बेंगळूरू  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(बंगलोर se punarnirdeshit)
bengळooroo
Bangalore-Palace.jpg
vivaran bngalooroo bharat ka satavan sabase bada shahar hai. bngalor karnatak (bhootapoorv maisoor) rajy ka 1830 se shahar aur rajadhani hai.
rajy karnatak
zila baingalor zila
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 12°97', poorv-77°56'
marg sthiti yah shahar sadak dvara maisoor se 139 kilomitar, chennee se 349 kilomitar, hampi se 385 kilomitar, dilli se 2,081 kilomitar doori par sthit hai.
kab jaen garmiyon men aprail se joon aur sardiyon men aktoobar se faravari.
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi se pahuncha ja sakata hai.
havaee adda bengaloor antararashtriy havaee adda
relave steshan bngalaur jnkshan relave steshan
bas adda kampegaauda bas steshan
yatayat yatayat saikil-riksha, aauto-riksha, mitar-taiksi, siti bas aur metro rel
kya dekhen bengळooroo paryatan, rashtriy adhunik kala sngrahalay
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
kya khayen masala dosa, idali, rava dosa, vada
kya khariden bngalaur silk, chndan ki lakadi ke saman, hathi dant, bent aur bans ke pharnichar, adi
es.ti.di. kod 080
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr, bengaloor antararashtriy havaee adde
bhasha kannad, telugu, hindi, angrezi aur tamil
adyatan‎
bengळooroo bengळooroo paryatan bengळooroo zila

bngalor karnatak (bhootapoorv maisoor) rajy ka 1830 se shahar aur rajadhani hai. bngalor bharat ka satavan sabase bada shahar hai. bngalor ko bharat ka bagicha bhi kaha jata hai. samudr tal se 949 mitar ki oonchaee par karnatak pathar ki poorvi-pashchimi shrinkhala sima par sthit yah shahar rajy ke dakshin poorvi bhag men hai. sharad evn grishm ritu men khushagavar mausam ke karan nivas ke lie lokapriy sthan hai, lekin yahan ki badhati audyogik aur ghareloo zarooraton ke liye jal apoorti ek samasya hai. yahan 910 mimi varshik varsha hoti hai. bngalor kannad, tamil aur tamil bhasha ke logon ke lie sanskritik sngam ka bindu hai.

bhagavan shiv moorti, bengळooroo

itihas

ek bar hoyasal vnsh ke raja ballal jngal men shikar karane ke lie ge the. kintu vah rasta bhool ge. jngal ke kafi andar ek boodhi aurat rahati thi. vah boodhi aurat kafi garib aur bhookhi thi aur usake pas raja ko poochhane ke lie sivae ubali sem (bins) ke alava aur kuchh nahin tha. raja boodhi aurat ki seva se kafi prasannn hue aur unhonne poore shahar ka nam bele-benda-kaloo-ooroo rakh diya. sthaniy (kannad) bhasha men isaka arth ubali bins ki jagah hota hai. is aitihasik ghatana ke nam par hi is jagah ka nam bengळooroo rakha gaya hai. lekin angrezon ke agaman ke pashchath is jagah ko bngalor ke nam se jane jana laga. lekin vartaman men dubara se isaka nam badalakar bngalooroo kar diya gaya.

bngalor jagah ke nam ka aitihasik drishti se kafi mahattv hai. is sthan par 1537 ee. men shooravir saradar kenpegoda ne ek mitti ka durg aur nagar ke charon konon par char minaren banavaee thin. is prachin durg ke avashesh abhi tak sthit hain. haidarali ne is mitti ke durg ko patthar se punarnirmit karavaya (1761 ee.) aur tipoo ne is durg men kee mahattvapoorn parivartan kie. yah qila aj maisoor rajy men muslim shasanakal ka achchha udaharan hai. qile se 7 mil door haidarali ka lal bag sthit hai. bngalaur se 37 mil door nndigiri namak aitihasik sthan hai.

yatayat aur parivahan

vayu marg

bngalor ka ech. e. el. antarrashtriy havaee adda desh ka tisara vyastatam havaee adda hai. yah shahar ke poorv men ath kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai. ghareloo tatha antarrashtriy udanon men prayukt yah havaeeadda, eshiya, madhy-poorv tatha yoorop ke liye bhi havaee adde ki sevaen deta hai. kee pramukh shaharon jaise kalakatta, mumbee, dilli, haidarabad, chainnee, ahamadabad, gova, kochchi, mngaloor, pune, tiruanntapuram aur kolnbo (shrilnka) se yahan ke lie niyamit udanon ki vyavastha hai.

vidhan saudh, bngalor
Vidhan Soudha, Bangalore
rel marg

uttar aur pashchim men ek gahan mitar gej pranali ke sath-sath yah dakshini relave ki chaudi gej lain (chennee se) ka bhi jnkshan hai. bngaluroo men do pramukh relave steshan hai. yah steshan bharat ke kee pramukh shaharon se jude hue hai. desh ke kee shaharon se niyamit roop se eksapres rel bngalooroo ke lie chalati hain.

sadak marg

dakshini bharat ke sadak tntr ke kendr men sthit bngalor, varanasi-kanyakumari rashtriy rajamarg par hai. yah munbee (bhootapoorv bnbee), chennee (bhootapoorv madras) se mukhy sadakon aur keral se nilagiri pahadiyon v palaghat darre ke bich se hote hue maisoor shahar ke raste jude hai. bngalooroo men kafi snkhya men bas tarminal hai. jo ki relave steshan ke samip hi hai.

krishi aur khanij

asapas ke kshetr men kaveri aur kaveri ki sahayak arkavati nadiyan bahati hain. bajara v tilahan pramukh fasalen hain tatha maveshi v bhedapalan bhi hota hai.

