रावण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snkshipt parichay
ravan
ravan
any nam dashanan, lnkesh, lnkapati, dashagriv
kul valmiki ramayan ke anusar ravan pulasty muni ka pota tha arthat unake putr vishrava ka putr tha.
pita vishrava
mata kaikasi
vivah mndodari
sntan meghanad
vidya parngat dhanurvidya
nivas lnka
mrityu ramayan ke ant men shriram ke dvara vadh
any janakari sngit ke kshetr men bhi ravan ki vidvata apane samay men advitiy mani jati hai. vina bajane men ravan siddhahast tha. usane ek vady banaya bhi tha jise jo aj ke bela ya vayalin ka hi mool aur prarambhik roop hai jise ab ravan hattha kaha jata hai.

ravan (angrezi:Ravana) ramayan ka ek vishesh patr hai. ravan lnka ka raja tha. vah apane das siron ke karan bhi jana jata tha (sadharan se das guna adhik mastishk shakti), jisake karan usaka nam dashanan {dash (das) + anan (mukh)} bhi tha. kisi bhi kriti ke liye achchhe patron ke sath hi sath bure patron ka hona ati avashyak hai. kintu ravan men avagun ki apeksha gun adhik the. jitane vala hamesha apane ko uttam likhata hai, atah ravan ko bura kaha gaya hai. ravan ko charon vedon ka gyata kaha gaya hai. sngit ke kshetr men bhi ravan ki vidvata apane samay men advitiy mani jati hai. vina bajane men ravan siddhahast tha. usane ek vady banaya bhi tha jise jo aj ke bela ya vayalin ka hi mool aur prarambhik roop hai jise ab ravan hattha kaha jata hai.

tathy

  • ravan shiv bhakt tha. kailash parvat ko uthane ki katha ki moorti mathura men mili hai.
  • ramakatha men ravan aisa patr hai, jo ram ke ujjval charitr ko ubharane ka kam karata hai.
  • ravan ne ram ki patni sita ka haran kiya tha. ram ne ravan ko yuddh men mar kar sita ko chhudaya.

pauranik ullekh

  • padm puran, shrimadbhagavat puran, koorm puran, ramayan, mahabharat, anand ramayan, dashavataracharit adi grnthon men ravan ka ullekh hua hai. ravan ke uday ke vishay men bhinn-bhinn grnthon men bhinn-bhinn prakar ke ullekh milate hain.
  • padmapuran tatha shrimadbhagavat puran ke anusar hiranyaksh evn hiranyakashipu doosare janm men ravan aur kunbhakarn ke roop men paida hue.
  • valmiki ramayan ke anusar ravan pulasty muni ka pota tha arthat unake putr vishrava ka putr tha. vishrava ki varavarnini aur kaikasi namak do patniyan thi. varavarnini ke kuber ko janm dene par sautiya dah vash kaikasi ne kubela men garbh dharan kiya. isi karan se usake garbh se ravan tatha kumbhakarn jaise kroor svabhav vale bhaynkar rakshas utpann huye.
  • tulasidas ke ramacharitamanas men ravan ka janm shap ke karan hua tha. ve narad evn pratap bhanu ki kathaon ko ravan ke janm karan batate hain.

ravan ke gun

  • ravan men kitana hi rakshasatv kyon n ho, usake gunon vismrit nahin kiya ja sakata. ravan ek ati buddhiman brahman tatha shnkar bhagavan ka bahut bada bhakt tha. vah maha tejasvi, pratapi, parakrami, roopavan tatha vidvanh tha.
  • valmiki usake gunon ko nishpakshata ke sath svikar karate huye use charon vedon ka vishvavikhyat gyata aur mahanh vidvanh batate hain. ve apane ramayan men hanuman ka ravan ke darabar men pravesh ke samay likhate hain-

aho roopamaho dhairyamahotsavamaho dyuti:.
aho rakshasarajasy sarvalakshanayuktata॥

age ve likhate hain "ravan ko dekhate hi ram mugdh ho jate hain aur kahate hain ki roop, saundary, dhairy, kanti tatha sarv lakshanayukt hone par bhi yadi is ravan men adharm balavan n hota to yah devalok ka bhi svami ban jata."

