अग्नि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(आग se punarnirdeshit)
Disamb2.jpg agni ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- agni (bahuvikalpi)
agni

agni rasayanik drishti se agni jivajanit padarthon ke karban tatha any tatvon ka aauksijan se is prakar ka snyog hai ki garami aur prakash utpann hon. agni ki badi upayogita hai: jade men hath-pair senkane se lekar paramanu bam dvara nagar ka nagar bhasm kar dena, sab agni ka hi kam hai. isi se hamara bhojan pakata hai, isi ke dvara khanij padarthon se dhatuen nikali jati hain aur isi se shakti utpadak injan chalate hain. bhoomi men dabe avasheshon se pata chalata hai ki pray prithvi par manushy ke pradurbhav kal se hi use agni ka gyan tha. aj bhi prithvi par bahut si jngali jatiyan hain jinaki sabhyata ekadam prarnbhik hai, parntu aisi koee jati nahin hai jise agni ka gyan n ho.

adim manushy ne pattharon ke takarane se utpann chingariyon ko dekha hoga. adhikansh vidvanon ka mat hai ki manushy ne sarvapratham kade pattharon ko ek-doosare par marakar agni utpann ki hogi.

utpatti ke sambandh men pauranik gatha

agni ki utpatti ke sambandh men pauranik gatha is prakar hai-sarvapratham dharm ki vasu namak patni se agni utpann hua. usaki patni svaha se usake tin putr hue-

  1. pavak
  2. pavaman
  3. shuchi

chhathe manvantar men vasu ki vasudhara namak patni se dravinak adi putr hue, jinamen 45 agni-sntan utpann hue. is prakar sab milakar 49 agni hain. vibhinn karmon men agni ke bhinn-bhinn nam hain. laukik karm men agni ka pratham nam pavak hai. grihapravesh adi men nimnankit any nam prasiddh hain-

agnestu maruto nam garbhadhane vidhiyate.
punsavane chandranama shugankarmani shobhan:..
simante mngalo nam pragalbho jatakarmani.
nagni syatparthivi hyagni: prashane ch shuchistatha..
satyanamath choodayan vratadeshe samudbhav:.
godane sooryanama ch keshante hyagniruchyate..
vaishvanaro visarge tu vivahe yojak: smrit:.
chaturthyantu shikhi nam dhritiragnistatha pare..
prayashchitte vidhushchaiv pakaygye tu sahas:.
lakshahome tu vahni:syat kotihome hutashn:..
poornahutyan mrido nam shantike varadastatha.
paushtike baladashchaiv krodhagnishchabhicharike..
vashyarthe shamani nam varadaneabhidooshak:.
koshthe tu jathari nam kravyado mritabhakshane..[1]

vibhinn nam

garbhadhan men agni ko "marut" kahate hain. punsavan men "chandrama', shugankarm men "shobhan", simant men "mngal", jatakarm men 'pragalbh", namakaran men "parthiv", annaprashan men 'shuchi", choodakarm men "saty", vratabandh (upanayan) men "samudbhav", godan men "soory", keshant (samavartan) men "agni", visarg (arthath agnihotradikriyakalap) men "vaishvanar', vivah men "yojak", chaturthi men "shikhi" dhriti men "agni", prayashchit (arthath prayashchittatmak mahavyahritihom) men "vidhu', pakaygy (arthath pakang hom, vrishotsarg, grihapratishtha adi men) 'sahas', lakshahom men "vahni", koti hom men "hutashan", poornahuti men "mrid", shanti men "varad", paushtik men "balad", abhicharik men "krodhagni", vashikaran men "shaman", varadan men "abhidooshak", koshth men "jathar" aur mrit bhakshan men "kravyad" kaha gaya hai.[2]

gharshan vidhi

gharshan (ragadane ki) vidhi se agni bad men nikali hogi. pattharon ke hathiyar ban chukane ke bad unhen sudaul, chamakila aur tivr karane ke lie ragada gaya hoga. ragadane par jo chingariyan utpann huee hongi usi se manushy ne agni utpann karane ki gharshan vidhi nikali hogi.

gharshan tatha takkar in donon vidhiyon se agni utpann karane ka dhng ajakal bhi dekhane men ata hai. ab bhi avashyakata padane par ispat aur chakamak patthar ke prayog se agni utpann ki jati hai. ek vishesh prakar ki sookhi ghas ya ruee ko chakamak ke sath satakar pakad lete hain aur ispat ke tukade se chakamak par tivr prahar karate hain. takkar se utpann chingari ghas ya ruee ko pakad leti hai aur usi ko phoonk-phoonkakar aur phir patali lakadi tatha sookhi pattiyon ke madhy rakhakar agni ka vistar kar liya jata hai. gharshan vidhi se agni utpann karane ki sabase saral aur prachalit vidhi lakadi ke patare par lakadi ki chhad ragadane ki hai.

