हाथी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hathi vishay soochi
hathi
bharatiy hathi
jagat jiv - jantu
sngh kaaurdeta (Chordata)
varg stanapayi (Mammalia)
gan probosidiya (Proboscidea)
kul elifaintidi (Elephantidae)
jati elifas (Elephas)
prajati maiksimas (maximus)
dvipad nam elifas maiksimas (Elephas maximus)
upaprajati indikas (indicus)
any janakari bharatiy hathi eshiyaee hathiyon ki hi upajati hain. bharatiy hathiyon ke afriki hathiyon ke muqabale kan chhote hote hain, aur matha chauda hota hai. mada ke hathidant nahin hote hain.
adyatan‎

hathi adhunik manav ke samay ka prithvi par vicharan karane vala, sabase vishalakay stanapayi jiv hai. isaki do prajatiyon, eshiyaee hathi (elifas maiksimas) aur afriki hathi (laauksodonta afrikana) men se ek, donon hi elifaintidi parivar gan, kul ke hain, jinaka vishisht lakshan unaka bada akar, lnbi soond (vistarit nak), stnbhakar pair, vishal kan (visheshakar el afrikana men) aur bada sir hai. elifais maiksimas bharatiy upamahadvip aur dakshin-poorvi eshiya men paya jata hai; jabaki el. afrikana, afrika ke upasahara kshetr men paya jata hai. donon hi prajatiyan ghane jngalon se lekar savana (ghas ke khule maidan) tak men rahati hain.

eshiyaee hathi

eshiyaee hathi ab pahale ke muqabale simit kshetr men hi pae jate hain. pahale yah kshetr pashchim eshiya ke tigris-yoofretas besin se poorv ki or uttari chin tak phaila hua tha. isamen vartaman iraq aur padosi desh, dakshin eeran, pakistan, himalay ke dakshin men samoocha bharatiy upamahadvip, eshiya mahadvip ka dakshin-poorvi hissa, chin ka ek bada hissa aur shrilnka , sumatra tatha snbhavatah java ke kshetr shamil hain. amataur par hathi sleti bhoore rng ka hota hai. kuchh hathi saphed hote hain. inhen 'elbino' kahate hain. myanmar adi deshon men aise hathi pavitr mane jate hain aur inase koee kam nahin liya jata.

jivashmon se pata chalata hai ki kisi samay borniyon men bhi hathi the, lekin yah spasht nahin hai ki ve vahan ke mool nivasi the ya 1750 ke dashak men vahan lakar chhode ge bndi hathiyon ke vnshaj hain. abhi mukhy roop se hathi sabah (maleshiya) aur kalimntan (indoneshiya) ke ek chhote kshetr tak simit hain. hathi pashchim eshiya, bharatiy mahadvip ke adhikansh hisse, dakshin-poorv eshiya ke kafi hisse aur lagabhag samooche chin (yunnan prant ke dakshini kshetron ko chhodakar) se vilupt ho chuke hain. isake kshetr ke pashchimi hisson ki shushkata, palatoo banae jane ke lie bade paimane par bndi banane (jo lagabhag 4,000 sal pahale sindhu ghati men shuroo hua tha), manav abadi ke lagatar badhane se inake paryavas men kami aur inaka shikar, inake kshetr v snkhya men kami ke pramukh karan hain.

eshiyaee hathi

ek ganana ke anusar, jngali eshiyaee hathiyon ki snkhya 37 se 57 hazar ke bich hai; inaka paryavas lagabhag 5,00,000 varg kimi men faila hua hai. hathi kntile jhadidar jngalon se lekar sadabahar vanon tak, daladali kshetr se lekar ghas ke maidanon tak aur shushk evn nam parnapati vanon jaise bhinn paryavason men pae jate hain. poorvi himalay men hathi 3,000 mitar ki oonchaee tak rahane men saksham hai. 15 hazar hathi bndi avastha men hain. bharat men lagabhag 22 hazar jngali aur 3,000 palatoo hathi hain.