ravan dahan, ramalila, mathura
  • ravan jahan dusht tha aur papi tha vahin usamen shishtachar aur oonche adarsh vali maryadayen bhi thin. ram ke viyog men duahkhi sita se ravan ne kaha hai, "he site! yadi tum mere prati kam bhav nahin rakhati to main tujhe sparsh nahin kar sakata." shastron ke anusar vandhya, rajasvala, akama adi stri ko sparsh karane ka nishedh hai atah apane prati akama sita ko sparsh n karake ravan maryada ka hi acharan karata hai.
  • valmiki ramayan aur ramacharitamanas donon hi grnthon men ravan ko bahut mahattv diya gaya hai. rakshasi mata aur rishi pita ki santan hone ke karan sadaiv do paraspar virodhi tattv ravan ke antahkaran ko mathate rahate hain.

ravan ke avagun

  • valmiki ravan ke adharmi hone ko usaka mukhy avagun manate hain. unake ramayan men ravan ke vadh hone par mndodari vilap karate huye kahati hai, "anek ygyon ka vilop karane vale, dharm vyavasthaon ko todane vale, dev-asur aur manushyon ki kanyaon ka jahan-tahan se haran karane vale! aj too apane in pap karmon ke karan hi vadh ko prapt hua hai."
  • tulasidas ji keval usake ahnkar ko hi usaka mukhy avagun batate hain. unhonne ravan ko bahari taur se ram se shatru bhav rakhate huye hriday se unaka bhakt bataya hai. tulasidas ke anusar ravan sochata hai ki yadi svayn bhagavan ne avatar liya hai to main jakar unase hath poorvak bair karoonga aur prabhu ke ban ke aghat se pran chhodakar bhav-bandhan se mukt ho jaoonga.

ravan dvara bhagavan shiv ki prarthana

ravan satta ke mad men mast hokar devataon, rishiyon, yakshon aur gandharvon ko vibhinn prakar se kasht dene laga. ek bar usane kuber par chadhaee karake use yuddh men parajit kar diya aur apani vijay ki smriti ke roop men kuber ke pushpak viman par apana adhikar kar liya. pushpak viman ka veg man ke saman tivr tha. vah apane oopar baithe hue logon ko ichchhanusar chhota ya bada roop dharan kar sakata tha. pushpak viman men mani aur sone ki sidhiyan bani huee thin aur tapaye huye sone ke asan bane hue the. us viman par baithakar jab vah 'sharavan' nam se prasiddh sarakandon ke vishal van se hokar ja raha tha to bhagavan shnkar ke parshad nandishh‍var ne use rokate hue kaha ki dashagriv! is van men sthit parvat par bhagavan shnkar krida karate hain, isaliye yahan sabhi sur, asur, yaksh adi ka ana nishiddh kar diya gaya hai. nandishh‍var ke vachanon se kroddhit hokar ravan viman se utarakar bhagavan shnkar ki or chala. ravan ko rokane ke liye usase thodi door par hath men shool liye nandi doosare shiv ki bhanti khade ho gaye. unaka mukh vanar jaisa tha. use dekhakar ravan thahake marakar hns pada. isase kupit ho nandi bole ki dashanan! tumane mere vanar roop ki avahelana ki hai, isaliye tumhare kul ka nash karane ke liye mere hi saman parakrami roop aur tej se sampann vanar utpann honge. ravan ne is or tanik bhi dhyan nahin diya aur bola ki jis parvat ne mere viman ki yatra men badha dali hai, aj main usi ko ukhad phenkoonga. yah kahakar usane parvat ke nichale bhag men hath dalakar use uthane ka prayatn kiya. jab parvat hilane laga to bhagavan shnkar ne us parvat ko apane pair ke angoothe se daba diya. isase ravan ka hath buri tarah se dab gaya aur vah pida se chillane laga. jab ravan kisi prakar se hath n nikal saka to rot-rote bhagavan shnkar ki stuti aur kshama prarthana karane laga. us din se dashagriv dashanan ka nam ravan rakh diya. is par bhagavan shnkar ne use kshama kar diya aur usaki prarthana karane par use ek chandrahas namak khadg bhi diya.

