उत्तर कुरु  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

valmiki ramayan[1] men is pradesh ka sundar varnan hai. kuchh vidvanon ke mat men uttari dhruv ke nikatavarti pradesh ko hi prachin sahity men visheshat: ramayan aur mahabharat men uttar kuru kaha gaya hai aur yahi aryon ki adi bhoomi thi. yah mat lokamany tilak ne apane oriyan namak angrezi granth men pratipadit kiya hai. valmiki ne jo varnan ramayan[2] men uttar kuru pradesh ka kiya hai usake anusar uttar kuru men shailoda nadi bahati thi aur vahan moolyavanh ratn aur mani utpann hote the-

'tamavikramy shailendramuttar: payasan nidhi:,
tatr somagirirnam madhye hemamayo mahanh.
satudesho visooryopi tasy bhasa prakashate,
sooryalakshyabhivigyeyastapatev vivasvata'.[3]

arthath sugriv vanaron ki sena ko uttar disha men bhejate hue kahata hai ki 'vahan se age jane par uttam samudr milega jisake bich men suvarnamay somagiri namak parvat hai. vah desh sooryahin hai kintu soory ke n rahane par bhi us parvat ke prakash se soory ke prakash ke saman hi vahan ujala rahata hai.' somagiri ki prabha se prakashit is sooryahin uttar disha men sthit pradesh ke varnan men uttari narve tatha any utt radhruviy deshon men drishyaman meruprabha ya arora boriyalis namak adbhut drishy ka kavyamay ullekh ho sakata hai jo varsh men chh: mas ke lagabhag soory ke kshitij ke niche rahane ke samay dikhaee deta hai. isi sarg ke 56ven shlok men sugriv ne vanaron se yah bhi kaha ki uttar kuru ke age tum log kisi prakar nahin ja sakate aur n any praniyon ki hi vahan gati hai-

'n kathachan gantavyn kurunamuttaren v:,
anyeshamapi bhootanan nanukramati vai gati:.'

mahabharat sabha parv[4] men bhi uttar kuru ko agamy desh mana hai. arjun uttar disha ki vijay-yatra men uttar kuru pahunch kar use bhi jitane ka prayas karane lage-

'uttarnkuruvarshn tu s samasady pandav:,
iyesh jetun tn deshn pakashasananandan:.'[5]

is par arjun ke pas akar bahut se vishalakay dvarapalon ne kaha ki 'parth; tum is sthan ko nahin jit sakate. yahan koee jitane yogy vastu dikhaee nahin padati. yah uttar kuru desh hai. yahan yuddh nahin hota. kuntikumar, isake bhitar pravesh karake bhi tum yahan kuchh nahin dekh sakate kyonki manav sharir se yahan ki koee vastu nahin dekhi ja sakati'-

'n chatr kinchijjetavyamarjunatr pradrishyate,
uttara: kuruvo hyete natr yuddhn pravartate.
pravishtopi hi kauntey neh drakshyasi knchan,
n hi manushadehen shakyamatrabhivikshitumh.'[6]

yah bat bhi ullekhaniy hai ki aitarey brahman men uttar kuru ko himalay ke par mana gaya hai aur use rajyahin desh bataya gaya hai-

'uttarakurav: uttaramadraiti vairajya yaiv te.'[7]

harshacharit[8], men ban ne uttar kuru ki kalakalaninadini vishal nadiyon ka varnan kiya hai. ramayan tatha mahabharat adi granthon ke varnan se vah avashy gyat hota hai ki atitakal men kuchh log avashy hi uttar kuru- arthath uttaradhruviy pradesh men pahunche honge aur in varnanon men unhin ki kahi kuchh saty aur kuchh kalpanarnjit rochak kathaon ki chhaya vidyaman hai. yadi tilak ka pratipadit mat hamen grahy ho to yah bhi kaha ja sakata hai ki in varnanon men bharatiy aryon ki unake apane adi nivasasthan ki supt jatiy smritiyan mukharit ho uthi hain.[9]



tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • aitihasik sthanavali | prishth snkhya= 90-91| vijayendr kumar mathur | vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog | manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar


  1. valmiki ramayan kishkindha kand, sarg 43
  2. valmiki ramayan kishkindha kand, sarg
  3. valmiki ramayan, kishkindha kand, sarg 43, 53-54
  4. mahabharat sabha parv 31
  5. sabha parv mahabharat 31, 7
  6. sabha parv mahabharat 31,11-12 .
  7. aitarey brahman 8, 14
  8. harshacharit tritiy uchchhvas
  9. dekhen uttarabhadr

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