bharatiy hathi

bharatiy hathi eshiyaee hathiyon ki hi upajati hain, atah inamen koee vishesh antar nahin hai. bharatiy hathiyon ke afriki hathiyon ke muqabale kan chhote hote hain, aur matha chauda hota hai. mada ke hathidant nahin hote hain. nar mada se zyada bade hote hain. soond afriki hathi se zyada badi hoti hai. pnje bade v chaude hote hain. pair ke nakhoon zyada bade nahin hote hain. afriki padosiyon ke muqabale inaka pet sharir ke vazan ke anupat men hi hota hai, lekin afriki hathi ka sir ke anupat men pet bada hota hai.

bharatiy hathi lnbaee men 6.4 mitar (21 fut) tak pahunch sakata hai; yah thaeelaind ke eshiyaee hathi se lnba v patala hota hai. sabase lnba gyat bharatiy hathi 26 fut (7.88 mi) ka tha, pith ke meharab ke sthan par isaki oonchaee 11 phut (3.4 mitar), 9 inch (3.61 mitar) thi aur isaka vazan 8 tan (17935 paund) tha.

hathi ka parivarik jivan

afriki hathi

afriki hathi zamin par paya jane vala sabase bada jivit janavar hai, jisaka vajan 7,500 kilogram tak hota hai aur kndhe tak oonchaee 3 se 4 mitar hoti hai. bharatiy hathi ka vazan lagabhag 5,500 kilogram aur kndhe tah oonchaee 3 mitar hoti hai; isake kan afriki hathi ki tulana men kafi chhote hote hain. hathiyon men charvanak dant ek sath hi paida nahin hote; balki purane dant ke ghis jane par naya paida ho jata hai, lagabhag 40 varsh ki ayu men charvanak danton ka chhatha aur antim joda nikalata hai, isalie bahut kam hathi isase adhik ayu tak jivit rah pate hain.

hathi ki ausat ayu 60 varsh ki hoti hai, yadyapi kuchh hathi 70 varsh tak jite pae ge hain. janm ke samay bachcha 1 mitar ooncha aur 90 kilogram bhar ka hota hai. tin char varshon tak hathini bachche ko doodh pilati hai aur sinh, bagh, chite adi se badi sartakata se usaki raksha karati hai.

jngalon men hathi varishth hathini ke netritv men chhote parivarik samoohon men rahate hain. jahan bharapoor bhojan upalabdh hota hai, vahan jhund bade bhi ho sakate hain. adhikansh nar madaon se alag jhund men rahate hain. bhojan aur pani ki upalabdhata ke anusar, hathi mausami pravas karate hain. ve kee ghnte bhojan karane men bitate hai aur ek din men 225 kilogram ghas aur any vanaspati kha sakate hain. eshiyaee hathi afriki hathi ki tulana men chhota hota hai aur usake sharir ka uchchatam bindu kndhe ke bajay sir hote hain, samane ke pairon par nakhoon jaisi panch snrachanaen aur pichhale pairon par char snrachanaen hoti hain. hathi ke pair stnbh ki bhanti sidhe hote hain. khada rahane ke lie ise bahut kam peshi shakti ki avashyakata padati hai. jab tak bimar n pade ya ghayal n ho, tab tak afriki hathi kadachith‌ hi letata hai. bharatiy hathi pray: letate hue pae jate hain. hathi ki anguliyan tvacha ki gaddi men dhnsi rahati hain. gaddi ke bich men charbi ki ek gaddi hoti hai, jo sharir ke bhar padane par phail jati aur pair oopar uthane par sikud jati hai. hathi ki tvacha ek inch moti par paryapt snvedanashil hoti hai. tvacha par ek-ek inch ki doori par bal hote hain. isaki khal khol ke sadrish aur jhurridar hoti hai. khal ka bhar ek tan tak ka ho sakata hai.

amataur par sirf naron ke hi gajadnt hote hain, jabaki afriki hathiyon men nar aur mada, donon men gajadnt pae jate hain. hathiyon men ghranashakti atynt vikasit hoti hai aur isake zariye ve khataron ka pata lagate hain tatha bans ke ghane jhundon men naram kaaupal jaise manapasnd ahar dhoondhate hain. khate samay hathi is prakar khade hote hai ki sabase badi hathini hava ki disha men khadi ho aur bachche use dhoondh saken.

