दशरथ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snkshipt parichay
dasharath
dasharath
vnsh-gotr ikshvaku vnsh
pita aj
mata indumati
parijan aj, indumati, patniyan- kaushalya, sumitra, kaikeyi
guru vasishth
vivah kaushalya, sumitra, kaikeyi
sntan ram, bharat, lakshman, shatrughn
vidya parngat dhanush, ban
shasan-rajy ayodhya
sndarbh grnth ramayan
mrityu putr ram ke vanagaman ke bad dasharath ne unake viyog men pran tyag diye.
yashakirti raja dasharath ne asuron ke sath hue yuddh men devataon ka sath diya tha.
apakirti shikar karate samay inase agyanatavash shravanakumar ka vadh hua, jo andhe mata-pita ka ekamatr putr tha.
snbndhit lekh ram, kaushalya, sumitra, kaikeyi
any janakari dasharath ki tinon raniyan nisntan thin, jis karan putr prapti ki ichchha se inhonne 'putr kameshti ygy' sampann karaya tha.

dasharath puranon aur ramayan men varnit ikshvaku vnshi maharaj aj ke putr aur ayodhya ke raja the. inaki mata ka nam indumati tha. inhonne devataon ki or se kee bar asuron ko yuddh men parajit kiya tha. vaivasvat manu ke vnsh men anek shooravir, parakrami, pratibhashali tatha yashasvi raja huye the, jinamen se dasharath bhi ek the. samast bharat men purushon ke adarsh aur maryadapurottam shriram raja dasharath ke hi jyeshth putr the. raja dasharath ki tin raniyan thin- kaushalya, sumitra aur kaikeyi. rani kaikeyi ki hathadharmita ke karan hi ram ko patni sita sahit van men jana pada. ram ke viyog men hi raja dasharath ne apane pran tyag diye. dasharath ke charitr men adarsh maharaja, putron ko prem karane vale pita aur apane vachanon ke prati poorn samarpit vyakti ko darshaya gaya hai.

janm

dasharath ka janm ikshvaku vnsh ke tejasvi raja aj ke yahan rani indumati ke garbh se hua tha. kaushal pradesh, jisaki sthapana vaivasvat manu ne ki thi, pavitr sarayoo nadi ke tat par sthit tha. sundar evn samriddh ayodhya nagari is pradesh ki rajadhani thi. raja dasharath vedon ke marmgy, dharmapran, dayalu, ranakushal, aur praja palak the. unake rajy men praja kashtarahit, satyanishth evn eeshvamar bhaktat thi. unake rajy men kisi ke bhi man men kisi ke prati dveshabhav ka sarvatha abhav tha.

poorv katha

prachin kal men manu aur shataroopa ne vriddhavastha ane par ghor tapasya ki. donon ek pair par khade rahakar 'oon namo bhagavate vasudevay' ka jap karane lage. unaki tapasya se prasann hokar bhagavan vishnu ne unhen darshan die aur var mangane ko kaha. donon ne kaha- "prabhu! apake darshan pakar hamara jivan dhany ho gaya. ab hamen kuchh nahin chahie." in shabdon ko kahate-kahate donon ki ankhon se premadhara pravahit hone lagi. bhagavan bole- "tumhari bhakti se main bahut prasann hoon vats! is brahmand men aisa kuchh nahin, jo main tumhen n de sakoon." bhagavan ne kaha- "tum nissnkoch hokar apane man ki bat kaho." bhagavan vishnu ke aisa kahane par manu ne bade snkoch se apane man ki bat kahi- "prabhu! ham donon ki ichchha hai ki kisi janm men ap hamare putr roop men janm len." 'aisa hi hoga vats!' bhagavan ne unhen ashirvad diya aur kaha- "treta yug men tum ayodhya ke raja dasharath ke roop men janm loge aur tumhari patni shataroopa tumhari patarani kaushalya hogi. tab main dusht ravan ka snhar karane mata kaushalya ke garbh se janm loonga." manu aur shataroopa ne prabhu ki vandana ki. bhagavan vishnu unhen ashish dekar antardhan ho ge.

