अधिकांश और अधिकतर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

adhikansh aur adhikatar donon shabd ek jaise lagate hai par donon shabdon ke arth men kafi antar hai. ‘adhik’ aur ‘ansh se bana ‘adhikansh’ aise shabdon ke sath nahin prayukt hona chahie, jin se vyakt ikaiyan ek-ek kar ke gini ja sakati hon. udaharan ke lie ‘adhikansh vidhayak’ aur ‘adhikansh trenen’ men ‘adhikansh’ ka prayog galat hai. sahi udaharan honge-‘adhikatar vidhayak’ aur ‘adhikatar trenen’. yadyapi ek hi tren ke bare men kaha ja sakata hai ki ‘adhikashn tren bhari hai’ ya ‘tren ka adhikansh bhara hai.’

'adhikansh' ke udaharan

‘adhikansh’ ke any sahi prayog dekhie-adhikansh gehoon, adhikansh gana, adhikansh mal, adhikansh bhid, adhikansh kapada, adhikansh khet ityadi. kisi ek kapade ya khet ka ‘kam ya adhik ansh’ ho sakata hai, par kee kapadon aur kheton men se ‘adhik’ ki bat karane par ve ‘adhikansh’ nahin, ‘adhikatar’ honge, udaharanarth ‘adhikatar kapade’ aur ‘adhikatar khet’. ‘adhikansh ped’ ka matalab hai ‘pedon’ (ki snkhya) men se tulanatmak rup se adhik’. ‘adhikansh’ ekavachan rahata hai (ikaee ka hissa vyakt karane ke lie) tatha us se gini n ja sakane vali’ sima aur matra vyakt hoti hai, jaise ‘adhikansh maidan ya adhikansh frij khali tha’ men, jab ki ‘adhikatar’ prayah ‘gina ja sakane vala’ bahuvachan rahata hai, jaise ‘adhikatar adami’. (‘adhikansh adami’ nahin, jab tak ki adami-vishesh ke apekshakrit bade tukade ya ansh ki bat n ho !)

'adhikatar' ke udaharan

‘adhikatar sndook bhar gaya’ galat hai, ‘adhikansh sndook bhar gaya’ sahi hai. udhar ‘adhikatar sndook bhar ge’ sahi hai, aur ‘adhikansh sndook bhar ge’ galat hai. alabatta ‘adhikatar sndookon ka adhikansh bhar gaya’ bhi sahi hai. ‘adhikatar film bekar thi’, galat hai, ‘adhikansh film bekar thi’ sahi hai. ‘adhikatar bhid chali gee’ galat hai, ‘adhikatar log chale ge’ sahi hai. is ke viparit ‘adhikansh bhid chali gee’ sahi hai, ‘adhikansh log chale ge’ galat hai. ‘us ki bat ka adhikansh (sngya) bakavas hai’ ya ‘us ki adhikansh (visheshan) bat bakavas hai’ sahi hai.‘ us ki adhikansh baten bakavas hai’ bhi galat hain bhi sahi hai. ‘us ki adhikatar bat bakavas hai’ galat hai aur ‘usaki adhikansh baten bakavas hain’ bhi galat hai.

yadi ‘ansh’ ya ‘bhag’ ke sath ‘adhikansh’ aur ‘adhikatar’ men se ek ko lagane ki majaboori a pada to ‘adhikatar’ lagaya jaega, arthath ‘adhikatar ansh’ aur ‘adhikatar bhag’ sahi hai, ‘adhikansh bhag’ galat, varana yah ‘adhikansh ansh’ ke barabar ho jaega.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. manak hindi ke shuddh prayog bhag 1 (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 31 disambar, 2013.

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