च्यवन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snkshipt parichay
chyavan
chyavan rishi
vnsh-gotr bhrigu vnsh
pita bhrigu
mata puloma
janm vivaran jab puloma garbhavati thi, tab puloman rakshas ne unhen jabaran apane sath le jana chaha. puloman se sngharsh men puloma ka shishu garbh se bahar gir gaya aur chyavan ka janm hua.
vivah sukanya tatha arushi se
sntan aurv
rachanaen 'chyavanasmriti'
snbndhit lekh sharyati, sukanya, indr
vishesh chyavan ne ashvinikumaron ko saum pan ka adhikar dilane ka vachan diya tha. ve ek ygy ka ayojan karate hain aur indr dvara apatti karane par bhi use ashvinikumaron ko ygy ka bhag pradan karane ke lie vivash kar dete hain.
any janakari 'bhaskarasnhita' men chyavan ne soory upasana aur divy chikitsa se yukt "jivadan tntr" bhi racha hai, jo ek mahatvapoorn mntr hai. anek mahanh rajaon ne inake nirnayon ko apane dharm-karm men shamil kiya.

chyavan rishi mahanh bhrigu rishi ke putr the. inaki mata ka nam 'puloma' tha. rishi chyavan ko mahanh rishiyon ki shreni men rakha jata hai. inake vicharon evn siddhanton dvara jyotish men anek mahatvapoorn baton ka agaman hua. is karan yah jyotish guroo ke roop men bhi prasiddh hue the. inake dvara rachit grnthon se jyotish tatha jivan ke sahi margadarshan ka bodh hua.

janm katha

rishi bhrigu ki patni ka nam puloma tha. ek bar jab bhrigu rishi apani patni ke pas nahin the, tab rakshas puloman unaki patni ko jabaran apane sath le jane ke lie aya. vah puloma ko balapoorvak le jane lagata hai. us samay puloma garbhavati thi aur is karan puloman se sngharsh men unaka shishu garbh se bahar gir jata hai. balak ke tej se rakshas puloman bhasm ho jata hai tatha puloma pun: apane nivas sthan bhrigu rishi ke pas a jati hai. garbh se gir jane ke karan hi balak nam 'chyavan' pada.

chyavan se snbndhit ghatanaen

chyavan rishi ke jivan se kee mahattvapoorn ghatanaen judi huee hain, jinamen se mukhy ghatanaen is prakar hain-

chyavan aur sukanya

janm se hi chyavan vidvanh aur gyani the. vah ek mahanh rishi the. inaka vivah arushi se hua tha, jisase inhen 'aurv' namak putr prapt hua. inaka any vivah raja sharyati ki putri sukanya se bhi hua tha. rishi chyavan ne bahut kathor tapasya ki thi. vah lnbe samay tak nishchal rahakar ek hi sthan par baithe rahe. jaise-jaise samay bitata gaya, unaka sharir ghas aur lataon se dhak gaya tatha chitiyon ne unaki deh par apana nivas bana liya. vah dikhane men mitti ka tila-sa jan padate the.[1]

is tarah bahut samay guzar gaya. ek din raja sharyati ki putri sukanya apani sakhiyon ke sath tahalati huee chyavan muni ke sthan par ja pahunchi. vahan par mitti ke tile men chamakate do chhidron ko dekhakar chakit rah gee aur kautuhal vash deh ko banbi samajhakar un chhidron ko kuredane lagati hai. usake is krity se rishi ki ankhon se rakt ki dhara nikalane lagati hai aur rishi chyavan andhe ho jate hain. ve krodhit hokar sharyati ke parivar tatha unake anucharon ko mal-mootr ruk jane ka shap de dete hain. raja sharyati is ghatana se du:khi hokar unase vinay nivedan karate hain. kshama-yachana svaroop vah apani putri sukanya ko unake supurd kar dete hain. is prakar sukanya ka vivah chyavan rishi se ho jata hai.

ashchinikumar aur chyavan

sukanya bahut pativrata thi. vah chyavan rishi ki seva men din-rat lagi rahati thi. ek din chyavan rishi ke ashram men devon ke vaidy ashvinikumar ate hain. sukanya uchit prakar se unaka adar-satkar evn poojan karati hai. usake is adar bhav v pativrat se se prasann ashvinikumar use ashirvad pradan karate hain. vah chyavan rishi ko unaka yauvan v ankhon ki jyoti pradan karate hain. ankhon ki jyoti aur nav yauvan pakar chyavan muni bahut prasann hote hain. vah ashchinikumaron ko saum pan ka adhikar dilavane ka vachan dete hain.[1]

yah sunakar ashvinikumar prasann hokar aur un donon ko ashirvad dekar vahan se chale jate hain. sharyati jab chyavan rishi ke yuva ho jane ke bare men sunate hain to bahut prasann hote hain v unase milane jate hain. rishi chyavan raja se kahakar ek ygy ka ayojan karate hain. jahan vah ygy ka kuchh bhag ashvinikumaron ko pradan karate hain. tab devaraj indr apatti jatate hain aur ashvinikumaron ko ygy ka bhag dene se mana karate hain. parntu chyavan rishi, indr ki baton ko anasuna kar dete hain. isase krodhit hokar indr un par vajr ka prahar karane lagate hain, kintu rishi chyavan apane tapobal se vajr ko rokakar ek bhayanak rakshas utpann karate hain. vah rakshas indr ko marane ke lie daudata hai. indr bhayabhit hokar ashvinikumaron ko ygy ka bhag dena svikar kar lete hain aur chyavan rishi se kshama mangate hain. chyavan rishi ka krodh shant hota hai aur vah us rakshas ko bhasm karake indr ko kasht se mukti pradan karate hain.