eshiyaee hathi kisi bhi samay bhojan kar sakate hain, lekin 24 ghnton men do mukhy bhojanakal hote hain. vayaskon ki gatividhiyon ka 72 se 90 pratishat hissa bhojan dhoondhane aur use khane men bitata hai.

sharirik vilakshanata

hathi kuchh-kuchh sleti se bhoore rng ke hote hai aur unake sharir ke bal bikhare hue tatha rookhe hote hain. donon prajatiyon men do oopari krintak dnt hathidant ke roop men vikasit hote hain, lekin bharatiy hathiyon men yah amataur par nahin pae jate. nathune, mansal soond ke chhor par sthit hote hain, jo sans lene, khane aur pine men upayogi hote hain.
jngal men lakadi dhota gajaraj
hathi soond ke zariye pani khinchakar apane munh men dalate hain.

hathi ki soond lagabhag 2 mitar lnbi aur pray: 136 kilogram bhar ki chamadi aur antargrathit snayu aur peshiyon ki bani hoti hai. yah asthihin, lachili aur asadharan mazaboot hoti hai. isase vah soonghata, pani pita, bhojan prapt karata aur use munh men dalata tatha apane jode aur bachche ko sahalakar prem pradarshan adi kam karata hai. hathi apani soond ke chhor se ghas, pattiyan aur phal todakar apane munh men dalate hain. hathi apani soond se bhari se bhari bhi aur chhote si chhoti yahan tak ki moongaphali sadrish vastuon ko bhi utha sakata hai. hathi ki nasika chhoti aur khopadi bahut badi hoti hai. hathi apani soond ke chhor se ghas, pattiyan aur phal todakar apane munh men dalate hain. kisi kisi bharatiy nar hathi ke gajadnt nahin hota. aise hathi ko 'makhana' hathi kahate hain. makhana ka sharir asadharan bada hota hai.

hathi snan karane men bada niyamit hota hai. apane bachchon ko niyamit roop se snan karata hai. yah achchha tairak hota hain. sare sharir ko pani men doobokar, keval sans ke lie soond ko bahar nikale rakh sakata hai. yah kisi nishchit sthan par pani pita, aur ek sthan par jakar vishram karata hai. dhoop se bachane ke lie ghane jngalon ki chhaya men sota hai. hathi khada khada hi vishram karata hai, athava karavat letata hai. vishram ke samay bilkul shant rahata hai, keval kan ki phadaphadahat ya sharir ke dalane se usaki upasthiti jani jati hai.

jngali hathi dal banakar rahata hai. dal men sadharanataya 30-40 bachche, boodhe, javan, nar aur mada rahate hain. kisi kisi dal men 300-400 tak rah sakate hain. prasthan karane par ye ek katar men shrenibaddh chalate hain. bachche age age aur shesh pichhe chalate hain. akraman ke samay yah kram badal jata hai aur chhoti chhoti tukadiyan banakar ve vibhinn dishaon men khisak jate hain. akraman ki soochana soond ki gati se dete hain. kuchh hathi dal ke niyamon ka palan nahin karate. ve tab 'shaitan' ya 'avara' kah jate hain aur unhen dal se nikal diya jata hai.

aisa kaha jata hai ki hathi kushagrabuddhi hota hai. kushagrata ke praniyon men pahala sthan manushy ka, doosara chimpazi ka, tisara aurang ootang ka aur chautha hathi ka mana jata hai. daaulfin pani ke bhitar sabase buddhiman hai. aisa kaha jata hai ki hathi ki drishti kamazor hoti hai aur vah 75 mitar se adhik doori par khade kisi manushy ko pahachan nahin sakata. isaki shravanashakti achchhi tatha ghran shakti aur bhi achchhi hoti hai.

hathi

bhojan

vishalakay jngali hathi ki khurak bhi usake sharir ke anusar hoti hai. ek samany vayask hathi aram ke dinon men 75 kilogram tak bhojan ek din men khata hai. yah bhojan vibhinn vanaspatiyon ke roop men hota hai. lekin, lnbi yatra aur shram karane vala hathi ek din men 150 kilogram chara yani ghas, patti, vanaspati aur phal-phool kha leta hai. garbhavati aur stanapan karane vali hathani to 200 kilogram tak bhojan kar leti hai.

