अग्रहार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

agrahar
agrahar basti
vivaran dakshin bharat ke tamilanadu tatha keral adi rajyon men 'agrahar' aise gram ko kaha jata hai, jahan ke sabhi nivasi brahman hon.
desh bharat
rajy tamilanadu, keral adi.
any nam agraharam, bahut samay pahale inhen 'chaturvedimngalam' bhi kaha jata tha.
snbndhit lekh dakshin bharat, agraharik, tamilanadu ki snskriti, keral ki snskriti
any janakari agraharam ke charon taraf doosari jati ke log bhi basate the, jaise- badhee, kumhar, basod, lohar, sunar, vaidy, vyapari aur khetihar mazadoor adi, kyonki brahmanon ko mandir adi ke lie inaki sevaon ki avashyakata rahati thi.

agrahar athava 'agraharam' dakshin bharat men us gram ko kaha jata hai, jisake nivasi poornatah brahman hon. vibhinn jati vale gavon ke us bhag ko bhi agrahar kahate hain, jisamen brahman rahate hain. bahut samay pahale inhen 'chaturvedimngalam' bhi kaha jata tha.

aitihasik prishthabhoomi

dilli ke sultan alauddin khilaji ke senapati malik kafoor ne 14vin sadi ke prarnbh men madurai par akraman karake is shahar par kabza kar liya tha. itihas men snbhavatah yahi vah samay tha, jab us anchal ke brahman, jo agraharamon men raha karate the, bhayabhit ho ge aur hindoo rajyon men jakar sharan lene ki sochi. tamilanadu se samoohik palayan kar jin logon ka keral ana hua tha, unhen rajashray prapt hua aur unhen shahar ya ganv ke ek alag bhag men basaya gaya. aisi basavat ko bhi 'agraharam' ya 'gramn' kaha gaya. ek chhor par ya bich men shiv ka mndir aur agal-bagal uttar se dakshin ki or kataron men bane lagabhag 100 ghar, ek-doosare se jude hue. doosari taraf aise bhi log the, jo tamilanadoo men hi rah ge, parantu kalantar men kuchh parivar keral men apani kismat ajamane ke lie chale aye aur alag-alag ganvon men basate ge. unake gharon ko 'math' kaha jata hai. is tarah ka visthapan lagabhag 250 varsh pahale hi hua tha. ye doosare prakar ke log adhik khule vicharon ke the, kyonki sthaniy logon ke ve adhik karib the, jisake karan ve sthaniy snskriti aur paramparaon men saralata se rach bas ge.[1]

sngamakalin sahity men varnan

vishuddh roop se yah brahmanon ki hi basti hua karati thi aur isaka ullekh tisari sadi ke sngam kal ke sahity men bhi paryapt milata hai. inhen 'chaturvedimngalam' bhi kaha gaya hai. agrahar ka tatpary hi hai "phoolon ki tarah mala men piroye hue gharon ki shrrinkhala". ve prachin nagar niyojan ke utkrisht udaharan mane ja sakate hain. in gramon (agraharam) men rahane valon ki dinacharya poori tarah vahan ke mndir ke ird gird aur usase judi huee hoti thi. yahan tak ki unaki arthavyavastha bhi mndir ke dvara prabhavit hua karati thi. pratahkal sooryoday ke bahut pahale hi dinacharya prarnbh ho jati thi. jaise mahilaon aur purushon ka talab ya bavadi jakar snan karana, gharon ke samane gobar se lipakar sada rngoli banana, bhagavan ke darshan ke lie mndir jana aur vahan se vapas akar hi apane doosare karyon men lag jana.

krishi adharit arthavyavastha

agraharam ke charon taraf doosari jati ke log bhi basate the, jaise- badhee, kumhar, basod, lohar, sunar, vaidy, vyapari aur khetihar mazadoor adi. mndir ko aur vahan ke brahmanon ko bhi unaki sevaon ki avashyakata jo rahati thi. brahmanon ke pas svayn ki krishi yogy bhoomi bhi hua karati thi ya phir ve patte par mndir se prapt karate the. mndir ki snpatti ki dekharekh aur any kriya kalapon ke lie paryapt karmi bhi hua karate the, jinhen nakad ya vastu (dhan/chaval) roop men vetan diya jata tha. mndir ke prashasan ke lie ek nyas bhi hua karata tha. kul milakar mndir ko kendr men rakhate hue ek krishi adharit arthavyavastha thi.[1]

moolatah tamilanadu ke kumbhakonam, tnjavoor tatha tirunelveli se bhayabhit brahmanon ka palayan hua tha. badi snkhya men ve log palakkad men akar bas ge the aur kuchh kochchi ke raja ke sharanagat hue. tirunelveli se palayan karane valon ne travankor men sharan li aur bas gaye. unhen rajakary, shikshan adi ke lie upayukt samajha gaya aur lagabhag sabhi ko krishi bhoomi bhi upalabdh huee. keral akar unhonne apane agraharam bana lie aur apani sanskritik parnparaon ko snjoye rakha. unake agraharam men shiv ke mndir ke atirikt vishnu ke lie bhi doosare chhor par mndir banaye ge.

adhunikata ka prabhav

ab samay badal chuka hai. adhunikata ke chakkar men kee gharon ko todakar naya roop de diya gaya hai. in gramon ki abadi bhi ghatati ja rahi, kyonki gharon ke yuva rozi roti ke lie desh men hi anyatr ya videshon men ja base hain aur yah prakriya jari hai. atah kee makan sthaniy logon ne kharid lie hain. jo brahman parivar bache jue hain, unamen adhikatar vriddh hi rah gaye hain. palakkad ke asapas ab bhi bahut-se agraharam hain, jahan utsav adi adhunikata ke agosh men rahate hue bhi parnparagat roop men manaye jate hain. dipavali ke bad navambar/disnbar men ek 'tamil tyauhar' padata hai, jise 'karthikee' kahate hain. yah kuchh-kuchh bhaeedooj jaisa hai. har ghar ke samane rngoli to banati hi hai, parantu sham ko un par nana prakar ke pital ke die jalakar rakhe jate hain. yahi vah ek avasar hota hai, jab logon ke gharon ke bahar die jalate hain, kyonki aisa dipavali men bhi nahin hota.[1]


inhen bhi dekhen: saltanat kal ki shabdavali evn bhoogol shabdavali


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 agraharam (hindi) malhar. abhigaman tithi: 04 march, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

shabd sndarbh kosh
kashtakar antararashtriy antarrashtriy kalpasiddhi gatha upakhyan akhyan shatabdi suee nyagrodh mahapran vynjan antahsth vynjan oshthy vynjan danty vynjan moordhany vynjan talavy vynjan kanthy vynjan avyay vats kumar kimpurush saty vah snvarttak (hal) sthavar jara mohanastr aishik shastr rat sanatan anant adbhut varah dand vimukh kukur vrishadhvaj (bahuvikalpi) yayavar satr kulapati charu shoorp yoothanath dvarapal kalabattoo dhatta kadavak klib bhring patohoo attagattar attagam achal pravritti abohan ant-ayamh barabar kshetr hirany haraniparynt halli hallikar halik haiman shasy shrani svaviryopajivin sunu soona sthan sthan many sthal sthal vritti strot chaturth pnchabhagikam gunapatr khettasamik kripyagrih kumaragadiyanak kulyavap karmantik sima ekapurushikam utpadyamanavishti avat asihar ali aghat adhavay adanak skndhavar sity siddh seva setubndh senabhakt sarvamany sarv-abhyantar-siddhi sannidhata sngrahat snkrant snkar kul snkar gram sadhy ayanangal attapatibhag asvaynkrit krishi ardhasitika akshayanivi akshapataladhyaksh akshapatal akrit akrisht akaradayin akarad agrahar agraharik adevamatrik adhyiy-manussanam niyog samaharta sali sakarukar sadbhag sachitt sabha-madhyam shulk shaulkik shasan roodhamarodhi ropan rajju rajakiy kshetr yogakshem yav mey masu moolavap mndapika mahatran bhootavatapratyay bhoomichchhidranyay bhoomask bhukti bhujyaman bhogayak bhogapati bhogagam bhog bhikshu hal bhikhkhuhalaparihar bhandagarik brahmadey bittuvatt bhadrabhog bhagadudh bhaikshak bijagan baraj phenaghat pustapal poorvavap pur pratikar pradesh pathak patit pindak pautavamh pattala parshv parru patak pallika pariharik parihar padonalaksh panyasnstha paribhog pnchakul nyay karnik nivartan vyamishr-bhoomi brihi vivita vittolakar vishamatta vilop vatthupati vatak vaset-kutambik varta varshikashasy varatra varaj viparyast viparyay vapi vapatiriktamh vap gatya langul roopajiva roopadarshak shastriy kala shastr astr shastr shastriy thana sootr svabhav savyasachi puny tithi jaynti sair rngashala tarani tarani jatak ghoshanapatr godhooli mahamaya vitan meharab sharkara gaz yatana shivir samanvayavad goshthi kachahari anamika (ungali) madhyama tarjani angootha nuqta kootasth smart kandara khana khanabadosh koshn upabhog upabhokta utpadan utpadak akhetak naugamy avasthit aur upasthit abhigy aur anabhigy afavah aur kinvadnti adhikansh aur adhikatar antarrashtriy aur antararashtriy anuvad adhyas sahodara sahodar dashalakshan dharm snyam janashruti paras rajamahal sudarshan anushthan kathauti kathauta baragir baragi bijana jugad kharal nal kashkol sadaqa chhinnak arani ap: valay tarng avashesh sakhi abhng abir shrring raka lokakatha akhada angahin bavali khndahar safar sarika antardhan daity vidhi yam (snyam) nivesh nam puchhattar bakhar tattho-thnbho bela goru asarait muda alagyojha dvij ambu pravrajya eehit eehamrig eeha eehag eesari eesar eesan ees eeshm eeshu eeshika eesha eeshana eeshad eeshath‌sprisht eeshat eeshvaropasana eeshvariy eeshvari eeshvaradhin eeshvaravadi eeshvar-vad eeshvar-pranidhan eeshitv eeshita eesha eeshata eeli eeli eel eershyalu eershya eershyak eershy eershu eershit eershalu eersha eershana eerit eeran eeramad eerakha eer eemanadari eemanadar eeman-kalyan eeman eepsu eepsit eepsa eeda trignbhir trigndhak trigng trikhi trikha trikh trikshur trikshar trikon-miti trikon-bhavan trikon-phal tri-koorchak trikoota trikoot gadh trikuti trikuta trikut trikaladarshi trikaladarshita trikal-darshak trikalgyta trikalgy trikal trikarshik trikay trika trikandiy eedrish eedi eetar eedh trikand eedy trik-shool eedit trikal eedan eethi trikarma trikarman trikatray eethana trikatuk trikatu trikat eejad trikakum eeja trikakud eechha tri-knt gyanad gyanachakshu gyanagochar gyanagamy gyan krit gyatrivy gyati putr gyati gyata gyatavy gyat yauvana gyat-nndan gyat gypti gyapit gyapan gypt gypan eechhan eekharaj trishansh tri eekh eekshit trinshatpatr eeksha eekshika trishat eekshan trishah eekshanik eekshak eekarant trahi indr savarni indr sabha indr varuni indr vadhoo indr vnsha indr yav indr mndal indr nil indr dhvaj indradhanushi indr jau indrajali indr jav indrachap indr gop eekar indr giri indr krisht eedh indrak eenta indriyavad eencha-tani indiralay indira-raman indira eenchana intaha intazar eestar intazam intaqal eesh manohari intaqam intakohara eesh-gaud intaee ingur eesh-giri ingudi eeth dravy kafan adrisht sadi grnth kalantar drishy tatavarti gntavy supachy paridrishy udagam talluq dar benami sauda apavah prayopavesh anushruti ang shabd sndarbh soochi alnkaran bhuv kinvadnti madhu vaikunth (bahuvikalpi) agni jin (bahuvikalpi) asndi mithak atma bhakt pradarsh pradar astik toran kanik kanika eshana ela upahasit unmatt unmukh udrek udot aja upashaman upasham eeti apoh anooru anuyog anuyojy nepathy nrimedh nirdisht nivritt nivritti nirvap nirvat nishkantak viplav nishk viplavi viplav chinty ajiv ajivak parapatr nikshepak nikshep dhrishtata dhrisht dhav akhilesh vitarkan vitark latta vitat kurng kunjar kalush dhatri vidya dhatriphal dhatri navami dhatri karni kapisha kanakhi karsh dript ark shamy sushravy dhriti sushrava ayut shishi dhrit sushthu sushrav apatr snvrit rnjan rnjak yoothika yoop yuti yashti lunchan lasy sasy samarchan sahik sukrit lalam binb banak bhasvar bhavy pranav achchhadit achchhadak achchhann janmandh vivart vivarn hapana hap vachy vak lav rochana rochan rechan rechak ruchira ruchir mukari (paheli) audichy aurvashey shala aurv sharika shari shakun amlan phurahari charvi agah chakanachoor shnku shaman sharabh shardool chokha chitra okha okh aindr phunagi agamy vahika vahik kshataj kshat ksharan kshar ghalana ghal bilalana bndhak jhilamila jhilam kshitij yatharthavad ookha yatharth ookh oogat khanak khan kanak laghavi laghavik laghavakari laghav kshiprahast chhak havi havy kanishthika sugat janant tush hriti hritadhikar drishti drishtarth drishtant drishtavad pratyakshavad pratyagatma kshiprakari kshipr hrit pratyakshar hrichchhool kheh pratyaksh drishtavat moolabhoot drishtaphal vayavi vayaviy kanishtha vayav kanishth maulik drisht dosh drishtakoot moolik drisht vishti nidagh harmy achyut punit tattv mukari anand yntr pad andhata sadhu yash snt diksha vidhu muramardan purushottam bhav pitambar har madhav chaturbhuj ugr upendr sthanu kratudhvnsin bharg nilalohit trilochan viroopaksh vamadev (shiv) shitakinth (shiv) shitakinth garudadhvaj girish govind suparn shrikanth kapardin pinaki mrityunjay mrid girish nagantak bhootesh shnkar sharv narayan maheshvar (shiv) vainatey shoolin pashupati tarkshy eesh muni vikat munindr vighnanashak sumukh lokajit garutmath marajit bhagavat tathagat dharmaraj sarvgy vinayak agadh ary arh alp ikshu ichchha asrav asy ahary akrand akarsh asooyak akshar oj prakarsh panth prakrit ekarth unnamr ujjrimbhan eeshan unnat ujjrimbh jayy jay nairujy jalp mand tej namaskar namrata namr prabhav arjav pratap akropolis antashchetana ant:karan agora atinootan yug anagami anal anagradnt ativriddhi adhihrishata (ailarji) anubndh anubhav anubhavavad anyathanupapatti anyathasiddhi apil abhiprerak albam arajakata amin ayam injil intar lingua
aitihasik shabdavali

jital, navab, hashm-e-qalb, hashm-e-ataraf, sarahng, sarajamadar, sarajanadar, shahan-e-imarat, sarakhail, sama, sadaqa, vali, vaqf, muqaddam, maimar, muhatasib, muqata, milq, masahat, balahar, barid, fiqah, payak, naubat, nayak barabak, divane-qaza, dabir, talia, tafasir, tazkir, jahandari, zimmi, kharaj, khirqa, khasadar, khasakhail, khalasa bhoomi, khanaqah, khan, ku, qubba, idrar, italaki, amil, amir-e-bahar, amir-e-dad, aqata, arize mumalik, mustaufi-e-mumalik, mutasarrif, divan-e-bndagan, divan-e-istihaq, divan-e-khairat, vakil-e-dar, barabak, shahana-e-pil, amir-e-hajib, amir-e-shikar, amir-e-majalis, amir-e-akhur, sar-e-jandar, divan-e-nazar, sadr-us-sadur, vakil-e-sultan, nayab-e-mumalikat, divan-e-risayat, divan-e-rasalat, divan-e-barid, divan-e-insha, divan-e-arij, qazi-ul-quzat, nazir, musharif-e-mumalik, nayab vazir, divan-e-vaqoof, divan-e-mustakharaj, divan-e-amir kohi, divan, khazin, sultan, amir, vazir, agora, attagattar, attagam, achal pravritti, abohan, ant-ayamh, kshetr, hirany, haraniparynt, halli, hallikar, halik, haiman shasy, shrani, svaviryopajivin, sunu, soona, sthan, sthan many, sthal, sthal vritti, strot, chaturth pnchabhagikam, gunapatr, khettasamik, kripyagrih, kumaragadiyanak, kulyavap, karmantik, sima, ekapurushikam, utpadyamanavishti, avat, asihar, ali, aghat, adhavay, adanak, skndhavar, sity, siddh, seva, setubndh, senabhakt, sarvamany, sarv-abhyantar-siddhi, sannidhata, sngrahat, snkrant, snkar kul, snkar gram, sadhy, ayanangal, attapatibhag, asvaynkrit krishi, ardhasitika, akshayanivi, akshapataladhyaksh, akshapatal, akrit, akrisht, akaradayin, akarad, agrahar, agraharik, adevamatrik, adhyiy-manussanam, samaharta, sali, sakarukar, sadbhag, sachitt, sabha-madhyam, shulk, shaulkik, shasan, shaivar, vyamishr-bhoomi, brihi, vivita, vittolakar, vishti, vishamatta, vilop, vatthupati, vatak, vaset-kutambik, varta, varshikashasy, varatra, varaj, vapi, vapatiriktamh, vap gatya, langul, roopajiva, roopadarshak, roodhamarodhi, ropan, rajju, rajakiy kshetr, yogakshem, yav, moolavap, mey, masu, mndapika, mahatran, bhootavatapratyay, bhoomichchhidranyay, bhoomask, bhukti, bhujyaman, bhogayak, bhogapati, bhogagam, bhog, bhikshu hal

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah