अफ़वाह और किंवदंती  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

afavah aur kinvadnti do alag-alag arthon vale shabd hain. ‘afavah’ hindi aur urdoo men ekavachan hai, arabi men bahuvachan. hindi men is ka arth hai ‘udati khabar’, jab ki arabi men is ka mool arth hai ‘bahut se munh’. yah shabd ‘fooh’ ka bahuvachan hai. ‘phooh’ ka dhatugat arth hai ‘bolana’ aur shabdagat arth hai ‘munh’ (arthath, ‘jis se bola jae’). ‘udati khabar’ bahut se munhon ke madhyam se phailati hai, isilie ‘afavah’ shabd usi arth ka vachak ban gaya. hindi men is ke bahuvachan-rup ‘afavahen’ aur ‘afavahon’ banate hain (kyonki vahan n to ‘fooh’ ka ata-pata hai aur n ‘afavah’ ke bhitar ki bahuvachanatmakata ka).

arth

‘udati khabar’ yani ‘afavah’ sachchi bhi ho sakati hai aur jhoothi bhi, lekin kuchh log ‘afavah’ ka arth sidhe mithya samachar’ lagate hain. vastutah ‘khabar’ jab tak apramanik rahati hai, tab tak ‘afavah’ rahati hai, jab us ke sahi ya galat hone ki pushti ho jati hai, tab vah lupt ho kar kramashah ‘tathy’ ya ‘gapp’ ban jati hai. ‘shruti’ ka ek arth ‘khabar’ bhi hai, isalie sthool roop se ‘janashruti’ janata men phaili huee khabar huee-sachchi ya jhoothi. isalie ise ‘afavah’ ka paryay kaha ja sakata hai. ‘janashruti’ ke saman ‘kinvadnti’ ka bhi sthool arth to ‘afavah’ hi hai, par sookshm arth men vah bhi ‘janashruti’ hai, arthat, aisi bat, jise log parnpara se sunate chale ae hon aur jis ke bare men yah pata n chale ki vah vastutah kis ke dvara chalaee gee hogi.’ isilie isaka ek arth ‘lokokti’ tak bata diya jata hai.

‘kinvadnti’ ke arth se milate-julate any shabd ‘janarav’ aur ‘pravad’ milate hain. ‘kinvadnti men prayukt ‘vadnti’ ka snskrit men arth ‘bhashan’ ya ‘pravachan’ hai aur ‘kinvadnti’ ke ‘kim,’ (kaun), ‘vad’ (bolana), aur ‘ant’ is shabd ka rahasy svayn khol rahe hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. manak hindi ke shuddh prayog bhag 1 (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 31 disambar, 2013.

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