putr kameshti ygy

raja dasharath ki tin raniyan thin. sabase badi kaushalya, doosari sumitra aur tisari kaikeyi. parntu tinon raniyan niahsntan thin. isi se raja dasharath atyadhik chintit rahate the. unhen chintit dekhakar unaki raniyan bhi chintit rahati thin. ek bar apani chinta ka karan raja dasharath ne rajaguru vasishth ko bataya. is par rajaguru vasishth ne unase kaha- "rajan! upay se bhi sabhi ichchhaen poorn ho jati hain. tum shrringi rishi ko bulakar 'putr kameshti ygy' karao. tumhe sntan ki prapti avashy hogi." rajaguru ki bat sunakar raja dasharath svny shrringi rishi ke ashram men ge aur apane man ki ichchha prakat karake unase 'putr kameshti ygy' karane ki prarthana ki. rishi shrringi ne dasharath ki prarthana svikar ki aur ayodhya men akar 'putr kameshti ygy' karaya. ygy men raja ne apani raniyon sahit utsah se bhag liya. ygy ki poornahuti par svayn agni dev ne prakat hokar shrringi ko khir ka ek svarn patr diya aur kaha "rishivar! yah khir raja ki tinon raniyon ko khila do. raja ki ichchha avashy poorn hogi."[1]

putron ki prapti

agni devata se khir ka patr lekar shrringi rishi ne raja dasharath ko diya aur jaisa agni dev ne kaha tha vaisa hi raja ko adesh diya. raja dasharath prasann hokar apane mahal men raniyon ke sath aye. dasharath ne khir ke patr se adhi khir rani kaushalya ko di aur adhi khir sumitra tatha kaikeyi ko. sumitra aur kaikeyi ne adhi khir ke tin bhag kie. khir ke do bhag sumitra ne lie aur ek bhag kaikeyi ne grahan kiya. khir khane ke bad tinon raniyan garbhavati ho geen. samay ane par chaitr mas ke shukl paksh ki navami tithi ko punarvasu nakshatr men soory, mngal shani, brihaspati tatha shukr apane-apane uchch sthanon men virajaman the, kark lagn ka uday hote hi maharaj dasharath ki badi rani kaushalya ke garbh se ram ne janm liya. sumitra ne shatrughn aur lakshman, do putron ko janm diya aur kaikeyi ne bharat ko. jab dasi ne raja dasharath ko putron ke janm ka samachar diya to dasharath ki prasannata ka koee thikana n raha. unhonne tatkal apane gale ke motiyon ka har dasi ki jholi men dal diya aur mntri ko adesh diya- "mntrivar! sare nagar ko sajao. rajakosh khol do bina dan-dakshina aur bhojan kie koee bhi vyakti rajadvar se vapas n jae. sare nagar men dhoom-dham se utsav manao." raja ki agya lekar mntri hath jod abhivadan karake chala gaya. raja dasharath tej kadamon se chalate hue ranivas men pahunche. apane putron ko dekhakar unaki ankhen prasannata se chamak uthin. raja dasharath ki 'shanta' nam ki ek putri bhi thi, jise inake mitr raja romapad ne god le liya tha.[1]

shap se grasit

apane bade putr ram ke rajyabhishek ki ichchha dasharath kabhi poori nahin kar pae, kyonki ve ek shap se grasit the. rani kaikayi ke hath ke karan unhen ram ko chaudah varsh ke lie vanavas par bhejana pada. isi putr viyog men dasharath ka dehant ho gaya. is sambandh men yah bhi ullekh milata hai ki ek din shikar karate samay nadin men hathi ke pani pine ke saman avaz sunakar dasharath ne shabd-bhedi ban chalaya tha, jisase shravanakumar namak ek navayuvak, jo apane andhe mata-pita ko lekar tirthayatra par nikala tha aur us samay nadi se mata-pita ki pyas bujhane ke lie jal patr men bhar raha tha, ki dardanak mrityu ho gee. putr ki mrityu ke bad andhe mata-pita ne bhi tadap kar marate hue raja dasharath ko shap diya ki- "tum bhi hamari hi tarah putr ke shok men maroge."