havan kund men prajvalit agni
any vidhi

ek-doosari vidhi men lakadi ke takhte men ek chhichhala chhed rahata hai. is chhed par lakadi ki chhadi ko mathani ki tarah veg se nachaya jata hai. prachin bharat men bhi is vidhi ka prachalan tha. is yntr ko 'arani' kahate the. chhadi ke tukade ko uttara aur takhte ko adhara kaha jata tha. is vidhi se agni utpann karana bharat ke atirikt lnka, sumatra, astreliya aur dakshini aphrika men bhi prachalit tha. uttari amerika ke indiyan tatha madhy amerika ke nivasi bhi yah vidhi kam men late the. ek var charls darvin ne tahiti (dakshini prashant mahasagar ka ek dvip jahan sthaniy adivasi hi basate hain) men dekha ki vahan ke nivasi is prakar kuchh hi seknd men agni utpann kar lete hain, yadyapi svayn use is kam men saphalata bahut samay tak parishram karane par mili. faras ke prasiddh grnth shahanama ke anusar husen ne ek bhaynkar sarpakar rakshasi se yuddh kiya aur use marane ke lie unhonne ek bada patthar phenka. vah patthar us rakshas ko n lagakar ek chattan se takarakar choor ho gaya aur is prakar sarvapratham agni utpann huee.

dntakatha

uttari amarika ki ek dntakatha ke anusar ek vishal bhainse ke daudane par usake khuron se jo takkar pattharon par lagi usase chingariyan nikalin. in chingariyon se bhaynkar davanal bhadak utha aur isi se manushy ne sarvapratham agni li.

agni ka manushy ki sanskritik tatha vaigyanik unnati men bahut bada bhag raha hai. laitin men agni ko pyooras arthath‌ pavitr kaha jata hai. snskrit men agni ka ek paryay pavak bhi hai jisaka shabdarth hai pavitr karane vala. agni ko pavitr manakar usaki upasana ka prachalan kee jatiyon men hua aur ab bhi hai.

satat agni

agni utpann karane men pahale sadharanat: itani kathinaee padati thi ki adikalin manushy ek bar utpann ki huee agni ko nirntar prajjvalit rakhane ki cheshta karata tha. yoonan aur pharas ke log apane pratyek nagar aur ganv men ek nirntar prajvalit agni rakhate the. rom ke ek pavitr mndir men agni nirntar prajvalit rakhi jati thi. yadi kabhi kisi karanavash mndir ki agni bujh jati thi to bada apashakun mana jata tha. tab pujari log prachin vidhi ke anusar pun: agni prajvalit karate the. sanh‌ 1830 ke bad se diyasalaee ka avishkar ho jane ke karan agni prajvalit rakhane ki pratha men shithilata a gee. diyasalaiyon ka upayog bhi gharshan vidhi ka hi udaharan hai; antar itana hi hai ki usamen phasphoras, shora adi ke shighr jalane vale mishran ka upayog hota hai.

prachin manushy jngali janavaron ko bhagane, ya unase surakshit rahane ke lie agni ka upayog barabar karata raha hoga. vah jade men apane ko agni se garam bhi rakhata tha. vastut jaise-jaise janasnkhya badhi, log agni ke hi sahare adhikadhik thnde deshon men ja base. agni, garam kapada aur makanon ke karan manushy aise thnde deshon men rah sakata hai jahan shit ritu men use sardi se kasht nahin hota aur jalavayu adhik svasthyaprad rahati hai.

vidyut kal men agni

motarakar ke injanon men petrol jalane ke lie bijali ki chingari ka upayog hota hai, kyonki aisi chingari abhisht kshanon par utpann ki ja sakati hai. makanon men kabhi-kabhi bijali ke tar men kharabi a jane se ag lag jati hai. tal (lenz) tatha avatal (kaaunakev) darpan se soory ki rashmiyon ko ekatrit karake bhi agni utpann ki ja sakati hai. gris tatha chin ke itihas men in vidhiyon ka ullekh hai.

ag bujhana

ag bujhane ke lie sadharanat: sabase achchhi riti pani udelana hai. baloo ya mitti dalane se bhi chhoti ag bujh sakati hai. door se agni par pani dalane ke lie rakabadar pnp achchha hota hai. chhoti-moti ag ko thali ya parat se dhakakar bhi bujhaya ja sakata hai. arnbh men ag bujhana saral rahata hai. ag badh jane par use bujhana kathin ho jata hai. prarnbhik ag ko bujhane ke lie yntr milate hain. ye lohe ki chadar ke baratan hote hain, jinamen sode (sodiyam karabonet) ka ghol rahata hai. ek shishi men aml rahata hai. baratan men ek khoonti rahati hai. thonkane par vah bhitar ghusakar aml ki shishi ko tod deti hai. tab aml sode ke ghol men pahunchakar karban daiaauksaid gais utpann karata hai. isaki dab se ghol ki dhar bahar veg se nikalati hai aur ag par dali ja sakati hai. adhik achchhe ag bujhane vale yntron se sabun ke jhag (phen) ki tarah jhag nikalata hai jisamen karban daiaauksaid gais ke bulabule rahate hain. yah jalati huee vastu par pahunchakar use is prakar chha leta hai ki ag bujh jati hai.

