नैनीताल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nainital
naini jhil, nainital
vivaran nainital, uttari uttarakhnd rajy ke uttar madhy bharat men shivalik parvatashreni men sthit hai. 1841 men sthapit yah nagar ek lokapriy paryatan sthal hai, jo samudr tal se 1,934 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit hai.
rajy uttarakhnd
zila nainital
nirmata pi. beroon
sthapana 1841
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 29.38°, poorv- 79.45°
marg sthiti pnt nagar havaee adde se lagabhag 63 kimi door hai.
prasiddhi jhilon ke lie
kab jaen aprail-joon, sitnbar-aktoobar
havaee adda pnt nagar havaee adda
relave steshan kathagodam relave sh‍teshan
bas adda nainital bas adda
kya dekhen nainital paryatan
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithigrah, rijaaurt
kya khariden garm ooni vash‍tr, hash‍tashilp vastuen aur mom‍battiyan
es.ti.di. kod 05942
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
snbndhit lekh naini jhil, sat tal jhil, bhimatal jhil, naukuchiya tal, tririshi sarovar, mukteshvar
any janakari pauranik itihasakaron ke anusar manasakhnd ke adhyay 40 se 51 tak nainital kshetr ke puny sthalon, nadi, nalon aur parvat shrrinkhalaon ka 219 shlokon men varnan milata hai.
adyatan‎

nainital (angrezi: Nainital) bharat ke uttari rajy uttarakhnd ka ek pramukh paryatan nagar hai. nainital, uttarakhnd ke uttar madhy bharat men shivalik parvatashreni men sthit ek nagar hai. jhilon ka shahar nainital uttarakhnd ka prasiddh paryatan sh‍thal hai. barf se dhake pahadon ke bich basa yah sh‍than jhilon se ghira hua hai. inamen se sabase pramukh jhil naini jhil hai jisake nam par is jagah ka nam nainital pada. isalie ise 'jhilon ka shahar' bhi kaha jata hai. nainital ko chahe jidhar se dekha jae, yah behad khoobasoorat hai. ise bharat ka 'lek distrikt' kaha jata hai, kyonki isaki poori jagah jhilon se ghiri huee hai. isaki bhaugolik visheshata nirali hai. nainital ka sabase kam tapaman 27.06°C se 8.06°C ke bich rahata hai. nainital ka drishy nainon ko sukh deta hai.

bhaugolik sthiti

nainital shahar uttar-madhy bharat ke uttari uttarakhnd rajy men shivalik parvatashreni men sthit hai. 1841 men sthapit yah nagar ek lokapriy paryatan sthal hai, jo samudr tal se lagabhag 1,934 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit hai. yah nagar ek sundar jhil ke as-pas basa hua hai aur isake charon or vanachchhadit pahad hain. nainital ke uttar men almoda, poorv men champavat, dakshin men oodhamasinh nagar aur pashchim men paudi evn uttar pradesh ki simaen milati hain. janapad ke uttari bhag men himalay kshetr tatha dakshin men maidani bhag hain jahan sal bhar anndadayak mausam rahata hai.

itihas

nainital ko pi. beroon namak vh‍yakti dvara varsh 1841 men sthapit kiya gaya tha. pi. beroon pahala yooropiyan tha. nainital angrezon ka grishh‍makalin mukhh‍yalay tha. 1847 men nainital mashahoor hil steshan bana, angrez ise 'samar kaipital' bhi kahate the. tab se lekar aj tak yah apana akarshan barakarar rakhe hue hai. aupaniveshik kal men nainital shiksha ka bhi bada kendr banakar ubhara. apane bachchon ko behatar mahaul men padhane ke lie angrezon ko yah jagah kafi pasnd aee thi. unhonne apane manornjan ke lie bhi vyapak intazam kie the. pahadiyon se ghiri naini jhil aur isake as-pas ki tamam jhilen akarshan ka kendr ban gayi thin aur pratyek yooropiyan nagarik yahan basane ki lalasa lekar ane lage. bad men british-bharatiy sarakar ne nainital ko yoonaited provinsej ki garmiyon ki rajadhani ghoshit kar diya aur isi dauran yahan tamam yooropiy shaili ki imaraton ka nirman hua, gavarnar haoos aur sent jaaun charch is nirman kala ke adbhut udaharan hai.
naini jhil, nainital

namakaran

desh ke pramukh kshetron men nainital ki ganana hoti hai. yah 'chhakhata' paragane men ata hai. 'chhakhata' nam 'shashtikhat' se bana hai. 'shashtikhat' ka tatpary sath talon se hai. is anchal men pahale sath manoram tal the. isilie is kshetr ko 'shashtikhat' kaha jata tha. aj is anchal ko 'chhakhata' nam se adhik jana jata hai. aj bhi nainital zile men sabase adhik tal hain. yahan par 'nainital' (naini jhil) jo nainital zile ke andar ata hai, yahan ka mukhy akarshan kendr hai. tinon or se ghane-ghane vrikshon ki chhaya men oonche-oonche pahadon ki talahati men nainital samudratal se 1934 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit hai. is tal ki lambaee 1,358 mitar, chaudaee 458 mitar aur gaharaee 15 se 156 mitar tak anki gayi hai. nainital ke jal ki visheshata yah hai ki is tal men sampoorn parvatamala aur vrikshon ki chhaya spasht dikhaee deti hai. akash mandal par chhaye hue badalon ka pratibimb is talab men itana sundar dikhaee deta hai ki is prakar ke pratibimb ko dekhane ke lie saikadon kilomitar door se nainital ate hain. jal men vihar karate hue battakhon ka jhund, thirakati huee talon par ithalati huee naukaon tatha rngin boton ka drishy aur chand-taron se bhari rat ka saundary nainital ke tal ki shobha badhane men char-chand laga deta hai. is tal ke pani ki bhi apani visheshata hai. garmiyon men isaka pani hara, barasat men matamaila aur sardiyon men halka nila ho jata hai.[1]

naina devi ka nainital

pauranik katha ke anusar daksh prajapati ki putri uma ka vivah shiv se hua tha. shiv ko daksh prajapati pasand nahin karate the, parantu yah devataon ke agrah ko tal nahin sakate the, isalie unhonne apani putri ka vivah n chahate hue bhi shiv ke sath kar diya tha. ek bar daksh prajapati ne sabhi devataon ko apane yahan ygy men bulaya, parantu apane damad shiv aur beti uma ko nimantran tak nahin diya. uma hath kar is ygy men pahunchi. jab usane haridvar sthit kanaravan men apane pita ke ygy men sabhi devataon ka samman aur apane pati aur apana niradar hote hue dekha to vah atyant du:khi ho gayi. ygy ke havanakund men yah kahate hue kood padi ki 'main agale janm men bhi shiv ko hi apana pati banaoongi. apane mera aur mere pati ka jo niradar kiya isake pratiphal-svaroop ygy ke havanakund men svayn jalakar apake ygy ko asaphal karati hoon.' jab shiv ko yah gyat hua ki uma sati ho gayi, to unhen bahut krodh aya. unhonne apane ganon ke dvara daksh prajapati ke ygy ko nasht - bhrasht kar dala. sabhi devi-devata shiv ke is raudr-roop ko dekhakar soch men pad ge ki shiv pralay n kar dalen. isalie devi-devataon ne mahadev shiv se prarthana ki aur unake krodh ko shant kiya. daksh prajapati ne bhi kshama mangi. shiv ne unako bhi ashirvad diya. parantu, sati ke jale hue sharir ko dekhakar unaka vairagy umad pada. unhonne sati ke jale hue sharir ko kandhe par dalakar akash bhraman karana shuroo kar diya. aisi sthiti men jahan-jahan par sharir ke ang gire, vahan-vahan par shaktipith ho ge. jahan par sati ke nayan gire the; vahin par nainadevi ke roop men uma arthath nanda devi ka bhavy sthan ho gaya. aj ka nainital vahi sthan hai, jahan par us devi ke nain gire the. nayanon ki appudhar ne yahan par tal ka roop le liya. tabase nirantar yahan par shiv patni nanda (parvati) ki pooja nainadevi ke roop men hoti hai. nainital ke tal ki banavat bhi dekhen to vah ankh ki akriti ka 'tal' hai. isake pauranik mahatv ke karan hi is tal ki shreshthata bahut anki jati hai. naini (nnda) devi ki pooja yahan par puran yug se hoti rahi hai.
naukuchiya tal, nainital