udyog aur vyapar

lal bag, bngalor
Lalbagh, Bangalore

shahar ke viman rel ke dibbe aur mashini kalapurze nirmit karane vale adhishthan kendr sarakar dvara chalae jate hain aur vidyut telifon udyog aur chini mitti aur sabun ke karakhane rajy sarakar ke niyntran men hain. dava, vastr, rediyo ke purze, ghadiyan, kanch ka saman, chamada, joote-chappal, krishi upakaran aur kagaz nizi udyogon dvara banae jate hain.

shikshan snsthan

  • yahan par bngalor vishvavidyalay (1916 men sthapit maisoor vishvavidyalay ki ek shakha) aur krishi vigyan vishvavidyalay 1964 men khola gaya tha. shahar men kee saynkalin mahavidyalay, sarvajanik pustakalay aur bharatiy vigyan snsthan (1909), raman shodh snsthan (1943), rashtriy shodh prayogashala (1960) tatha rashtriy oorja shodh snsthan ka ek vibhag (1960) hai.
iskaaun mandir, bengळooroo
ISKCON Temple, Bangalore
  • inake alava bngalor men gyan bharati vishvavidyalay, indiyan instityoot aauf sains, indiyan instityoot aauf mainejament, neshanal laau skool aauf indiya yoonivarsiti, neshanal instityoot aauf mental helth aind nyooro sainsez, rajiv gandhi yoonivarsiti aauf helth sainsez, indiyan instityoot aauf inaformeshan teknolaauji, vishveshvaraiya kaaulej aauf injiniyaring, bi.em.es. kaaulej aauf injiniyaring tatha any kee medikal v injiniyaring kaaulej hain. bngalor ek prakashan (samachar patr-patrika) kendr bhi hai aur yahan kshetriy rediyo prasaran kendr ka mukhyalay hai.

paryatan

bul mandir, bengळooroo
Bull Temple, Bangalore

bngalor shahar ke purane bhag men saghan imaraten hain, sath hi adhunik upanagar hai, jinhen uttar tatha dakshin men jalidar namoone ke anusar banaya gaya hai. jahan vibhinn park aur chaudi galiyan hain. poorvi hisse men kee sainy chhavaniyan hain. mitti ke durg ke charon or basi abadi shahar ka kendr thi, is durg ka nirman (1537 men) ek sthaniy saradar kempegauda ne kiya tha, jisaka nirman 1761 men pattharon se kiya gaya. 1831 se 1881 tak bngalor british prashasan ka mukhyalay raha. raja ko shahar pun: saup die jane ke bad bhi yahan 1947 tak briten ka prashasanik aur sainy adhikar raha.

darshaniy sthalon men 500 ekad men phaila kabban park, jisamen bharat ke sabase purane sngrahalayon men se ek (1886) jaise kee mahattvapoorn bhavan sthit hain; vishveshvaraiya audyogik tatha praudyogikiy sngrahalay; vishveshvaraiya indastriyal tred sentar; ke venkatappa art gailari; sheshadri ayyar memoriyal haaul, jisamen sarvajanik pustakalay bhi hai; uchch nyayalay; bachchon ke manornjan aur abhiruchi ka kendr javaharalal neharoo bhavan shamil hain. pramukh bhavanon men vidhan saudh (1956) tatha bngalor qila v mahal shamil hain.
sngrahalay, bngalor
Museum, Bangalore
any sthalon men 1990 men sthapit saauftaveyar teknolaauji park (es.ti.pi.) nndi hil, ag ke devata agni ki durlabh pratima vala gufa mndir, mekedatu, vanaraghatta neshanal park, kanv jalashay, ulasoor jhil aur hesaraghatta jhil shamil hain.

kharidadari

bngalooroo men kharidadari ka apana hi ek alag hi anand hai. bngalaur silk, chndan ki lakadi ke saman, hathi dant, bent aur bans ke pharnichar, adi ke saman bhi kharid sakate hain. yahan apako kanchipuram silk ya savoraski kristal asani se mil sakata hai. bngalooroo vishesh roop se maaulon ke lie prasiddh hai. yahan sthit maaul bharat ke kuchh khoobasoorat aur bade maaul men se ek hai. ap sarakari bazar men bhi kharidadari ke lie ja sakate hain. yahan apako pital ke bartan, lakadi ka pharnichar, prachin abhooshan, paramparagat vastr, sadi, sajane ka saman adi asani se mil jaega.
sumer mahal, bengळooroo
ap kharidadari ke lie maijastik kshetr men bhi ja sakate hain. yahan kafi achchhi kharidadari ki ja sakati hai. is bazar ko haaug-kaaug market, burma bazar ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. bngalooroo men kee any bazar bhi hai jaise roossal market yahan apako ghar se judi kee chizen mil jaegi. isake atirikt chikapet bazar vishesh roop se silk sadi, sone v chandi ke gahanon ke lie kafi prasiddh hai. kamarshiyal strit bngalooroo se sabase vyast aur bhid-bhad vala bazar hai. yahan apako joote, abhooshan, khel ki vastuen asani se mil jaegi. british kal ke dauran ke dakshin pared ko aj em.ji.rod ke nam se jana jata hai. yahan apako kharidadari ke lie ilekh‍traaunik upakaran, kitaben aur maigajin, silk sadi, kapade, prachin aur photokari ki judi vishesh chizen mil sakati hai. em.ji.rod ke kafi najadik hi briged rod hai yah jagah ilekh‍traaunik upakaran jaise telivishzan, phrij, sngit yntr aur kampyootar adi ke lie prasidv hai.

janasnkhya

bngalor shahar ki janasnkhya (2001) 65,23,110; aur gramin ki janasnkhya 18,77,416 hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
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vithika

snbndhit lekh

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