godam, dookan adi men svaynchal savadhan (aautomaitik alarm) laga dena uttam hota hai. ag lagane par ghnti bajane lagati hai. jahan teliphon rahata hai vahan aisa prabndh ho sakata hai ki ag lagate hi apane ap agnidal (fayar briged) ko soochana mil jae. isase bhi achchha vah yntr hota hai jinamen se, ag lagane par, pani ki phuhar apane ap chhootane lagati hai. pratyek bade shahar men sarakar ya myunisipailiti ki or se ek agnidal rahata hai. isamen vaitanik karmachari niyukt rahate hain jinaka kartavy hi ag bujhana hota hai. soochana milate hi ye log motar se agni sthan par pahunch jate hain aur apana kary karate hain. sadharanat: ag bujhane ka sara saman unaki gadi par hi rahata hai; udaharanat pani se bhari tnki, pnp, kainavas ka paip (hoj), is paip ke munh par lagane vali tonti (naauzal), sidhi (jo bina divar ka sahara lie hi tirachhi khadi rah sakati hai aur ichchhanusar oonchi, nichi ya tirachhi ki tatha ghumaee ja sakati hai), bijali ke tej roshani aur laudaspikar adi. jahan pani ka paip nahin rahata vahan ek any lari par keval pani ki badi tnki rahati hai. kee videshi shaharon men sarakari prabndh ke atirikt bima knpaniyan ag bujhane ka apana niji prabndh bhi rakhati hain. jahan sarakari agni dal nahin rahata vahan bahudha svaynsevakon ka dal rahata hai jo vachanabaddh rahate hain ki muhalle men ag lagane par turnt upasthit honge aur upachar karenge. bahudha sarakar ki or se unhen shiksha mili rahati hai aur avashyak saman bhi unhen sarakar se upalabdh hota hai. ag lagane par turnt agnidal ko soochana bhejani chahie (ho sake to teliphon se), aur turnt spasht shabdon men batana chahie ki ag kahan lagi hai.[3]

grnthon ke matanusar

agni
rigved ke anusar

hindoo devamandal ka prachinatam sadasy, vaidik snhitaon aur brahman granthon men isaka mahattvapoorn sthan hai. agni ke tin sthan aur tin mukhy roop hain-

  1. vyom se soory
  2. antariksh (madhyakash) men vidyut
  3. prithvi par sadharan agni

rigved men sabase adhik sookt agni ki stuti men hi arpit kiye ge hain. agni ke adim roop snsar ke pray: sabhi dharmon men pae jate hain. vah 'grihapati' hai aur parivar ke sabhi sadasyon se usaka snehapoorn ghanishth sambandh hai.[4] vah andhakar, nishachar, jadoo-tona, rakshas aur rogon ko door karane vala hai.[5] agni ka ygyiy svaroop manav sabhyata ke vikas ka lamba charan hai. pachan aur shakti nirman ki kalpana isamen nihit hai. ygyiy agni vedika men nivas karati hai.[6] vah samidha, dhrit aur som se shaktiman hota hai.[7] vah manavon aur devon ke bich madhyasth aur sandeshavahak hai.[8] agni ki divy utpatti ka varnan bhi vedon men vistar se paya jata hai.[9] agni divy purohit hai.[10] vah devataon ka paurohity karata hai. vah ygyon ka raja hai.[11] naitik tatvon se bhi agni ka abhinn sambandh hai. agni sarvadarshi hai. usaki 100 athava 1000 ankhen hain. jinase vah manushy ke sabhi karmon ko dekhata hai.[12] usake guptachar hain, vah manushy ke gupt jivan ko bhi janata hai. vah rit ka snrakshak hai.[13] agni papon ko dekhata aur papiyon ko dand deta hai.[14] vah pap ko kshama bhi karata hai.[15]

vaigyanik aur darshanik tattvon par prabhav

agni ki tulana brihaspati aur brahmanaspati se bhi ki gee hai. vah mntr, dhi (buddhi) aur brahm ka utpadak hai. is prakar ka abhed sookshmatam tattv se darshaya gaya hai. vaidik sahity men agni ke jis roop ka varnan hai, usase vishv ke vaigyanik aur darshanik tattvon par kafi prakash padata hai. jaimini ne mimansasootr ke "havi:prakshepanadhikaran" men agni ke chh: prakar bataye hain-

  1. garhapaty
  2. ahavaniy
  3. dakshinagni
  4. sabhy
  5. avasathy
  6. aupasan

'agni shabd ka vyutpattyarth is prakar hai : jo oopar ki or jata hai'(agi gatau, angenalopashch, angh+ni aur nakar ka lop).

vaidik dharm ke anusar

avesta men agni ko panch prakar ka mana gaya hai. parantu agni ki jitani udatt tatha vishad kalpana vaidik dharm men hai, utani anyntr kahin par bhi nahin hai. vaidik karmakand ka shraut bhag aur grihy ka mukhy kendr agnipoojan hi hai. vaidik devamandal men indr ke anantar agni ka hi doosara sthan hai. jisaki stuti lagabhag do sau sookton men varnit hai. agni ke varnan men usaka parthiv roop jvala, prakash adi vaidik rishiyon ke samane sada vidyaman rahata hai. agni ki tulana anek pashuon se ki gee hai. prajvalit agni garjanashil vrishabh ke saman hai. usaki jvala saur kiranon ke tuly, usha ki prabha tatha vidyut ki chamak ke saman hai. usaki avaz akash ki garjan jaisi gambhir hai. agni ke lie vishesh gunon ko lakshy kar anek abhidhan prayukt karake kie jate hain. agni shabd ka sambandh latoni 'ignish' aur lithueniyaee 'ugnish' ke sath kuchh anishchit sa hai, yadyapi preranarthak ajh dhatu ke sath bhasha shastriy drishti se asambhav nahin hai. prajvalit hone par dhoomashikha ke nikalane ke karan dhoomaketu is vishishtita ka dyotak ek prakhyat abhidhan hai. agni ka gyan sarvavyapi hai aur vah utpann hone vale samast praniyon ko janata hai. isalie vah 'jataveda:' ke nam se vikhyat hai. agni kabhi dyavaprithivi ka putr aur kabhi dyau: ka soonu (putr) kaha gaya hai. usake tin janmon ka varnan vedon men milata hai. jinake sthan hain-svarg, prithvi tatha jal. svarg, vayu tatha prithvi agni ke tin sir, tin jibh tatha tin sthanon ka bahut nirdesh ved men upalabdh hota hai. agni ke do janmon ka bhi ullekh milata hai-bhoomi tatha svarg. agni ke anayan ki ek prakhyat vaidik katha grik kahani se samy rakhati hai. agni ka janm svarg men hi mukhyat: hua, jahan se matarishva ne manushyon ke kalyanarth usaka is bhootal par anayan kiya. agni prasngat: any samast vaidik devon men pramukh mana gaya hai. agni ka poojan bharatiy snskriti ka pramukh chihn hai aur vah grihadevata ke roop men upasana aur pooja ka ek pradhan vishay hai. isalie agni 'griha', 'grihapati' (ghar ka svami) tatha 'vishvapati' (jan ka rakshak) kahalata hai.

