हम्पी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hampi
viroopaksh mndir, hampi
vivaran hamh‍pi bharat ka ek pramukh paryatan sthal hai.
rajy karnatak
zila bellari zila
nirman kal 1336
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 15.335° poorv- 76.462°
marg sthiti hampi belaganv se 190 kilomitar, bengळooru se 350 kilomitar, gova se 312 kilomitar door hai.
prasiddhi yoonesko ki vishv virasat sthal soochi men shamil hai.
kab jaen aktoobar se march
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel v sadak marg dvara pahuncha ja sakata hai.
havaee adda nazadiki bellari havaee adda
relave steshan nazadiki hospet relave steshan
bas adda hampi bas adda
yatayat rel, bas, taiksi
kya dekhen virupaksh mandir, badav ling, lakshmi narasimha mndir, hazara ram mndir, kamal mahal, haus aauf viktari, sngrahalay, hathighar adi.
kahan thaharen hotal, atithi grah
kya khariden hast shilp ki vastuen, hospet ki dukanon se hathakaragha ki chizen
es.ti.di. kod 08394
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
bhasha kannad bhasha, hindi bhasha

hampi madhyakalin hindoo rajy vijayanagar samrajy ki rajadhani tha. tungabhadra nadi ke tat par sthit yah nagar ab 'hampi' ke nam se jana jata hai. yah prachin shanadar nagar ab matr khndaharon ke roop men hi avashesh ansh men upasthit hai. yahan ke khndaharon ko dekhane se yah sahaj hi pratit hota hai ki kisi samay men hampi men ek samriddhashali sabhyata nivas karati thi. bharat ke karnatak rajy men sthit yah nagar yoonesko dvara 'vishv virasat sthalon' ki soochi men bhi shamil hai.[1]

namakaran

  • prasiddh madhyakalin vijayanagar rajy ke khndahar hampi ke nikat vishal khndaharon ke roop men pade hue hain. kahate hain ki 'pampapati' ke karan hi is sthan ka nam hampi hua hai. sthaniy log 'p' ka uchcharan 'h' kahate hain aur 'pnpapati' ko 'hampapati' (hnpapathi) kahate hain. hampi 'hampapati' ka hi laghuroop hai.
  • yah mana jata hai ki ek samay men hampi rom se bhi samriddh nagar tha. prasiddh madhyakalin vijayanagar rajy ke khandahar vartaman hampi men maujood hain. is samrajy ki rajadhani ke khandahar snsar ko yah ghoshit karate hain ki isake gaurav ke dinon men svadeshi kalakaron ne yahan vastukala, chitrakala evn moortikala ki ek prithakh shaili ka vikas kiya tha. hampi pattharon se ghira shahar hai. yahan mndiron ki khoobasoorat shrinkhala hai, isalie ise mndiron ka shahar bhi kaha jata hai.

itihas

hampi ka itihas pratham shatabdi se prarnbh hota hai. us samay isake asapas bauddhon ka karyasthal tha. bad men hampi vijayanagar samrajy ki rajadhani bana. vijayanagar hinduon ke sabase vishal samrajyon men se ek tha. harihar aur bukka namak do bhaeeyon ne 1336 ee. men is samrajy ki sthapana ki thi. krishnadev ray ne yahan 1509 se 1529 ke bich hampi men shasan kiya aur apane samrajy ka vistar kiya. hampi men shesh rahe adhikatar smarakon ka nirman krishnadev ray ne karavaya tha. yahan char pnktiyon ki qilebndi nagar ki raksha karati thi. is samrajy ki vishal sena doosare rajyon se isaki raksha karati thi. vijayanagar samrajy ke arnh‍tagat karnatak, maharashtr aur andhr pradesh ke rajy ate the. krishnadevaray ki mrityu ke bad is vishal samrajy ko bidar, bijapur, golakunda, ahamadanagar aur barar ki muslim senaon ne 1565 men nasht kar diya. karnatak rajy men sthit hampi ko ramayanakal men pampa aur kishkindha ke nam se jana jata tha. hampi nam hampadevi ke mndir ke karan pada. hampadevi mndir gyarahavin se terahavin shatabdi ke bich banavaya gaya tha. vijayanagar ke prachin bhavanon ka vistrit vivaran langaharst ne apani pustak 'hampi ruins' men diya hai.[2]