ek vayask hathi ek ghnte men sat kilogram bhojan grahan kar sakata hai aur ve pratidin 18 ghnte bhojan karate hain, is prakar ve pratidin 150 kilogram vanaspati samagri (ardr vazan) ka bhakshan karate hain. dakshin bharat men ek adhyayan se paya gaya ki hathi paudhon ki kam se kam 112 kism ki prajatiyan khate hain, lekin unake ahar ka lagabhag 85 pratishat hissa maaulavels gan aur leguminasi, palme, saiparesi aur gramini parivar ki sirf 25 prajatiyon par adharit hai.

adhyayan se pata chala ki ardr mausam ki shuruat men ye protin yukt ghas khate hai aur jab shushk mausam men ghas badi ho jati hai, tab ahar men kopalon ki pradhanata rahati hai. choonki khet men paida hone vale khadyann tatha milet fasalon men jngali ghas ki apeksha adhik protin, kailshiyam aur sodiyam hota hai, isalie ve prayah kheton par bhi dhava bol dete hain, lekin chahe khet jngalon ke pas sthit kyon n hon, sabhi hathi fasalon men ghusapaith nahin karate. hathi, mitti se sodiyam aur ped ki chhalon se bhi kailshiyam prapt karate hain. ye din men kam se kam ek bar pani avashy pite hain aur taze pani ke sthayi sroton se kabhi bahut door nahin jate. din ke garm samay men inake lie chhanv anivary hai. hathi apane kanon ke zariye ooshma ka vikiran karate hai aur inake kanon ke phadaphadane ki dar hava ke veg, parivesh ke tapaman tatha badalon ki sthiti ke anusar badalati rahati hai.

vitaran

bharatiy hathi

vartaman samay men hathi apekshakrit chhote tepiranuma stanadhari jntu ke vnshaj hain, jo kam se kam 4.50 karod varsh pahale pae jate the. inake avashesh misr men moeris jhil ke pas pae ge hain. isi adhar par inhen moeritheriyam nam diya gaya. inake donon jabadon men do-do bade krintak dant prathamik gajadnton ke roop men vikasit ho chuke the. moeritheriyam ki ek prashakha primilefas se vrihad parivar elifaintoidi ka vikas hua, jisake tahat navinatam probosidiyan parivar bhi ate hain. ye parivar homo sepiyns (manav jati) ke pradurbhav ke ekamatr sakshi hain. vikas kram men inake kee roopon ki utpatti aur vilupti huee. 10 hazar sal pahale tak is parivar men sitg roendar maimath (maimathas primijiniyas), isake nikat snbndhi eshiyaee hathi (elifais maiksimas), aur isase bhinn afriki hathi (laauksodonta afrikana) hi bache the. lagabhag 5,000 sal pahale roendar maimath samapt ho ge. jalavayu ke garm hone se inake vilupt hone ki prakriya shuroo huee, kyonki usase inaka chara jalamagn ko gaya. manav dvara shikar se bhi inake vilupt hone ki gati tez huee.

hathi ke dant

kee shatabdiyon se bharatiy hathi, samarohon aur bojha dhone ke kam ke lie mahattvapoorn rahe hain. apane mahavat ke niyntran men hathi pedon ki kataee ke aparihary ang hain. afriki hathi ka bhi istemal bojha dhone ke lie hota hai, lekin yah apekshakrit bahut vyapak nahin hai.

parivarik ikaee

hathi ki donon hi prajatiyon men usi jhund men rahane ki pravritti hoti hai, jisamen unaka janm hua ho. hathiyon ke samajik sngathan ki adharabhoot ikaee parivarik samooh hai, jisamen do se ath hathi ho sakate hain. kee samooh milakar ek jhund ya kul ka nirman karate hain tatha kee kulon se kisi kshetr men hathiyon ki snkhya ka nirdharan hota hai. jhund matrivnshiy adhar par sngathit hota hai aur sabase badi v anubhavi mada isake snchalan ki dekharekh karati hai. lekin sabase mazaboot bndhan mada aur usake navajat bachche ka hoti hai. char varsh ki ayu men ve jhund ki madaon ke sath kam samay vyatit karate hain tatha apani umr ke ya apane se bade naron ke sath asthayi roop se snpark sthapit karate hain. eshiyaee nar hathiyon ke sabase bade jhund men sat sadasy hote hain. nar 14 se 15 varsh ki ayu men yaun paripakvata hasil kar lete hain aur madaen 15 ya 16 varsh ki ayu men pahale bachche ko janm deti hain.