ravan ki sone ki lnka

ravan ke das sir

ravan ke das sir hone ki charcha ramayan men ati hai. vah krishnapaksh ki amavasya ko yuddh ke liye chala tha tatha ek-ek din kramashah ek-ek sir katate hain. is tarah dasaven din arthat shuklapaksh ki dashami ko ravan ka vadh hota hai. ramacharitamanas men yah bhi varnan ata hai ki jis sir ko ram apane ban se kat dete hain punah usake sthan par doosara sir ubhar ata tha. vichar karane ki bat hai ki kya ek ang ke kat jane par vahan punah naya ang utpann ho sakata hai? vastutah ravan ke ye sir kritrim the- asuri maya se bane huye. marich ka chandi ke binduon se yukt svarn mrig ban jana, ravan ka sita ke samaksh ram ka kata hua sir rakhana adi se siddh hota hai ki rakshas mayavi the. ve anek prakar ke indrajal (jadoo) janate the. to ravan ke das sir aur bis hathon ko bhi kritrim mana ja sakata hai.

brahma se varadan

ravan ne apane ishtadev brahma se varadan prapt kiya tha. katha ke anusar tapasya ke bal par kuber ko devataon ka koshadhyaksh hone ka gaurav prapt hua. yah janakar ravan ki mahatvakanksha jagrat ho gayi. isake bad usane tapasya karane ki than li. ravan ke sath kunbhakarn aur vibhishan bhi brahma ki tapasya karane ke lie taiyar ho gaye. tinon ne apani kathor tapasya se brahma ko prasann kar liya. brahma ne ravan se varadan mangane ko kaha. isake bad ravan ne apane liye sadaiv ajar, amar hone ka varadan manga. isase brahma ji asamnjas men doob gaye. karan yah tha ki mrityulok men jisaka janm hua hai, usaka maran sunishchit hai. isake bad usane brahma se yah varadan manga ki vah keval manushy ke hathon se mara jaye. jngali jiv se usaki mrityu n ho paye. brahma ne tathastu kah kar ravan ko varadan de diya. isake bad kunbhakaran ne chhah mah ki nind mangi. vibhishan ne prabhu ki bhakti mangi. sabako man chaha varadan mil gaya. brahma se varadan pane ke bad tinon ati prasann hue.

ravan aur vedavati

ek din jab ravan himalay ke pradesh men bhraman kar raha tha, tab usane amit tejasvi brahmarshi kushadhvaj ki kanya vedavati ko tapasya karate dekha. ravan use dekhakar vahin mugdh ho gaya aur usake pas akar usaka parichay liya aur avivahit rahane ka karan poochha. vedavati ne apana parichay dene ke bad bataya ki mere pita vishnu se mera vivah karana chahate the. isase kroddhit hokar meri kamana karane vale daityaraj shambhu ne vishnu ka sote samay vadh kar diya. unaki mrityu par meri mata bhi duahkhi ho gee aur chita men pravisht ho gee. tab se main apane pita ki ichchha poori karane ke liye bhagavan vishnu ki tapasya kar rahi hoon. unhin ko mainne apana pati man liya hai. pahale ravan ne vedavati ko baton men phusalane ki koshish ki, phir usane jabaradasti karane ke liye usake kesh pakad lie. vedavati ne ravan dvara pakade hue kesh ko kat diya. phir yah kahati huee agni men pravisht ho gee ki dusht! toone mera apaman kiya hai. is samay to main yah sharir tyag rahi hoon, parantu tera vinash karane ke lie phir janm loongi. agale janm men vah ayonija kanya ke roop men janm lekar kisi dharmatma ki putri bani. vah kanya kamal ke roop men utpann huee. us sundar kanti vali kamal kanya ko ek din ravan apane mahalon men le aya. use dekhakar jyotishiyon ne kaha ki rajanh! yadi yah kamal kanya apake ghar men rahi to apake aur apake kul ke vinash ka karan banegi. yah sunakar ravan ne use samudr men phenk diya. vahan se vah bhoomi ko prapt hokar raja janak ke ygymandap ke madhyavarti bhoobhag men ja pahunchi. vahan raja dvara hal se joti jane vali bhoomi se vah kanya phir prapt huee. vahi vedavati sita ke roop men ram ki path‍ni bani aur ant men sita hi ravan ke kul ke vinash ka karan bani.