sthapaty kala

vijayanagar ke shasakon ne mntranagrihon, sarvajanik karyalayon, sinchaee ke sadhanon, devalayon tatha prasadon ke nirman men bahut utsah dikhaya. videshi yatri nooniz ne nagar ke andar sinchaee ki adbhut vyavastha aur vishal jalashayon ka varnan kiya hai. rajakiy parakote ke antargat anek prasad, bhavan evn udyan banaye gaye the. rajakiy parivar ki striyon ke lie anek sundar bhavan the, jinamen 'kamal-prasad' sundaratam tha. yah bharatiy vastukala ka adbhut udaharan tha.

mandir

yahan anek mandir banavaye gaye the.
hampi ke avashesh
langaharst kahata hai ki-
krishnadevaray ke shasan kal men banaya gaya prasiddh 'hazararam mandir' vidyaman hindoo mandiron ki vastukala ke poornatam namoonon men se ek hai.
mandir ki divaron par ramayan ke sabhi pramukh drishy badi sundarata se ukere gaye hain. yah mandir raj parivar ki striyon ki pooja ke liye banavaya gaya tha. 'vitthalasvami mandir' bhi vijayanagar shaili ka ek sundar namoona hai. fargyoosan ke vichar men-
yah phoolon se alnkrit vaibhav ki parakashtha ka dyotak hai, jahan tak shaili pahunch chuki thi.
hampi men vitthalasvami ka mandir sabase ooncha hai. yah vijayanagar ke aishvary tatha kalavaibhav ke charamotkarsh ka dyotak hai. mndir ke kalyanamndap ki naqqashi itani sookshm aur saghan hai ki yah dekhate hi banata hai. mndir ka bhitari bhag 55 phut lamba hai. aur isake madhy men oonchi vedika bani hai. vitthal bhagavanh ka rath keval ek hi patthar men se kata hua hai. mndir ke nichale bhag men sarvatr naqqashi ki huee hai. langaharst ke kathananusar- "yadyapi mndap ki chhat kabhi poori nahin banaee ja saki thi aur isake stnbhon men se anek ko muslim akramanakariyon ne nasht kar diya, to bhi yah mandir dakshin bharat ka sarvotkrisht mndir kaha ja sakata hai. fargyusan ne bhi is mndir men huee naqqashi ki bhoori-bhoori prashnsa ki hai. kaha jata hai ki pndharapur ke vitthal bhagavan is mndir ki vishalata dekhakar yahan akar phir pndharapur chale ge the.
kahani

kaha jata hai ki hampi ke har patthar men kahani basi hai. yahan do patthar trikon akar men jude hue hain. donon dekhane men ek jaise hi hain, isalie inhen sistar stons kaha jata hai. isake pichhe bhi ek kahani prachalit hai. do eershyalu bahanen hampi ghoomane aeen, ve hampi ki buraee karane lagin. shahar ki devi ne jab yah suna to un donon bahanon ko patthar men tabdil kar diya.

yatayat aur parivahan

hampi jane ke lie havaee, rel aur sadak marg ko apani suvidhanusar apanaya ja sakata hai. hampi jane ke lie hospet jana padata hai. haidarabad se hospet ke lie rel hai. hospet se age 15 kilomitar ki doori par hampi hai.

havaee marg

hampi se 77 kilomitar door bellari sabase nazadiki havaee adda hai. baingalor se bellari ke lie niyamit udanon ki vyavastha hai. bellari se rajy parivahan ki bason aur taiksi dvara hampi pahuncha ja sakata hai.

rel marg

hampi se 13 kilomitar door hospet nazadiki relave steshan hai. yah relave steshan hubali, baingalor, guntakal se juda hua hai. hospet se rajy parivahan ki niyamit basen hampi tak jati hain.