shatapath brahman ke anusar

shatapath brahman[16] men gautam rahugan tatha videdh madhav ke netritv men agni ka sarasvat mandal se poorab ki or jane ka varnan milata hai. isaka tatpary yah hai ki jo ary snskriti snhita kal men sarasvati ke tirasth pradeshon tak simit rahi, vah brahmanayug men poorabi pranton men bhi phail gee. is prakar agni ki upasana vaidik dharm ka nitant hi avashyak ang hai.[17]

roop ka varnan

agni ke roop ka varnan is prakar hai-

pingabhrooshmashrukeshaksh: pinangajatharoarun:.
chhagasth: sakshasootroagni: saptarchi: shaktidharak:..[18]

bhauhen, dadhi, kesh aur ankhen pili hain. ang sthool hain aur udar lal hai. bakare par aroodh hain, akshamala liye hai. isaki sat jvalaen hain aur shakti ko dharan karata hai.

shubh lakshan

hom yogy agni ke shubh lakshan nimnankit hain-
archishmanh pinditashikh: sarpi:kanchanasannibh:.
snigdh: pradakshinashchaiv vahni: syath karyasiddhaye..[19]

jvalayukt, pinditashikh, ghi evn suvarn ke saman, chikana aur dahini or gatishil agni siddhidayak hota hai.

shabd utpadan

dehajany agni men shabd utpadan ki shakti hoti hai, jaisa ki "sngitadarpan" men kaha hai-

atmana preritn chittn vahnimahanti dehajamh.
brahmagranthisthitn prann s prerayati pavak:..
pavakaprerit: soath kramadoordhvapathe charanh.
atisookshmadhvani nabhau hridi sookshmn gale pun:..
pushtn shirshe tvapushtanch kritrimn vadane tatha.
avirbhavayatityevn panchadha kirtyate budhai:..
nakarn prananamann dakaramanaln vindu:.
jat: pranagnisnyogatten nadoabhidhiyate..

atma ke dvara prerit chitt deh men utpann agni ko ahat karata hai. brahmagranthi men sthit prerit vah pran kram se oopar chalata hua nabhi men atyant sookshm dhvani karata hai tatha gale aur hriday men bhi sookshm dhvani karata hai. sir men pusht aur apusht tatha mukh men kritrim prakash karata hai. vidvanon ne panch prakar ka agni bataya hai. nakar pran ka nam hai, dakar agni ka nam hai. pran aur agni ke snyog se nad ki utpatti hoti hai. sab devataon men isaka pratham aradhyatv rigved ke sarvapratham mntr "agnimile purohitamh" se prakat hota hai.

roop ka prayog

yogagni athava gyanagni ke roop men bhi "agni" ka prayog hota hai. gita men yah kathan hai-

'gyanagni: sarvakarmani bhasmasatkurute tatha.'
'gyanagnidagdhakarmani tamahu: panditn budha:..'[20]

agni ka sarvapratham sthan

prithvi-sthaniy devon men agni ka sarvapratham sthan hai. agni ygyiy agni ka pratinidhi roop hai. ygy ke dvara manushy ka sambandh devon se hota hai. at: ygy ki agni manushy aur devata ke bich sambandh ka soochak hai. parantu agni ka svaroop bhautik bhi hai. inaka svaroop garajate hue vrishabh ke saman batalaya gaya hai. unhen sir aur pair nahin hain parantu jihva lal hai. vaidik mntron men batalaya gaya hai ki utpatti ke samay agni ka svaroop bachhade ke saman hai, parantu prajvalit hone par unaka svaroop ashv ke saman hai. unaki jvala ko vidyut ke saman kaha gaya hai. kashth aur ghrit ko unaka bhojan mana gaya hai. agni dhoom patake ke saman oopar ki or jata hai. isi karan se agni ko dhoomaketu kaha gaya hai. ygy ke samay inaka ahvan kiya jata hai ki ye kush ke asan par virajaman hon tatha devon ke havish ko grahan karen. agni ka janm sthan svarg mana gaya hai. svarg se matarishva ne dharati par inhen laya. agni gyan ka pratik hai. vah sabhi praniyon ke gyata dev hain. at: inhen 'jataveda:' kaha gaya hai. agni ko dyusthaniy devata soory bhi mana gaya hai. agni ko 'trividh' tatha 'dvijanma' bhi kaha gaya hai. unaka pratham janm svarg men tatha doosara janm jal men (prithvi par) batalaya gaya hai. agni danavon ke bhakshak tatha manavon ke rakshak mane ge hain. inaka varnan do sau vaidik sookton men prapt hota hai.[21]

shabd sndarbh

shabd sndarbh
hindi agni, pnch tatvon men se ek tatv, kisi chiz ke jalate rahane ki dasha, ag ki tarah bahut garam, ati ushn. jaise—tumhari hatheli to ag ho rahi hai, garami ya tap utpann karaneval, agr.
-vyakaran    pullig, sngya

muhavara- ag gadana- angaron ya jalate hue koyalon ko rakh men dabana, jisase v adhik samay tak jalate rahe.