vayask nar tab tak kisi jhund se snbaddh nahin hota hai, jab tak jhund men maithun ke lie taiyar koee hathini mauzood n ho. dikhavati sngharsh aur any samany muqabalon se nar ek-doosare ki shakti ka anuman lagate hain, isalie madaon ke lie gnbhir sngharsh shayad hi kabhi hote hain. 20 varsh ki avastha men nar ke sharir ka poorn vikas ho jata hai. paripakv hathi har sal ek bar mad ki sthiti men ata hai, jisake dauran usaki ankhon ke pichhe sthit grnthiyon se srav hota hai. ve akramak ho jate hain aur madaon ke sath rahane lagate hain, jisake bad sahavas hota hai. mad ki tulana any khuradar pashuon ke maithun kal se ki ja sakati hai. nar hathi kabhi bhi sahavas kar sakate hain, lekin madakal men unaki yaun uttejana badh jati hai.

hathiniyon men garbhavastha 18 se 22 mahine tak ki hoti hai. antim charan ko chhodakar any samay men garbh ka bahar se pata nahin chalata hai. garbhavadhi ke ant men stanon men soojan a jati hai, than phool jate hai aur unase pani jaise drav ka risav bhi ho sakata hai. prasav pida kam samay se lekar kee ghnton ki ho sakati hai, lekin prasav lagabhag panch minat men hi ho jata hai. mada amataur par prasav ke samay nikalane vale padarthon ko kha jati hai.

bachchon ka janm

hathi

bachchon ka janm sal ke kisi bhi mausam men ho sakata hai, lekin adhikansh bachche varsha ritu ke antim dinon men paida hote hain. amataur par ek hi bachcha janm leta hai aur kabhi-kabhar hi judavan ya tin bachchon ka janm hota hai. anukool paryavas men do bachchon ke bich ka antar 2.5-4 varsh hota hai. kam anukool kshetron men yah antaral 5 se 8 varsh tak ka ho sakata hai. navajat ka vazan 100 kilogram (80 se 110 kilogram tak) aur kndhe tak oonchaee 75 se 90 semi hoti hai. vayaskon ke muqabale bachchon ke sharir par kafi bal hote hain. shishu prayah mata ki sahayata se sidhe than par munh lagakar (soond ke zariye nahin) doodh pite hain, aur apani man ya any dugdhapan kara sakane vali madaon ka doodh pite hain. dedh mahine se bachche thos ahar lena shuroo kar dete hain aur ve vayaskon se uchit bhojan ke bare men sikhate hain. prayah bachche apani man ki lid bhi kha lete hain, jisase selyuloz pachane men sahayak sahajivi baiktiriya unake jatharantr men pahunch jata hai.

mrityu

hathiyon ki mrityu chhoti avastha men any pashuon dvara unhen marakar khane, rog aur parajivi, durghatanaon, sookha, tanav, shikar, vriddhavastha aur apasi sngharsh ke karan hoti hai. jab hathi ki chhah charvanak dntavaliyon men se antim dntavali bhi ghis jati hai, to vah bhookh se mar jata hai. jivan bhar selakhadi aur ghas ke paushtik ahar aur kee prakar ki rasadar vanaspatiyon ke ahar ke bad ke bad bhi hathi amataur par 50 varsh se 65 varsh ke bich aisa bhogate hain.

hathi

jan-jivan ka vinash

jhund tatha naron ka grihakshetr 60 se 500 varg kilomitar tak hota hai, isalie inake snrakshan ke saphal upay ke lie vibhinn prakar ki vanaspatiyon aur paryapt svachchh jal vale visham kshetr ki avashyakata hoti hai. hathiyon ke paryavas ke andar aur usake kinare par manav abadi ke phalasvaroop hathi aur manushyon men sngharsh se hathi v manushy, donon ki hi janon ka nuqasan hota hai. bharat men prativarsh lagabhag 300 log hathiyon dvara mare jate hain aur 200 hathi avaidh shikar, fasal raksha aur durghatanaon ke karan marate hain.