hampi ke avashesh
sadak marg

hospet se sadak marg ke dvara hampi pahuncha ja sakata hai. hampi belaganv se 190 kilomitar door bengळooru se 350 kilomitar door, gova se 312 kilomitar door hai.[2]

udyog

itihasakaron ne hampi ko vyapar ka pramukh kendr kaha hai. ruee aur masalon ke vyaparik marg par niyntran karane ke bad hampi ki khoob unnati huee hai.

jalavayu

hampi ki jalavayu ushnakatibndhiy hai. yahan garmiyon men adhik garmi aur sardiyon men adhik thnd padati hai. joon se agast tak yahan barasat ka mausam rahata hai. aktoobar se march ki avadhi hampi jane ke lie sabase uttam mani jati hai.[2]

paryatan

vithala mandir, hampi
badav ling, hampi

yoonesko ki vishv virasat ki soochi men shamil hamh‍pi bharat ka ek pramukh paryatan sthal hai. 2002 men bharat sarakar ne ise pramukh paryatan kendr ke roop men vikasit karane ki ghoshana ki thi. hampi men sthit darshaniy sthalon men sammilit hain- viroopaksh mandir, raghunath mandir, narasimha mandir, sugriv gufa, vithala mandir, krishn mandir, hazara ram mandir, kamal mahal tatha mahanavami dibba adi. hampi se 6 kilomitar door tungabhadra bandh sthit hai.

mndiron ka shahar

hampi mndiron ka shahar hai jisaka nam pampa se liya gaya hai. pampa tungabhadra nadi ka purana nam hai. hampi isi nadi ke kinare basa hua hai. pauranik grnth ramayan men bhi hampi ka ullekh vanar rajy kishkindha ki rajadhani ke taur par kiya gaya hai. shayad yahi vajah hai ki yahan kee bndar hain. hampi se pahale enegundi vijayanagar ki rajadhani hua karati thi. darasal yah ganv hai, jo vikas ki raftar men kafi pichhada hua hai. yahan ke nivasiyon ko bilkul nahin pata ki sadiyon pahale yah jagah kaisi hua karati thi. nav vrindavan mndir tak pahunchane ke lie nav ke zarie nadi par karani padati hai, jise kannad men teppa kaha jata hai. yahan ke logon ka vishvas hai ki nav vrindavan mndir ke pattharon men jan hai, isalie logon ko inhen chhoone ki ijazat nahin hai.

virupaksh mandir

virupaksh mandir ko pnpapati mndir bhi kaha jata hai, yah hemakuta pahadiyon ke nichale hisse men sthit hai. hampi ke kee akarshanon men se yah mukhy hai. 1509 men apane abhishek ke samay krishnadev ray ne gopuda ka nirman karavaya tha. bhagavan vithala ya bhagavan vishnu ko yah mndir samarpit hai. 15vin shatabdi men nirmit yah mndir bazar kshetr men sthit hai. yah nagar ke sabase prachin smarakon men se ek hai. mndir ka shikhar zamin se 50 mitar ooncha hai. mndir ka snbndh vijayanagar kal se hai. is vishal mndir ke andar anek chhote-chhote mndir hain jo viroopaksh mndir se bhi prachin hain. mndir ke poorv men patthar ka ek vishal nndi hai jabaki dakshin ki or bhagavan ganesh ki vishal pratima hai. yahan ardh sinh aur ardh manushy ki deh dharan kie narasinh ki 6.7 mitar oonchi moorti hai.[2]

patthar ka rath, hampi

kinvadnti hai ki bhagavan vishnu ne is jagah ko apane rahane ke lie kuchh adhik hi bada samajha aur apane ghar vapas laut ge. virupaksh mndir bhoomigat shiv mndir hai. mndir ka bada hissa pani ke andar samahit hai, isalie vahan koee nahin ja sakata. bahar ke hisse ke muqabale mndir ke is hisse ka tapaman bahut kam rahata hai.