  1. ag jalana- aisi kriya karana jisase ag utpann ho.
  2. ag jilana- bujhati huee ag phir se tez karana ya sulagana.
  3. ag jodana- ag jalana.
  4. ag jhavanna- dahakate hue koyalon ka dhire-dhire thnda padana ya bujhane ko hona.
  5. ag jhadana- chakamak ya pattar ki ragad se chinagariyan utpann karana.
  6. ag dikhana- garam karane sukhane adi ke lie koee chiz ag ke pas le jana.
-udaharan   tap aur tej ka vah punj jo kisi chiz (kapada koyala lakadi adi) ke jalane se samay angare ya lapat ke roop men dikhaee deta hai aur jisamen se prayah kuchh dhuan tatha prakash nikalata rahata hai.
-vishesh    hamare yahan isaki ginati panch tattvon ya bhooton men huee hai, par pashchaty vaigyanik ise shakti matr manate hain. tattv ya bhoot nahin manate, kyonki yah koee dravy ya padarth nahin hai.
-vilom   
-paryayavachi    agni, anal, pavak, dahan
snskrit agni, agun, sinh, ag
any grnth
snbndhit shabd
snbndhit lekh

any shabdon ke arth ke lie dekhen shabd sndarbh kosh

snbndhit lekh

shabd sndarbh kosh
kashtakar antararashtriy antarrashtriy kalpasiddhi gatha upakhyan akhyan shatabdi suee nyagrodh mahapran vynjan antahsth vynjan oshthy vynjan danty vynjan moordhany vynjan talavy vynjan kanthy vynjan avyay vats kumar kimpurush saty vah snvarttak (hal) sthavar jara mohanastr aishik shastr rat sanatan anant adbhut varah dand vimukh kukur vrishadhvaj (bahuvikalpi) yayavar satr kulapati charu shoorp yoothanath dvarapal kalabattoo dhatta kadavak klib bhring patohoo attagattar attagam achal pravritti abohan ant-ayamh barabar kshetr hirany haraniparynt halli hallikar halik haiman shasy shrani svaviryopajivin sunu soona sthan sthan many sthal sthal vritti strot chaturth pnchabhagikam gunapatr khettasamik kripyagrih kumaragadiyanak kulyavap karmantik sima ekapurushikam utpadyamanavishti avat asihar ali aghat adhavay adanak skndhavar sity siddh seva setubndh senabhakt sarvamany sarv-abhyantar-siddhi sannidhata sngrahat snkrant snkar kul snkar gram sadhy ayanangal attapatibhag asvaynkrit krishi ardhasitika akshayanivi akshapataladhyaksh akshapatal akrit akrisht akaradayin akarad agrahar agraharik adevamatrik adhyiy-manussanam niyog samaharta sali sakarukar sadbhag sachitt sabha-madhyam shulk shaulkik shasan roodhamarodhi ropan rajju rajakiy kshetr yogakshem yav mey masu moolavap mndapika mahatran bhootavatapratyay bhoomichchhidranyay bhoomask bhukti bhujyaman bhogayak bhogapati bhogagam bhog bhikshu hal bhikhkhuhalaparihar bhandagarik brahmadey bittuvatt bhadrabhog bhagadudh bhaikshak bijagan baraj phenaghat pustapal poorvavap pur pratikar pradesh pathak patit pindak pautavamh pattala parshv parru patak pallika pariharik parihar padonalaksh panyasnstha paribhog pnchakul nyay karnik nivartan vyamishr-bhoomi brihi vivita vittolakar vishamatta vilop vatthupati vatak vaset-kutambik varta varshikashasy varatra varaj viparyast viparyay vapi vapatiriktamh vap gatya langul roopajiva roopadarshak shastriy kala shastr astr shastr shastriy thana sootr svabhav savyasachi puny tithi jaynti sair rngashala tarani tarani jatak ghoshanapatr godhooli mahamaya vitan meharab sharkara gaz yatana shivir samanvayavad goshthi kachahari anamika (ungali) madhyama tarjani angootha nuqta kootasth smart kandara khana khanabadosh koshn upabhog upabhokta utpadan utpadak akhetak naugamy avasthit aur upasthit abhigy aur anabhigy afavah aur kinvadnti adhikansh aur adhikatar antarrashtriy aur antararashtriy anuvad adhyas sahodara sahodar dashalakshan dharm snyam janashruti paras rajamahal sudarshan anushthan kathauti kathauta baragir baragi bijana jugad kharal nal kashkol sadaqa chhinnak arani ap: valay tarng avashesh sakhi abhng abir shrring raka lokakatha akhada angahin bavali khndahar safar sarika antardhan daity vidhi yam (snyam) nivesh nam puchhattar bakhar tattho-thnbho bela goru asarait muda alagyojha dvij ambu pravrajya eehit eehamrig eeha eehag eesari eesar eesan ees eeshm eeshu eeshika eesha eeshana eeshad eeshath‌sprisht eeshat eeshvaropasana eeshvariy eeshvari eeshvaradhin eeshvaravadi eeshvar-vad eeshvar-pranidhan eeshitv