जिम कोर्बेट राष्ट्रीय पार्क  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jngali hathiyon ka jhund, jim korbet rashtriy park

jim korbet rashtriy park dilli se 240 ki.mi. uttar-poorv men sthit ek pramukh darshaniy sthal hai. yah rashtriy abhayarany uttaranchal rajy ke nainital zile men ramanagar shahar ke nikat ek vishal kshetr ko gher kar banaya gaya hai. yah gadhaval aur kumaoon ke bich ramagnga nadi ke kinare lagabhag 1316 varg kilomitar kshetr men phaila hai. is park ka mukhy karyalay ramanagar men hai aur yahan se paramit lekar paryatak is udyan men pravesh karate hain. jab paryatak poorvi dvar se udyan men pravesh karate hain to chhote-chhote nadi-nale, shal ke chhayadar vriksh aur phool-paudhon ki ek anajani si sugandh unaka man moh leti hai. paryatak is prakritik sundarata men sammohit sa mahasoos karata hai.

itihas

is park ka itihas kafi samriddh hai. kabhi yah park tihari gadhaval ke shasakon ki niji sampatti hua karata tha. 'gorakha andolan' ke dauran 1820 ee. ke asapas rajy ke is hisse ko british shasakon ko usake sahayog ke lie saunp diya gaya tha. angrezon ne is park ka lakadi ke lie kafi dohan kiya aur relagadiyon ki siton ke lie tik ke pedon ko bhari snkhya men kata. pahali bar mejar raimaseee ne isake snrakshan ki vyapak yojana taiyar ki. 1879 men van vibhag ne ise apane adhikar men le liya aur snrakshit kshetr ghoshit kar diya. 1934 men snyukt prant ke gavarnar mailakam haili ne is snrakshit van ko jaivik udyan ghoshit kar diya. is park ko 1936 men gavarnar mailakam haili ke nam par 'haili neshanal park' ka nam diya gaya tha. yah bharat ka pahala rashtriy park aur duniya ka tisara sabase bada park bana.

namakaran

'jim korbet rashtriy park' se hokar ramagnga nadi bahati hai. azadi ke bad is park ka nam isi nadi ke nam par 'ramagnga rashtriy park' rakha gaya tha, lekin 1957 men park ka nam 'jim karbet neshanal park' kar diya gaya. jis jim karbet ke nam par park ka namakaran kiya gaya, vah ek shikari tha, lekin paryavaran men usaki kafi dilachaspi thi aur usane is park ko vikasit karane men kafi sahayog diya tha.

hathi dvara sair

jim korbet rashtriy abhayarany ka bhraman keval hathi par savar hokar hi kiya ja sakata hai, kyonki motar-gadiyon ke shor se vany-jiv pareshan ho jate hain. hathi paryatakon ko lanj se hi mil jate hain. hathi par baithakar paryatak jngal ki oonchi-nichi pagadndiyon, oonchi-oonchi ghas tatha shal ke pedon ke bich se hokar gujarate hain. yahan sher-bagh hi nahin hathiyon ke jhund, kulanchen bharate hiranon ka samooh, chhote-chhote nadi-nale, jharanon ka git, ramagnga nadi ki tej dhara ka shor, shal vrikshon ki ghani chhaya aur ghane jngal ka maun sab kuchh apane ap men anokha hai. ramagnga nadi ke donon taraf ghane jngal ke bich yah abhayarany prakriti ki anokhi chhata bikherata hai.

jaiv vividhata

bharat ke sabase mahattvapoorn 'projekt taigar' ke adhin ane vala yah park desh ka pahala rashtriy park hai. baghon ki ghatati snkhya par rok lagane ke uddeshy se 1973 men ise 'projekt taigar' ke adhin laya gaya.is abhayarany men sher, bagh, hathi, hiran, guladar, sanbhar, chital, kakad, jngali sooar, bhaloo, bandar, siyar, nilagay adi janavar tatha kee tarah ke pakshi dekhe ja sakate hain. prabhatabela tatha sanjh dhalane ke vakt kee janavaron ke jhundon ko dekhane ka to apana alag hi maja hai. isi vakt pakshiyon ka kalarav bada hi madhur lagata hai.

