अंतर्राष्ट्रीय और अंतरराष्ट्रीय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

antarrashtriy aur antararashtriy donon shabdon men vartani sahi hai, par bilakul alag-alag shabdon ke roop men hai. in ka arth-bhed pakadane ke lie ‘antarh’ aur ‘antar’ ka antar spasht karana zaroori hai. ‘antarh’, ka arth hai ‘andar ka’ ya ‘ke madhy’ ya ‘bich men’. is ka prayog ‘antardvadvn’, ‘antarbhoomi’, aur ‘antarlin’ jaise shabdon men dekha ja sakata hai. yah antahkaran’ aur ‘antah pur’ jaise shabdon men ‘atah’ ke rup men prayukt hota hai. ‘antarrashtriy’ aur ‘antardeshiy’ shabdon men ‘antarh’, vyavahrit hone ke karan in ka arth hai ‘rashtr ke andar ka’ ‘desh ke andar ka’. dak-tar-vibhag dvara prasarit ‘antardeshiy patr kard’ keval ‘desh ke bhitar’ chalate hain. un par angrezi men chhape ‘inalaind letar kard’ ki sarthakata dhyatavy hai.

udaharan

uparyukt shabdon se vyatirek ya virodh dikhane vale shabd hain ‘antararashtriy’ aur ‘antaradeshiy’, jin men ‘antarh’, nahin, ‘antar’ prayukt hua hai. ‘antar’ ka arth hai ‘doori’ ya ‘bahar ka’ ya ‘se bhinn’. ‘antar’ ka rup badal kar ‘antah’ kabhi nahin hota. jab ek rashtr, ya desh ka doosare rashtr ya desh se snbndh vyakt karana ho, tab ‘antararashtriy’ ya ‘antaradeshiy’ visheshan ka prayog hoga. angrezi men ‘intra-’ (=vidin=within) aur ‘intar’- (=bitavin=between) laga kar ‘intraneshanal’ aur ‘intaraneshanal’ shabd banae jate hain, jin men se pahale ka samanarthi hai ‘antarrashtriy’ aur doosare ka samanarthi hai ‘antararashtriy’. ek pradesh se doosare pradesh ke snbndh ‘antarapradeshiy’, lekin ‘antardeshiy’ honge. isi prakar, udaharan ke lie pakistan se bharat ke ‘antararashtriy’ snbndh hain, lekin bharat ke ‘antarrashtriy’ mamalon se usaka koee snbndh nahin hai. pratiyogita ya pratispardha ‘antarmahavidyalayin’, ‘antarvishvavidyalayin’ aur ‘antarkshetriy’ bhi ho sakati hai tatha ‘antaramahavidyalayin’, ‘antaravishvavidyalayin’, aur ‘antarakshetriy’ bhi; pathak ko shabd ki vartani dekh kar sahi arth nikalane men aur lekhak ko shabd ka arth soch kar sahi vartani likhane men savadhani baratani padegi.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. manak hindi ke shuddh prayog bhag 1 (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 31 disambar, 2013.

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