rath

vithala mndir ka mukhy akarshan isaki khambe vali divaren aur patthar ka bana rath hai. inhen sngitamay khnbhe ke nam se jana jata hai, kyonki pyar se thapathapane par inamen se sngit nikalata hai. patthar ka bana rath vastukala ka adbhut namoona hai. patthar ko tarashakar isamen mndir banaya gaya hai, jo rath ke akar men hai. kaha jata hai ki isake pahiye ghoomate the, lekin inhen bachane ke lie siment ka lep laga diya gaya hai.

badav ling

pas men sthit badav ling charon or se pani se ghira hai, kyonki is mndir se hi nahar guzarati hai. manyata hai ki hampi ke ek garib nivasi ne pran liya tha ki yadi usaki qismat chamak uthi to vah shivaling ka nirman karavaya. badav ka matalab garib hi hota hai.

lakshmi narasimha mndir

hampi lakshmi narasimha mndir ya ugr narasimha mndir bade chattanon se bana hua hai, yah hampi ki sabase oonchi moorti hai. yah qarib 6.7 mitar oonchi hai. narasimha adishesh par virajaman hain. asal men moorti ke ek ghutane par lakshmi ji ki chhoti tasvir bani huee hai, jo vijayanagar samrajy par akraman ke samay dhoomil ho gee.

rani ka snanagar

hampi men sthit rani ka snanagar charon or se bnd hai. 15 varg mitar ke is snanagar men gailari, baramada aur rajasthani balakani hai. kabhi is snanagar men sugndhit shital jal chhoti-si jhil se ata hai, jo bhoomigat nali ke madhyam se snanagar se juda hua tha. yah snanagar charon or se ghira aur oopar se khula hai.[2]

patthar ka nndi, hampi
hazara ram mndir

hazara ram mndir hampi ke raja ka niji mndir mana jata tha. mndir ki bhitari aur bahari divaron par behatarin naqqashi ki gee hai. bahari kamaron ki chhaton ke thik niche bani naqqashi men hathi, ghoda, nrity karati balaon aur march karati sena ki tukadiyon ko darshaya gaya hai, jabaki bhitari hisse men ramayan aur devataon ke drishy dikhae ge hain. isamen asnkhy pnkhon vale garud ko bhi chitrit kiya gaya hai.[2]

kamal mahal

hampi men sthit kamal ke akar ka do mnjila mahal aur isaka munder mahal paryatakon ko apani or akarshit karata hai. kamal mahal hazara ram mndir ke samip hai. yah mahal indo-islamik shaili ka mishrit roop hai. kaha jata hai ki rani ke mahal ke asapas rahane vali rajakiy parivaron ki mahilaen amod-pramod ke lie yahan ati thin. mahal ke meharab bahut akarshak hain.[2]

killina rath vithal mndir
haus aauf viktari

haus aauf viktari sthan vijayanagar ke shasakon ka asan tha. ise krishnadevaray ke samman men banavaya gaya jinhonne yuddh men odisha ke rajaon ko parajit kiya tha. vah haus aauf viktari ke vishal sinhasan par baithate the aur nau divasiy dasara parv ko yahan se dekhate the.[2]

sngrahalay

kamalapur men sthit puratattv vibhag ka sngrahalay bahut-si prachin moortiyon aur hastashilpon ka sagrnh hai. is kshetr ki samast hastashilpon ko yahan dekha ja sakata hai.[2]

hathighar

hampi ka hathighar jinan kshetr se sata hua hai. yah gumbadanuma imarat hai jisaka istemal rajakiy hathiyon ke lie kiya jata tha. isake pratyek chembar men ek sath gyarah hathi rah sakate the. yah hindoo-muslim nirman kala ka uttam namoona hai.[2]

inhen bhi dekhen: vijayanagar samrajy evn vishv virasat sthal

vithika

hampi ka vihngam drishy
hampi ka vihngam drishy


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. grup aauf maaunyooments hampi (angrezi) yoonesko ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 11 mee, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 hampi apani kahani bayan karata shahar (hindi) yatra salah. abhigaman tithi: 2 apral, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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