jim korbet ka yogadan

kaha jata hai ki 1820 men angrezon ne is bihad jngal ki khoj ki thi. us vakt yahan khoonkhar jngali janavaron ka samrajy tha. britash shasan ne shuroo men yahan shal vrikshon ka ropan karavaya aur is udyan ka nam 'd haili neshanal park' rakha. ajadi ke bad is udyan ka nam 'ramagnga neshanal park' rakha gaya. san 1957 men ise 'jim korbet rashtriy udyan' ka nam diya gaya. jim korbet ek chatur angrez shikari tha. usaka janm nainital ke kaladhoongi namak sthan men hua tha. usane yahan ke adamakhor baghon ka shikar kar ilake ke logon ko bhayamukt karaya tha. sthaniy log use "gora sadhu" kahate the. kaladhoongi men usake nivas ko ab ek shanadar myoojiyam ka roop de diya gaya hai. isamen jim karbet ke chitr, usaki kitaben, sheron ke sath usaki tasviren, us samay ke hathiyar, kee tarah ki bandooken aur vany-jivan se snbndhit kee prakar ki pathaniy samagri dekhane ko milati hai. shant vatavaran aur ghane vrikshon ki chhaya men bane is myoojiyam ke angan men baithana bahut achchha lagata hai.[1]

paryatakon ki suvidhaen

is abhayarany men paryatan vibhag dvara thaharane aur udyan men bhraman karane ki vyavastha hai. udyan ke andar hi laauj, kaintin v laibreri hain. udyan karmachariyon ke avas bhi yahin hain. laibreri men vany jivon se snbndhit anek pustaken rakhi hain. pashu-pakshi premi yahan baithe ghnton adhyayan karate rahate hain. yahan ke laaujon ke samane lakadi ke machan bane hain, jinamen lakadiyon ki sidhiyon dvara chadha jata hai aur baithane ke lie kursiyon ki vyavastha hai. sham ke samay sailani yahan baithakar doorabin se door-door tak phaile prakritik saundary tatha abhayarany men svachchhnd vicharan karate vany jivon ko dekh sakate hain. sailani yahan akar prakritik saundary ka ji bhar kar anand utha sakate hain. yahan ke vanarakshak takid kar jate hain ki der rat tak bahar n rahen aur n hi rat ke samay kamaron se bahar nikalen. aisi hi hidayaten yahan jagah-jagah par likhi huee bhi hain. isaki vajah hai kabhi-kabhi rat ke samay aksar jngali hathiyon ke jhund ya koee khoonkhar jngali janavar yahan tak a jate hain.[1]

kaise pahunchen

jim korbet rashtriy udyan samudr tal se 400 se 1100 mitar tak ki oonchaee par phaila hai. isaka sabase ooncha kshetr kanda hai. is udyan men ghoomane ka sabase achchha mausam 15 navambar se 15 joon hai. isi dauran yah sailaniyon ke lie khula rahata hai. yahan pahunchane ke lie do relave steshan hain- ramanagar aur haldvani. ramanagar se 'dhikala'[2] ke lie 47 ki.mi. ki pakki sadak hai. udyan dilli se matr 240 kilomitar door hai. sadak marg se 290 kilomitar hai. bason, taiksiyon aur kar dvara yahan 5-6 ghnte men pahuncha ja sakata hai.

sarakar ka snrakshan

bharat sarakar ne 1935 men  vany jivan (snrakshan) adhiniyam ke tahat deshabhar men rashtriy udyanon aur abhayaranyon ke netavark men unake avas ka snrakshan kiya hai. 1973 men jab bagh pariyojanaon ki shurooat ki gee thi, us samay 14 rajyon men 23 arakshit van kshetr banae ge the. bad men do aur kshetron ko isake antargat laya gaya, jisase ab inaki snkhya 25 ho gee hai. isake antargat kajirnga, dudhava, ranathambhaur, sariska, bandipur, kanha, sundaravan adi abhayaranyon ki sthapana ki gee. 1993 men jim karbet park is yojana ke tahat aya. vaigyanik, arthik, saundaryaparak, sanskritik aur paristhitikiy moolyon ki drishti se bharat men vany jivon ki vyavaharik snkhya banae rakhana tatha logon ke labh, shiksha aur manornjan ke lie ek rashtriy virasat ke roop men jaivik mahatv ke aise kshetron ko sadaiv ke lie surakshit banae rakhana is yojana ka mukhy uddeshy hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 rashtriy udyan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 30 disambar, 2012.
  2. park ka mukhy vishram grih

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varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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