kumaoon ke chand rajaon ki isht devi bhi nanda hi thi, jinaki ve nirantar yahan akar pooja karate rahate the. ek janashruti aisi bhi kahi jati hai ki chndravnshiy rajakumari nanda thi jisako ek devi ke roop men pooja jata tha. parantu is katha ka koee pramanik srot nahin hai, kyonki samast parvatiy anchal men nanda ko hi isht devi ke rup men svikara gaya hai. gadhaval aur kumaoon ke rajaon ki bhi nanda devi isht rahi hai. gadhaval aur kumaoon ki janata ke dvara prativarsh nanda ashtami ke din nndaparvati ki vishesh pooja hoti hai. nanda ke mayake se sasural bhejane ke lie bhi 'nanda jat' ka ayojan gadhaval-kumaoon ki janata nirantar karati rahi hai. atah nandaparvati ki pooja - archana ke roop men is sthan ka mahatv yugon-yugon se anka gaya hai. yahan ke log isi roop men nanda ke 'nainital' ki parikrama karate a rahe hain.[1]

pauranik sndarbh

pauranik itihasakaron ke anusar manasakhnd ke adhyay 40 se 51 tak nainital kshetr ke puny sthalon, nadi, nalon aur parvat shrrinkhalaon ka 219 shlokon men varnan milata hai. manasakhnd men nainital aur kotabag ke bich ke parvat ko sheshagiri parvat kaha gaya hai, jisake ek chhor par sitavani sthit hai. kaha jata hai ki sitavani men bhagavan ram v sita ne kuchh samay bitaya hai. janashruti hai ki sita sitavani men hi apane putron lav v kush ke sath ram dvara vanavas diye jane ke dinon men rahi thin. sitavani ke age devaki nadi bataee gee hai, jise vartaman men dabaka nadi kaha jata hai. mahabharat van parv men ise apaga nadi kaha gaya hai. age bataya gaya hai ki garganchal (vartaman gagar) parvatamala ke asapas 66 tal the. inhin men se ek tririshi sarovar (vartaman nainital) kaha jata tha, jise bhadravat (chitrashila ghat-ranibag) se kailash manasarovar ki or jate samay chadhaee chadhane men thake atri, pulah v pulasty nam ke tin rishiyon ne manasarovar ka dhyan kar utpann kiya tha. is sarovar men mahendr parameshvari (naina devi) ka vas tha. sarovar ke bagal men subhadra nala (baliya nala) bataya gaya hai. isi tarah bhimatal ke pas ke nale ko pushpabhadra nala kaha gaya hai, donon nale bhadravat yani ranibag men milate the. kaha gaya hai ki sutapa rishi ke anugrah par tridev yani brahma, vishnu v mahesh chitrashila par akar baith gaye aur prasannatapoorvak rishi ko viman men baithakar svarg le gaye. gaula ko gargi nadi kaha gaya hai. bhim sarovar (bhimatal) mahabali bhim ke gada ke prahar tatha unake dvara anjali se bhare gnga jal se utpann hua tha. pas ki kosi nadi ko kaushiki, naukuchiya tal ko navakon sarovar, garudatal ko siddh sarovar v nal sarovar adi ka bhi ullekh hai. kshetr ka chhakhata ya shashthikhata bhi kaha jata tha, jisaka arth hai, yahan 60 tal the. manasakhnd men kaha gaya hai ki yah sabhi sarovar kit-patngon, machchharon adi tak ko moksh pradan karane vale hain. itihasakar evn lok chitrakar padmashri daau. yashodhar mathapal manasakhnd ko poorv manyataon ke anusar sknd puran ka hissa to nahin manate, alabatta manate hain ki manasakhnd qarib 10vin-11vin sadi ke asapas likha gaya ek dharmik grnth hai.[2]

dharmik manyata

sat tal jhil, nainital

kahate hain ki nainital nagar ka pahala ullekh trishi-sarovar (tri-rishi sarovar ke nam se sknd puran ke manas khnd men bataya jata hai. kaha jata hai ki atri, pulasty v pulah nam ke tin rishi kailash manasarovar jhil ki yatra ke marg men is sthan se gujar rahe the ki unhen zoron ki pyas lag gayi. is par unhonne apane tapobal se yahin manasarovar ka smaran karate hue ek gaddha khoda aur usamen manasarovar jhil ka pavitr jal bhar diya. is prakar naini jhil ka dharmik mahatmy manasarovar jhil ke tuly hi mana jata hai. vahin ek any manyata ke anusar naini jhil ko desh ke 64 shakti pithon men se ek mana jata hai. kaha jata hai ki bhagavan shiv jab mata sati ke dagdh sharir ko akash marg se kailash parvat ki or le ja rahe the, is dauran bhagavan vishnu ne sudarshan chakr se unake sharir ko vibhakt kar diya tha. tabhi mata sati ki banyi ankh (nain ya nayan) yahan (tatha danyi ankh himachal pradesh ke naina devi nam ke sthan par) giri thi, jis karan ise nayanatal, nayanital v kalantar men nainital kaha gaya. yahan nayana devi ka pavitr mndir sthit hai.[2]

bhaugolik sndarbh

samudr star se 1934 mitar (lagabhag) ki oonchaee (tallital danth par) par sthit nainital qarib tin kimi ki paridhi ki 1434 mitar lnbi, 463 mitar chaudaee v adhikatam 28 mitar gaharaee v 44.838 hekteyar yani 0.448 varg kimi men phaili nashapati ke akar ki jhil ke gird naina (2,615 mitar (8,579 phut), devapata (2,438 mitar (7,999 phut)) tatha alma, handi-bandi, ladiya-kanta aur ayarapata (2,278 mitar (7,474 phut) ki sat pahadiyon se ghira hua behad khoobasoorat pahadi shahar hai. zila gajat ke anusar nainital 29 digri 38 ansh uttari akshansh aur 79 digri 45 ansh poorvi deshantar par sthit hai. nainital nagar ka vistar palika manachitr ke anusar sabase nichala sthan krishnapur gad v baliyanala ke sngam par pilar nnbar 22 (1,406 mitar yani 4,610 phit) se naina pik (2,613 mitar yani 8,579 phit) ke bich 1,207 mitar yani qarib sava kimi ki sidhi oonchaee tak hai. is lihaz se bhi yah duniya ka apani tarah ka ikalauta aur anootha chhota sa nagar hai, jahan itana adhik grediaint milata hai. nagar ka kshetraphal nagar palika ke 11.66 varg kimi v kaintonament ke 2.57 varg kimi milakar kul 17.32 varg kimi hai. isamen se naini jhil ka jalagam kshetr 5.66 varg kimi hai, jabaki kaint (chhavani) sahit kul nagar kshetr men se 5.87 varg kimi kshetr vanachchhadit hai.[2]
jyolikot, nainital

krishi aur khanij

nainital men 52,000 haikteyar bhoomi krishi ke lie prayog ki jati hai jisamen se 45,000 haikteyar bhoomi sinchaee ke lie prayog ki jati hai. sinchaee ke mukhy shrot nahar tatha nalakoop hain. 24,203 haikteyar bhoomi naharon dvara aur 3366 haikteyar bhoomi nalakoopon dvara sinchit hoti hai. nainital ki mukhy fasalen: gehoon, mndua, makka, jau, jhngora, kauni, bhatt, tor, dhan, ganna, matar, soyabin hain. phalon men seb, nashapati, adoo, khumani adi bhi ugae jate hain.

shikshan snsthan

nainital men bahut achchhe skool evn kaaulej hain. yooropiyan mishanariyon ke yahan kee skool khule hain jinamen se sent josef kaaulej, sheravud kaaulej, sentameri kaaunvent skool aur al sent skool prasiddh hai. birala ka balika vidyalay aur birala pablik skool bhi prasiddh hai. nainital men paaulitekanik bhi hai. nainital men kumaoon vishvavidyalay bhi sthapit hai, jahan par har prakar ki shiksha di jati hai. kumaoon vishvavidyalay men naye-naye vishay padhaye jate hain. jinhen padhane ke lie desh ke kone-kone se vidyarthi yahan ate hain.[1]

yatayat aur parivahan

bhimatal jhil, nainital

nainital sadak marg dvara dakshin men sthit kathagodam ke relave tarminal se juda hua hai. pntanagar nainital ka nikatatam havaee adda hai. nainital havaee adde se 71 kimi door hai. pntanagar se bhi nainital ke lie basen upalabdh hai. relave steshan kathagodam ke nikat hai. bareli, lakhanoo, dilli aur agara nainital se relamarg dvara jude hue hain. bas aur taiksi kathagodam se nainital ke lie upalabdh hain. nainital aur deharadoon, almoda, ranikhet, bareli, haridvar, ramanagar, dilli, lakhanoo aur any rajyon men mahattvapoorn shaharon ke bich niji aur sarvajanik bas sevaen upalabdh hain.

