भगीरथ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snkshipt parichay
bhagirath
bhagirath tatha shiv
vnsh-gotr ikshvaku vnsh
pita raja dilip
shasan-rajy ayodhya
any vivaran gnga bhagirath ki putri hone ke karan 'bhagirathi' kahalayi thin.
yashakirti bhagirath apani atoot tapasya ke bal par gnga ko svarg se prithvi par laye the.
snbndhit lekh sagar, gnga, shiv
ygy bhagirath ne sau ashvamedh ygy poorn kiye the.
any janakari sagar ke pautr raja bhagirath ne sau ashvamedh ygyon ka anushthan kiya tha. apane mahanh ygy ke poorn hone par unhonne gnga ke kinare do svarn ghat banavaye the.

bhagirath ayodhya ke ikshvaku vnshi raja the. ve anshuman ke pautr aur raja dilip ke putr the. sagar ke bad unake putr anshuman raja hue the. anshuman apane putr dilip ko rajy-bhar saunp kar gnga ko prithvi par lane ki chinta men grast the. unhonne ghor tapasya karate hue sharir tyag kiya. raja dilip gnga ko prithvi par lane ka koee marg nahin soch paye aur bimar hokar svarg sidhar gaye. bhagirath ke samane apane pitamah ka vachan aur pita ka tap tha aur unhonne tap men man laga diya. apani kathin sadhana aur ghor tapasya ke bal se unhonne bhagavan shiv ko prasann kar liya aur unaki sahayata se gnga ko prithvi par lane men saphal hue.

brahma dvara prapt var

bhagirath putrahin the. unhonne rajyabhar apane mantriyon ko saunpa aur svayn gokarn tirth men jakar ghor tapasya karane lage. brahma ke prasann hone par unhonne do var mange—ek to yah ki gnga jal chadhakar bhasmibhoot pitaron ko svarg prapt karava payen aur doosara yah ki unako kul ki suraksha karane vala putr prapt ho. brahma ne unhen donon var diye, sath hi yah bhi kaha ki gnga ka veg itana adhik hai ki prithvi use snbhal nahin sakati. shnkar bhagavan ki sahayata leni hogi. brahma ke devataon sahit chale jane ke uparant bhagirath ne pair ke angoothon par khade hokar ek varsh tak tapasya ki. shnkar ne prasann hokar gnga ko apane mastak par dharan kiya. gnga ko apane veg par abhiman tha. unhonne socha tha ki unake veg se shiv patal men pahunch jayenge. shiv ne yah janakar unhen apani jataon men aise sama liya ki unhen varshon tak shiv-jataon se nikalane ka marg nahin mila.

dharati par gnga ka avataran

bhagirath ne phir se tapasya ki. shiv ne prasann hokar use bindusar ki or chhoda. ve sat dharaon ke roop men pravahit hueen. hladini, pavani aur nalini poorv disha ki or; suchakshu, sita aur mahanadi sindhu pashchim ki or badhi. satavin dhara raja bhagirath ki anugamini huee. raja bhagirath gnga men snan karake pavitr hue aur apane divy rath par chadhakar chal diye. gnga unake pichhe-pichhe chalin. marg men abhimanini gnga ke jal se jahnumuni ki ygyshala bah gayi. kruddh hokar muni ne sampoorn gnga jal pi liya. is par chintit samast devataon ne jahnumuni ka poojan kiya tatha gnga ko unaki putri kahakar kshama-yachana ki. jahnu ne kanon ke marg se gnga ko bahar nikala. tabhi se gnga jahnusuta janhavi bhi kahalane lagin. bhagirath ke pichhe-pichhe chalakar gnga samudr tak pahunch gayin. bhagirath unhen rasatal le gaye tatha pitaron ki bhasm ko gnga se sinchit kar unhen pap-mukt kar diya. brahma ne prasann hokar kaha—“he bhagirath, jab tak samudr rahega, tumhare pitar devavat mane jayenge tatha gnga tumhari putri kahalakar bhagirathi nam se vikhyat hogi. sath hi vah tin dharaon men pravahit hogi, isalie tripathaga kahalayegi.’’[1]

mahabharat ke anusar

bhagirath anshuman ka pautr tatha dilip ka putr tha. use jab vidit hua ki usake pitaron ko (sagar ke sath hazar putron ko) sadagati tab milegi jab ve gngajal ka sparsh prapt kar lenge, to atynt adhirata se apana rajy mantri ko saunpakar vah himalay par chala gaya. vahan tapasya se usane gnga ko prasann kiya. gnga ne kaha ki vah to saharsh prithvi par avatarit ho jayegi, par usake pani ke veg ko shiv hi tham sakate hain, any koee nahin. at: bhagirath ne pun: tapasya prarambh ki. shiv ne prasann hokar gnga ka veg thamane ki svikriti de di. gnga bhootal par avatarit hone se poorv himalay men shiv ki jataon par utari, vahan veg shant hone par vah prithvi par avatarit huee tatha bhagirath ka anusaran karate hue sookhe samudr tak pahunchi, jisaka jal agasty muni ne pi liya tha. us samudr ko bharakar gnga ne patal sthit sagar ke sath hazar putron ka uddhar kiya. gnga svarg, prithvi aur patal ka sparsh karane ke karan tripathaga kahalayi. gnga ko bhagirath ne apani putri bana liya.


raja bhagirath ne sau ashvamedh ygy ka anushthan kiya tha. unake mahanh ygy men indr somapan kar madamast ho gaye the. bhagirath ne gnga ke kinare do svarn ghat banavaye the. unhonne rath men baithi anek sundar kanyaen dhan-dhany sahit, brahmanon ko danasvaroop di thi. gnga unaki putri hone ke karan bhagirathi kahalayi. raja bhagirath ke snkalp kalik jalapravah se akrant hokar gnga raja ki god men ja baithi. bhagirath ki putri hone ke nate jo gnga bhagirathi kahalayi thi, vahi gnga raja ke uru (jngha) par baithane ke karan urvashi nam se vikhyat huee.[2]

shiv puran ke anusar

raja sagar ki do raniyan thin—sumati tatha keshini. donon ne arjamuni ko prasann kiya. sumati ne sath hazar putr mange aur keshini ne ek putr manga. is prakar keshini ke putr ka nam pnchajany (asamnjas) pada. usase kramash: anshuman, dilip, bhagirath-putr, pautr, prapautr ka janm hua. bhagirath ne tap se gnga ko prasann kiya. phir ptapasya se sadashiv ko prasann kiya ki ve prithvi par utarati huee gnga ka veg grahan kar len. shiv ki jataon men gnga vilin ho gayi. tapasya se sadashiv ko prasann kiya to unhonne apani jataon ko nichoda jisase tin boond jal dikhalayi diya. ek boond dhara banakar patal ki or chali gayi, doosari akash ki or aur tisari bhagirathi ke roop men bhagirath ke pichhe-pichhe vahan pahunchi, jahan sagar ke sath sahastr putron ki bhasm thi. jal ke sparsh se ve mukt ho gaye. dilip bhi gnga ko prithvi par lana chahate the kintu ve tapobhoomi men hi mrityu ko prapt hue. unaki akanksha ki poorti unake putr bhagirath ne ki.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. valmiki ramayan, bal kand, sarg 42, shlok 1-25, sarg 43, 1-43, sarg 44, shlok 1-6
  2. mahabharat vanaparv, 108, 109.– dronaparv, 60.
  3. shiv puran, 11.22

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah