कोच्चि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kochchi
View-Of-Cochin.jpg
vivaran kochchi shahar, bhootapoorv kochin, arab sagar par pramukh bndaragah, pashchim-madhy keral rajy, dakshin-pashchim bharat men sthit hai.
rajy keral
zila ernakulam
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 9°58', poorv- 76°16'
marg sthiti baingalor se kochchi ki doori 565 kimi, koynbatur se 223 kimi, maisoor se 470 kimi, madras se 694 kimi aur gova se 848 kimi hai.
kab jaen sitnbar se mee
kaise pahunchen jalayan, havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi se pahuncha ja sakata hai.
havaee adda kochchi antarrashtriy havaee adda
relave steshan eranakulam relave steshan
bas adda kochchi bas adda
yatayat aauto-riksha, taiksi, bas aur nav
kya dekhen hil pailes sngrahalay, bolaghatti mahal, sent phransis charch
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
kya khariden masale, chay, kaauphi aur smarikaen, mukhote, pital ki akritiyan aur lakadiyon se bane shrringar ke bakse
es.ti.di. kod 0484
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif kochchi antarrashtriy havaee adda
bhasha malayalam, angrezi
any janakari kochchi, keral ka tatavarti shahar hai. isalie ise arab sagar ki rani kaha jata hai.
adyatan‎

kochchi shahar, bhootapoorv kochin, arab sagar par pramukh bndaragah, pashchim-madhy keral rajy, dakshin-pashchim bharat men sthit hai. ise poorv ka venis bhi kaha jata hai. poorv men ek riyasat rajy ka nam bhi 'kochin' tha, jo ajakal kabhi-kabhi ernakulam, mattanacheri, fort kochin, vilingdan dvip, aipin dvip aur gundoo dvip ko milakar banane vale dvipon aur kasbon ke samooh ke lie bhi prayukt hota hai. shahari snkedran men trikkara, elooroo, kalamasseri aur trippunidhura ke ilake shamil hain.

itihas

kochin machhuaron ka ek mahattvahin sa ganv tha, bad men arab sagar ke pashchajal aur ghaton se utarane vali jaladharaon ne ganv ko mukhyabhoomi se alag kar diya, jisase yah bhoomibaddh bndaragah bharat ke dakshin-pashchim tat ke sarvadhik surakshit bndaragahon men se ek ban gaya. is bndaragah ko ek naya samarik mahattv mila aur yahan vanijyik samriddhi aee, jab 15vin shatabdi ke uttarardh men purtagaliyon ne hind mahasagar men pravesh kiya aur bharat ke dakshin-pashchim tat par pahunchakar 1500 ee. men purtagali navik pedro alvares kaibral ne bharatiy bhoomi par pahali yooropiy basti ki sthapana kochin men ki, bharat k samudri marg ko khojane vale vaskodigama ne 1502 ee. men pahali purtagali phaiktri (vyapar kendr) ki sthapana ki aur purtagali vaisaraauy alafanso-d-albukark ne vahan sanh 1503 ee. men pahala purtagali qila banavaya. sanh 1663 ee. men dachon dvara jite jane tak yah shahar purtagali svamitv men raha. shahar men ab bhi bahut sa purtagali sthapaty vidyaman hai.

santa krooz basilik, kochchi

kochchi keral ka tatavarti shahar hai. isako arab sagar ki rani kaha jata hai. keral ka yah shahar audyogik aur vanijyik gatividhiyon ka kendr hai. kochchi men hamen purtagali, yahoodi, british, phrench, dach aur chainij snskriti ka mila jula roop dekhane ko milata hai. kochchi ka itihas purtagaliyon ke agaman se poorv spasht nahin hai. kochchi ke itihas men purtagaliyon ka ana aham padav sabit hua. in videshiyon ka svagat kochchi ke rajaon ne kiya kyonki unhen kalikat ke jamorin ki shatruta ke karan ek shaktishali sahayogi ki talash thi. keshav ram varma ke shasanakal men yahoodiyon ne bhi rajakiy snrakshan prapt kiya. ye yahoodi mool roop se kodanagaloor se vyapar ke uddeshy se ae the. kochchi ka bndaragah 17vin shatabdi men dach ke adhin ho gaya tha. age chalakar sanh 1795 ee. men kochchi par angrezon ne adhikar jama liya tha jo bharat ke azadi ke sath hi mukh‍t hua.

bahusnkhyak hindoo shahar ke sabhi jatiy aur dharmik samooh, usake bahusnkhyak hindoo aur musalaman, siriyaee eesaee aur alpasnkhyak yahoodi isaki snpannata ke bhagidar the. sanh 1795 ee. se 1947 ee. men bharat ke svatntr hone tak kochin par angrezon ka shasan raha. 20vin shatabdi ke prarnbh men nirjal godiyon aur jahajon ki marammt ki suvidhaon vale ek adhunik bndaragah ka nirman hua aur vilingdan dvip (phort kochin ko ernakulam aur any nagaron se rel, pul v sadak marg se jodane vala) ka nirman prashikshin kendr ban gaya.

vyapar aur udyog

dach shasan (1663-1795) ke antargat kochin sarvadhik snpann raha. isake bndaragah se mirch, ilayachi, any masale aur aushadhiyan, sath hi nariyal ki jata, nariyal aur khopara niryat kie jate the. tat ke samanantar ant:sthaliy jalamargon ka ek tntr kochchi ko sasta parivahan upalabdh karavakar vyapar ko badhava deta hai.

yatayat aur parivahan

bndaragah

gahare pani vala bndaragah varsh bhar, yahan tak ki manasoon men bhi khula rahata hai aur yah ek relamarg se juda hai, jo ise ernakulam se jodata hai.

kochchi bndaragah
vayumarg

kochin ka antarrashtriy havaee adda hai jo bharat ke pramukh shaharon se sidha juda hua hai. yahan ek havaee adda hai, jahan se munbee, nee dilli, bngalor aur chennee pramukh bharatiy shaharon ke lie udane hain.

relamarg

eranakulam men do relave steshan hain. ek uttar aur doosara dakshin men hai. yahan se kochchi jane ke lie bas ya taiksi ki sevaen li ja sakati hain. eranakulam bharat ke anek shaharon se relagadiyon ke madhyam se juda hua hai.

sadak marg

kochchi sadak marg se anek paryatan kendron aur shaharon se juda hua hai. baingalor se kochchi ki doori 565 kilomitar, koynbatoor se 223 kilomitar, maisoor se 470 kilomitar, madras se 694 kilomitar aur gova se 848 kilomitar hai. rajy parivahan nigam ki basen kochchi ke lie niyamit roop se chalati hain.

paryatan

nayanabhiram anoopon aur pashchajal ke bich base kochchi men kafi bade star par paryatan vyavasay hota hai. phort kochin men purtagaliyon dvara 1510 men banaya gaya sent phransis charch hai, jo bharatiy bhoomi par pahala yooropiy girajaghar hone ke karan vikhyat hai, yahan kuchh samay ke lie vaskodigama ko dafanaya gaya tha, bad men unake parthiv avashesh purtagal le jae ge. any girajagharon ke sath hi yahan hindoo mndir, masjiden aur mattanacheri ka aitihasik sinegaaug (yahoodi upasana grih) vidyaman hain, chauthi shatabdi men basa kochchi ka yahoodi samuday bharat men sabase purana tha, halanki hazaron sadasyon men se lagabhag sabhi 20vin shatabdi ke uttarardh tak ijarail chale ge the.

janasnkhya

kochchi shahar ki janasnkhya (2001 ki ganana ke anusar) 5,96,473 hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

mattanacheri mahal, kochchi

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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