardhan ki agya di to inhonne us or unmukh n ho tapasya ka hi ashray liya. inaki tapasya se brahma, vishnu, mahesh ne prasann hokar inhen darshan diya aur dampati ki prarthana par inaka putr banana svikar kiya. atri-dampati ki tapasya aur tridevon ki prasannata ke phalasvaroop vishnu ke ansh se mahayogi dattatrey, brahma ke ansh se chandrama tatha shnkar ke ansh se mahamuni durvasa maharshi atri evn devi anusooya ke putr roop men avirbhoot hue. [3]
  • vedon men uparyukt vrittant yathavat nahin milata hai, kahin-kahin namon men antar bhi hai. rigved[4] - men 'atri:sankhy:' kaha gaya hai. vedon men yah spasht roop se varnan hai ki maharshi atri ko ashvinikumaron ki kripa prapt thi. ek bar jab ye samadhisth the, tab daityon ne inhen uthakar shatadvar yantr men dal diya aur ag lagakar inhen jalane ka prayatn kiya, kintu atri ko usaka kuchh bhi gyan nahin tha. us samay ashvinikumaron ne vahan pahunchakar inhen bachaya. rigved ke pratham mandal ke 51ven tatha 112ven sookt men yah katha ayi hai. rigved ke dasham mandal men maharshi atri ke dirgh tapasya ke anushthan ka varnan aya hai aur bataya gaya hai ki ygy tatha tap adi karate-karate jab atri vriddh ho gaye, tab ashvinikumaron ne inhen navayauvan pradan kiya.[5]
  • rigved ke pncham mandal men atri ke vasooyu, saptavadhri namak anek putron ka vrittant aya hai, jo anek mantron ke drashta rishi rahe hain.[6] isi prakar atri ke gotraj atreyagan rigved ke bahut se mantron ke drashta hain.
  • rigved ke pncham 'atrey mandal' ka[7] 'kalyan sookt' rigvediy 'svasti-sookt' hai, vah maharshi atri ki ritambhara prgya se hi hamen prapt ho saka hai yah sookt 'kalyan-sookt', 'mngal-sookt' tatha 'shrey-sookt' bhi kahalata hai. jo aj bhi pratyek mangalik karyon, shubh snskaron tatha pooja, anushthanon men svasti-prapti, kalyan-prapti, abhyuday-prapti, bhagavatkripa-prapti tatha amngal ke vinash ke liye sasvar pathit hota hai. is mangalik sookt men ashvini, bhag, aditi, poosha, dyava, prithivi, brihaspati, adity, vaishvanar, savita tatha mitra varun aur soory-chndrama adi devataon se pranimatr ke liye svasti ki prarthana ki gayi hai. isase maharshi atri ke udatt-bhav tatha lok-kalyan ki bhavana ka kinchit sthapana hota hai.
  • isi prakar maharshi atri ne mandal ki poornata men bhi savita dev se yahi prarthana ki hai ki 'he savita dev! ap hamare sampoorn du:khon ko-anishton ko, shok-kashton ko door kar den aur hamare liye jo hitakar ho, kalyanakari ho, use upalabdh karayen'.[8]
  • is prakar spasht hota hai ki maharshi atri ki bhavana atyant hi kalyanakari thi aur unamen tyag, tapasya, shauch, sntosh, aparigrah, anasakti tatha vishv kalyan ki parakashtha vidyaman thi.

ek or jahan unhonne vaidik richaon ka darshan kiya, vahin doosari or unhonne apani praja ko sadachar aur dharmacharanapoorvak ek uttam jivanacharya men pravritt hone ke liye prerit kiya hai tatha kartavya-kartavy ka nirdesh diya hai. in shikshopadeshon ko unhonne apane dvara nirmit atrey dharmashastr men upanibaddh kiya hai. vahan inhonne vedon ke sookton tatha mantron ki atyant mahima batayi hai. atrismriti ka chhatha adhyay vedamantron ki mahima men hi paryavasit hai. vahan aghamarshan ke mantr, sooryopasthan ka yah 'udu tyn jatavedasn0'[9] mantr, pavamani richaen, shatarudriy, go-sookt, ashv-sookt evn indr-sookt adi ka nirdesh kar unaki mahima aur path ka phal bataya gaya hai. isase yah bhi spasht hota hai ki maharshi atri ki ved mantron par kitani dridh nishtha thi. maharshi atri ka kahana hai ki vaidik mantron ke adhikarapoorvak jap se sabhi prakar ke pap-kleshon ka vinash ho jata hai. path karta pavitr ho jata hai, use janmantariy gyan ho jata hai- jati-smarata prapt ho jati hai aur vah jo chahata hai, vah prapt kar leta hai.[10]

  • apani smriti ke antim 9ven adhyay men maharshi atri ne bahut sundar bat batate hue kaha hai ki yadi vidvesh bhav se vairapoorvak bhi damaghosh ke putr shishupal ki tarah bhagavan ka smaran kiya jay to uddhar hone men koee sndeh nahin; phir yadi tatparayan hokar anany bhav se bhagavadashray grahan kar liya jay to param kalyan men kya sndeh?[11]
  • is prakar maharshi atri ne apane dvara drasht mantron men, apane dharmasootron men athava apane sadacharan se yahi bat batayi hai ki vyakti ko satkarm ka hi anushthan karana chahiye.


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. akshnoatri:' (shrimadbha. 3.12.24
  2. atripriya nij tap bal ani. surasari dhar naun mndakini॥ (ramacharitamanas 2.132.5-6
  3. somoabhoodh brahmanonashen datto vishnostu yogavith. durvasa: shnkarasyansho0॥ (shrimadbhagavat 4.1.33
  4. rigved(10.143
  5. rigved10.143.1
  6. rigved 5.25-26, 5-15
  7. rigved(52.11-15
  8. vishvani dev savitarduritani para suv. yadh bhadrn tann a suv॥ (rigved 5.82.5
  9. rigved 1.50.1, samaved 31, atharvaved 13.2.16, yajurved 7.41
  10. etani japtani punanti jantoonjatismaratvn labhate yadichchheth. (atrismriti
  11. vidveshadapi govindn damaghoshatmaj: smaranh. shishupalo gat: svargn kin punastatparayan:॥ (atri0

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