गोकर्ण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg gokarn ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- gokarn (bahuvikalpi)

gokarn karnatak ke pas basa ek pavitr hindoo dharmik kshetr hai. is pavan dharmik sthal se logon ki gahari asthaen judi hain. isake sath hi yahan ka ramanik aur manoram vatavaran tatha khoobasoorat samudr ke kinare sabhi ko apani or akarshit karate hain. karnatak ka chhota-sa sthal gokarn apane aitihasik mndiron ke lie bahut prasiddh hai. gokarn ka arth hai- 'gay ka kan. yah mana jata hai ki bhagavan shiv ka janm gay ke kan se hua, jis karan log is sthal ko 'gokarn' ke nam se pukarate hain.

astha ka kendr

yah bhi ek dilachasp tathy hai ki nadiyon ke sngam par base is ganv ka akar bhi ek kan jaisa hi pratit hota hai. yahan anek khoobasoorat mndir hain, jo logon ki astha ka kendr hain. yahan do mahattvapoorn nadiyon, 'gngavali' aur 'aghanashini' ka sngam bhi dekhane ko milata hai. gokarn men sthit mahabaleshvar mndir is jagah ka sabase prachin mndir mana jata hai. bhagavan shiv ka yah mndir pashchimi ghat par basa hai tatha karnatak ke sat mukhy mukti sthalon men se ek mana jata hai.

pauranik ullekh

mahabharat adiparv[1] men gokarn ka ullekh arjun ki vanavas yatra ke prasng men is prakar hai-

'adyn pashupate: sthann darshanadev muktidamh, yatr papoapi manuj: prapnotyabhayn padamh.'
'ath gokarnamasady trishu lokeshu vishrutamh, samudr madhye rajendr sarvalok namaskritamh.'
'tamraparni tu kaintey kirtayishyami tan shrunu yatr devaistapastaptn mahadichchhadibharashrame gakarn iti vikhyatastrishu lokeshu bharat.'
'ayarodhasi dakshinodadhe: shritagokarn niketamishvaramh, upavinayitun yayau raverudayavritipathen narad:.'
  • uparyukt ullekh men gokarn ko bhagavan shiv ka 'niket' athava 'grih' bataya gaya hai.

katha

is sthal ke bare men ek manyata prachalit hai, jisake anusar-

lnka ka raja ravan jo bhagavan shiv ka param bhakt tha, usane ek bar kathor tapasya karake bhagavan shiv ko prasann kiya. is tap se prasann hokar shiv ne ravan ko var mangane ko kaha. varadan svaroop ravan ne shiv ji se atmaling ki mang rakhi. is par bhagavan shiv ne use vah shivaling de diya, parntu sath hi ek nirdesh dete hue kaha ki yadi vah is shivaling ko jahan bhi jamin me rakhega, yah vahin sthapit ho jaega aur phir vahan se ise koee diga nahin sakega. at: ise jamin par mat rakhana. ravan atmaling ko hath men lekar lnka ke lie nikal pada. is ling ki prapti se vah aur bhi zyada takatavar evn amar ho sakata tha. narad muni ko is bat ka pata chala to unhonne bhagavan ganesh se is duvidha ko hal karane ki madad mangi. is par bhagavan ganesh ko ek tarakib soojhi, jisake tahat unhonne soory ko dhnk kar sndhya ka bhram nirmit kiya.

ravan jo niyamit roop se sandhy pooja kiya karata tha, is shivaling ke karan dharm snkat men pad gaya. is bich ganesh ji brahman ke vesh men vahan prakat hue. ravan ne us brahman svaroop ganesh se agrah kiya ki vah us atmaling ko kuchh samay ke lie pakad le taki vah pooja kar sake. ganesh bhagavan ko isi bat ka intazar tha. at: unhonne shivaling ko le liya, parntu ravan ke samaksh yah bat rakhi ki yadi use der hoti hai to vah avashyakata padane par tin bar hi ravan ko pukarega aur yadi vah nahin aya to phir us shivaling ko dharati par rakh dega. ravan ne bat man li. ab vah pooja karane laga. ravan ke pooja men dhyan lagate hi ganesh ji ne us ling ko vahin bhoomi par jo gokarn kshetr tha, rakh diya aur antardhyan ho ge. jab ravan ne pooja samapt ki to usane shivaling ko bhoomi rakha paya. usane bahut prayatn kiye, kintu ab vah ling ko jamin se utha nahin paya. tabhi se gokarn ko bhagavan shiv ka vas mana jata hai aur yah sthal ek dharmik sthal ke roop men mahattvapoorn ho gaya.

mukhy mndir

gokarn men vaise to kee mndir hain, kintu yahan ka murudeshvar mndir bahut hi prasiddh hai. isake sath hi mahaganapati mndir bhi hai, jo bhagavan ganesh ko samarpit hai. ganesh ne hi yahan shivaling ki sthapana karavaee thi, at: unake nam par is mndir ka nirman hua. isake atirikt doosare pramukh mndir, jaise- bhadrakali mndir, uma maheshvari mndir, varadaraj mndir, tamragauri mndir, sejeshvar, gunavnteshvar aur dhareshvar mndir bhi sthapit hain.

pnch mahakshetr

gokarn ko 'pnch mahakshetr' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. yahan ke mndiron ki banavat, shilp kala bahut hi sundar pratit hoti hai, jiname chaluky evn kadamb shailiyon ka mishrit prabhav bhi dekhane ko milata hai़. mandir ke andar ke shilp aur kalatmakata lubhavani hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

  1. adiparv 216, 34-35
  2. vanaparv 85, 24-29
  3. vanaparv 88, 14-15
  4. vanaparv 88, 17.
  5. raghuvnsh 8, 33

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah