अगस्त्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maharshi agasty ki ygy ke samay pratigya

maharshi agasty vaidik rishi the. ye vashishth muni ke bade bhaee the. unaka janm shravan shukl pnchami (tadanusar 3000 ee.poo.) ko kashi men hua tha. vartaman men yah sthan agastyakund ke nam se prasiddh hai. agasty ki patni lopamudra vidarbh desh ki rajakumari thin. agasty ko saptarshiyon men se ek mana jata hai. devataon ke anurodh par unhonne kashi chhodakar dakshin ki yatra ki aur bad men vahin bas gaye the. brahmatej ke moortiman svaroop mahamuni agasty ji ka pavan charitr atyant udatt tatha divy hai. vedon men unaka varnan aya hai.

  • rigved ka kathan hai ki mitr tatha varun namak vedataon ka amogh tej ek divy ygyiy kalash men punjibhoot hua aur usi kalash ke madhy bhag se divy tej:sampann maharshi agasty ka pradurbhav hua-
"satre h jatavishita namobhi: kunbhe ret: sishichatu: samanamh. tato h man udiyay madhyath tato gyatamrishimahurvasishthamh॥"

is richa ke bhashy men achary sayan ne likha hai-

"tato vasativarath kunbhath madhyath agastyo shamipraman udiyap pradurbabhoov. tat ev kunbhadvasishthamapyrishin jatamahu:॥"


is prakar kunbh se agasty tatha maharshi vasishth ka pradurbhav hua.


  • ek ygy satr men urvashi bhi sammilit huee thi. mitr varun ne usaki or dekha to itane asakt hue ki apane viry ko rok nahin paye. urvashi ne upahasatmak muskarahat bikher di. mitr varun bahut lajjit hue. kunbh ka sthan, jal tatha kunbh, sab hi atynt pavitr the. ygy ke antaral men hi kunbh men skhalit viry ke karan kunbh se agasty, sthal men vasashti tatha jak men matsy ka janm hua. urvashi in tinon ki manas janani mani gayi.[1]
  • puranon men yah katha ayi hai ki maharshi agasty (pulasty) ki patni mahanh pativrata tatha shri vidya ki achary hain, jo 'lopamudra' ke nam se vikhyat hain. agam-granthon men in dampatti ki devi sadhana ka vistar se varnan aya hai.
  • maharshi agasty mahateja tatha mahatapa rishi the. samudrasth rakshason ke atyachar se ghabarakar devata log inaki sharan men gaye aur apana du:kh kah sunaya. phal yah hua ki ye sara samudr pi gaye, jisase sabhi rakshason ka vinash ho gaya. isi prakar ilval tatha vatapi namak dusht daityon dvara ho rahe rishi-snhar ko inhonne bnd kiya aur lok ka mahanh kalyan hua.
  • ek bar vindhyachal soory ka marg rokakar khada ho gaya, jisase soory ka avagaman hi bnd ho gaya. soory inaki sharan men aye, tab inhonne vindhy parvat ko sthir kar diya aur kaha- "jab tak main dakshin desh se n lautoon, tab tak tum aise hi nimn banakar ruke raho." aisa hi hua . vindhyachal niche ho gaya, phir agasty ji laute nahin, at: vindhy parvat usi prakar nimn roop men sthir rah gaya aur bhagavan soory ka sada ke liye marg prashast ho gaya.

Blockquote-open.gif ek bar vindhyachal soory ka marg rokakar khada ho gaya, jisase soory ka avagaman hi bnd ho gaya. soory inaki sharan men aye, tab inhonne vindhy parvat ko sthir kar diya aur kaha- 'jab tak main dakshin desh se n lautoon, tab tak tum aise hi nimn banakar ruke raho.' aisa hi hua . Blockquote-close.gif


  • is prakar ke anek asambhav kary maharshi agasty ne apani mantr shakti se sahaj hi kar dikhaya aur logon ka kalyan kiya. bhagavan shriram vanagaman ke samay inake ashram par padhare the. bhagavan ne unaka rishi-jivan kritarth kiya. bhakti ki prem moorti mahamuni sutikshn inhin agasty ji ke shishy the. agasty snhita adi anek granthon ka inhonne pranayan kiya, jo tantrik sadhakon ke liye mahanh upadey hai.
  • sabase mahattv ki bat yah hai ki maharshi agasty ne apani tapasya se anek richaon ke svaroopon ka darshan kiya tha, isaliye ye mantr drashta rishi kahalate hain. rigved ke anek mantr inake dvara drisht hain. rigved ke pratham mandal ke 165 sookt se 191 tak ke sookton ke drashta rishi maharshi agasty ji hain. sath hi inake putr dridhachyut tatha dridhachyut ke putr idhmavah bhi navam mandal ke 25ven tatha 26ven sookt ke drashta rishi hain. maharshi agasty aur lopamudra aj bhi poojy aur vandy hain, nakshatr-mandal men ye vidyaman hain. doorvashtami adi vratopavason men in dampati ki aradhana-upasana ki jati hai.
maharshi agasty ka samundr pan

ilval aur vatapi

vaishampayan ji kahate hain- janamejay! tadanantar prachur dakshina dene vale kuntinandan raja yudhishthir ne gaya se prasthan kiya aur agastyashram men jakar durjay manimati nagari men nivas kiya. vahin vaktaon men shreshth raja yudhishthir ne maharshi lomash se poochha- "brahmanh! agasty ji ne yahan vatapi ko kisaliye nasht kiya? manushyon ka vinash karane vale us daity ka prabhav kaisa tha? aur mahatma agastyaji ke man men krodh ka uday kaise hua."

lomash ji ne kaha- pandunandan! poorvakal ki bat hai, is manimati nagari men ilval namak daity rahata tha vatapi usi ka chhota bhaee tha. ek din ditinandan ilval ne ek tapasvi brahman se kaha- "bhagavan! ap mujhe aisa putr den, jo indr ke saman parakrami ho." un brahman devata ne ilval ko indr ke saman putr nahin diya. isase vah asur un brahman devata par bahut kupit ho utha. rajan! tabhi se ilval daity krodh men bharakar brahmanon ki hatya karane laga.

vah mayavi apane bhaee vatapi ko maya se bakara bana deta tha. vatapi bhi ichchhanusar roop dharan karane men samarth tha! at: vah kshanabhar men menda aur bakara ban jata tha. phir ilval us bhed ya bakare ko pakakar usaka mans randhata aur kisi brahman ko khila deta tha. isake bad vah brahman ko marane ki ichchha karata tha. ilval men yah shakti thi ki vah jis kisi bhi yamalok men gaye hue prani ko usaka nam lekar bulata, vah pun: sharir dharan karake jivit dikhayi dene lagata tha. us din vatapi daity ko bakara banakar ilval ne usake mans ka snskar kiya aur un brahman dev ko vah mans khilakar pun: apane bhaee ko pukara. rajan! ilval ke dvara uchch svar se boli huee vani sunakar vah atyant mayavi brahmanashatru balavan mahadaity vatapi us brahman ki pasali ko phadakar hnsata hua nikal aya. rajan! is prakar dushtahriday ilval daity bar-bar brahmanon ko bhojan karakar apane bhaee dvara unaki hinsa kara deta tha.

vivah

ek bar agasty muni kahin chale ja rahe the. unhonne ek jagah apane pitaron ko dekha, jo ek gaddhe men niche munh kiye latak rahe the. tab un latakate hue pitaron se agasty ji ne poochha- "ap log yahan kisaliye niche munh kiye kanpate hue se latak rahe hai." yah sunakar un vedavadi pitaron ne uttar diya- "sntan parampara ke lop ki sambhavana ke karan hamari yah durdasha ho rahi hai." apane pitaron ki yah durdasha dekhane ke bad agasty muni ne vivah karane ka nishchay kiya. agasty ne ek anupam shishu ki rachana ki aur unhin dinon vidarbh-naresh bhi santan-prapti ke lie kathin tapasya karane men lin the. mainne jis shishu ki rachana ki hai, vahi is naresh ki putri ke roop men janm legi. chh: mahinon bad rani ne ek kanya ko janm diya. raja ki khushi ka thikana n raha. brahman shreshth! meri tapasya saphal huee. mujhe ek kanya-ratn ki prapti huee hai.