snkat grast prajati ka snrakshan

hathi apane paryavas ke vinash aur manushyon dvara shoshan ke karan gahare snkat men hai. bharatiy hathi ko viluptapray prajati mana gaya hai aur afriki hathi snkatagrast varg men hai. afriki hathi ko pramukh khatara hathidant ke vyapar ke karan hone vale avaidh shikar se hai. choonki mada eshiyaee hathi ke gajadnt nahin hote aur sirf mans ke lie shikar amataur par nahin hota, isalie ve surakshit hain. lekin hathidant ke lie nar eshiyaee hathiyon ke shikar ke karan dakshin bharat ke kee ilakon men vayaskon ka laingik anupat bigad gaya hai. kuchh ilaqon men gajadnt vale nar ki anupasthiti men gajadntahin nar (jise makhana kaha jata hai) prajanan kar sakata hai.
1894 men jis zakhmi bhimakay se relagadi takaraee thi yah usaki khopadi hai
lekin kuchh ilaqon men bahut kam gajadantahin nar hain, isalie antatah sthiti yah hai ki sabhi madaon ke sath sahavas ke lie kisi bhi prakar ke naron ki snkhya kafi nahin hai.

1999 men dakshin bharat ke sabase adhik avaidh shikar prabhavit periyar vyaghr abhayarany men yah ling anupat 100 madaon par ek nar ka tha. doosari taraf himalay ke nichale kshetron ke rajaji kaaurbet abhayarany men yah anupat 2.5 madaon par ek hathi ka hai aur vahan 90 pratishat se adhik vayask madaon ke sath 5 varsh se kam umr ke bachche the. bharat sarakar dvara 1992 men shuroo ki gee hathi pariyojana unake paryavas vikhndan, paryavas ksharan, shikar-chori aur hathi-manav sngharsh jaise samasyaon ko door karane ka ek prayas hai.

vanyajiv abhayaranyon men hathiyon ki snkhya avashyakata se adhik bhi ho sakati hai, jisase unake paryavas ko aur nuqasan ho sakata hai. isalie simit snkhya men unhen mar dalane ki bhi zaroorat hoti hai. snrakshan ke upayon men avaidh shikariyon se suraksha aur pramukh pravasi marg ki raksha ke lie pagadndiyon samet bade abhayaranyon ki sthapana bhi shamil hai.

hathi ke any sndarbh

gulabi hathi

abhi tak kale aur safed hathi ke bare men hi suna jata tha, par hal hi men ek fotographar ne afrika ke jngal men gulabi hathi ke bachche ko kaid kiya hai. botsavana ke jngal men dekhe ge is hathi ke bachche ko lekar visheshgyon ko kafi ashnkaen hain. unaka manana hai ki yah elbino nasl ka hathi raha hoga, jisake bachane ki snbhavana kafi kam hai.
bharatiy hathi
Indian Elephant
unaka manana hai ki afrika ke jngalon men chilachilati sooraj ki kiranon ki vajah se use andhapan aur chamade ki bimari ho sakati hai. bibisi vaild laiph program ke lie film ki shooting kar rahe maik holding ne okavengo nadi ke pas 80 hathiyon ke samooh men ek gulabi rng ke hathi bachche ko jate dekha aur unhonne is drishy ko kaimare men kaid karane men tanik bhi deri nahin ki.[1]

hinsak hathi

hathi ka pair

hathiyon ne pichhale do dashakon ke dauran chhattisagadh men 120 se zyada manushyon ki jan li hai. ankadon ki yah sachchaee batati hai ki vikas ke nam par jngalon ke katane aur vanaspatiyon ke abhav ke karan paryavaran ko kitana nuqasan ho raha hai. apane thikanon par qabza hote dekhakar janavar shahari kshetron ki or palayan kar rahe hain. isi apadhapi men ve hinsak bhi hote ja rahe hain. rajy sarakaren keval muavaza vitarit kar apane kartavy ki itishri man leti hain, jabaki samasya ka hal keval paryavaran evn van snrakshan ke zarie hi snbhav hai. gyan-vigyan evn takanik men lagatar samriddh ho rahe manav samaj ne vanon aur prakritik paryavaran se jis prakar chhedachhad ki hai, usase ab vany praniyon men apane astitv ke lie jng ladane ki bhavana paida ho gee hai.