shuk tatha saran

jab shriram samudr par setu bandhakar lnka pahunch gaye the, tab ravan ne 'shuk' aur 'saran' namak mantriyon ko bulakar unase kaha, "he chatur mantriyon! ab ram ne vanaron ki sahayata se agadh samudr par setu bandhakar use par kar liya hai aur vah lnka ke dvar par a pahuncha hai. tum donon vanaron ka vesh banakar ram ki sena men pravesh karo aur yah pata lagao ki shatru sena men kul kitane vanar hain, unake pas astr-shastr kitane aur kis prakar ke hain tatha mukhy-mukhy vanar nayakon ke nam kya hain." ravan ki agya pakar donon kootanitigy mayavi rakshas vanaron ka vesh banakar vanar sena men ghus gaye, parantu ve vibhishan ki tikshn drishti se bach n sake. vibhishan ne un donon ko pakadakar ram ke sammukh karate huye kaha, "he raghav! ye donon guptachar ravan ke mantri 'shuk' aur 'saran' hain, jo hamare katak men guptachari karate pakade gaye hain." ram ke samane jakar donon rakshas thar-thar kanpate huye bole, "he rajanh! ham rakshasaraj ravan ke sevak hain. unhin ki agya se apake bal ka pata lagane ke liye aye the. ham unaki agya ke das hain, isaliye unaka adesh palan karane ke liye vivash hain. rajabhakti ke karan hamen aisa karana pada hai. isamen hamara koee dosh nahin hai." unake ye nishchal vachan sun kar ramachandr bole, "he mantriyon! ham tumhare saty bhashan se bahut prasann hain. tumane yadi hamari shakti dekh li hai, to jao. yadi abhi kuchh aur dekhana shesh ho to bhali-bhanti dekh lo. ham tumhen koee dand nahin denge. ary log shastrahin vyakti par var nahin karate. at: tum apana kary poora karake nirbhay ho lnka ko laut jao. tum sadharan guptachar nahin, ravan ke mantri ho. isaliye usase kahana, jis bal ke bharose par tumane meri sita ka haran kiya hai, us bal ka parichay apane bhaiyon, putron tatha sena ke sath hamen ranabhoomi men dena. kal sooryoday hote hi andhakar ki bhanti tumhari sena ka vinash bhi arambh ho jayega."[1]

ravan ke putr

lnkapati ravan ke sat putron ka ullekh milata hai jo nimnalikhit hain-[2]

  1. meghanad
  2. prahast
  3. atikay
  4. akshayakumar
  5. devantak
  6. narantak
  7. trishira

shivatandavastotramh

jatatavi-galajjal-pravah-pavit-sthale
galeav-lamby-lambitan-bhujang-tung-malikamh
damaddamaddamaddam-nninadav-ddamarvayn
chakar-chandtandavn-tanotu-nah shivah shivamh .. 1..

