अध्यास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

adhyas advait vedant ka paribhashik shabd hai. ek vastu men doosari vastu ka gyan adhyas kahalata hai. rassi ko dekhakar sarp ka gyan isaka udaharan hai. yahan par rassi saty hai, kintu usamen sarp ka gyan mithya hai. mithya gyan bina saty adhar ke snbhav nahin hai, at: adhyas ke do paksh mane jate hain. saty aur anrit ya mithya ka 'mithunikaran' adhyas ka mool karan hai.

is mithunikaran men ek ke dharmon ka doosare men arop hota hai. rassi ki vakrata ka sarp men arop hota hai, at: sarp ka gyan snbhav hai. sath hi yah dharmarop koee vyakti jan-boojhakar nahin karata; vastut: anajane men hi yah arop ho jata hai, isalie saty aur anrit men adhyasavastha men paraspar vivek nahin ho pata. vivek hote hi adhyas ka nash ho jata hai. jin do vastuon ke dharmon ka paraspar adhyas hota hai ve vastut: ek-doosari se atynt bhinn hoti hain. unamen tatvik samy nahin hota; kintu aupacharik dharmasamy ke adhar par yathakathnchith‌ donon ka mithunikaran hota hai.

adhyas ke lakshan

shankar bhashy men adhyas ka lakshan batalate hue kaha gaya hai ki ek vastu men tatsadrish kisi poorvadrishti vastu ka smaran hota hai. yah smritiroop gyan hi adhyas kahalati hai. parntu poorvadrisht vastu ka smaran mithya nahin hota. kisi ko dekhakar 'yah vahi vyakti hai', aisa utpann gyan saty hai. isalie 'smritiroop' shabd ka vishesh arth yahan abhipret hai. smrit vastu ke roop ki tarah jisaka roop ho, us vastu ka usase bhinn sthan par gyan hona adhyas ka sarvamany lakshan mana gaya hai. rassi ko dekhakar sarp ka smaran hota hai aur tadanntar sarp ka gyan hota hai. yah sarpgyanasmriti sarpa se bhinn vastu hai. vachaspati mishr ne 'bhamati' men kaha hai-sarpadibhav se rassi adi ka athava raktadi gun se yukt sphatik adi ka gyan n hota ho, aisi bat nahin hai, kintu is gyan se rassi adi sarp ho jate hain ya usamen sarp ka gun utpann hota hai, yah bhi asngat hai. yadi aisa hota to marupradesh men kiranon ko dakhakar uchhalati tarngon ki mala se sushobhit mndakini a gee hai. aisa gyan hota aur log usake jal se apani pipasa shant karate. isalie adhyas se yadyapi vastu sath‌ jaisi lagati hai, phir bhi usamen vastavik satyatv ki sthiti manana moorkhata hai.

yah adhyas yadi satyata se rahit ho to bndhyaputr adi ki tarah isaka gyan nahin hona chahie. kintu sarpgyan hota hai, at: yah atynt asath‌ nahin hai. sath hi adhyas gyan ko sath‌ bhi nahin kar sakate, kyonki sarp ka gyan kathamapi saty nahin hai. sath‌ aur asath‌ paraspar virodhi hain at: adhyas sadasath‌ bhi nahin hai. antat: adhyas ko sadasath‌ se vilakshan anirvachaniy kaha gaya hai. is kram se adhyast jal vastavik jal ki tarah hai, isilie vah poorvadrishti hai. yah to mithyabhoot anirvachaniy (shabdavyapar se pare) hai.

adhyas do prakar ka hota hai. arthadhyas men ek vastu ka doosari vastu men gyan hota hai-jaise, main manushy hoon. yahan 'main' atmatatv hai aur 'manushyatatv' jati hai. in donon ka 'mithunikaran' hua hai. gyanadhyas arthadhyas se prerit abhiman ka nam hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. adhyas (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 9 disambar, 2013.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