vayu marg

havaee jahaz se jane vale paryatak chndigadh vimanakshetr tak vayu marg se ja sakate hai. isake bad bas ya kar ki suvidha le sakate hai. doosara najadiki havaee adda amritasar vimanakshetr men hai.

rel marg

rel marg dvara naina devi jane ke lie paryatak chndigadh aur palamapur tak rel suvidha le sakate hai. isake pashchath bas, kar v any vahanon se mndir tak pahuncha ja sakata hai. chndigadh desh ke sabhi pramukh shaharon se sadak marg se juda hua hai.

sadak marg

naina devi dilli se 350 ki.mi. ki doori par sthit hai. dilli se karanal, chndigadh, ropad hote hue paryatak naina devi pahunch sakate hain. sadak marg sabhi suvidhaon se yukt hai. raste men kafi sare hotal hain, jahan par vishram kiya ja sakata hai. sadaken pakki bani huee hain.

paryatan

nainital apane talon ke lie prasiddh hai. pramukh sthalon men naini jhil, talli evn malli tal aur maaul rod shamil hain. nainital ke paryatan sthalon men sno vyoo paauint, jahan 'rop ve' se pahuncha ja sakata hai, jhil ke kinare sthit sabase oonchi naini choti, lainds end, hanumanagadhi, stet aaubazaravetari aur nainital ke lokapriy vihar sthal shamil hain. as-pas ke darshaniy sthalon men satatal, bhimatal aur nau kinaron vala naukuchiya tal, snrakshit van kilabari, khurapa tal, lokapriy aramagah bhovali, dhikala sthit jim kaaurbet sngrahalay aur mukteshvar, jo himalay ka manamohak drishy pesh karata hai. yahan jhil ke as-pas bane shanadar bngalon aur hotalon men rukane ka apana hi anand hai. garmiyon men yahan badi snkhh‍ya men sailani ate hain. yahan ki jhil, mndir, bazar paryatakon ko lubhate hain.
nainital bot haus klab

kab jaen

nainital men anek aise sthan hain jahan jakar sailani apane-apako bhool jate hain. yahan ab log grishm kal men nahin ate, balki varsh bhar ate rahate hain. sardiyon men barf ke girane ke drishy ko dekhane hazaron paryatak yahan pahunchate rahate hain. rahane ke lie nainital men kisi bhi prakar ki kami nahin hai, ek se badhakar ek hotal hain. adhunik suvidhaon ki nainital men aj koee kami nahin hai. isalie sailani aur paryatak yahan ana adhik upayukt samajhate hain. nainital men aprail se joon aur sitambar se disambar tak do sijan hote hain. sampoorn desh ke poonjipati, vyapari, udyogapati, raja-maharaja aur sailani yahan ate hain. is mausam men tenis, polo, haauki, phutabal, gaaulph, machhali marane aur nauka daudane ke khelon ki pratiyogita hoti hai. in khelon ke shauqin desh ke vibhinn nagaron se yahan ate hain. pikanik ke lie bhi logon ka tanta laga rahata hai. isi mausam men nana prakar ke sanskritik karyakram bhi hote hain. sitambar se disambar ka mausam bhi bahut sundar rahata hai. aise samay men akash saf rahata hai. prayah is mosam men hotalon ka kiraya bhi kam ho jata hai. bahut se prakriti premi isi mausam men nainital ate hain. janavari aur faravari ke do aise mahine hote hain jab nainital men barf girati hai. bahut se navavivahit dampatiyan apani 'madhu yamini' hetu nainital ate hain. tatpary yah hai ki yah sukhad aur shanti ka jivan bitane ka mausam hai. nainital men ghoomane ke bad sailani pik dekhana bhi nahin bhoolate. ajakal nainital ke akarshan men rajjumarg (rop ve) ki savari bhi vishesh akarshan ka kendr ban gayi hai. subah, sham aur din men sailani nainital ke tal men jahan bot ki savari karate hain, vahin ghodon par chadhakar ghudasavari ka bhi anand lete hain. sharadakal men aur grishmakal men yahan badi raunak rahati hai. sharadotsav ke samay par naukachalan, tairaki, ghodon ki savari aur parvatarohan jaise manornjan aur chunauti bhare sanskritik karyakram prastut kie jate hain.[1]