jata-kata-hasn-bhram bhramanni-limp-nirjhari-
-vilolavi-chivallari-virajaman-moordhani
dhagaddhagaddhag-jjval-llalat-patt-pavake
kishorachandrashekhare ratiah pratikshann mam .. 2..

dhara-dharendr-nndini vilas-bandhu-bandhur
sphur-ddigant-santati pramod-man-manase
kripa-kataksh-dhorani-niruddh-durdharapadi
kvachi-ddigambare-mano vinodametu vastuni .. 3..

jata-bhujang-pingal-sphuratphana-mani prabha
kadamb-kunkum-drav pralipt-digv-dhoomukhe
madandh-sindhur-sphurattv-guttari-yame-dure
mano vinodamadbhutn-bibhartu-bhootabhartari .. 4..

sahasr lochan prabhrity-shesh-lekh-shekhar
prasoon-dhooli-dhorani-vidhoo-saranghri-pithabhooah
bhujangaraj-malaya-nibaddh-jatajootak:
shriyai-chiray-jayatan chakor-bandhu-shekharah .. 5..

lalat-chatvar-jvaladdhananjay-sphulingabha-
nipit-panch-sayakn-namanni-limp-nayakamh
sudha-mayookh-lekhaya-virajaman-shekharn
mahakapali-sampade-shiro-jatal-mastunah .. 6..

karal-bhal-pattika-dhagaddhagaddhag-jjval
ddhananj-yahutikrit-prachandapanch-sayake
dhara-dharendr-nandini-kuchagrachitr-patrak
-prakalp-naikashilpini-trilochane-ratirmam … 7..

navin-megh-mandali-niruddh-durdhar-sphurath
kuhoo-nishi-thini-tamah prabandh-baddh-kandharah
nilimp-nirjhari-dharast-notu kritti-sindhurah
kala-nidhan-bandhurah shriyn jagaddhurndharah .. 8..

praphull-nilapankaj-prapanch-kalimaprabha-
-valambi-kanth-kandali-ruchiprabaddh-kandharamh .
smarachchhidn purachchhidn bhavachchhidn makhachchhidn
gajachchhidandhakachhidn tamntak-chchhidn bhaje .. 9..

akharv sarv-mang-lakala-kadnbamanjari
ras-pravah-madhuri vijrinbhana-madhuvratamh
smarantakn purantakn bhavantakn makhantakn
gajant-kandh-kantakn tamantakantakn bhaje .. 10..

jayatv-dabhr-vibhr-m-bhramadbhujang-mashvas-
dvinirgamatkram-sphuratkaral-bhal-havyavath
dhimiddhimiddhimidhvananmridang-tung-mangal
dhvani-kram-pravartit prachandatandavah shivah .. 11..

drish-dvichitr-talpayorbhujang-maukti-kasrajorh
-garishtharatnaloshthayoah suhridvi-pakshapakshayoah
trishnar-vind-chakshushoah praja-mahi-mahendrayoah
samapravritikah kada sadashivn bhaje .. 12..

kada nilimp-nirjharinikunj-kotare vasanh
vimukt-durmatiah sada shirahsth-manjalin vahanh .
vimukt-lol-lochano lalam-bhalalagnakah
shiveti mantr-muchcharanh kada sukhi bhavamyahamh .. 13..

idamh hi nity-mev-muktamuttamottamn stavn
pathansmaranbruvannaro vishuddhi-meti-sntatamh
hare gurau subhakti-mashu yati nanyatha gatin
vimohann hi dehinan sushankarasy chintanamh .. 14..

poojavasanasamaye dashavaktragitn yah
shnbhupoojanaparn pathati pradoshe
tasy sthiran rathagajendraturangayuktan
lakshmin sadaiv sumukhin pradadati shnbhuah .. 15..

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. yuddhakand-2, setubandhan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 18 aktoobar, 2013.
  2. How many sons Ravana had? (angrezi) speakingtree. abhigaman tithi: 10 agast, 2016.

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