कल्याणी कर्नाटक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kalyani

kalyani, bidar zila (maisoor) chalukyon ki prasiddh rajadhani thi. yah tulajapur se haidarabad jane vali sadak par avasthit hai. prarambh men yah uttar chaluky kal men rajy ke pashchimi bhag ki rajadhani thi. maisoor rajy ke 'bharngi' namak sthan se prapt pulakeshiyan chaluky ke ek abhilekh men kalyani ka ullekh hai.

itihas

poorv aur uttar-chalukyakal ke bich men rashtrakoot nareshon ne malakhed namak sthan par apane rajy ki rajadhani banaee thi, kintu chaluky rajy ke puraruddharak taila (973-997 ee.) ne kalyani ko punah rajadhani banane ka gaurav pradan kiya. 11vin shati men chalukyaraj someshvar pratham ke rajatvakal men kalyani ki ganana param samriddhishali nagaron men ki jati thi. dharmashastr ke prasiddh grnth mitakshara ka rachayita vigyaneshvar kalyani-naresh vikramadity chaluky ki rajasabha ka ratn tha. 12vin shati ke madhy men chalukyon ka rajy kalachuri nareshon dvara samapt kar diya gaya. isake bad se kalyani se rajadhani bhi hata li gee.

qile

kalyani ke qile men mohammad bin tugalaq ke do abhilekh hain, jinamen kalyani ko dilli ki saltanat ka ang bataya gaya hai. tatpashchath kalyani bahamani rajy men sammilit kar li gee.

kalyani ka vilay

bahamani nareshon ne kalyani ke prachin hindoo durg ka yuddh men golabari se raksha ki drishti se samuchit roop men sudhar kiya. bahamani rajy ke vighatan ke pashchath kalyani baridi saltanat ke andar kuchh samay tak rahi, kintu thode hi samay ke uparant yahan bijapur ke adilashahi sultanon ka adhikar ho gaya. aurngazeb ka bijapur par qabza hone par kalyani ko mugal sainikon ne khoob loota. tatpashchath kalyani ko mugal samrajy ke bidar nam ke soobe men shamil kar liya gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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