ae din vany praniyon ke ganvon evn shaharon men pravesh, kheti-palatoo pashuon ko nuqasan pahunchane aur manushyon par ghatak hamala karane ki ghatanaen madhy pradesh men bhi badh rahi hain. manushy ne vanon par qabza kar liya hai. isalie vany praniyon ke samane surakshit nivas aur bhojan ki samasya paida ho gee hai. pet ki ag bujhane ke lie ve mauqa pate hi ganvon aur shaharon ki taraph daudate hain tatha manachaha bhojan chhin lete hain.

saraguja zile men 2000 se sitnbar 2009 tak hathiyon ke hamalon se 20 log mare ge, jinake parivarajanon ko 17 lakh 90 hazar rupaye ka muavaza diya gaya. 19 ghayalon ko 27000 rupaye aur fasal-makan ujadane ke 8263 mamalon men sat karod 13 lakh rupaye ka muavaza diya gaya. muavaza vitaran, manushyon ke mare jane aur ghayal hone ke ankade is anchal men hathiyon evn manushyon ke bich chal rahi jng ke saboot hain. isake bavazood sarakar hathiyon ke lie surakshit nivas aur arakshit van kshetr dene men anakani kar rahi hai. sarakar man chuki hai ki chhattisagadh men hathiyon ki raksha ke lie ek abhayarany aur ek surakshit hara-bhara vanakshetr hona chahie.[2]

hathiyon ka vihngam drishy
hathiyon ka vihngam drishy

bharatiy snskriti ka pratik hathi

hindoo dharm men hathi ko pavitr prani mana gaya hai. ashvin mas ki poornima ke din gajapoojavidhi vrat rakha jata hai. sukh samriddhi ki ichchha rakhane vale us din hathi ki pooja karate hain. ganesh ji ka mukh hathi ka hone ke karan unake gajatund, gajanan adi nam hain. gajendr moksh katha men gajendr ne magar ke grah se chhootane ke lie shri hari ki stuti ki thi. shri hari ne gajendr ko magar ke grah se chhudaya tha. gajendr moksh srot ka sthan gita men hai. gita men shri krishn ne hathiyon men airavat ko apani vibhooti bataya hai. hathi shubh shakun vala aur lakshmi data mana jata hai.

samachar

hathiyon ke astitv par bhishan snkat

ravivar, 12 sitnbar, 2010

hathi rashtriy dharohar prani ghoshit hoga kendriy van evn paryavaran mntri jayaram ramesh ne gajaraj yani hathi ko rashtriy dharohar prani ghoshit kiya hai. isake snrakshan hetu bagh snrakshan pradhikaran ki tarz par gajaraj snrakshan pradhikaran banaya jayega v vishesh taausk phors ka gathan kiya jayega. yahi nahin, 12vin pnchavarshiy yojana men isake lie 600 karod ki rashi di jayegi. isaka karan yah hai ki aj hathiyon ke astitv par bhishan snkat hai. hathi-dant ke karobar ke chalate aye din shikariyon dvara hathiyon ki hatyaen ki ja rahi hain. isaka sabase bada karan yah hai....

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen

shukravar, 15 aktoobar, 2010

hathi rashtriy virasat pashu ghoshit

paryavaran mntralay ne hathiyon ke snrakshan ki disha men qadam uthate hue unhen rashtriy dharohar pashu ghoshit kar diya. rashtriy vany jiv bord (enabidablyooel) ki sthaee samiti ki 13 aktoobar, 2010 ko huee baithak men hathiyon ko rashtriy dharohar ghoshit karane vale prastav ko mnjoori di gee thi. isake bad paryavaran mntralay ne 15 aktoobar, 2010 ko is sambndh men adhisoochana jari ki. ...

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen


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vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. aphrika ke jngal men dikha gulabi hathi (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) navabharat taims. abhigaman tithi: 7 mee, 2010.
  2. hathi hinsak kyon ho rahe hain? (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) chauthi duniya. abhigaman tithi: 18 faravari, 2011.

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