kaikeyi ko varadan

ram ke sita se vivah ke bad dasharath ne yah ghoshana kar di thi ki ram ka rajyabhishek turant hi hoga. kaikeyi ki ek kubadi dasi thi, jisaka nam manthara tha. usane kaikeyi ko bachapan se pal-pos kar bada kiya tha aur jab kaikeyi ka vivah raja dasharath ke sath hua to vah bhi mano dahej men usake sath bheji gee thi. manthara ek kutil rajanitigy thi. usane kaikeyi ko mntrana di ki ram ke rajyabhishek se kaikeyi ka bhala nahin varanh anahit hi hone vala hai. usane kaikeyi ko raja dasharath se apane do var mangane ki salah di. yah ghatana us samay ki hai, jab dasharath devon ke sath milakar asuron ke viruddh yuddh kar rahe the. asuron ko khadedate samay unaka rath yuddh ke phalasvaroop rakt, pasine tatha mritak sharir men phns gaya. us rath ki sarathi svayn kaikeyi thin. usi samay kisi shatru ne yudhastr chala kar dasharath ko ghayal kar diya tatha vah maranasann ho gaye. yadi kaikeyi unake rath ko ranabhoomi se door le jakar unaka upachar nahin karatin to dasharath ki mrityu nishchit thi. dasharath ne hosh men akar kaikeyi se koee bhi do var mangane ka agrah kiya. us samay rani kaikeyi ne kaha ki vah samay ane par apane donon var mang legi.

ram ka vanavas

ab jabaki dasi manthara ke bahakave men akar kaikeyi ko yah abhas ho gaya ki shriram ke rajyabhishek ke bad usaka anahit hi hone vala hai, usane kop bhavan men jane ka vichar kar liya. us kal men ranivas men ek kop bhavan hota tha, jahan koee bhi rani kisi bhi karanavash kupit hokar apani asahamati vyakt kar sakati thi aur raja ka kartavy hota tha ki use kop bhavan ke prangan men jakar us rani ko manana padata tha. raja dasharath ne bhi vaisa hi kiya. kaikeyi dasharath ki sabase yuva aur priy rani thin, jabaki is samay raja dasharath svayn chauthe kal men pahunch chuke the. jab kaikeyi ne apane do var mangane ki ichchha darshaee to kamonmukt raja dasharath razi ho gaye. is samay kaikeyi ke prati vasana jagana svabhavik tha aur us vasana ke lie jo bhi ban pade vah nibhane ke lie us samay raja tatpar rahate the. ab kaikeyi ne raja dasharath se vah do var mange. ek se svayn ke putr bharat ke lie ayodhya ki rajagaddi tatha doosare se ram ko chaudah varsh ka vanavas. raja dasharath yah bardashat nahin kar sake. unhonne kaikeyi ko bahut manane ki koshish ki. use bura-bhala bhi kaha. lekin jab kaikeyi ne unaki ek n mani to vah ahat hokar vahin kop bhavan men gir gaye.

nidhan

ram ko jab mata kaikeyi ke donon varon ke bare men abhas hua to vah svayn hi pita dasharath ke samip gaye aur unase agrah kiya ki raghukul ki maryada ko dhyan men rakhate hue vah mata kaikeyi ko donon var pradan kar den. unhonne hath karake pita dasharath ko in baton ke lie mana liya aur sannyasiyon ke vastr pahanakar sita tatha lakshman ke sath van ki or nikal pade. dasharath yah sadama bardasht n kar sake aur unhonne apane pran tyag diye.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 shriramakatha (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 3 joon, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

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