nainital ke tal

mukteshvar, nainital

janapad ke pahadi bhagon men kee chhoti-badi jhilen sthit hain- jinamen naini jhil, bhimatal, naukuchiya tal, garudatal, ramatal, satatal, lakshmanatal, naladamayntital, sookhatal, malavatal, khurapatal, sadiyatal adi hain. nainital ke tal ke donon or sadake hain. tal ka malla bhag mallital aur nichala bhag tallital kahalata hai. mallital men flait ka khula maidan hai. mallital ke flait par sham hote hi maidani kshetron se ae hue sailani ekatr ho jate hain. yahan nit naye khel-tamashe hote rahate hain. sndhya ke samay jab sari nainital nagari bijali ke prakash men jagamagane lagati hai to nainital ke tal ko dekhane men aisa lagata hai ki mano sari nagari isi tal men doob si gayi hai. sndhya samay tallital se mallital ko ane vale sailaniyon ka tanta sa lag jata hai. isi tarah mallital se tallital (mal rod) jane vale prakriti premiyon ka qafila dekhane yogy hota hai. nainital, paryatakon, sailaniyon padarohiyon aur parvatarohiyon ka chaheta nagar hai jise dekhane prativarsh hazaron log yahan ate hain. kuchh aise bhi yatri hote hain jo keval nainital ka "naini devi" ke darshan karane aur us devi ka ashirvad prapt karane ki abhilasha se ate hain. yah devi koee aur n hokar svayn 'shiv patni' nnda (parvati) hain. yah talab unhin ki smriti ka dyotak hai. is sambandh men pauranik katha kahi jati hai.[1]

naini jhil

naini jhil ka nam devi naini ke nam par pada hai. paryatakon ke lie yah sabase zyada khoobasoorat jagah hai. khasataur se tab jab sooraj ki kiranen poori jhil ko apani agosh men le leti hain. yah charon taraf se sat pahadiyon se ghiri huee hai. nainital men naunkayen aur paidaling ka bhi annd uthaya ja sakata hai. mukhy shahar se taqariban dhaee kilomitar door bani naini jhil tak pahunchane ke lie keval kar ka istemal karana padata hai. naini jhil sabase zyada dekhe jane vale paryatan sthalon men se ek hai.

garni haus

garni haus angrez shasak jim kaaurbet ka poorv nivas sthal hai. nainital charon taraf se pahadiyon se ghira hua hai, thik usi tarah garni haus bhi ayarapatta pahadiyon se ghira hai. garni haus ab ek sngrahalay ban chuka hai aur jim kaaurbet ki kee yadagar vastuen yahan maujood hain.

inhen bhi dekhen

naina devi mndir naini jhil mukteshvar jyolikot haldvani dhikoli kathagodam tririshi sarovar
sat tal jhil bhimatal jhil naukuchiya tal ramagadh bhuvali hanumanagadhi kashipur talli evn malli tal

ne nainital ki khoj

haldvani ka ek drishy

sanh 1839 ee. men ek angrez vyapari pi. bairoon tha. vah roja, zila shahajahanpur men chini ka vyapar karata tha. isi pi. bairoon nam ke angrez ko parvatiy anchal men ghoomane ka atyant shauq tha. kedaranath aur badrinath ki yatra karane ke bad yah utsahi yuvak angrez kumaoon ki makhamali dharati ki or badhata chala gaya. ek bar khairana nam ke sthan par yah angrez yuvak apane mitr kaiptan thelar ke sath thahara hua tha. prakritik drishyon ko dekhane ka inhen bahut shauq tha. unhonne ek sthaniy vyakti se jab 'sher ka danda' ilaqe ki janakari prapt ki to unhen bataya gaya ki samane jo parvat hai, usako hi 'sher ka danda' kahate hain aur vahin parvat ke pichhe ek sundar tal bhi hai. bairoon ne us vyakti se tal tak pahunchane ka rasta poochha, parantu ghanaghor jngal hone ke karan aur jngali pashuon ke dar se vah vyakti taiyar n hua. parantu, vikat parvatarohi bairoon pichhe hatane vale vyakti nahin the. ganv ke kuchh logon ki sahayata se pi. bairoon ne 'sher ka danda' (2360 mitar) ko par kar nainital ki jhil tak pahunchane ka saphal prayas kiya. is kshetr men pahunchakar aur yahan ki sundarata dekhakar pi. bairoon mantramugdh ho gaye. unhonne usi din tay kar dala ki ve ab roja, shahajahanpur ki garmi ko chhodakar nainital ki in abadiyon ko hi abad karenge.
pi. bairoon 'pilagrim' ke nam se apane yatra-vivaran anek akhabaron ko bhejate rahate the. badrinath, kedaranath ki yatra ka varnan bhi unhonne bahut sundar shabdon men likha tha. sanh 1841 ki 24 navambar ko, kalakatta ke 'ingalish main' namak akhabar men pahale-pahale nainital ke tal ki khoj khabar chhapi thi. bad men agara akhabar men bhi is bare men poori janakari di gayi thi. sanh 1844 men kitab ke roop men is sthan ka vivaran pahali bar prakash men aya tha. bairoon sahab nainital ke is anchal ke saundary se itane prabhavit hue ki unhonne sare ilaqe ko kharidane ka nishchay kar liya. pi. bairoon ne us ilaqe ke thokadar se svayn batachit ki ki ve is sare ilaqe ko unhen bech den.

pahale to thokadar noorasinh taiyar ho gaye the, parantu bad men unhonne is kshetr ko bechane se mana kar diya. bairoon is anchal se itane prabhavit the ki vah har qimat par nainital ke is sare ilaqe ko apane qabze men kar, ek sundar nagar basane ki yojana bana chuke the. jab thokadar noorasinh is ilaqe ko bechane se mana karane lage to ek din bairoon sahab apani kishti men bithakar noorasinh ko nainital ke tal men ghumane ke lie le gaye aur bich tal men le jakar unhonne noorasinh se kaha ki tum is sare kshetr ko bechane ke lie jitana rupaya chaho, le lo, parantu yadi tumane is kshetr ko bechane se mana kar diya to main tumako isi tal men doobo doonga. bairoon sahab khud apane vivaran men likhate hain ki doobane ke bhay se noorasinh ne stamp pepar par dastakhat kar diye aur bad men bairoon ki kalpana ka nagar nainital bas gaya. sanh 1842 ee. men sabase pahale majistret betal se bairoon ne agrah kiya tha ki unhen kisi thekedar se parichay kara den taki ve isi varsh 12 bngale nainital men banava saken. sanh 1842 men bairoon ne sabase pahale pilagrim nam ke kaautej ko banavaya tha. bad men eest indiya kampani ne is sare kshetr ko apane adhikar men le liya. sanh 1842 ee. ke bad se hi nainital ek aisa nagar bana ki sampoorn desh men hi nahin balki videshon men bhi isaki sundarata ki dhak jam gayi. uttar pradesh ke rajyapal ka grishmakalin nivas nainital menn hi hua karata tha. chhah mas ke lie uttar pradesh ke sabhi sachivalay nainital jate the.[1]
nainital taun