shabd sndarbh kosh
kashtakar antararashtriy antarrashtriy kalpasiddhi gatha upakhyan akhyan shatabdi suee nyagrodh mahapran vynjan antahsth vynjan oshthy vynjan danty vynjan moordhany vynjan talavy vynjan kanthy vynjan avyay vats kumar kimpurush saty vah snvarttak (hal) sthavar jara mohanastr aishik shastr rat sanatan anant adbhut varah dand vimukh kukur vrishadhvaj (bahuvikalpi) yayavar satr kulapati charu shoorp yoothanath dvarapal kalabattoo dhatta kadavak klib bhring patohoo attagattar attagam achal pravritti abohan ant-ayamh barabar kshetr hirany haraniparynt halli hallikar halik haiman shasy shrani svaviryopajivin sunu soona sthan sthan many sthal sthal vritti strot chaturth pnchabhagikam gunapatr khettasamik kripyagrih kumaragadiyanak kulyavap karmantik sima ekapurushikam utpadyamanavishti avat asihar ali aghat adhavay adanak skndhavar sity siddh seva setubndh senabhakt sarvamany sarv-abhyantar-siddhi sannidhata sngrahat snkrant snkar kul snkar gram sadhy ayanangal attapatibhag asvaynkrit krishi ardhasitika akshayanivi akshapataladhyaksh akshapatal akrit akrisht akaradayin akarad agrahar agraharik adevamatrik adhyiy-manussanam niyog samaharta sali sakarukar sadbhag sachitt sabha-madhyam shulk shaulkik shasan roodhamarodhi ropan rajju rajakiy kshetr yogakshem yav mey masu moolavap mndapika mahatran bhootavatapratyay bhoomichchhidranyay bhoomask bhukti bhujyaman bhogayak bhogapati bhogagam bhog bhikshu hal bhikhkhuhalaparihar bhandagarik brahmadey bittuvatt bhadrabhog bhagadudh bhaikshak bijagan baraj phenaghat pustapal poorvavap pur pratikar pradesh pathak patit pindak pautavamh pattala parshv parru patak pallika pariharik parihar padonalaksh panyasnstha paribhog pnchakul nyay karnik nivartan vyamishr-bhoomi brihi vivita vittolakar vishamatta vilop vatthupati vatak vaset-kutambik varta varshikashasy varatra varaj viparyast viparyay vapi vapatiriktamh vap gatya langul roopajiva roopadarshak shastriy kala shastr astr shastr shastriy thana sootr svabhav savyasachi puny tithi jaynti sair rngashala tarani tarani jatak ghoshanapatr godhooli mahamaya vitan meharab sharkara gaz yatana shivir samanvayavad goshthi kachahari anamika (ungali) madhyama tarjani angootha nuqta kootasth smart kandara khana khanabadosh koshn upabhog upabhokta utpadan utpadak akhetak naugamy avasthit aur upasthit abhigy aur anabhigy afavah aur kinvadnti adhikansh aur adhikatar antarrashtriy aur antararashtriy anuvad adhyas sahodara sahodar dashalakshan dharm snyam janashruti paras rajamahal sudarshan anushthan kathauti kathauta baragir baragi bijana jugad kharal nal kashkol sadaqa chhinnak arani ap: valay tarng avashesh sakhi abhng abir shrring raka lokakatha akhada angahin bavali khndahar safar sarika antardhan daity vidhi yam (snyam) nivesh nam puchhattar bakhar tattho-thnbho bela goru asarait muda alagyojha dvij ambu pravrajya eehit eehamrig eeha eehag eesari eesar eesan ees eeshm eeshu eeshika eesha eeshana eeshad eeshath‌sprisht eeshat eeshvaropasana eeshvariy eeshvari eeshvaradhin eeshvaravadi eeshvar-vad eeshvar-pranidhan eeshitv eeshita eesha eeshata eeli eeli eel eershyalu eershya eershyak eershy eershu eershit eershalu eersha eershana eerit eeran eeramad eerakha eer eemanadari eemanadar eeman-kalyan eeman eepsu eepsit eepsa eeda trignbhir trigndhak trigng trikhi trikha trikh trikshur trikshar trikon-miti trikon-bhavan trikon-phal tri-koorchak trikoota trikoot gadh trikuti trikuta trikut trikaladarshi trikaladarshita trikal-darshak trikalgyta trikalgy trikal trikarshik trikay trika trikandiy eedrish eedi eetar eedh trikand eedy trik-shool