eeshita eesha eeshata eeli eeli eel eershyalu eershya eershyak eershy eershu eershit eershalu eersha eershana eerit eeran eeramad eerakha eer eemanadari eemanadar eeman-kalyan eeman eepsu eepsit eepsa eeda trignbhir trigndhak trigng trikhi trikha trikh trikshur trikshar trikon-miti trikon-bhavan trikon-phal tri-koorchak trikoota trikoot gadh trikuti trikuta trikut trikaladarshi trikaladarshita trikal-darshak trikalgyta trikalgy trikal trikarshik trikay trika trikandiy eedrish eedi eetar eedh trikand eedy trik-shool eedit trikal eedan eethi trikarma trikarman trikatray eethana trikatuk trikatu trikat eejad trikakum eeja trikakud eechha tri-knt gyanad gyanachakshu gyanagochar gyanagamy gyan krit gyatrivy gyati putr gyati gyata gyatavy gyat yauvana gyat-nndan gyat gypti gyapit gyapan gypt gypan eechhan eekharaj trishansh tri eekh eekshit trinshatpatr eeksha eekshika trishat eekshan trishah eekshanik eekshak eekarant trahi indr savarni indr sabha indr varuni indr vadhoo indr vnsha indr yav indr mndal indr nil indr dhvaj indradhanushi indr jau indrajali indr jav indrachap indr gop eekar indr giri indr krisht eedh indrak eenta indriyavad eencha-tani indiralay indira-raman indira eenchana intaha intazar eestar intazam intaqal eesh manohari intaqam intakohara eesh-gaud intaee ingur eesh-giri ingudi eeth dravy kafan adrisht sadi grnth kalantar drishy tatavarti gntavy supachy paridrishy udagam talluq dar benami sauda apavah prayopavesh anushruti ang shabd sndarbh soochi alnkaran bhuv kinvadnti madhu vaikunth (bahuvikalpi) agni jin (bahuvikalpi) asndi mithak atma bhakt pradarsh pradar astik toran kanik kanika eshana ela upahasit unmatt unmukh udrek udot aja upashaman upasham eeti apoh anooru anuyog anuyojy nepathy nrimedh nirdisht nivritt nivritti nirvap nirvat nishkantak viplav nishk viplavi viplav chinty ajiv ajivak parapatr nikshepak nikshep dhrishtata dhrisht dhav akhilesh vitarkan vitark latta vitat kurng kunjar kalush dhatri vidya dhatriphal dhatri navami dhatri karni kapisha kanakhi karsh dript ark shamy sushravy dhriti sushrava ayut shishi dhrit sushthu sushrav apatr snvrit rnjan rnjak yoothika yoop yuti yashti lunchan lasy sasy samarchan sahik sukrit lalam binb banak bhasvar bhavy pranav achchhadit achchhadak achchhann janmandh vivart vivarn hapana hap vachy vak lav rochana rochan rechan rechak ruchira ruchir mukari (paheli) audichy aurvashey shala aurv sharika shari shakun amlan phurahari charvi agah chakanachoor shnku shaman sharabh shardool chokha chitra okha okh aindr phunagi agamy vahika vahik kshataj kshat ksharan kshar ghalana ghal bilalana bndhak jhilamila jhilam kshitij yatharthavad ookha yatharth ookh oogat khanak khan kanak laghavi laghavik laghavakari laghav kshiprahast chhak havi havy kanishthika sugat janant tush hriti hritadhikar drishti drishtarth drishtant drishtavad pratyakshavad pratyagatma kshiprakari kshipr hrit pratyakshar hrichchhool kheh pratyaksh drishtavat moolabhoot drishtaphal vayavi vayaviy kanishtha vayav kanishth maulik drisht dosh drishtakoot moolik drisht vishti nidagh harmy achyut punit tattv mukari anand yntr pad andhata sadhu yash snt diksha vidhu muramardan purushottam bhav pitambar har madhav chaturbhuj ugr upendr sthanu kratudhvnsin bharg nilalohit trilochan viroopaksh vamadev (shiv) shitakinth (shiv) shitakinth garudadhvaj girish govind suparn shrikanth kapardin pinaki mrityunjay mrid girish nagantak bhootesh shnkar sharv narayan maheshvar (shiv) vainatey shoolin pashupati tarkshy eesh muni vikat munindr vighnanashak sumukh lokajit garutmath marajit bhagavat tathagat dharmaraj sarvgy vinayak agadh ary arh alp ikshu ichchha asrav asy ahary akrand akarsh asooyak akshar oj prakarsh panth prakrit ekarth unnamr ujjrimbhan eeshan unnat ujjrimbh jayy jay nairujy jalp mand tej namaskar namrata namr prabhav arjav pratap akropolis antashchetana ant:karan agora atinootan yug anagami anal anagradnt ativriddhi adhihrishata (ailarji) anubndh anubhav anubhavavad anyathanupapatti anyathasiddhi apil abhiprerak albam arajakata amin ayam injil intar lingua