‘vaking pairadaiz’ nainital

nainital nagar ‘vaking pairadaiz’ yani paidal ghoomane ke liye bhi svarg kaha jata hai. kyonki yahan kamobesh har mausam men, moosaladhar barish ko chhodakar, din men kisi bhi vakt ghooma ja sakata hai. jabaki maidani kshetron men subah din chadhane aur sooryast se pahale garmi evn sadakon men bhari bhid-bhad ke karan ghoomana snbhav nahin hota hai. jabaki yahan nainital men varsh bhar mausam khushanuma rahata hai, v adhik bhid bhi nahin rahati. nagar ki mal rod ke sath hi thndi sadak men ghoomane ka maza hi alag hota hai. vahin varsh 2010 se nagar men agast mah ke akhiri ravivar ko nainital maunaten manasoon mairathan daud bhi nagar ki pahachan banane lagi hai, is dauran kisi khas tay nek uddeshy ke liye ‘ran faaur fan’ vak ya daud bhi ayojit ki jati hai, jo ab manasoon ke dauran nagar ka ek pramukh akarshan banata ja raha hai. nagar ke nikat kilabari ka jngal duniya ke paristhitikiy taur par duniya ke samriddhatam jngalon men shumar hai. naini jhil ka jalagam kshetr banj, tilonj v buransh adi ke sundar jngalon se sushobhit hai. nagar ki is khasiyat ka bhi is shahar ko apratim banane men bada yogadan hai. isi karan nainital nagar ke age janapad ki satatal, bhimatal, naukuchiyatal aur khurpatal adi jhilen khoobasoorati, paryatan v manornjan mooly sahi kisi bhi mayane men kahin nahin thaharati hain. isake alava nainital ki ek visheshata yah hai ki yahan krishi yogy bhoomi nagany hai, halanki rajabhavan, palika gardan, kainedi park v knpani bag sahit anek bag-bagiche hain.[2]

eshiya ka pahala maithodist charch

bhimatal jhil, nainital

sarovaranagari nainital se bahar ke kam hi log janate honge ki desh-pradesh ke is chhote se parvatiy nagar men desh hi nahin eshiya ka pahala ameriki mishanariyon dvara nirmit maithodist charch nirmit hua, jo ki aj bhi kamobesh pahale se behatar sthiti men maujood hai. nagar ke mallital mal rod sthit charch ko yah gaurav hasil hai. desh par raj karane ki niyat se aye british hukmaranon se itar yahan aye ameriki mishanari revaranh yani padari da. biliyam batalar ne is charch ki sthapana ki thi. yah vah daur tha jab desh men pahale svadhinata sngram ki kranti janm le rahi thi. merath amar senani mngal pande ke netritv men is kranti ka aguva tha, jabaki samooche roohelakhnd kshetr men roohele saradar angrezon ke khilaf ekajut ho rahe the. bareli men unhonne shiksha ke unnayan ke liye pahunche revaranh batalar ko bhi angrez samajhakar unake parivar par julm dhane shuroo kar diye, jisase bachakar batalar apani patni klementina batalar ke sath nainital a gaye aur yahan unhonne shiksha ke prasar ke liye nagar ke pahale skool ke roop men haimfri kalej (vartaman siaresati skool) ki sthapana ki, aur isake parisar men hi bachchon evn skool karmiyon ke liye prarthanaghar ke roop men charch ki sthapana ki. tab tak ameriki mishanari eshiya men kahin aur is tarah ki charch ki sthapana nahin kar pae the. tatkalin kumaoon kamishnari henari raimaje ne 20 agast 1858 ko charch ke nirman heetu ek darjan angrez adhikariyon ke sath baithak ki thi. charch hetu raimaje, batalar v haimfri ne milakar 1650 daaular men 25 ekad zamin kharidi, tatha is par 25 disnbar 1858 ko is charch ki ninv rakhi gee. charch ka nirman aktoobar 1860 men poorn hua. isake sath hi nainital us daur men desh men eesaee mishanariyon ke shiksha ke prachar-prasar ka pramukh kendr ban gaya. angrezi lekhak jaaun en. shalistar ki 1956 men lakhanoo se prakashit pustak ‘d senchuri aauph maithodist charch in sadarn eshiya’ men bhi nainital ki is charch ko eshiya ka pahala charch kaha gaya hai. revaranh batalar ne nainital ke bad pahale uttar pradesh ke badayoon tatha phir bareli men 1870 men charch ki sthapana ki. unaka bareli sthit avas batalar haus vartaman men batalar plaza ke roop men badi bazar ban chuki hai, jabaki deharadoon ka klement taun kshetr ka nam bhi snbhavataya unaki patni klementina ke nam par hi pada.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 nainital (hindi) www.ignca.nic.in. abhigaman tithi: 17 navambar, 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 nainital aur naini jhil ke kee jane-anajane pahaloo (hindi) navin joshi (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 17 navambar, 2014.

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