eedit trikal eedan eethi trikarma trikarman trikatray eethana trikatuk trikatu trikat eejad trikakum eeja trikakud eechha tri-knt gyanad gyanachakshu gyanagochar gyanagamy gyan krit gyatrivy gyati putr gyati gyata gyatavy gyat yauvana gyat-nndan gyat gypti gyapit gyapan gypt gypan eechhan eekharaj trishansh tri eekh eekshit trinshatpatr eeksha eekshika trishat eekshan trishah eekshanik eekshak eekarant trahi indr savarni indr sabha indr varuni indr vadhoo indr vnsha indr yav indr mndal indr nil indr dhvaj indradhanushi indr jau indrajali indr jav indrachap indr gop eekar indr giri indr krisht eedh indrak eenta indriyavad eencha-tani indiralay indira-raman indira eenchana intaha intazar eestar intazam intaqal eesh manohari intaqam intakohara eesh-gaud intaee ingur eesh-giri ingudi eeth dravy kafan adrisht sadi grnth kalantar drishy tatavarti gntavy supachy paridrishy udagam talluq dar benami sauda apavah prayopavesh anushruti ang shabd sndarbh soochi alnkaran bhuv kinvadnti madhu vaikunth (bahuvikalpi) agni jin (bahuvikalpi) asndi mithak atma bhakt pradarsh pradar astik toran kanik kanika eshana ela upahasit unmatt unmukh udrek udot aja upashaman upasham eeti apoh anooru anuyog anuyojy nepathy nrimedh nirdisht nivritt nivritti nirvap nirvat nishkantak viplav nishk viplavi viplav chinty ajiv ajivak parapatr nikshepak nikshep dhrishtata dhrisht dhav akhilesh vitarkan vitark latta vitat kurng kunjar kalush dhatri vidya dhatriphal dhatri navami dhatri karni kapisha kanakhi karsh dript ark shamy sushravy dhriti sushrava ayut shishi dhrit sushthu sushrav apatr snvrit rnjan rnjak yoothika yoop yuti yashti lunchan lasy sasy samarchan sahik sukrit lalam binb banak bhasvar bhavy pranav achchhadit achchhadak achchhann janmandh vivart vivarn hapana hap vachy vak lav rochana rochan rechan rechak ruchira ruchir mukari (paheli) audichy aurvashey shala aurv sharika shari shakun amlan phurahari charvi agah chakanachoor shnku shaman sharabh shardool chokha chitra okha okh aindr phunagi agamy vahika vahik kshataj kshat ksharan kshar ghalana ghal bilalana bndhak jhilamila jhilam kshitij yatharthavad ookha yatharth ookh oogat khanak khan kanak laghavi laghavik laghavakari laghav kshiprahast chhak havi havy kanishthika sugat janant tush hriti hritadhikar drishti drishtarth drishtant drishtavad pratyakshavad pratyagatma kshiprakari kshipr hrit pratyakshar hrichchhool kheh pratyaksh drishtavat moolabhoot drishtaphal vayavi vayaviy kanishtha vayav kanishth maulik drisht dosh drishtakoot moolik drisht vishti nidagh harmy achyut punit tattv mukari anand yntr pad andhata sadhu yash snt diksha vidhu muramardan purushottam bhav pitambar har madhav chaturbhuj ugr upendr sthanu kratudhvnsin bharg nilalohit trilochan viroopaksh vamadev (shiv) shitakinth (shiv) shitakinth garudadhvaj girish govind suparn shrikanth kapardin pinaki mrityunjay mrid girish nagantak bhootesh shnkar sharv narayan maheshvar (shiv) vainatey shoolin pashupati tarkshy eesh muni vikat munindr vighnanashak sumukh lokajit garutmath marajit bhagavat tathagat dharmaraj sarvgy vinayak agadh ary arh alp ikshu ichchha asrav asy ahary akrand akarsh asooyak akshar oj prakarsh panth prakrit ekarth unnamr ujjrimbhan eeshan unnat ujjrimbh jayy jay nairujy jalp mand tej namaskar namrata namr prabhav arjav pratap akropolis antashchetana ant:karan agora atinootan yug anagami anal anagradnt ativriddhi adhihrishata (ailarji) anubndh anubhav anubhavavad anyathanupapatti anyathasiddhi apil abhiprerak albam arajakata amin ayam injil intar lingua

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