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • rabart es. moltan (snpadak): haindabuk aauv fayar protekshan, naishanal fayar esosieshan (1948, inglaind);
  • je. devidasan fayar inshyorens (1923).
  • maikadaaunel : vaidik maithaloji (strasabarg);
  • kith : rilijan end philasaphi aauv ved end upanishadh (haravard), do bhag;
  • aravind : hims tud mistik phayar (pandicheri);
  • baladev upadhyay : vaidik sahity aur snskriti (kashi);
  • marathi gyanakosh (doosara khand, poona).
  1. gobhilaputrakrit sngrah
  2. pandey, daau. rajabali hindoo dharmakosh, 1988 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, prishth sn 06-08.
  3. sajavan, mejar anandasinh “khand 1”, hindi vishvakosh, 1973 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: nagari pracharini sabha varanasi, prishth sn 73-75.
  4. rigved, 2. 1. 9; 7. 15. 12; 1. 1. 9; 4. 1. 9; 3. 1. 7
  5. rigved 3. 5. 1; 1. 94. 5; 8. 43. 32; 10. 88. 2
  6. rigved 1. 140. 1
  7. rigved 3. 5. 10; 1. 94. 14
  8. rigved 1. 26. 9; 1. 94. 3; 1. 59. 3; 1. 59. 1; 7. 2. 1; 1. 58. 1; 7. 2. 5; 1. 27. 4; 3. 1. 17; 10. 2. 1; 1. 12. 4 adi
  9. rigved 3. 9. 5; 6. 8. 4
  10. rigved 2. 1. 2; 1. 1. 1; 1. 94. 6
  11. raja tvamadhvaranamh; rigved 3. 1. 18; 7. 11. 4; 2. 8. 3; 8. 43. 24 adi
  12. rigved 10. 7. 5
  13. rigved 10. 8. 5
  14. rigved 4. 3. 5-8; 4. 5. 4-5
  15. rigved 7. 93. 7
  16. shatapath brahman 1/4/90
  17. mishr, daau. devendr “khand 1”, bharatiy snskriti kosh, 2009 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: yoonivarsiti pablikeshan, prishth sn 19.
  18. adityapuran
  19. vayu puran
  20. pandey, daau. rajabali hindoo dharmakosh, 1988 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, prishth sn 06-08.
  21. mishr, daau. devendr “khand 1”, bharatiy snskriti kosh, 2009 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: yoonivarsiti pablikeshan, prishth sn 13.