balika ka saundary dekhakar brahmanagan mugdh rah gaye. yah balika lopamudra ke nam se prasiddh huee. lopamudra badi hokar advitiy sundari aur param charitravati ke roop men vikasit huee. agasty muni raja ke pas pahunche aur unhonne kaha ki main apaki putri se vivah karana chahata hoon. raja ye bat sunakar chinta men doob ge. usi samay lopamudra raja ke pas ayi aur boli- "pita ji, ap duvidha men kyon pad gaye? main rishivar se vivah karane ke lie prastut hoon." lopamudra aur agasty muni ka vivah sampann ho gaya. vivah ke pashchath agasty muni ne lopamudra se kaha ki- "tumhare ye rajakiy vastr rishi-patni ko shobha nahin dete. inaka parityag kar do." lopamudra ne kaha- "jo agya, svami! ab se main chhal, charm aur valkal hi dharan karoongi." kuchh samay bad lopamudra ne kaha- "svami meri ek ichchha hai." rishi bole- "kaho, kya ichchha hai tumhari?" lopamudra ne kaha- "ham thahare grihasth! hamare lie dhan se sampann hona koee aparadh n hoga. prabhu, mai usi tarah rahana chahati hoon, jaise apane pita ke ghar rahati thi." rishi bole- "achchha to main dhan-prapti ke lie jata hoon. tum yahin meri pratiksha karana." agasty chal pade. main raja shrutarva ke pas chaloon. kahate hain, ve atyant samriddh hain.

jab agasty raja shrutarva ke darabar men pahunche to maharaj shrutarva ne poochha- "mahatman, bataiye main apaki kya seva karoon?" agasty bole- "main tumase kuchh dhan mangane aya hoon. tum apani samarthy ke anusar mujhe dhan pradan karo." raja ne kaha- "mere pas dene ko atirikt dhan nahin hai. phir bhi jo hai, usamen se ap ichchhanusar le sakate hain." agasty rishi nitivan the. agar main is raja se kuchh leta hoon, to doosaron ko usase vnchit hona padega. unhonne shrutarva se kaha- "main tumase kuchh nahin le sakata. ao, ham raja brihadasth ke pas chalen." lekin raja brihadasth ke pas bhi dene layaq atirikt dhan nahin tha. rishi agasty ne kaha- "shayad, raja trasadasyu meri kuchh sahayata kar saken. ao, ham sab unake pas chalen." lekin jab ve log raja trasadasyu ke yahan pahunche to raja trasadasyu bhi unako dhan dene men asamarth rahe. tinon raja ek-doosare ka munh takane lage. ant men unhonne samavet svar men kaha- "yahan ilval namak ek asur rahata hai, jisake pas athah dhan hai. aiye, ham usake pas chalen." ilval mahadhoort rakshas tha. usaka ek bhaee bhi tha, jisaka nam vatapi tha. ve donon hi brahmanon se ghrina karate the aur brahmanon ki hatya ka unhonne snkalp le rakha tha. jab agasty tinon rajaon ke sath ilval ke samrajy men pahunche, vah unake svagat ke lie taiyar baitha tha. unake vahan pahunchate hi usane kaha- "aiye, ap sabaka svagat hai. mainne apake lie vishesh bhojan taiyar karavaya hai." tinon rajaon ko ashnka huee. hamen agasty muni ko savadhan kar dena chahie. jab unhonne rishi ko bataya to rishi ne kaha- "chinta mat karo. mera kuchh nahin bigadega." agasty ne bhojan shuroo kiya. sachamuch aisa svadisht bhojan pahali bar khane ko mila.

jab rishi agasty ne antim kaur grahan kiya to ilval ne vatapi ko avaz di. vatapi bahar ao. ilval krodh se pagal ho utha. agasty bole- "ab vah kaise bahar a sakata hai? main to use khakar pacha bhi gaya." ilval ne apani har svikar kar li. usane agasty se kaha- "apaka kis uddeshy se ana hua? main apaki kya seva kar sakata hoon?" agasty bole- "hamen pata hai ki tum bade dhanavan ho. in rajaon ko aur mujhe dhan chahie. auron ko vnchit kie bina jo bhi de sakate ho hamen de do." ilval pal-bhar ko chup raha. phir usane kaha ki- "main har ek raja ko das-das hazar gayen aur utani hi muharen doonga aur agasty rishi ko bis hazar gayen aur utani hi muharen doonga, isake alava main unaki seva men apana sone ka rath aur ghode bhi arpit kar doonga. ap ye sari vastuen svikar karen." ilval ke ghode dharati par vayu-veg se daudate hain. ve log pal-bhar men hi rishi agasty ke ashram pahunch gaye. ab rajaon ne rishi agasty se jane ki agya mangi aur rishi ne unhen jane ki agya de di. un logon ke jane ke bad rishi agasty lopamudra ke pas gaye aur kaha ki- "lopamudra, jo tum chahati thin vah main le aya. ab ham tumhari ichchhanusar jivan bitaenge." kee varshon bad lopamudra ne ek putr ko janm diya. is prakar rishi agasty ne apane pitaron ko diya hua vachan poora kiya.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. rigved 7|33.

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