jal ke sath nadi men se nikale ge maharshi chyavan

chyavan tatha machhuare

ek bar chyavan ne mahanh vrat ka ashray lekar jal ke bhitar rahana arnbh kar diya. ve gnga-yamuna-sngam sthal par rahate the. vahan unaki jalacharon se pragadh maitri ho gayi. ek bar machhavahon ne machhaliyan pakadane ke lie jal dala to matsyon sahit chyavan rishi bhi jal men phns gaye. nadi se bahar nikalane par unhen dekh samast machhavahe unase kshama mangane lage. chyavan ne kaha ki unake pran matsyon ke sath hi tyakt athava rakshit rahenge. us nagar ke raja ko jab chyavan ki is ghatana ka gyan hua to usane bhi muni se uchit seva poochhi. muni ne usase machhaliyon ke sath-sath apana mooly machhavaron ko dene ke lie kaha. raja ne poora rajy dena bhi svikar kar liya, kintu chyavan use apane samakaksh mooly nahin man rahe the. tabhi gaur ke pet se janme gotaj muni udhar a pahunche. unhonne raja nahush se kaha- "jis prakar chyavan amooly hain, usi prakar gay bhi amooly hoti hai, at: ap unake moolyasvaroop ek gaur de dijie." raja ke aisa hi karane par chyavan prasann ho gaye. machhavahon ne kshama-yachana sahit vah gay chyavan muni ko hi samarpit kar di tatha unake ashirvad se ve log machhaliyon ke sath hi svarg sidhar gaye. chyavan tatha gotaj apane-apane ashram chale gaye.

raja kushik ko varadan

ek bar chyavan muni ko yah gyat hua ki unake vnsh men kushik vnsh ki kanya ke snbndh se kshatriyatv ka dosh ane vala hai. at: unhonne kushik vnsh ko bhasm karane ki than li. ve raja kushik ke yahan atithi roop men gaye. raja-rani unaki seva men lag gaye. un donon se yah kahakar ki ve unhen jagaye nahin aur unake pair dabate rahen, ve so gaye. ikkis din tak ve lagatar ek karavat sote rahe aur raja-rani unake pair dabate rahen. phir ve antardhan ho gaye. pun: prakat hue aur isi prakar ve doosari karavat so gaye. jagane par bhojan men ag laga di. tadanntar ek gadi men dan, yuddh ityadi ki vipul samagri bharakar usamen raja-rani ko jotakar savar ho gaye tatha raja-nari par chabuk se prahar karate rahe.[1]

is prakar ke anek krity hone par bhi jab raja kushik tatha rani krodh athava vikar se abhibhoot nahin hue to chyavan un par prasann ho gaye. unhen gadi se mukt kar agale din ane ke lie kaha aur rajamahal men bhej diya tatha svayn gnga ke kinare ruk gaye. agale din vahan pahunchakar raja-rani ne ek adbhut svarnamahal dekha, jo chitr-vichitr upavan se ghira tha. usake charon or chhote-chhote mahal tatha manav-bhasha bolane vale pakshi the. divy palng par chyavan rishi lete the. raja-rani moh men pad gaye. chyavan ne un donon ko apane ane ka uddeshy batakar kaha ki unase ve itane prasann hue hain ki ve unake bina mange hi ichchhit var denge. tadanusar raja kushik ki tisari pidhi se kaushik vnsh (brahmanon ka ek vnsh) prarnbh ho jayega. chyavan rishi bole- 'chirakal se bhriguvnshi logon ke yajaman kshatriy rahe hain, kintu bhavishy men unamen phoot padegi. mere vnsh men 'oorv' nam ka tejasvi balak trilok-snhar ke lie agni ki srishti karega. oorv ke putr richik honge. ve tumhari pautri (gadhi ki putri) se vivah karake brahman-putr ko janm denge, jisaka putr kshatriy hoga. richik ki kripa se tumhare vnsh gadhi ko vishvamitr namak brahman-putr ki prapti hogi. jo kuchh divy tum yahan dekh rahe ho, vah svarg ki ek jhalak matr hai. itana kahakar rishi ne un donon se vida li.[2]

grnth

chyavan muni dvara anek grnthon ki rachana huee. unake dvara rachit 'chyavanasmriti' men unhonne vibhinn tathyon ke mahatv ko darshaya hai. isamen unhonne godan ke mahatv ke vishay men likha. isake sath hi bure karyon se bachane ka marg evn prayashchi ka vidhan bhi bataya. 'bhaskarasnhita' men inhonne soory upasana aur divy chikitsa se yukt "jivadan tntr" bhi racha hai, jo ek mahatvapoorn mntr hai. anek mahanh rajaon ne inake nirnayon ko apane dharm-karm men shamil kiya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 chyavan rishi (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 01 aprail, 2014.
  2. mahabharat, dan dharm parv, adhyay 50-56,adhyay 156, shlok 17-35

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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