snbndhit lekh

shabd sndarbh kosh
kashtakar antararashtriy antarrashtriy kalpasiddhi gatha upakhyan akhyan shatabdi suee nyagrodh mahapran vynjan antahsth vynjan oshthy vynjan danty vynjan moordhany vynjan talavy vynjan kanthy vynjan avyay vats kumar kimpurush saty vah snvarttak (hal) sthavar jara mohanastr aishik shastr rat sanatan anant adbhut varah dand vimukh kukur vrishadhvaj (bahuvikalpi) yayavar satr kulapati charu shoorp yoothanath dvarapal kalabattoo dhatta kadavak klib bhring patohoo attagattar attagam achal pravritti abohan ant-ayamh barabar kshetr hirany haraniparynt halli hallikar halik haiman shasy shrani svaviryopajivin sunu soona sthan sthan many sthal sthal vritti strot chaturth pnchabhagikam gunapatr khettasamik kripyagrih kumaragadiyanak kulyavap karmantik sima ekapurushikam utpadyamanavishti avat asihar ali aghat adhavay adanak skndhavar sity siddh seva setubndh senabhakt sarvamany sarv-abhyantar-siddhi sannidhata sngrahat snkrant snkar kul snkar gram sadhy ayanangal attapatibhag asvaynkrit krishi ardhasitika akshayanivi akshapataladhyaksh akshapatal akrit akrisht akaradayin akarad agrahar agraharik adevamatrik adhyiy-manussanam niyog samaharta sali sakarukar sadbhag sachitt sabha-madhyam shulk shaulkik shasan roodhamarodhi ropan rajju rajakiy kshetr yogakshem yav mey masu moolavap mndapika mahatran bhootavatapratyay bhoomichchhidranyay bhoomask bhukti bhujyaman bhogayak bhogapati bhogagam bhog bhikshu hal bhikhkhuhalaparihar bhandagarik brahmadey bittuvatt bhadrabhog bhagadudh bhaikshak bijagan baraj phenaghat pustapal poorvavap pur pratikar pradesh pathak patit pindak pautavamh pattala parshv parru patak pallika pariharik parihar padonalaksh panyasnstha paribhog pnchakul nyay karnik nivartan vyamishr-bhoomi brihi vivita vittolakar vishamatta vilop vatthupati vatak vaset-kutambik varta varshikashasy varatra varaj viparyast viparyay vapi vapatiriktamh vap gatya langul roopajiva roopadarshak shastriy kala shastr astr shastr shastriy thana sootr svabhav savyasachi puny tithi jaynti sair rngashala tarani tarani jatak ghoshanapatr godhooli mahamaya vitan meharab sharkara gaz yatana shivir samanvayavad goshthi kachahari anamika (ungali) madhyama tarjani angootha nuqta kootasth smart kandara khana khanabadosh koshn upabhog upabhokta utpadan utpadak akhetak naugamy avasthit aur upasthit abhigy aur anabhigy afavah aur kinvadnti adhikansh aur adhikatar antarrashtriy aur antararashtriy anuvad adhyas sahodara sahodar dashalakshan dharm snyam janashruti paras rajamahal sudarshan anushthan kathauti kathauta baragir baragi bijana jugad kharal nal kashkol sadaqa chhinnak arani ap: valay tarng avashesh sakhi abhng abir shrring raka lokakatha akhada angahin bavali khndahar safar sarika antardhan daity vidhi yam (snyam) nivesh nam puchhattar bakhar tattho-thnbho bela goru asarait muda alagyojha dvij ambu pravrajya eehit eehamrig eeha eehag eesari eesar eesan ees eeshm eeshu eeshika eesha eeshana eeshad eeshath‌sprisht eeshat eeshvaropasana eeshvariy eeshvari eeshvaradhin eeshvaravadi eeshvar-vad eeshvar-pranidhan eeshitv eeshita eesha eeshata eeli eeli eel eershyalu eershya eershyak eershy eershu eershit eershalu eersha eershana eerit eeran eeramad eerakha eer eemanadari eemanadar eeman-kalyan eeman eepsu eepsit eepsa eeda trignbhir trigndhak trigng trikhi trikha trikh trikshur trikshar trikon-miti trikon-bhavan trikon-phal tri-koorchak trikoota trikoot gadh trikuti trikuta trikut trikaladarshi trikaladarshita trikal-darshak trikalgyta trikalgy trikal trikarshik trikay trika trikandiy eedrish eedi eetar eedh trikand eedy trik-shool eedit trikal eedan eethi trikarma trikarman trikatray eethana trikatuk trikatu trikat eejad trikakum eeja trikakud eechha tri-knt gyanad gyanachakshu gyanagochar gyanagamy gyan krit gyatrivy gyati putr gyati gyata gyatavy gyat yauvana gyat-nndan gyat gypti gyapit gyapan gypt gypan eechhan eekharaj trishansh tri eekh eekshit trinshatpatr eeksha eekshika trishat eekshan trishah eekshanik eekshak eekarant trahi indr savarni indr sabha indr varuni indr vadhoo indr vnsha indr yav indr mndal indr nil indr dhvaj indradhanushi indr jau indrajali indr jav indrachap indr gop eekar indr giri indr krisht eedh indrak eenta indriyavad eencha-tani indiralay indira-raman indira eenchana intaha intazar eestar intazam intaqal eesh manohari intaqam intakohara eesh-gaud intaee ingur eesh-giri ingudi eeth dravy kafan adrisht sadi grnth kalantar drishy tatavarti gntavy supachy paridrishy udagam talluq dar benami sauda apavah prayopavesh anushruti ang shabd sndarbh soochi alnkaran bhuv kinvadnti madhu vaikunth (bahuvikalpi) agni jin (bahuvikalpi) asndi mithak atma bhakt pradarsh pradar astik toran kanik kanika eshana ela upahasit unmatt unmukh udrek udot aja upashaman upasham eeti apoh anooru anuyog anuyojy nepathy nrimedh nirdisht nivritt nivritti nirvap nirvat nishkantak viplav nishk viplavi viplav chinty ajiv ajivak parapatr nikshepak nikshep dhrishtata dhrisht dhav akhilesh vitarkan vitark latta vitat kurng kunjar kalush dhatri vidya dhatriphal dhatri navami dhatri karni kapisha kanakhi karsh dript ark shamy sushravy dhriti sushrava ayut shishi dhrit sushthu sushrav apatr snvrit rnjan rnjak yoothika yoop yuti yashti lunchan lasy sasy samarchan sahik sukrit lalam binb banak bhasvar bhavy pranav achchhadit achchhadak achchhann janmandh vivart vivarn hapana hap vachy vak lav rochana rochan rechan rechak ruchira ruchir mukari (paheli) audichy aurvashey shala aurv sharika shari shakun amlan phurahari charvi agah chakanachoor shnku shaman sharabh shardool chokha chitra okha okh aindr phunagi agamy vahika vahik kshataj kshat ksharan kshar ghalana ghal bilalana bndhak jhilamila jhilam kshitij yatharthavad ookha yatharth ookh oogat khanak khan kanak laghavi laghavik laghavakari laghav kshiprahast chhak havi havy kanishthika sugat janant tush hriti hritadhikar drishti drishtarth drishtant drishtavad pratyakshavad pratyagatma kshiprakari kshipr hrit pratyakshar hrichchhool kheh pratyaksh drishtavat moolabhoot drishtaphal vayavi vayaviy kanishtha vayav kanishth maulik drisht dosh drishtakoot moolik drisht vishti nidagh harmy achyut punit tattv mukari anand yntr pad andhata sadhu yash snt diksha vidhu muramardan purushottam bhav pitambar har madhav chaturbhuj ugr upendr sthanu kratudhvnsin bharg nilalohit trilochan viroopaksh vamadev (shiv) shitakinth (shiv) shitakinth garudadhvaj girish govind suparn shrikanth kapardin pinaki mrityunjay mrid girish nagantak bhootesh shnkar sharv narayan maheshvar (shiv) vainatey shoolin pashupati tarkshy eesh muni vikat munindr vighnanashak sumukh lokajit garutmath marajit bhagavat tathagat dharmaraj sarvgy vinayak agadh ary arh alp ikshu ichchha asrav asy ahary akrand akarsh asooyak akshar oj prakarsh panth prakrit ekarth unnamr ujjrimbhan eeshan unnat ujjrimbh jayy jay nairujy jalp mand tej namaskar namrata namr prabhav arjav pratap akropolis antashchetana ant:karan agora atinootan yug anagami anal anagradnt ativriddhi adhihrishata (ailarji) anubndh anubhav anubhavavad anyathanupapatti anyathasiddhi apil abhiprerak albam arajakata amin ayam injil intar lingua

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